Go Back   This Blue Marble, a Global Current Events Discussion Forum > Health and Medicine > Medical News

Medical News News, information and discussions about health issues, medicine and biotechnology.

Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
Old 02-04-2012, 03:20 PM   #1
linttrap
it's time for the Guillotine, again
 
linttrap's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Vuhginya
Posts: 7,017
Thanks: 4,098
Thanked 6,992 Times in 2,895 Posts
Default Brain Injury Rate 7 Times Greater among U.S. Prisoners

In Virginia, the state has obtained a Federal Grant that involves screening juvenile offenders in institutions for TBI and intervening early with rehabilitation. It was just begun a few years ago and has already created and employed the screening. It can be done.
*****************************

Prisoners suffer disproportionately from past traumatic brain injuries. Researchers are hunting for the best tools to treat this population in an effort to help them reintegrate into society--and avoid re-incarceration

By Katherine Harmon | February 4, 2012

A car accident, a rough tackle, an unexpected tumble. The number of ways to bang up the brain are almost as numerous as the people who sustain these injuries. And only recently has it become clear just how damaging a seemingly minor knock can be. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is no longer just a condition acknowledged in military personnel or football players and other professional athletes. Each year some 1.7 million civilians will suffer an injury that disrupts the function of their brains, qualifying it as a TBI.

About 8.5 percent of U.S. non-incarcerated adults have a history of TBI, and about 2 percent of the greater population is currently suffering from some sort of disability because of their injury.

In prisons, however, approximately 60 percent of adults have had at least one TBI—and even higher prevalence has been reported in some systems. These injuries, which can alter behavior, emotion and impulse control, can keep prisoners behind bars longer and increases the odds they will end up there again. Although the majority of people who suffer a TBI will not end up in the criminal justice system, each one who does costs states an average of $29,000 a year

Read the rest of this excellent article at:

http://www.scientificamerican.com/ar...-injury-prison
__________________
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"Man will never be free until the last politician is strangled with the entrails of the last priest." Voltaire or Diderot

“When you hear ‘no immediate danger‘ from nuclear radiation then you should run away as far and as fast as you can.”
-Alexey Yablokov, member of the Russian academy of sciences and adviser to President Gorbachev at the time of Chernobyl
linttrap is online now   Reply With Quote
Old 02-04-2012, 03:46 PM   #2
sandyd
Beach Fun
 
sandyd's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: SoCal
Posts: 7,371
Thanks: 693
Thanked 428 Times in 301 Posts
Interesting but most folks I know did lots of head bangs when young and are not prison material. I suspect it's not the bump but how the bang on the head affects that particular part of the brain. Plus some hits are harder than others. Even ones that don't qualify as TBI probably have an impact on our brains.

I wondered the other day, as I watched the neighbor kid at 2 1/2 fall AGAIN and get a goose egg AGAIN, how much of the bumps we take when young, turn us into who we grow up to be?

My bet is a lot more than we know.

Hopefully this will help but at the same time....even if it IS all in their brains, if control over dangerous impulses can't be achieved, they can't be loose in society, can they?
__________________
"The danger is not that a particular class is unfit to govern: every class is unfit to govern." Lord Acton

The only way to win is to not play...(like global thermal nuclear war).
sandyd is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-04-2012, 05:33 PM   #3
linttrap
it's time for the Guillotine, again
 
linttrap's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Vuhginya
Posts: 7,017
Thanks: 4,098
Thanked 6,992 Times in 2,895 Posts
Poor impulse control is only one of the effects of brain injury, and often is preceded by cognitive processing issues. Those are sometimes easier to address, giving people tools to use their thinking processes before they get to that place where impulses control them, instead of the other way round.

Addressing their substance abuse issues is usually an additional problem, since alcohol, et.al. wipe out any frontal lobe control they might still have available to employ.

Even if the problem is only impulse control, there are techniques for helping people avoid getting to that place.

As in so many other things, investing in the treatment/prevention is cheaper than paying for the consequences, not only to them but the society they live in and impact.

Unfortunately, lots of people, including business people who SHOULD know better, government agencies and especially politicians, get focused on short term outcomes and miss the big picture entirely. Deal with the front end issue because it is going to get bigger and bigger as time goes on.

The data shows that having one TBI makes you much more likely to have a second one. Catch people young, after that first one, and you don't have nearly as many problems to rehab.
__________________
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"Man will never be free until the last politician is strangled with the entrails of the last priest." Voltaire or Diderot

“When you hear ‘no immediate danger‘ from nuclear radiation then you should run away as far and as fast as you can.”
-Alexey Yablokov, member of the Russian academy of sciences and adviser to President Gorbachev at the time of Chernobyl
linttrap is online now   Reply With Quote
Old 02-04-2012, 09:11 PM   #4
sandyd
Beach Fun
 
sandyd's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: SoCal
Posts: 7,371
Thanks: 693
Thanked 428 Times in 301 Posts
Yeah but that means more effort than just locking 'em up.

I also read once some high % of guys in prisons were xyy not xy some odd genetic issue and I have not seen that addressed one tiny bit since....
__________________
"The danger is not that a particular class is unfit to govern: every class is unfit to govern." Lord Acton

The only way to win is to not play...(like global thermal nuclear war).
sandyd is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-04-2012, 09:21 PM   #5
linttrap
it's time for the Guillotine, again
 
linttrap's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Vuhginya
Posts: 7,017
Thanks: 4,098
Thanked 6,992 Times in 2,895 Posts
That's because it is not a large percentage. Only a peculiar finding.

Early studies of XYY males suggested they were 10 times more likely than XY men to be found in criminal populations. XXY men and XXX women were said to be more commonly found among mentally retarded or psychotic patients than XY men and XX women. Popular science writers promoted the idea that men with an extra Y chromosome were more aggressive than XY males. Some reports claimed that the prevalence of XYY men in prison was at least 25 to 60 times as high as the prevalence of XYY males in the general population. This led to the belief that XYY males are more likely to commit acts of criminal violence. Richard Speck, the killer of eight student nurses, falsely claimed he was a "victim" of XYY syndrome. Later researchers argued that sampling errors caused by conducting such studies in mental hospitals and prisons had misrepresented the effect of anomalous chromosome patterns.

The medical literature of the 1990s suggested that although 1 male in 1,000 live births is an XYY male, most go through life undiagnosed. Apparently, most do not look or behave in a way that results in testing for chromosomal abnormalities. Carefully controlled longitudinal studies of individuals with various sex chromosome anomalies conducted during the 1990s suggested that previous reports of antisocial behavior and mental disorders were misleading because of bias and sampling errors.

Read more: http://www.scienceclarified.com/disp...#ixzz1lSykpYBR
__________________
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"Man will never be free until the last politician is strangled with the entrails of the last priest." Voltaire or Diderot

“When you hear ‘no immediate danger‘ from nuclear radiation then you should run away as far and as fast as you can.”
-Alexey Yablokov, member of the Russian academy of sciences and adviser to President Gorbachev at the time of Chernobyl
linttrap is online now   Reply With Quote
Old 02-04-2012, 09:42 PM   #6
sandyd
Beach Fun
 
sandyd's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: SoCal
Posts: 7,371
Thanks: 693
Thanked 428 Times in 301 Posts
Quote:
Later researchers argued that sampling errors caused by conducting such studies in mental hospitals and prisons had misrepresented the effect of anomalous chromosome patterns.
Wonder if one day they will think the same of TBI?

I do think every bump has the potential to alter us, and may do so...just not in ways that lead most of us to prison or the hospital.
__________________
"The danger is not that a particular class is unfit to govern: every class is unfit to govern." Lord Acton

The only way to win is to not play...(like global thermal nuclear war).
sandyd is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-04-2012, 10:12 PM   #7
dyrt
. . .
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Posts: 4,869
Blog Entries: 3
Thanks: 30
Thanked 371 Times in 263 Posts
OTH; maybe people with criminal tendencies tend to bump their heads more. Their lack of impulse controls lead to taking higher risks that leads to head injuries and eventually to jail.
dyrt is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-04-2012, 11:42 PM   #8
linttrap
it's time for the Guillotine, again
 
linttrap's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Vuhginya
Posts: 7,017
Thanks: 4,098
Thanked 6,992 Times in 2,895 Posts
It is true that high risk takers and thrill seekers have a higher rate of TBI than others, which also leads to a big gender difference in TBI. In general, there are 2-3 times more males than females with a diagnosis of TBI. At least in the peak years for it, which are 15-30. After the age of 45 the rate of TBI is about equal for males and females, until you get to older ages where most injuries are due to falls and you get ratios that vary among seniors.

But risk takers are not necessarily criminally inclined, although are certain to comprise some percentage of the criminal group. And there you get all the confounding overlap of criminal vs. risk taker, vs. TBI.

But consider this: many people GET their TBI from the risk takers and criminally inclined. Car accidents can injure the party who caused the accident (risk taker) but also injure the innocent who happen to be in the wrong place. Violence occurs to the innocent as well as the risk taking.

In my small program alone there are several people who were innocent victims of violence, including two women shot by their husbands.

In the military, especially the vets returning from Iraq and Afghanistan, TBI is the signature injury.

There's no nice clean this causes that in TBI. Always a lot of possible causes and outcomes.

Not every head injury is a brain injury. There are levels of severity and some bonks to the head don't damage the brain to the degree that functioning is altered.

Some functional problems are mild and clear up with no help over time. A mild concussion can have no long lasting effect in isolation.

But get one, shortly followed by another, and you are likely to see some changes that do affect how people function, sometimes temporarily, sometimes permanently. And it has more significant ramifications for a developing brain than an adult, fully matured brain.

I could go on about children maturing into their deficits as they age, after looking pretty OK at the time of injury, but, that's getting way off topic!
__________________
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"Man will never be free until the last politician is strangled with the entrails of the last priest." Voltaire or Diderot

“When you hear ‘no immediate danger‘ from nuclear radiation then you should run away as far and as fast as you can.”
-Alexey Yablokov, member of the Russian academy of sciences and adviser to President Gorbachev at the time of Chernobyl
linttrap is online now   Reply With Quote
Old 02-06-2012, 12:20 PM   #9
SSG Rex
Disgruntled Armed Libertarian Underpaid Veteran
 
SSG Rex's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2008
Location: Killeen, TX
Posts: 1,128
Thanks: 14
Thanked 32 Times in 26 Posts
My questions: 1. Do they have TBI before going to jail? And if so, does this mean that TBI is a factor in criminal behavior?
2. If not, are they getting TBI from inmate assaults or overzealous corrections officers?
__________________
"No Freeman shall ever be debarred the use of Arms" - Thomas Jefferson

CVMA Full Member #2196
Patriot Guard Riders
American Legion Riders Texas Post 573
NRA Life Member
Oath Keeper
Texas Sons of Liberty Rider

The opinions expressed above do not represent the position of the US Army or the DOD.
SSG Rex is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-09-2012, 06:37 PM   #10
linttrap
it's time for the Guillotine, again
 
linttrap's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Vuhginya
Posts: 7,017
Thanks: 4,098
Thanked 6,992 Times in 2,895 Posts
Sorry this response took so long.

TBI does not cause criminal behavior, but it does cause certain effects that can lead the person to act in extreme ways that lead them to jail.

The common lingering effects of a TBI are poor judgment, impulsivity, emotional reactivity, inadequate understanding of a situation because of thinking and reasoning issues, or because there is too much going on for their brains to process and filter out what should be paid attention to.

There are other possible brain dysfunction symptoms that could also contribute---inadequate short term memory, problems with math and simple calculations, slow reaction time, visual perception issues that lead to misinterpretation of what they see, inadequate judgment of relative speed and position of objects when driving....a lot of different ways the brain can function inadequately and lead to jail.

Oh, and TBI often results in people who are overly trusting of others and naive about what their motives might be. So they get taken in by criminals who use them to commit crimes for them or involve them in schemes that they really don't understand.

That's not even mentioning the inclination to use drugs and alcohol as a stress reducer which is much more common in the population with TBI.

Not every criminal has had a TBI, and some people just have the above qualities because of genetics or environment. Sociopaths are another example of a group who can wind up in jail, or end up as our representative in Washington. Depends on other factors combined with the sociopathy, or in the condition in this article, TBI.

It's a correlational connection, but only indirectly and partially causational.

Is that clear as mud?
__________________
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"Man will never be free until the last politician is strangled with the entrails of the last priest." Voltaire or Diderot

“When you hear ‘no immediate danger‘ from nuclear radiation then you should run away as far and as fast as you can.”
-Alexey Yablokov, member of the Russian academy of sciences and adviser to President Gorbachev at the time of Chernobyl
linttrap is online now   Reply With Quote
Reply

Tags
brain, greater, injury, prisoners, rate, times

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 02:21 PM.


Powered by vBulletin®
Copyright © Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.