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Old 03-11-2011, 08:23 PM   #51
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http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/...72B04C20110312
A"Melt Down" is..........hours away
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Old 03-11-2011, 08:24 PM   #52
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Excuse me for thinking selfishly, but, if Japan experiences a Chernobyl style meltdown, what does this mean in terms of possible radiation fallout for the West Coast of the US?
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Old 03-11-2011, 08:25 PM   #53
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Translation, Reactors 1, 2, and 4 are in trouble.


------------


Press Release (Mar 12,2011)
Occurrence of a Specific Incident Stipulated in Article 15, Clause 1 of the Act on Special Measures Concerning Nuclear Emergency Preparedness (Unit 4)


At 2:48PM on March 11th, the reactor of Fukushima Daini Nuclear Power
Station Unit 1 (Boiling Water Reactor, rated output 1,100 Megawatts) shut
down due to the impact of the earthquake.

Make-up Water Condensate System was used to inject water into the reactor
to cool it.
Subsequently, at 6:07AM, the temperature of the suppression chamber
exceeded 100 degrees.
As the reactor pressure suppression function was lost, at 6:07AM, it was
determined that a specific incident stipulated in article 15, clause 1 has
occurred.

Safety and Impact to the Environment
- Currently, water level to cool irradiated fuels in the reactor is
maintained.
- Indication of monitoring posts installed in the site boundary is not
different from normal. Currently, no radiation impact to the external
environment has been confirmed.

We will continue monitoring in detail discharge of radioactive material
from exhaust stack and discharge canal.
http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/press/corp...1031214-e.html


-----------------------

Press Release (Mar 12,2011)
Occurrence of a Specific Incident Stipulated in Article 15, Clause 1 of the Act on Special Measures Concerning Nuclear Emergency Preparedness (Unit 2)


At 2:48PM on March 11th, the reactor of Fukushima Daini Nuclear Power
Station Unit 1 (Boiling Water Reactor, rated output 1,100 Megawatts) shut
down due to the impact of the earthquake.

Reactor Core Isolation Cooling System was used to inject water into the
reactor to cool it. Today at 4:50AM, water injection by Make-up Water
Condensate System begun.
Subsequently, at 5:32AM, the temperature of the suppression chamber
exceeded 100 degrees.
As the reactor pressure suppression function was lost, at 5:32AM, it was
determined that a specific incident stipulated in article 15, clause 1 has
occurred.

Safety and Impact to the Environment
- Currently, water level to cool irradiated fuels in the reactor is
maintained.
- Indication of monitoring posts installed in the site boundary is not
different from normal. Currently, no radiation impact to the external
environment has been confirmed.

We will continue monitoring in detail discharge of radioactive material
from exhaust stack and discharge canal.

http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/press/corp...1031213-e.html

-----------------

Press Release (Mar 12,2011)
Occurrence of a Specific Incident Stipulated in Article 15, Clause 1 of the Act on Special Measures Concerning Nuclear Emergency Preparedness (Unit 1)


At 2:48PM on March 11th, the reactor of Fukushima Daini Nuclear Power
Station Unit 1 (Boiling Water Reactor, rated output 1,100 Megawatts) shut
down due to the impact of the earthquake.

Reactor Core Isolation Cooling System was used to inject water into the
reactor to cool it. Today at 3:48AM, water injection by Make-up Water
Condensate System begun.
Subsequently, at 5:22AM, the temperature of the suppression chamber
exceeded 100 degrees.
As the reactor pressure suppression function was lost, at 5:22AM, it was
determined that a specific incident stipulated in article 15, clause 1 has
occurred.

Safety and Impact to the Environment
- Currently, water level to cool irradiated fuels in the reactor is
maintained.
- Indication of monitoring posts installed in the site boundary is not
different from normal. Currently, no radiation impact to the external
environment has been confirmed.

We will continue monitoring in detail discharge of radioactive material
from exhaust stack and discharge canal.

http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/press/corp...1031212-e.html
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Old 03-11-2011, 08:35 PM   #54
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AndreaCA View Post
Excuse me for thinking selfishly, but, if Japan experiences a Chernobyl style meltdown, what does this mean in terms of possible radiation fallout for the West Coast of the US?
Which way is the wind blowing?

It is a long way to the US. Most of it will fall into the Pacific however low levels will reach us.
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Old 03-11-2011, 08:48 PM   #55
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AndreaCA View Post
Excuse me for thinking selfishly, but, if Japan experiences a Chernobyl style meltdown, what does this mean in terms of possible radiation fallout for the West Coast of the US?

I've been thinking the same thing all afternoon. And feeling selfish about it.
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Old 03-11-2011, 08:51 PM   #56
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The dam break - yeah, picked that up earlier. 1,800 homes were washed away/destroyed.

It's become numbing - too much to try & grasp.
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Old 03-11-2011, 08:52 PM   #57
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Hopefully people have their potassium iodide and meters.

California fruits and vegetables will take a hit?
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Old 03-11-2011, 08:57 PM   #58
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Quote:
Originally Posted by drummagick View Post
I've been thinking the same thing all afternoon. And feeling selfish about it.
I have wondered about that and if there will be any import/export problems. I feel awful for thinking of myself but I do wonder if I should order some of the imported goods that I like that might be hard to get 6 months or a year from now.
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Old 03-11-2011, 09:27 PM   #59
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0044z: All residents living within a 2 mi/3 km radius of the Fukushima-Daini nuclear power plant have been ordered to evacuate.

2316z: The Fukushima-Daini nuclear plant has lost the ability to control pressure within several of the reactors. While pressure inside of the reactors remains stable, the pressure within the containment vessels is currently increasing.
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Old 03-11-2011, 09:33 PM   #60
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sigh . . .

www.ki4u.com
http://www.ki4u.com/illwind.htm


When An ill Wind Blows From Afar! (Like from Iran, Japan or North Korea!)

Surviving Radioactive Fallout & Radiation Contamination from Iran, Japan or North Korea
Also, Mid-East, South Korea, Pakistan, India, China, Russia, Chernobyl, etc.
By Shane Connor
August 13th, 2010



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

This guide 'When An ill Wind Blows From Afar! (Like from Iran, Japan or North Korea!)' deals specifically with radioactive fallout that originated from afar, like a Chernobyl in the past,
or Iran in the future that's had its nuclear facilities bombed, releasing radioactive contamination into the atmosphere, or a North Korea gone mad, etc.
This guide provides panic dispelling knowledge so people downwind can more promptly initiate appropriate protective actions, as required.

This is the third in the series that begins with The Good News About Nuclear Destruction! at www.ki4u.com/goodnews.htm
that debunks the myths of nuclear un-survivability and What To Do If A Nuclear Disaster Is Imminent! at www.ki4u.com/guide.htm
that details the practical methods for American families to protect themselves from nuclear explosion(s) and fallout originating here.



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


America's next nuclear concerns may not have originated here,
but be instead from a nuclear bomb or nuclear release overseas.

A Chernobyl-type event affecting people in other countries downwind
and far away from the actual event itself, as depicted in Map 'A' below.



Or, a nuclear blast, like when a single, and very small, above ground
Chinese nuclear test explosion on December 28, 1966 resulted in the
fallout cloud covering most of the United States a few days later, as
depicted in this now declassified Map 'B' below.

The important thing to recognize in the charts above is that here in the Northern Hemisphere, via upper wind Prevailing Westerlies, anything unleashed to the west of the USA could be coming here next.


In a future event, if not huge and/or multiple releases, most people very far downwind will either not experience any radioactive fallout, or not of high enough quantity and intensity, to be of significant concern. However, there can be exceptions, as detailed below.

Most watched today, for future radioactive fallout and radiation contamination, is from Iran or North Korea, where their nuclear facilities could be bombed, releasing radioactive contaminants into the air, that would next be drifting downwind.




There will be a big difference whether conventional bombs were used in Iran or North Korea or actual nuclear weapons, as well as in how many locations in Iran or North Korea, in both how much fallout is created and how high it is ejected into those upper winds, that will affect greatly how much and far downwind the fallout will then be a serious threat.

Of course, anything could happen anywhere, not just from Iran or North Korea. Japan could have problem with their nuclear plants from earthquakes.



Other areas of concern, besides Iran or North Korea, are from other countries in the Mid-East, South Korea, Pakistan, India, Russia, China, or even another Chernobyl or Three Mile Island anywhere, like in Japan, etc.

There would be justifiable concern for those immediately downwind and thus protective actions that they will need to promptly undertake to protect themselves from radioactive fallout and radiation contamination. Usually either evacuation or sheltering, along with prophylactic Potassium Iodide (KI) for protection against radioactive iodine. (More on that below.) Much further downwind, like here in USA, the effects will be substantially less pronounced, though some measured protective actions, like Potassium Iodide (KI), may be indicated in some areas.

For everyone, though, without the basic knowledge presented here, they risk unnecessary panic that could become even more widespread than the fallout itself.

It's hard to say how much fallout will fall here from overseas, like Iran or North Korea or Japan, until it does, but it's very unlikely that it would ever be enough to require Americans to utilize fallout shelters to survive it, as they would if a nuke was exploded upwind of them right here in America, as detailed in What To Do If A Nuclear Disaster Is Imminent! at www.ki4u.com/guide.htm.

The fallout threat here in the USA, from an 'event' originating far overseas, like Iran or North Korea or Japan, will be based upon four factors;

- Type and quantity of radioactive isotopes unleashed; nuclear fission bomb(s) and/or nuclear materials facility.
- Resulting plume or mushroom cloud altitude and wind direction and speed.
- Distance and time before arriving at your location.
- Ultimate isotope type and quantity falling out at your specific location.

What is radioactive fallout?

Radioactive fallout is the particulate matter (dust) produced by a nuclear explosion and carried high up into the air by the mushroom cloud. It drifts on the wind and most of it settles back to earth downwind of the explosion. The heaviest, most dangerous, and most noticeable fallout, will 'fall out' first closer to ground zero. It may begin arriving minutes after an explosion. The smaller and lighter dust-like particles will drift much farther downwind, often for hundreds of miles. Higher ejected fallout can even travel thousands of miles for weeks. Once it arrives, whether visible or not, most that will fall will have done so usually in under an hour once it begins, coating everything just like dust does on the ground, cars, trees, roofs, etc. Often visible as a fine dark grit on white surfaces, but not always.

However, rain can concentrate the fallout into localized 'hot spots' of much more intense radiation with no visible indication. For instance, as happened in Troy, NY in April 27, 1953 when a thunderstorm rained down fallout there, from a nuclear test in Nevada two days earlier, that produced readings up to a thousand times higher than normal background radiation, equivalent to readings taken only 200 miles away from the test site in Nevada. More details about this 'rainout' at "Thunderstorm in Troy" at http://74.125.155.132/scholar?q=cach...gle.com/&hl=en.

If not an actual nuke explosion, though, like if Iran's nuclear facilities were only conventionally bombed, the fallout from Iran should not rise as high without the mushroom cloud of a conventionally exploded nuclear bomb. Thus, the radioactive fallout from Iranian nuclear facilities would not fall as far away, but be concentrated more inside Iran and the neighbors of Iran on the map immediately downwind.

The terms "radiation" and "radioactivity" are often confused. The proper relationship between the terms is that "radioactive atoms emit radiation." This radioactive fallout 'dust' is dangerous because it is emitting alpha, beta and, most importantly, penetrating gamma radiation (similar to x-ray's). This gamma radiation (not the radioactive fallout dust) can go right through walls, roofs and protective clothing. Even if you manage not to inhale or ingest the dust, and keep it off your skin, hair, and clothes, and even if none gets inside your house, the radiation penetrating your home could still be extremely dangerous, and can injure or kill you inside. BUT, ONLY IF the quantity and intensity of the fallout at your specific location was high.

The further downwind, especially from fallout originating far overseas, and baring any rainouts as described above, that sparse fallout and its declining radiation will be very much less dangerous, both from the natural atmospheric dispersion and natural decay over time before it arrives.


Radioactive fallout from a nuclear explosion, though very dangerous initially, loses its intensity quickly because it is giving off so much energy. For example, fallout emitting gamma ray radiation at a rate over 1000 R/hr (fatal with half hour of exposure) shortly after an explosion, weakens to only 1/10th as strong 7 hours later. Two days later, it's only 1/100th as strong, or as deadly, as it was initially. And, two weeks later, it is only 1/1000th as strong as it was initially. (However, radioactive fallout from sources other than a nuclear explosion, such as conventionally bombed nuclear plants or nuclear processing facilities in Iran, will likely have a higher percentage of isotopes of longer lasting duration, but fortunately likely not get into the upper winds to travel as far, compared to if a nuke was used on them in Iran.)

A nuclear explosion creates a fallout 'soup' of 200 or so different radioactive isotopes, that become ever more dispersed over distance downwind, weakening with every passing hour, and whatever little still remains far downwind, that we might later inhale or ingest then, is even further dispersed in our bodies. They pose much less of a risk then than if they were to be concentrated into one small specific area of the body, like radioactive iodine (radioiodine) does in our thyroid glands.

The most widespread concern we would most likely see here...

...from well dispersed fallout originating from far overseas, will be from ingesting and/or inhaling radioiodine, mostly Iodine-131 (I-131). Radioiodine could also contaminate pastures, livestock and crops, most especially dairyland pastures and ultimately milk supplies for up to a month. Radioiodine has been long proven to be a major constituent of both nuclear explosions and nuclear power plant mishaps and is especially of concern as it uniquely re-concentrates itself into our tiny thyroid glands giving that gland a much higher dose and the highest risk for cancer later.

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potassium_iodide we see reported that:


Chernobyl also demonstrated that the need to protect the thyroid from radiation was greater than expected. Within ten years of the accident, it became clear that thyroid damage caused by released radioactive iodine was virtually the only adverse health effect that could be measured. As reported by the NRC, studies after the accident showed, that "As of 1996, except for thyroid cancer, there has been no confirmed increase in the rates of other cancers, including leukemia, among the...public, that have been attributed to releases from the accident."
We also saw this thyroid radioiodine connection with our own Nevada atomic bomb testing program in the 1950s and early 1960s. The National Cancer Institute Study Estimating Thyroid Doses of I-131 Received by Americans From Nevada Atmospheric Nuclear Bomb Tests 'worst case' estimate is that fallout from nuclear weapons testing here likely generated from 10,000 to 75,000 cases of thyroid cancer. Each year, more than 12,000 Americans find out they have thyroid cancer, though from various causes. About 1000 here in the U.S. die from it annually.



National Cancer Institute Study Estimating Thyroid Doses of I-131
Received by Americans From Nevada Atmospheric Nuclear Bomb Tests

The NCI's 'worst case' estimate is that fallout from nuclear weapons
testing likely generated from 10,000 to 75,000 cases of thyroid cancer!

Executive Summary of that report here.

Critique of NCI report and more here.


Health physicist experts agree that the greatest health concerns, affecting the largest number of people far downwind, from a nuclear power plant accident or nuclear bomb explosion(s) anywhere in the world, will likely be from that release of radioiodine that is then carried downwind for hundreds and even thousands of miles. Inhaling radioiodine will be a concern downwind, though radioiodine contaminating the food supply and, in the public's mind making it all suspect, could become the bigger concern. Milk will be atop the list with its short time from pasture to cow to milk on your table. More about radioiodine and very effective, simple and inexpensive protective measures below.

Unfortunately, the public is generally not well educated on nuclear threats and fallout, and stirred up by sensationalist media reports of potential food contamination, could unleash a widespread panic run on food stores and other supplies. Understanding that real potential for future panic would make it prudent for families to have calmly stocked up beforehand, as they should for any natural disaster or, failing that, promptly at the very first indication of any developing nuclear emergency while locally available inventories are still plentiful.

Fallout coming here from nuke use in Iran, Pakistan, India, Mid-East, Korea, Taiwan, China, Russia, Japan, etc.


The best documented case for concern in the USA of having overseas radioactive fallout raining down on us here, too, via prevailing westerly trade winds, with plenty of thyroid contaminating radioactive iodine, can be found in the Nuclear War Survival Skills book. This Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a Facility of the U.S. Department of Energy, Updated and Expanded 1987 Edition, details the above and shows where a single, and very small, above ground Chinese nuclear test explosion ("a few hundred kilotons") on December 28, 1966 resulted in the fallout cloud covering most of the United States. (See map 'B' above.)

Cresson H. Kearny, the author of the NWSS book, also states about this now declassified incident:

"It produced fallout that by January 1, 1967 resulted in the fallout cloud covering most of the United States. This one Chinese explosion produced about 15 million curies of iodine- 131 - roughly the same amount as the total release of iodine- 131 into the atmosphere from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster."
"Fallout from the approximately 300 kiloton Chinese test explosion shown in Fig. 1 (Map 'B' above) caused milk from cows that fed on pastures near Oak Ridge, Tennessee and elsewhere to be contaminated with radioiodine, although not with enough to be hazardous to health."

"However, this milk contamination (up to 900 picocuries of radioactive iodine per liter) and the measured dose rates from the gamma rays emitted from fallout particles deposited in different parts of the United States indicate that trans-Pacific fallout from even an overseas nuclear war in which "only" two or three hundred megatons would be exploded could result in tens of thousands of unprepared Americans suffering thyroid injury."

"Perhaps the first nuclear war casualties in the United States will be caused by fallout from an overseas nuclear war in which our country is not a belligerent. As the number of nations with nuclear weapons increases - especially in the Middle East - this generally unrecognized danger to Americans will worsen."

"Trans-Pacific war fallout, carried to an America at peace by the prevailing west-to-east winds that blow around the world, could be several hundred times more dangerous to Americans than fallout from the worst possible overseas nuclear power reactor accident, and many times more dangerous than fallout from a very improbable U.S. nuclear power reactor accident as lethal as the disastrous Chernobyl accident was to Russians."

The 280 page Nuclear War Survival Skills book can be viewed free on-line here as pdf and hard copies acquired here. (This book also covers and details family nuclear preparations for much more than just the threat of radioiodine fallout, too.)
BTW, The maximum measured radioactive contamination of milk in the United States by radioiodine from the Chernobyl disaster (Map 'A' above) was in milk produced by cows grazing on pasture in Washington: 560 picocuries per liter. Customary levels are normally 2-3 picocuries per liter.

Fortunately, there is a cheap and effective preventative method to protect yourself and family from radioactive iodine.

Potassium Iodide (KI) tablets, taken a half hour or more before exposure, and then for the next 7-10 days, saturates your thyroid gland with safe stable iodine where if you then later inhale or ingest radioactive iodine your body simply eliminates it. It provides nearly 100% protection from radioiodine and resulting thyroid cell damage and abnormalities, such as loss of thyroid function, nodules in the thyroid, or thyroid cancer.

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potassium_iodide we see reported about KI use during Chernobyl event that:


Poland, 300 miles from Chernobyl, also gave out KI to protect its population. Approximately 18 million doses were distributed, with follow-up studies showing no known thyroid cancer among KI recipients. But time has shown that people living in irradiated areas where KI was not available have developed thyroid cancer at epidemic levels, which is why the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reported "The data clearly demonstrate the risks of thyroid radiation...KI can be used [to] provide safe and effective protection against thyroid cancer caused by irradiation."
But equally important to the question of KI is the fact that radiation releases are not "local" events. Researchers at the World Health Organization accurately located and counted the cancer victims from Chernobyl and were startled to find that "the increase in incidence [of thyroid cancer] has been documented up to 500 km from the accident site...significant doses from radioactive iodine can occur hundreds of kilometers from the site, beyond emergency planning zones." Consequently, far more people than anticipated were affected by the radiation, which caused the United Nations to report in 2002 that "The number of people with thyroid cancer...has exceeded expectations. Over 11,000 cases have already been reported."

See the Potassium Iodide Anti-Radiation Pill FAQ for more details on the health concerns of radioactive iodine, especially to our children, and for sources of thyroid protecting KI tablets, including homemade alternatives if no KI tablets available, and you'll also see why about.com says that FAQ is the...

"In-depth, detailed site totally dedicated to the Potassium Iodide issue.
THE central resource on the topic."

With ever wider public education of nuclear threats and fallout, hopefully, unproductive hysteria can be averted. Without that education, we risk the potential for unbridled panic regarding both public exposure to fallout and contamination of exposed crops, livestock and water.

As Cresson Kearny further details in the Nuclear War Survival Skills book:


"The public's exaggerated fears of extremely small amounts of radiation also are worsened by the media's use without explanations of very small units of radiation measurement, including the picocurie. (The picocurie is used to express the radioactive contamination of milk, water, etc., and is only one millionth of a millionth [1/1,000,000,000,000] of a curie.) One episode in which fears of radiation were thus worsened occurred shortly after the invisible fallout cloud from the Chernobyl disaster first reached the United States. Some listeners were frightened when a radio announcer merely stated that milk samples in northwest Oregon showed 118 picocuries per liter of radioactive iodine. Few Americans know that they will not be advised to stop using fresh milk unless its contamination is 15,000 picocuries or more per liter - as specified in the Food and Drug Administration's official, very cautious "Protective Action Guidance", published in the Federal Register of October 22, 1982."
The current FDA Derived Intervention Levels (DILs) for Iodine-131 in food is 170 Bq/kg., which, for milk, works out to about 4,590 picocuries or more per liter. This is the level at which the FDA may begin to warn the public not to use milk and/or issue an order to seize or detain milk products.

Regarding fallout contamination, any food or water stored in sealed containers before the fallout arrived, will always be safe to use. If any containers later had fallout dust on them they can simply be brushed or rinsed off the outside of the container and then the contents will be safe to use. As long as the fallout dust does not get inside the container, then whatever radiation penetrated the food/water container from the outside does not harm the contents. Having acquired sufficient stocks of food and water for your family beforehand will be required if your area is affected and/or if public begins panic buying resulting in shortages.

In the extremely unlikely case that heavy fallout was anticipated here from an overseas 'event', brief sheltering might be required as detailed in What To Do If A Nuclear Disaster Is Imminent! at www.ki4u.com/guide.htm. There you would also learn more about safe food and water storage and using common inexpensive N95 particulate respirator masks and cheap hooded rain ponchos if getting to proper sheltering was delayed. Also, it details simple decontamination if you suspect that your clothes, skin and hair have fallout on them. Exposure to fallout radiation does not make you radioactive, but you need to always minimize inhaling it, and maximize promptly getting out of it while properly decontaminating to assure that you don't bring any inside. Before fallout arrives, you might also try to cover up items you want to protect outside for easier rinsing off of the fallout dust later when it's safe to come out and do so. For instance, if you have a vegetable gardening spot, or cordwood stored outside for heating, you might try covering some of it with plastic or tarp and weighting them down.

The more likely scenario here, from fallout originating from far overseas, would at the most only require 7-10 days protection from radioiodine by taking Potassium Iodide (KI) tablets and having pre-stocked safe food and water in case people panic and stampede food stores.

In an emergency, if no more KI tablets available here, you can topically (on the skin) apply an iodine solution, like tincture of iodine or Betadine, for a similar protective effect. (WARNING: Iodine is NEVER to be ingested or swallowed, it is poison to drink.) For adults, paint 8 ml of a 2 percent tincture of Iodine on the abdomen or forearm each day, ideally at least 2 hours prior to initial exposure. For children 3 to 18, but under 150 pounds, only half that amount painted on daily, or 4 ml. For children under 3 but older than a month, half again, or 2 ml. For newborns to 1 month old, half it again, or just 1 ml. (One measuring teaspoon is about 5 ml, if you don't have a medicine dropper graduated in ml.) If your iodine solution is stronger than 2%, reduce the dosage accordingly. Absorption through the skin is not as reliable a dosing method as using the tablets, but tests show that it will still be very effective for most. Documentation of the above at www.ki4u.com, along with sources for KI tablets and formulas there for mixing up potassium iodide (KI) solutions if you acquire KI powder or crystals. Do not use if allergic to iodine. There are also a few other medical conditions and medications, discussed there, that are contraindicated that your physician can best advise you about. If at all possible, inquire of your doctor NOW if there is any reason why anybody in your household should not use KI, or iodine solutions topically on their skin, in a future nuclear emergency, just to be sure.

How radioactive fallout affects different food sources...

The following for farmers and ranchers, from the old USDA county defense boards, should help dispel some of the potential panic. Old fashioned from the early 1960's, but physics and tactics of radiation and fallout protection are timeless. This guidance assumed nuclear explosion(s) and heavy fallout originating right here in the USA. Fallout originating from far overseas would be many magnitudes less dangerous, but the following is still very informative regarding the threat to, and vulnerability of, different livestock & crops that we all rely upon in the food chain. References to radioiodine below have been highlighted in blue.





PROTECTING LIVESTOCK


How will fallout affect unprotected livestock, that is, animals in fields, postures, and other open areas?

Fallout may be dangerous to cattle, sheep, horses, pigs, and other livestock as well as to human beings. Radioactive materials in fresh fallout can contaminate the immediate environment and give off rays that can penetrate deep into the body. This is the major source of danger for livestock. Animals can also suffer skin burns if fallout settles in the coat. Skin burns could produce considerable discomfort, but would not endanger the lives of the animals.

Animals are about as sensitive to radiation damage as human beings; to survive, animals need the same protection as human beings.

When livestock must graze on fallout-contaminated pasture, supplemental feeding from non-contaminated forage can materially reduce the daily dose of radioactive material the animals will eat. Stored or stacked hay, ensilage from either silo or trench, and stored grain are safe supplemental feeds when they are protected from fallout contamination. When no shelter is available and when the level of radiation is only moderate, or food resources are scant, growers should, if possible, supply supplemental feeding and limit the grazing time.

When meat and dairy animals eat contaminated feed, some radioactive elements are absorbed into their bodies. Thus, man's food supply of animal products can become contaminated with radioactivity.

How will fallout affect sheltered livestock?

Livestock housed in barns and other farm buildings during fallout have a better chance of surviving effects of radiation than those that are not sheltered. A reasonably well-built shelter reduces intensity of external radiation and prevents fallout from settling on the animals' bodies. It also prevents animals from eating contaminated feed.

What Is the best way to protect livestock from fallout?

Move them indoors as soon as possible. If you do not have adequate facilities to house all animals, put some of them near farm buildings or in a small dry lot. Under these conditions the amount of space per animal in a barn should be reduced to the point of overcrowding. The limiting factor is ventilation and not space. The advantage is that the animals tend to shield each other enough that more will survive under crowded conditions than under normal housing. Large, protected self-feeders and automatic live- stock waterers can supply uncontaminated feed and water.

Areas within movable fences, and other small fenced areas that have covered feeders or self-feeders, can provide emergency confinement for farm animals after early external radiation intensity has decreased through decay.

Empty trench silos can be converted to livestock shelters by constructing a roof over the trench and covering it with earth.

Once fallout occurs, you should not attempt to protect livestock unless local civil defense authorities tell you that you will be safe when doing so.

Get your dairy cattle under cover first.



What water can I give livestock after fallout?

Water from a covered well, tank, or cistern, or from a freely running spring, is best. River water or pond water is less safe, but if necessary, it could be used after fallout has occurred. In a few days it would be safe. If, however, it should rain during this time, livestock should not be permitted access to pond water for an additional few days.

Usually, fallout particles would settle promptly and soluble radioactive materials would diffuse in the water, reducing the contamination at the surface. If the water was constantly replenished from an uncontaminated source, radioactivity would be diluted rapidly.

To prevent contamination from fallout, do not add water to covered tanks unless the water is from a protected well or spring; first use the water originally present in the tanks.

Could I use water in an exposed pond?

Water in an exposed pond would be contaminated, but usually the level of contamination would decrease rapidly. Such water could be used for surface irrigation. It could also he used to wash off farm buildings and unsheltered livestock. Obtain drinking water for livestock from another source if possible.

What feed can I give livestock after fallout?

To protect feed adequately, cover it. Fallout is like dust or dirt; a cover will prevent it from coming in contact or mixing with the feed.

Grain stored in a permanent bin, hay in a barn, and ensilage in a covered silo are adequately protected. They can be used as soon as it is safe to get to them following fallout.

A haystack in an open field can be protected with a tarpaulin or similar covering.

If possible, give your livestock feed that does not contain fallout material. Fallout particles that settle on hay, silage, or a stack of feedbags will contaminate only the outer parts. You can remove the outer layers or bags, and use the inside feed that is unaffected.

You will be notified if local civil defense and agricultural authorities who measure concentrations of fallout consider the forage growing in your area is harmful. However, this advice might come too late in heavily contaminated areas. As a precautionary measure, house the livestock and do not let them graze.

You may have to give cows contaminated feed if no other feed is available. The milk from these cows should not be used by children, but when the cows are back on clean feed, the amount of radioactive material in their milk will progressively diminish.



What can I do with contaminated feed?

How long feed should be stored depends on the type and concentration of the radioactive materials. If you have an alternate supply, do not use contaminated feed until told by authorities that it is safe to do so; then be sure to follow the precautions they may recommend.

Should dairy cows receive special treatment?

Yes. Because radioactive materials can be transferred to milk, which will be a critical product during an emergency, make a special effort to protect cows from fallout. Remove milking cows from pasture and feed them stored rations during the period of fresh fallout and for several weeks after. In this way, you will prevent iodine 131 from occurring in the milk, or reduce it to insignificant levels.

Give cows preferred shelter and clean feed and water. If you can, milk them before fallout occurs; you may not be able to do so for several days afterward. If you have calves on the farm turn them in with the cows. This will help prevent mastitis and conserve all the feed for the cows. Reduce amounts of water and concentrated feed to maintenance levels.

Construction plans are available through State extension agricultural engineers for a combination dairy barn and family fallout shelter. Although construction of this type is costly, such a facility might be considered for the protection of highly valued breeding stock.

The plans are designed in accordance with milk production ordinances. They provide for (1) a year-round production Unit that requires minimum change for emergency use, (2) a built-in family fallout protection area that allows the operator to care for animals during a fallout emergency, (3) all stored feed that is manually accessible to be inside the barn, (4) stored hay and straw for use as shielding, (5) temporary housing, feed, and water for other livestock, (6) an auxiliary generator for assuring electric power, and (7) a water supply inside the barn.

What measures should be taken to protect poultry?

Measures for protecting poultry are the same as those recommended for other farm animals.

Poultry are somewhat more resistant to radiation than other farm animals. Since most poultry are raised under shelter and given feed that has been protected or stored, and since poultry can be grown rapidly, they are one of the more dependable sources of fresh foods of animal origin that may be available following a nuclear attack.

Hens that eat contaminated feed will produce eggs that contain some radioactive elements. Radioactivity in eggs decreases shortly after the hens are removed from the contaminated environment and given uncontaminated feed and water.

What animal food products are safe to market after fallout?

You will receive specific instructions from local civil defense authorities based on the amount of fallout received. Do not destroy any animal food products unless spoilage has made them inedible. Milk should be safe to use if it is from cows that are adequately sheltered and protected and are fed rations of stored and protected feed and water. Milk from a fallout area where cows are not adequately protected or fed stored feed should not be given to children until civil defense authorities approve. Milk contaminated with iodine 131 can be processed into butter, cheese, and powdered or canned milk, and stored for a period of time to allow the radioactivity to decay.

Food animals whose bodies have been exposed to external radiation can be used for food if they are slaughtered before the onset of signs of radiation sickness. Also, they can be used after they have recovered from the ensuing illness. The same rules that govern the slaughter of animals sick from any cause should be followed. Care must be taken to prevent edible parts of the carcass from being contaminated by radioactive materials contained on the hide and in the digestive system.

What do I do if animals die from fallout radiation?

Some of your animals may be affected so severely by radiation from fresh fallout that they will die in a few days or weeks after being exposed. Do not slaughter any of your livestock unless you are told to do so by local civil defense authorities or USDA county defense boards. Bury animals that die. These carcasses usually are not dangerous to surviving people or animals by the time it is safe to work outside.

Is it possible to decontaminate livestock and farm buildings that have been exposed to fallout?

If there is fallout on the animals’ skins, the radioactive material can be washed off with water. It is not necessary to use clean water sources for this purpose. Take care to avoid contamination runoff.

Civil defense authorities or USDA county defense boards may advise you on decontamination procedures for your farm buildings. In handling animals, wear coveralls, gloves, and boots to prevent contaminating yourself. Cleaning or disinfecting buildings will not destroy radioactivity. However, cleaning can be useful in moving radioactive materials to a place where radiation will be less harmful. In cleaning, be careful to avoid contaminating yourself.


PROTECTING LAND AND CROPS


What are the main consequences of heavy concentration of fallout on crop and pasture lands?

- Farm workers may not be able to manage and cultivate land safely for some time, because of radiation hazard.

- It may not be advisable to permit animals to graze, because of the danger of radiation.

- Fresh fallout would provide surface contamination on all plants, resulting in potential hazard to human beings and animals consuming them.

- Radiation from fallout deposited on the leaves or the ground may damage the crop.

How long would fallout affect cultivated and non-cultivated lands?

It would depend on the abundance and type of radioactive materials in a given area. In the event of nuclear attack, radioactive iodine would be the most critical single factor in the contamination of milk during the first few weeks. After the first 60 days, the principal hazard would arise from strontium 89 and strontium 90. Strontium 89, however, will have virtually disappeared 17 months after its formation.

Like other radioactive isotopes of fallout, strontium 90 falls on the surface of plants and can be consumed with foods and forage. Some of it is deposited directly on the soil or washed into it, remaining indefinitely, for all practical purposes, in the top several inches of uncultivated land. Because it is chemically similar to calcium, radioactive strontium would be absorbed by all plants. Plants growing in soils deficient in calcium would absorb more radioactive strontium than those growing in soils abundant in calcium, other conditions being equal.

Are there soil treatments for reducing the fallout hazard on land?

Yes, but soil treatments should be given only after responsible authorities have carefully evaluated the situation and declared a state of emergency. The most effective treatment could be costly, and suitable only for intensively used land.

Other methods involve changes in generally accepted farm practices. Some measures could be simply an improvement over local conditions and procedures. For example, liming of acid soils could reduce the uptake of radioactive strontium in crops grown on those soils.

USDA soil scientists in the USDA county defense boards will provide guidance to farmers in determining best utilization of their land following nuclear attack.

Any use of the land must wait until external radiation levels are low enough for persons to work safely outdoors.

Would fallout permanently affect pasture grass and forage crops?

If fallout is extremely light, the pasture would be usable immediately. It is difficult to set an exact external dose rate at which it would be safe to return the animals to pasture, but if the dose for the first week of stay did not exceed 25 roentgens all animals would survive and could be handled with safety.

If fallout is heavy, external radiation would prohibit use of the pasture. A heavy deposit of fallout would spread short-lived and long-lived radioactive particles on the pasture and forage crops. Radiation might cause visible injury to plants. Some plants might die.

Existing growths of alfalfa and other forage crops might not be usable because of radiation hazard. If a radiation survey should indicate that contamination level is high, existing growth should be removed as close to the ground as possible and discarded; succeeding growths should be used only after examination for radioactivity. If the soil is acid, a top-dressing of lime would help reduce uptake of radioactive strontium in succeeding growths.

Livestock could be allowed to graze on lightly contaminated pasture after a waiting period that varies from one to a few weeks, the length of time depending on the degree of contamination.

Once it is safe to work the land, a periodic check on pasture and produce in affected areas would provide the best safety guide to their use.

Would fallout affect my system of farming?

It could. Seriously contaminated land may need to lie fallow for as long as a season. After this, fallout may require a change to non-food crops or to food crops that do not absorb large amounts of radioactive materials from the soil. Alfalfa, clover, soybeans, and leafy vegetables have a greater tendency to absorb long-lived radioactive strontium than cereal grains, grasses, corn, potatoes, and fruits. Guidance on suggested crops to plant will come from USDA county defense boards.

Would fallout reduce economic productivity of crop and pasture lands?

Fallout might reduce such productivity in several ways: (1) Crop and soil management could be impeded because of danger from external radiation; (2) some crops might be killed by contamination; (3) other crops might become contaminated to a degree where they would be unmarketable; and (4) economic value of food grown on contaminated land might be less than that of other competitive crops.

What are the effects of fallout on growing vegetables?

Growing vegetables that are exposed to heavy fallout may become highly contaminated. Leaves, pods, and fruits that retain fallout material should be cleaned before being eaten. Washing is probably the most effective measure, just as it is the best way to clean garden foods that get dirty from any other cause. Radiation from heavy fallout may affect plant growth. Roots and tubers absorb little contamination from fallout before it is mixed with the soil. The normal cleaning or peeling of underground vegetables such as potatoes or carrots would be adequate for removing fallout.

What are the effects of fallout on fruits?

If fallout is heavy, ripe fruits may be lost because of the personal hazard involved in harvesting them. Fruits that do not have to be picked immediately can be saved. They should be washed before they are eaten.

Would fallout limit use of plants for human food?

It depends on the extent of radioactivity. Leafy vegetables, such as lettuce, should not be eaten unless they are thoroughly washed, or are known to be free of hazardous amounts of radioactive materials.

What special precautions should be taken for workers in the fields?

You should remain indoors until danger from fallout has diminished and you have learned from local officials that it is all right to work outdoors.


EMERGENCY DEFENSE SERVICES


By order of the President, the Secretary of Agriculture has put into effect defense services to protect farmer; their families, their livestock, and their agricultural productivity in event of a national emergency. The wide scope of these services enables them to function at all levels, national, State, county, and farm.

County Defense Boards

In preparing for a national emergency, the farmer may obtain guidance and assistance from his USDA county defense board. More than 3,000 of these boards are operating throughout the Nation. The USDA county defense boards receive direction from USDA State defense boards.

A USDA county defense board is composed of key USDA representatives in the county. The county office manager of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service usually serves as chairman. Other board members may include representatives of the Cooperative Extension Service, the Farmers Home Administration, and the Soil Conservation Service. Representatives of the Forest Service, the Agricultural Research Service, and the Consumer and Marketing Service, where available, are also members of the board.

Each USDA county defense board is equipped to serve the farmer in many ways. In most counties, the board chairman is responsible for food production programs. He will see that guidance is available in emergency farming practices and in conserving farm equipment, fuel, and manpower; he also will help obtain essential services or material.

The Soil Conservation Service member of the board will advise and assist in the proper use of land and water; and the Farmers Home Administration member will help the farmer in credit problems that may arise. The county extension agent will provide education on survival practices and protective measures for the farmer, his family, and his livestock.

The board chairman, or one of the board members, will advise farmers regarding other programs of USDA agencies that are not represented on the board. This might include, for example, assistance in protection of livestock and crops against the spread of disease or rural fire defense. Generally, the board chairman is responsible for USDA programs relating to food processing, storage, and distribution.

USDA county defense boards will work closely with and support county authorities. Farmers can look to their local county civil defense officials as well as USDA county defense boards for guidance in national emergency programs.

Radiological Monitoring

Radiological monitoring is measurement of the levels of exposure by radiation present in nuclear fallout. Special instruments and people trained in their use are required for this work.

Monitoring services would be needed in the early period following a nuclear attack to determine intensity of radiation on the farm. If this intensity were high, monitoring services would be needed later to determine when farming activities should be resumed. Examples of this monitoring service are detection and measurement of radiological contamination of farmlands, harvestable crops, forest land, and water and protection and handling of farm animals.

State and local governments are responsible for establishing comprehensive radiological monitoring systems in inhabited and habitable areas to measure and report radiation intensities. This monitoring provides the basis for survival and recovery. USDA is directly responsible for certain specialized monitoring:

- At major meat and poultry inspection installations.

- Of forest lands, agricultural lands, and water.

- Of federally owned stored food.

One or more USDA monitoring stations are established in each county in the United States. They provide capability to perform monitoring assigned to USDA, and they will also supply part of the radiological information needed for planning and directing local survival and recovery operations.

Office of Civil Defense guidance and the USDA Radiological Monitoring Handbook provide details for the necessary coordinated effort at the county level. Simply stated, county civil defense and the USDA county defense boards are responsible for joint planning and post attack advice to the farm population on precautions to take to minimize radiation exposures associated with farm work; county civil defense is responsible for most of the monitoring, reporting, and analysis of the data; and the USDA county defense board applies USDA guidance adjusted to local conditions in recommending appropriate:

- Care or disposition of livestock.

- Use of agricultural lands and water.

- Use or disposition of agricultural commodities.

If you have a question about the detection of harmful radiation, you should contact your local civil defense official or the chairman of your USDA county defense board.



Bottom Line: Unfortunately, the federal government does not have large stocks of emergency KI tablets, nor is it likely what they do have can be gotten where it's needed and then to those who need it... in-time. Also, they no longer support nuclear Civil Defense training of the public, the USDA county defense boards, or county level radiation monitoring networks and fallout shelters*, as they once did during the heights of the Cold War, and thus American families are largely on their own today to find this important guidance and make their own preparations.

For this reason, we've produced both our myth-busting expose...

The Good News About Nuclear Destruction! at http://www.ki4u.com/goodnews.htm

...and our popular & essential family guide for...

What To Do If A Nuclear Disaster Is Imminent! at http://www.ki4u.com/guide.htm

Pass copies of them, along with this 'When An ill Wind Blows From Afar!' guide to friends, neighbors, relatives, fellow workers, churches and community organizations with a brief note attached saying simply: "We hope/pray we never need this, but just-in-case, keep it handy!" Few nowadays will find that approach alarmist and you'll be pleasantly surprised at how many are truly grateful.

Everyone should also forward copies of them to their local, state and federal elected representatives, as well as your own communities first-responders and local media, all to help spread this good news that's liberating fellow American families from their paralyzing and potentially fatal myths of nuclear un-survivability!

* There is one county in America that has, on their own, re-instituted their public fallout shelters and local radiation monitoring network. Madison County - Huntsville, Alabama, home of our nations rocket scientists at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. See more about their efforts here.



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shane Connor is the CEO of www.ki4u.com
Consultants and developers of Civil Defense solutions to Government, NPO's, and Individual Families.



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Everyone is invited to copy, post, print, and distribute 'When An ill Wind Blows From Afar!' article anywhere, as long as they do so without charging anything for it. It must be reproduced in entirety, including this notice, and not be altered or edited. To contact the author with comments, e-mail: Shane Connor at shane@ki4u.com
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Old 03-11-2011, 09:51 PM   #61
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Look, I think everyone needs to calm down a little bit.

We need to make our self aware of events but we shouldn't go overboard.

If the worst case scenario and we get a China Syndrome happens we realistically aren't going to get 10-100 mR/hr. Think about the concept of half lives of radiation.

Even now people don't get more than 700mR/hr outside the gates of Chernobyl.

Not that we need to get 10-100mR/hr but if someone and healthy there and over 50 there isn't a lot to worry about. You are going to die naturally before you get cancers from it.

If you have children? Yes, I would worry about it some because of the long term consequences. Move east, don't eat foods that concentrate radiations, etc.

Facts are what is needed, not scaremongering or fear.
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Old 03-11-2011, 09:53 PM   #62
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0241z - The reactors at two nuclear power plants in Fukushima prefecture can no longer cool radioactive substances inside. Japanese engineers at each location are currently working to resolve the problems.

Only insubstantial amounts of data (under 300 words) may be included in an email, displayed as part of another Website or stored electronically. In all such cases, the sender / site owner / database owner must clearly acknowledge the source (ASI Group, L.P.) and include a link to http://www.asigroup.com.
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Old 03-11-2011, 09:54 PM   #63
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and... this is Japan, not Chernobyl. If there's any possible way to get this under control, I have faith the Japanese can do it. They have many redundencies built in, solid emergency planning & don't look to be trying to hide anything.
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Old 03-11-2011, 09:55 PM   #64
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Quote:
Originally Posted by LvDemWings View Post
I have wondered about that and if there will be any import/export problems. I feel awful for thinking of myself but I do wonder if I should order some of the imported goods that I like that might be hard to get 6 months or a year from now.

I just dropped my son off up the hill, and very nearly kept right on going
to Costco to get a few boxes of the Japanese green tea I like.
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Old 03-11-2011, 09:58 PM   #65
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I just dropped my son off up the hill, and very nearly kept right on going
to Costco to get a few boxes of the Japanese green tea I like.
Feh Chinese green is better.
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Old 03-11-2011, 10:04 PM   #66
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and... this is Japan, not Chernobyl. If there's any possible way to get this under control, I have faith the Japanese can do it. They have many redundencies built in, solid emergency planning & don't look to be trying to hide anything.
As I understand it, they have no power to run the pumps. Somehow I can't believe there isnt a big ass CAT generator on a truck somewhere they could hook up fairly quick. Heck, I live in a small county and I know where there are three of them right now. They could fly it in with a helicopter. I bet there are a few at the US bases on the island too.
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Old 03-11-2011, 10:10 PM   #67
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Feh Chinese green is better.

Costco has a great big box of 100 tea bags for $12 and it's a 3 minute drive from work.

Easy is good.
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Old 03-11-2011, 11:22 PM   #68
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I think AndreaCA's post on surviving fallout from a Thermal Nuclear Blast is really Fantastic. May I suggest starting a thread on that subject? Maybe it would be best in a new thread in the Preparedness forum.
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Old 03-11-2011, 11:35 PM   #69
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As I understand it, they have no power to run the pumps. Somehow I can't believe there isnt a big ass CAT generator on a truck somewhere they could hook up fairly quick. Heck, I live in a small county and I know where there are three of them right now. They could fly it in with a helicopter. I bet there are a few at the US bases on the island too.
Yeah, They already brought in some big truck mounted generators yesterday, it was mentioned in the TEPCO press releases, I think about 9hr's after the earthquake..
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Old 03-12-2011, 12:53 AM   #70
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problems with the cooling system ?
Of course that can be solved. The question is what would it cost
But it seems to be a question of millions rather than billions ($,not Yen)

So negligable as compared to the rest of the damage from the quake
(which I saw estimated at $40B)

If they can't cool it, it would still not be as bad as Cernobyl
since the reactor has a "cap", which was lacking in Cernobyl.

So, what would be the damage from a bursting reactor at Fukushima ?
>$1B ?
Is it worth to invest -say- $100M to reduce the chance
of this happening by 10% ?

I guess, that's the sort of questions which they are discussing now
(secretly)



bring the cooling water with cars
install new pumps
bring new batteries and generators

BTW. why can't they throw the Brennstaebe into the sea
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Old 03-12-2011, 01:03 AM   #71
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Source. Japanese Official now saying they are checking to see if a meltdown has taken place at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant's Unit 1.

This is being picked up on Fox as well.
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Old 03-12-2011, 01:35 AM   #72
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> Nach Aussage eines Behördenvertreters könnte dies daraufhin deuten, dass es in
> dem Reaktor zu einer Kernschmelze komme oder bereits gekommen sei.

ahh, the government doesn't get info from the owner and must do their own measurements ?!?

> Ein Sprecher der Betreiberfirma Tokyo Electric Power (Tepco) sagte hingegen,
> es sei keine Kernschmelze im Gange.

has Tepco been caught in Lying before ? How do Tepco-stocks react ?

> Um Druck von dem Reaktor zu nehmen, sollte kontrolliert Dampf abgelassen werden,
> teilte die Internationale Atomenergiebehörde IAEA in Wien mit.

how does Wien know, when the details are being kept secret ?
Apparantly Tepco knows more than Wien since they are not doing this
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Old 03-12-2011, 02:00 AM   #73
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NIKKEI 225 10.254,43 -179,95 -1,72% 11.03. 07:10:00

17 Uhr: Die Börse in Tokio verzeichnet durch das Beben deutliche Verluste. Der Nikkei-Index rutscht um 1,72 Prozent auf 10 254,43 Punkte ab. Auf Wochensicht verlor der japanische Leitindex damit 4,11 Prozent.

Fukushima, 17.30 Uhr: In den Atomkraftwerken in der Präfektur Fukushima wird der Alarm "abnormaler Zustand" gegeben, berichtete die Nachrichtenagentur Kyodo. Zuvor hatte der Ministerpräsident in Tokio gesagt, es gebe bislang keine Probleme mit den Atomreaktoren.

Die Agentur Jiji meldet, dass im AKW Tepco Fukushima Daiichi das Kühlsystem ausgefallen ist. Japans Ministerpräsident Kan schafft eine Sondereinheit zum Schutz von Anwohnern im atomaren Notfall, wie der Sender NHK berichtet.


Tokio, 20 Uhr: Nach dem Versagen des Kühlsystems im AKW Tepco Fukushima Daiichi rufen die Behörden den Notstand aus. Es seien jedoch keine radioaktiven Lecks in oder in der Nähe von Atomkraftwerken festgestellt worden, erklärt Regierungschef Naoto Kan.

Fukushima, 23.15 Uhr: Die Nachrichtenagenturen melden, dass die Kühlung des Atomkraftwerks in Fukushima nur noch im Batteriebetrieb läuft.

Die Mitarbeiter bemühten sich, die Notstromversorgung des Werks wiederherzustellen, um Wasser in die Reaktoren pumpen zu können und ein Trockenfahren zu verhindern, erklärte die Betreiberfirma TEPCO. Die Batterien lieferten nur noch Energie für wenige Stunden, erklärte die Gesellschaft für Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) in Köln unter Verweis auf japanische Angaben. "Im allerschlimmsten Fall droht dann eine Kernschmelze", sagte GRS-Sprecher Sven Dokter.

Tokio, 1.30 Uhr: Die japanische Regierung lässt verkünden, im Kraftwerk Fukushima sei "alles unter Kontrolle".

Nacht zum Samstag: Die Zahl der Toten steigt über 1000

Nikkei stock futures plunged nearly 5 percent at one point


TOKYO (Nikkei)--Tokyo Electric Power Co.'s (9501) Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant in Fukushima Prefecture may be experiencing a meltdown in the wake of Friday's massive earthquake, the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency said Saturday.
The agency said cesium, a radioactive material produced by nuclear fission, was detected near the facility.
Fuel rods were exposed to the air as the water level in the reactor fell, said one observer.
The nuclear agency serves under the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry,

Der Tepco-Konzern, der das Krisen-AKW betreibt, ist berüchtigt. Schon im Jahr 2002 war er in den Schlagzeilen, als alle seine Atomkraftwerke in einen großen Skandal verwickelt waren.
Damals stellte sich heraus, dass 16 Jahre lang Berichte gefälscht und Inspektionen aus Kostengründen verschleppt worden waren

Das Kühlwasser bezieht die Anlage aus dem Ozean.

Am 28. März 2007 berichtete das Wall Street Journal, dass die Betreiberfirma Tepco die Inbetriebnahme der Blöcke 7 und 8 um ein Jahr auf das Jahr 2013 beziehungsweise vielleicht sogar auf das Jahr 2014 verschoben habe. Es wurde gemutmaßt, dass damit ein Unfall vertuscht werden sollte.

Fukushima I ist das erste Kernkraftwerk von Tepco. Es wird seit Anfang der 1970er Jahre betrieben. Die ersten beiden Reaktoren wurden noch von General Electric gebaut. Block 3 und 5 wurden von Toshiba, 4 von Hitachi und 6 wieder von General Electric gebaut.
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Old 03-12-2011, 02:10 AM   #74
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福島第1原発「炉心溶融が進んでいる可能性」 保安院
動画: 福島第1原発、炉心溶融か TBS News-i
福島第一原発、弁開放し炉心の圧力低下 朝日新聞
福島第一原発1号機で炉心溶融の可能性 読売新聞
【地震】死者・行方不明者1400人超 地震・津波で
テレビ朝日-‎28 分前‎-NHK 毎日新聞 47NEWS 関連記事 159 件 »空の便、400便以上が欠航 仙台、羽田発着中心に
47NEWS-‎1 時間前‎-テレビ朝日 トラベルビジョン 時事通信 関連記事 156 件 »【地震】連絡取れない列車4本のうち2本が脱線
テレビ朝日-‎40 分前‎-北海道新聞 デイリースポーツ NHK 関連記事 50 件 »東北沖大地震:自衛隊5万人派遣へ
毎日新聞-‎52 分前‎-朝日新聞 時事通信 日本経済新聞 関連記事 84 件 »欧州株:続落、日本の地震受け保険銘柄が下げ主導
ウォール・ストリート・ジャーナル日本版-‎11 時間前‎
首都圏死者30人 負傷677人不明16人に
東京新聞 - ‎2 時間前‎
動画: 上越・長野新幹線は夕方に再開予定 TBS News-i 上越・長野新幹線 運転再開へ NHK 【東北地方太平洋沖地震】上越、北陸・長野新幹線 12日16時再開予定 レスポンス
テレビ朝日 - FNN - 朝日新聞 - MSN産経ニュース 関連記事 144 件 »
【地震】今回の地震は全世界で5番目の規模
テレビ朝日


The possibility preservation institute animated picture where Fukushima 1st nuclear plant core melt is advanced”: The Fukushima 1st nuclear plant, core melt or the TBS News-i Fukushima first nuclear plant, the valve to open, pressure decrease Asahi newspaper Fukushima first nuclear plant 1 of the core with the machine the possibility Yomiuri Shimbun Company of core melt 1400 deceased missings before the Asahi National Broadcasting Co. - 28 minutes - NHK everyday the super in earthquake tidal wave flight, 400 flights or more of the newspaper 47NEWS-related article 159 case» sky defect crossing the ocean Sendai, on the Haneda arrival and departure center before the 47NEWS-1 time - the Asahi National Broadcasting Co. travel vision current events communication-related article 156 case»Communication you do not take 2 among train 4 before the derailed Asahi National Broadcasting Co. - 40 minutes - the Hokkaido newspaper daily sport NHK-related article 50 case» northeast open sea major earthquake: Everyday to the Self Defense Force 50,000 human dispatch before the newspaper - 52 minutes - Asahi newspaper current events communication Japanese economic newspaper-related article 84 case» European stocks: Earthquake receiving insurance brand of further decline and Japan lowers, in national capital region deceased 30 injury 677 human unclear 16 person before the main leadership wall street journal Japanese edition - 11 hours before Tokyo newspaper - 2 hours Animated picture: As for Joetsu Nagano Shinkansen in evening to reopening schedule TBS News-i Joetsu Nagano Shinkansen driving reopening NHK Joetsu, Hokuriku Nagano Shinkansen 12th 16 o'clock reopening schedule response Asahi National Broadcasting Co. - FNN - Asahi newspaper - MSN product sutra news-related article 144 case» As for the latest earthquake in entire world 5th scale Asahi National Broadcasting Co.
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Old 03-12-2011, 02:22 AM   #75
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特報 14:15 福島原発、炉心溶融の可能性 14:15 Primary dispatch Fukushima potential meltdown


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福島原発、炉心溶融の可能性 Primary Fukushima, the possibility of meltdown

福島第1原発「炉心溶融が進んでいる可能性」 保安院 The first primary Hukuzima "potential meltdown has progressed," NISA

2011/3/12 15:30 2011/3/12 15:30
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経済産業省の原子力安全・保安院は12日午後2時、東京電力の福島第一原発1号機で原子炉の心臓部が損なわ れる「炉心溶融が進んでいる可能性がある」と発表した。 Nuclear Safety Agency, METI 12 at 2 pm, is impaired in the heart of the No. 1 reactor of TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant "might meltdown has progressed," said on Wednesday. 発電所の周辺地域から、燃料の核分裂に伴うセシウムやヨウ素が検出されたという。 From the area around the power plant, it was detected with iodine and cesium fission fuel. 燃料が溶けて漏れ出たと考えられる。 Considered to be leaking fuel to melt. 炉心溶融が事実だとすれば、最悪の原子力事故が起きたことになる。 If it is true meltdown, will be worst nuclear accident. 炉心溶融の現象が日本で確認されたのは初めて。 The phenomenon was confirmed in Japan is the first meltdown.


検出された種類は、いずれも本来は金属容器で封じ込めている物質。 The detected type, any substance that originally sealed in metal containers. 炉心溶融で大量に放射性物質が出れば、被曝(ひばく)の被害が広がる恐れもある。 Get at large quantities of radioactive meltdown, radiation (nuked) have also spread fear of damage.
保安院は今回の炉心溶融について「放射性物質の広がりを計算した結果、現時点では半径10キロを対象とする 住民避難の範囲を変更する必要はないだろう」と話している。 NISA for this meltdown, "was calculated by the spread of radioactive material at this time would not need to change the scope of the evacuation radius of 10 km to target," he said.
震災にあった1号機は、核燃料棒を冷やしていた水位が下がり、露出していたとの報告もあった。 Unit 1 was in the earthquake, had lowered the water level to cool the nuclear fuel rods, was also reported to have been exposed.
燃料を包む金属容器は高温に耐えるとされる。 Metal container to wrap the fuel is resistant to high temperatures. 溶けたとなれば、燃料周辺が相当の高温にさらされたとみられる。 Once melted, and found considerable exposure to high temperatures around the fuel. 金属容器ばかりか原発の圧力容器や格納容器を溶かせば、放射性物質が外に漏れ出す。 Be dissolved and the containment of nuclear pressure vessels not only metal container of radioactive material leaked out.
原発の運転中は、炉心で核燃料が核分裂を起こしている。 During operation of nuclear power, causing nuclear fission reactor fuel. 発熱反応が連鎖し、冷却水を蒸気に変えてタービンを回し、発電している。 Exothermic reaction is a chain reaction, turning water into steam to turn turbine cooling, to power.
冷却水があるうちは熱が一定に保たれるが、本来の水位が下がると燃料が生む熱の行き場が無くな る。 Of cooling water that is kept constant but the heat is lost nowhere to go but the fuel produces heat and reduces the original level. 最悪の事態では、原子炉の心臓部である炉心溶融が起きる。 In the worst happens at the heart of the reactor core meltdown.
この事態を受け、保安院は自衛隊に給水支援を要請した。 In response, the water NISA requested the SDF assistance. 大量の水を使って熱を冷ますためだ。 Turn down the heat because it uses a lot of water.
過去の大きな原子力災害も、炉心溶融が原因のものがあった。 Also last major nuclear disaster, there have been caused meltdown. 1979年には、米ペンシルベニア州のスリーマイルアイランド原発にトラブルが発生。 In 1979, Mile Island nuclear power plant in trouble in Pennsylvania. 緊急炉心冷却装置が働かず、高温になった燃料が炉心を溶かす大事故につながった。 Without working emergency core cooling system, leading to serious accidents had a high temperature to melt the fuel core.

東京電力、炉心溶融、原子力安全・保安院、原発、セシウム、福島、原子炉 TEPCO meltdown, NISA, nuclear power, cesium, Fukushima reactor
「燃料冷やすしかない」今中京大助教 (2011/3/12 15:45) "Only cool fuel" Professor Daisuke Tyuukyou now (2011/3/12 15:45)
炉心冷却へ自衛隊に給水支援要請 福島原発 (2011/3/12 15:00) Hukuzima requests for assistance to the primary core cooling water into the SDF (2011/3/12 15:00)
福島原発の安全策不発 圧力制御できず (2011/3/12 11:12) Pressure control of nuclear safety can not be unexploded Hukuzima (2011/3/12 11:12)






福島第1原発「炉心溶融が進んでいる可能性」 保安院 (15:30) The first primary Hukuzima "potential meltdown has progressed," Safety Agency (15:30)
福島第1原発 格納容器の蒸気放出、減圧を確認 (15:45) The first nuclear power plant steam discharge containment Fukushima, check the vacuum (15:45)
政府、自衛隊派遣5万人に拡大 救援で米軍と協力 (13:10更新) The government, in cooperation with U.S. military aid increased 50,000 in dispatch (13:10 update)

大手生保、災害関連の特約を全額支払いへ (15:58) Major life insurers, to pay the full amount of disaster-related special provisions (15:58)


福島第1原発、格納容器の蒸気放出 減圧を確認 (15:38) The first nuclear power plant in Fukushima ensure containment pressure steam discharge (15:38)
原子力安全・保安院、自衛隊に給水支援要請 福島原発 (15:00) Nuclear Safety Agency, the primary water supply assistance request Hukuzima SDF (15:00)
福島原発、放射性物質の放出開始 燃料棒の一部露出 (13:28更新) Primary Fukushima, exposing part of the release of radioactive fuel rods Hazime Hiraku (13:28 update)
米カリフォルニア州に津波、1人死亡 (11:55) California tsunami, killing one person (11:55)
午後3時に与野党党首会談 補正予算案の必要性協議 (13:35) The need for a supplementary budget consultation meeting at 3:00 pm and political parties leaders (13:35)
政府、自衛隊派遣5万人に拡大 救援で米軍と協力 (13:10更新) The government, in cooperation with U.S. military aid increased 50,000 in dispatch (13:10 update)
日経平均先物1万円を割る NY市場、円1円超上昇 (11:43) Nikkei 000 futures yen break the NY market, rose more than ¥ ¥ 1 (11:43)
円大幅反発、81円80~90銭 日本への送金増の思惑 (7:37) Significant rebound yen, 80 yen, an increase of 81 to speculation of a transfer to Japan 90 sen (7:37)



福島第一原発の近隣住民「いつになったら帰れるのか」 (16:05) Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant neighbors, "When will you get back or" (16:05)
原子力安全・保安院、自衛隊に給水支援要請 福島原発 (15:00) Nuclear Safety Agency, the primary water supply assistance request Hukuzima SDF (15:00)
死者・不明1200人超す 陸前高田など「ほぼ壊滅」 (14:38更新) More than 1,200 known dead and Rikuzentakata "almost destroyed" (14:38 update)

長野県、対策本部を設置 栄村で2055人に避難指示 (10:47) Nagano, who directed the evacuation in 2055 established a task force Sakaemura (10:47)


日経平均(円) Nikkei Average (Yen) 10,254.43 10,254.43 -179.95 -179.95 11日 大引大引 11

(3/12 16:00 更新) (3 / 12 16:00 update)

福島第一原発1号機、炉心溶融の可能性 保安院発表 Fukushima Daiichi Unit 1 nuclear power plant, announced the possibility of core melt NISA

政府、自衛隊派遣5万人に拡大 救援で米軍と協力 The government, in cooperation with U.S. military aid increased by SDF dispatch 50,000
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