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Old 02-09-2009, 04:06 PM   #1
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Default Terms and Techniques

There are many avenues used to prepare Herbs. Consider this thread a thumbnail sketch of some of those techniques and terms used in Herbology.
Please feel free to add to the scope of this information.

Some general links to definitions:

http://www.gaines.com/html/Libraries.../glossary.html

http://www.glossarist.com/glossaries...l-remedies.asp

http://www.simplers.com/herbal/definition.htm
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Old 02-09-2009, 04:15 PM   #2
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Tincture Pharmacology A medicinal preparation, often of herbal origin in which the ground substrate–eg, bark, root, nuts, or seeds is soaked in alcohol to extract oils or other substances of interest
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Some links to techniques:

http://davesgarden.com/guides/articles/view/1965/

http://www.essortment.com/all/howtotincture_rzwl.htm
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Old 02-09-2009, 04:17 PM   #3
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Decoction

In herbalism, decoctions are usually made to extract fluids from hard plant materials such as roots and bark. To achieve this, the plant material is usually boiled for 8–10 minutes in water. It is then strained.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decoction

http://www.naturalherbalism.com/Wate...Decoction.html
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Old 02-09-2009, 04:20 PM   #4
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Infusion

An infusion is the outcome of steeping plants with a desired flavour in water or oil.

An infusion is very similar to a decoction but is used with herbs that are more volatile or dissolve readily in water, or release their active ingredients easily in oil. Boiling water is poured over the herb (or water of the appropriate temperature) and allow to steep for a time, usually 15 to 30 minutes or until the mix cools. The mix is then strained, bottled, and refrigerated for future use. Quantities of the herb/water or oil mix will vary according to the herb or how strong the infusion is required to be. A common proportion used is one ounce of herb to one pint of liquid.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infusion

http://www.susunweed.com/How_to_make_Infusions.htm
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Old 02-09-2009, 04:22 PM   #5
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Poultice

A poultice, also called cataplasm, is a soft moist mass, often heated and medicated, that is spread on cloth over the skin to treat an aching, inflamed, or painful part of the body. It can also be a porous solid filled with solvent used to remove stains from porous stone such as marble or granite.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poultice

http://www.greenwoodorganics.com/%20...mentations.htm
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Old 02-09-2009, 04:28 PM   #6
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Salve
An analgesic or medicinal ointment.
Something that soothes or heals; a balm.

http://www.answers.com/topic/salve

http://www.herbalremediesinfo.com/salve.html

http://earthnotes.tripod.com/salvelotgel.htm
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Old 02-09-2009, 04:34 PM   #7
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Fomentation

Fomentation, in the art healing, signifies the external application of a fluid in cases of swellings, etc. as warm as the patient can bear it, and in the following manner: Two pieces of flannel are dipt into the heated liquor, one of which is expeditiously wrung dry, and thus immediately applied to the part affected. As soon as it begins to grow cool, the first is removed, and the other instantly substituted, in order to keep those parts constantly supplied with the warm flannels. This operation is continued for 15 or 20 minutes, and is repeated two or three times in the course of the day, as circumstances may require.

The design of fomentations may be fully answered, by the application of warm water alone, unless discutiertts or antiseptics are required: in which cases, such ingre-dients must be employed as are calculated to effect that purpose.

The degree of heat should on no-account exceed that of producing an agreeable sensation; for too great heat is attended with effects, very different from those which are expected from the use of fo-mentations.

http://chestofbooks.com/reference/Th...mentation.html

http://www.vsnaturopathy.com/Fomentation.html

http://www.indiavideo.org/kerala/hea...ixture-291.php
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Old 02-09-2009, 04:41 PM   #8
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Bolus/Suppository

A pill or bolus for introduction into the rectum; esp., a cylinder or cone of medicated cacao butter

http://thinkexist.com/dictionary/meaning/suppository/

http://www.drstandley.com/supplement...arations.shtml
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Old 02-09-2009, 04:47 PM   #9
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Herbal syrup

http://www.herbalindex.com/syrup.html

http://www.unexplainable.net/artman/...cle_6623.shtml
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