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08-13-2009, 08:26 PM
There appears to be a very strong correlation between narcotics use and pandemics. Both the 1918 and 2009 influenza pandemics were preceded by peak recreational use of cocaine. Not only that, cocaine appears to be a strong contributing factor in the development of a cytokine storm. Yes... it's true the 50 million people would died in 1918 were likely coke users; not impossible when you consider that cocaine was a key incredient in many consumer products at the time.


....Cocaine was soon sold over-the-counter. Until 1916, one could buy it at Harrods: a kit labelled "A Welcome Present for Friends at the Front" contained cocaine, morphine, syringes and spare needles. Cocaine was widely used in tonics, toothache cures and patent medicines; in coca cigarettes "guaranteed to lift depression"; and in chocolate cocaine tablets. One fast-selling product, Ryno's HayFever and Catarrh Remedy ("for when the nose is stuffed up, red and sore") consisted of 99.9 per cent pure cocaine. Prospective buyers were advised - in the words of pharmaceutical firm Parke-Davis - that cocaine "could make the coward brave, the silent eloquent, and render the sufferer insensitive to pain".....


.....Goto Shinpei, who was the chief civil administrator in Taiwan by 1898, created a policy for opium use by the nationals of Taiwan which was supposed to keep nonusers from taking up the habit, while allowing those who already smoked to continue to do so under government regulation. Addicts were required to be registered, but as Jennings explains, by the end of the 1920s, there were as many people using opium who were not registered as ones who were. There was no stigma among the Taiwanese for opium use. A subsequent lucrative monopoly system by the goyo shinshi working with the Medicine Manufacturing Bureau, later the Monopoly Bureau, imported raw opium from international sources, produced smoking paste, and delivered it. For a time, opium sales accounted for more than twenty percent of Taiwan's total annual income. Opium income reached a peak of more than eight million yen in 1918. Jennings created a table of opium revenue and total revenue in Taiwan from the year 1897 until 1941.....



Surge In Heroin Abuse Concernig Many
Police across the country are reporting an alarming trend

Police across the country are reporting an alarming trend of increased heroin abuse and heroin seizures, according to an ABC news story. The rise in use is attributed to an increase in the availability of the drug, as well as a drop in prices.

The evidence supporting the increase in availability is the amount of the drug which has been confiscated recently by different law enforcement agencies and the number of drug addicts addicted to the drug.....

...The quality of the drug is also being greatly increased, while 20 years ago most of the heroin was imported into the country from the Far East, now the drug is being manufactured in Mexico and distributed by the large drug cartels operating in the United States and Mexico.

In fact an extremely pure form of heroin “china white” named for its white color is becoming more and more prevalent, this form of heroin can be snorted or smoke, in a process called “chasing the dragon”. This form of the drug is growing in popularity among the youth because no needles are necessary.

Heroin is highly addictive more so than most pharmaceuticals. This means that young adults trying heroin as an alternative to prescription drugs are getting hooked at an alarming rate.

Mary Rieser of Narconon of Georgia an addiction treatment facility located in Georgia says “ With prescription drug abuse in the media and laws being passed to handle doctor shopping we must be careful to keep the pressure on eliminating all drugs of abuse."

Narconon of Georgia is a non-profit Drug Treatment center located in Atlanta, Georgia.



08-13-2009, 08:31 PM
This is an excerpt of a very detailed study of the effects of cocaine on the cytokine response to the influenza virus.

Effects of cocaine administration to influenza virus-immunized mice on cytokine profiles of individual splenic CD4+ and CD8+ T cells

In the present study we analysed the effects of repeated administrations of cocaine in mice at 6, 24, 48 and 72 h after immunization with PR8 influenza virus on the frequency of IL-2-, IL-4- and IFN-γ-expressing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. We found that under these conditions of exposure, cocaine induced an increase, versus untreated controls, of the frequencies of virus-restimulated immune splenic CD8+ T cells singly or co-expressing IL-2 and IFN-γ, while the frequency of CD8+ T cells either singly expressing IL-4 or co-expressing this cytokine in combination with IL-2 or IFN-γ remained unchanged. In contrast, no effects were found on the frequencies of CD4+ T cells expressing any one of the three cytokines. We also observed a significant increase, in comparison with untreated animals, of the titres of IL-2 and IFN-γ, but not of IL-4, as determined by ELISA in the supernatants of PR8-restimulated spleen cells obtained from cocaine-treated animals.

Thus, our data indicate that cocaine administration specifically up-regulates type 1 cytokine production by the CD8+ T cell subset.

Our results differ from previous reports, some of which have been contradictory. In fact, it has earlier been reported that acute (1 mg/kg) and subchronic (1 mg/kg per day for 7 consecutive days) cocaine administration to male BALB/c mice reduced IL-2, IFN-γ and IL-4 production by mitogen-stimulated spleen cells [6], while chronic administration (40 mg/kg per day for 6 weeks) to female C57Bl/6 mice enhanced the production by Con A-stimulated splenocytes of IL-2 and IL-5, and inhibited the production of IL-4 and IL-10, whereas IFN-γ was not affected [3]. Finally, acute cocaine administration (30 mg/kg) to female B6C3F1 mice induced an increase of IL-4 and IL-10 production in anti-CD3-stimulated spleen cells while IL-2 and IFN-γ production was unaffected [7]. Whether the different effects are due to the experimental conditions used or reflect the complexity of the pharmacological action of cocaine remains to be determined. However, our experimental model has at least three features which support the ‘physiological’ relevance of the results obtained. First, to generate cytokine-producing T cells we used a naturally occurring virus-specific stimulus rather than polyclonal stimuli like Con A or anti-CD3 which are known to induce different patterns of cytokine production [16,17]. Second, regarding the schedule of cocaine administration, each animal was injected with the drug 6, 24, 48 and 72 h after immunization with influenza virus. This allowed the determination of the in vivo effects of cocaine on T cells during the initial step of the immune response, i.e. at the time of the antigen (virus)-induced differentiation of naive T cells into ‘effector’ T cells, which are characterized by the capacity to produce very large amounts of immunoregulatory cytokines upon antigen restimulation [18,19]. In addition, we chose a cocaine dose (10 mg/kg) that did not significantly alter the percentage of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, even when administered for 30 consecutive days [13]. Third, the effects of cocaine on the cytokine profiles of the single CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were determined in bulk cultures of virus-immune spleen cells restimulated with PR8. This provided conditions for possible cross-regulatory activities by the different T cell subsets through the cytokines produced by these cells.

The mechanisms by which cocaine may selectively act on CD8+ T cells, at least in the present experimental system, remain unclear. However, we have earlier reported [14] that primary immunization with influenza virus induces heterogeneous patterns of cytokine response in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, but with substantial differences between these two populations. In fact, immune CD4+ T cells were seen to express almost exclusively a single cytokine per cell, whereas immune CD8+ T cells were found to express either a single cytokine or co-express combinations (i.e. IL-4/IL-2, IL-4/IFN-γ and IL-2/IFN-γ). As the frequencies of CD8+ T cells co-expressing different cytokines were not statistically different, we suggested these cells might belong to a single subset of type 0 cells co-expressing all three cytokines; therefore, influenza virus-immune CD8+ T cells can express, unlike the CD4+ T cells, a type 0 phenotype at the single-cell level. This may explain the different effects of cocaine on the two T cell subsets. In fact, type 0 cells represent a subset of cells that exhibit an unrestricted cytokine profile and that, unlike cells already committed to either type 1 or type 2 phenotype [9], can be induced to acquire a specific cytokine profile under the influence of different immunological, hormonal and environmental factors [9,20,21].

The finding that cocaine increased the percentage of cytokine-positive CD8+ T cells while the total percentage of CD8+ T cells in the spleen remained unchanged, supports the hypothesis that cocaine may act by specifically altering the pattern of cytokine production in a subset of precursor CD8+ T cells, rather than by altering their absolute number or distribution. Furthermore, we can reasonably exclude that the differences in the effect of cocaine on the two T cell subsets could depend on differences in experimental conditions. In fact, the cytokine profiles of both the T cell populations were evaluated in spleen cells obtained from the same animal, under similar conditions of activation, at the same time after restimulation with influenza virus, in the presence of the same complexity of immunocompetent cells and at comparable assay sensitivity.

Whether the up-regulation of IL-2 and IFN-γ expression by CD8+ T cells may be related to the immunopathogenic mechanism responsible, either partially or completely, for cocaine-induced immune dysfunctions remains to be determined. However, recent studies [20–22] have shown that CD8+ T cells can be divided into two distinct subsets that secrete type 1 or type 2 patterns of cytokines with different physiological roles. In particular, type 1 CD8+ T cells, which produce IL-2 and IFN-γ, can inhibit type 2 (antibody) responses [20]. Thus, the inhibitory effects of cocaine, e.g. on B lymphocyte response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and antibody response to sheep erythrocytes [23–26], could be caused by the increase of IL-2- and IFN-γ-expressing CD8+ cells.

Our findings demonstrating that CD8+ T cells are the target (or one of the targets) of immune effects of cocaine are in agreement with earlier data suggesting that cocaine can induce an increased susceptibility to infections [1]. Indeed, CD8+ T cells play a central role either in anti-viral immunity [27,28] or in many bacterial and protozoan infections [29]. Recent studies have also clearly established that these cells, in addition to their cytotoxic activity against virally infected cells, can exert, through differential cytokine production, a regulatory role on differentiation and activation of other immune cells involved in the anti-viral response [10,22,28,30]. Thus, the fact that cocaine induces a dysregulation of CD8+ T cell cytokine production suggests that by this mechanism the drug can affect the immune response to infections, and may also explain the data in humans suggesting an increased risk of infection, including HIV infection, among drug users [31–33].

In conclusion, we demonstrated that cocaine administered during the in vivo differentiation of effector T cells stimulated by antigen (influenza virus) increased both the frequency of CD8+ T cells singly or co-expressing IL-2 and IFN-γ and the titres of these cytokines in virus-restimulated spleen cell culture supernatants. In contrast, no effect was found either on IL-4-positive CD8+ T cells or on IL-2-, IFN-γ- and IL-4-positive CD4+ T cells. Our findings suggest that the immunomodulatory effect of cocaine may be due to the up-regulation of the production of IL-2 and IFN-γ in CD8+ T cells of type 0 cytokine profile.

08-13-2009, 09:53 PM
The British have been aware of the link between cocaine and pandemic flu for nearly 100 years; but, hid this finding to protect the image of their national icon - Sherlock Holmes (aka Conan Doyle), who actually was one of the first to die of Spanish flu.

This is the real reason UK drug addicts have been given priority access to swine flu vaccine.

Drug addicts get 'priority access' to swine flu vaccine
Lords report will criticise the Government's handling of crisis and blame it for failing to quell the panic that has gripped the nation
By Jane Merrick, Political Editor

Sunday, 26 July 2009

http://www.independent.co.uk/multimedia/archive/00227/06-newheapa_227027t.jpg (http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/drug-addicts-get-priority-access-to-swine-flu-vaccine-1761471.html?action=Popup)
Swine flu patient Sharon Pentleton was flown to Sweden for care. Meanwhile, large gaps have appeared in the UK's Tamiflu distribution network

http://www.independent.co.uk/independent.co.uk/images/i_photos.gif enlarge (http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/drug-addicts-get-priority-access-to-swine-flu-vaccine-1761471.html?action=Popup&gallery=no)

Drug addicts could be among those given priority for vaccines against the virus, the official in charge of the Government's response to the swine flu pandemic has suggested.

Professor Lindsey Davies, director of Pandemic Influenza Preparedness, told a parliamentary committee that people with long-term maintenance conditions, such as those receiving methadone treatment, could be included in the "vulnerable" groups that the NHS will target first.
The suggestion, which is likely to cause controversy, was made to the Lords science and technology committee, which will publish a damning report this week into the Government's handling of swine flu.

With more than 100,000 people reported to have caught swine flu last week, the Government said last night that its new helpline and website were working well. More than 58,000 assessments were made by the National Pandemic Flu Service, 89 per cent of which were completed on the internet, and 5,584 courses of Tamiflu were collected, the Department of Health said.

Doctors in Stockholm, Sweden, continued to treat a pregnant swine flu victim, Sharon Pentleton, 26, who is described as "stable, but still critical". She was flown from Crosshouse Hospital in Kilmarnock, Scotland, to Karolinska University Hospital for specialist care involving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (which involves pumping oxygen into her blood) after she suffered a rare and severe reaction to the virus and developed adult respiratory distress. The Foreign Office is still assisting at least 160 British nationals in quarantine because of swine flu in China, Singapore, India, Egypt.

The IoS has learnt that the Lords committee will criticise the belated introduction of the national swine flu helpline and website, swamped by anxious sufferers and "worried well" after they were launched last week. The peers will also demand to know why "whole-system testing" – from the moment a suspected flu sufferer contacts the NHS to their treatment and recovery – was not carried out until the swine flu virus was already in Britain.

The committee began a follow-up inquiry into pandemic influenza last year, after its 2005 report on the avian flu outbreak, and held an evidence session in March on the Government's preparations for the possibility of a major flu outbreak, just weeks before swine flu emerged.

Professor Davies was asked by the Tory former cabinet minister Lord Crickhowell about measures put in place for those with "long-term maintenance conditions", including those on kidney dialysis and drug addicts, in the event of a pandemic. He replied: "We are encouraging, through the guidance, every local NHS organisation to look carefully at these vulnerable people – and all those with long-term conditions come into that. The Cabinet Office has recently produced guidance on vulnerable people in emergencies generally, but we are working on something more specific for people with health issues."

The term "vulnerable" is crucial because the NHS is preparing a list of those who would be given priority for vaccines. This is expected to include the young, the elderly and diabetics, but it is the first suggestion that people on methadone would also be towards the front of the queue.
"We can't confirm that people on methadone treatment are classed as people with long-term conditions," the Department of Health said yesterday. "Professor Davies was talking generally about people who have immune suppressive systems – the actual priority groups are yet to be decided."

A report by the committee in 2005 on the threat of a flu pandemic recommended that "whole system" or "end-to-end" testing be carried out – which the committee will say was ignored by ministers and officials.
Huge gaps emerged in the distribution network for Tamiflu on Friday with claims that there were not enough locations to get the drug. In one example, sufferers in Leeds were told to visit chemists up to 70 miles away.

Sherlock Holmes is a fictional character of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries who first appeared in publication in 1887. He is the creation of British author and physician Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. A brilliant London-based "consulting detective", Holmes is famous for his intellectual prowess, and is renowned for his skilful use of astute observation, deductive reasoning and inference to solve difficult cases.

Conan Doyle wrote four novels and fifty-six short stories that feature Holmes. The first two stories, short novels, appeared in Beeton's Christmas Annual for 1887 and Lippincott's Monthly Magazine in 1890, respectively. The character grew tremendously in popularity with the beginning of the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine in 1891; further series of short stories and two serialised novels appeared until 1927. The stories cover a period from around 1875 up to 1907, with a final case in 1914.


Auburn Boy
08-14-2009, 12:54 AM
Sir Arhthur Conan Doyle died in 1930.

This is "Flu Spculation", not "Make Shit Up" thread.

08-14-2009, 07:16 AM
Sir Arhthur Conan Doyle died in 1930.

This is "Flu Spculation", not "Make Shit Up" thread.

The Sherlock Holmes series likely ended (died) becacuse of the Spanish flu:rolleyes:

Conan Doyle wrote four novels and fifty-six short stories that feature Holmes. The first two stories, short novels, appeared in Beeton's Christmas Annual for 1887 and Lippincott's Monthly Magazine in 1890, respectively. The character grew tremendously in popularity with the beginning of the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine in 1891; further series of short stories and two serialised novels appeared until 1927. The stories cover a period from around 1875 up to 1907, with a final case in 1914.

...What Conan Doyle thought would be his last Sherlock Holmes story, The Valley of Fear, was serialized in the Strand magazine in 1914-1915. He was fifty-five when the First World War began, and although he tried to enlist, was Considered too old. He became a military correspondent instead, and in 1915 began writing his six-volume history of the British Campaign in France and Flanders. He was able to visit the British and French fronts, and completed the history in 1920. The war took its toll on Conan Doyle. He lost both his son, Kingsley (who had been wounded in the Battle of the Somme) in 1918, an his brother, Innes, to the Spanish flu pandemic, as well as two brothers-in-law and his two nephews.

He had always been fascinated by spiritualism and the occult, but with the deaths o those close to him, he became obsessed with the subject. Spiritualism believing that the dead communicate with the living also provided a degree of peace of mind. During the 1920s, he embarked upon a worldwide crusade for spiritualism, taking his wife and children to America, Australia and Africa, where his ideas were not always well received. They dabbled in suances, made contact with their own spirit guide (Pheneas) and Jean even went so far as to develop the questionable talent of trance-writing.....

08-14-2009, 07:46 AM
This is one way to get rid of the problem of drug addicts.

08-14-2009, 01:49 PM
This is one way to get rid of the problem of drug addicts.

Ja wolle! Of course, simply legalizing drugs and not driving drug users underground might do the trick, too.

08-14-2009, 02:00 PM
Yes, SO many of the pregnant women, children etc. who've died so far have been coke addicts.

Speculation is one thing but out & out fantasy is another.

08-14-2009, 06:08 PM
8/4/2009 12:37:00 PM Swine flu cancels Grid-o-Rama
Michael Hupp
Sports Editor

BUFFALO - Most people associate football season with passing around the old "pigskin", but not with passing the swine flu.

Last weekend's Boone Lincoln Midget League "Grid-o-Rama" was scheduled to be played with the Buffalo Bison hosting the Duval Yellowjackets and the Guyan Valley Patriots. A Buffalo player was diagnosed with the dangerous flu strain putting the scrimmage and possibly Buffalo midget league's season to a halt.

"The league vice president of the league contacted me Thursday evening to tell me about the situation and we have decided it was in everyone's best interest to not participate in the scrimmage," Guyan Valley league president Kevin Porter said before practice Friday evening.

According to Porter, Duval was contacted and made the same decision. Parents of the Patriots were asked if there were any objections to not playing and everyone was in understanding of the risk and backed the decision to not play.

The league will split proceeds at regular season games with Buffalo to allow teams to make up lost revenue.

Several other Buffalo players were possibly being tested for other cases of the flu. Buffalo has been asked by the BLMFL to disinfect all locker rooms, equipment, and facilities to stop the spreading of the flu before returning to league play.


08-14-2009, 06:57 PM
Yes, SO many of the pregnant women, children etc. who've died so far have been coke addicts.

Speculation is one thing but out & out fantasy is another.
No CS, that's not it. They are likely good mothers , trying to do the right thing. It's just that....well it's the baby's stems cells OK!

A stem cell can grow into anything, right? So if a pregnant woman catches the flu, the virus invades all the un-coded stem cells and when they divide, they become flu viruses too....really, really big ones.

Influenza infections after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation:

Community-acquired respiratory viruses, such as influenza virus, are thought to be major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients who had undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Risk factors for acquisition, progression to pneumonia, and the effect of antiviral therapy are unknown.

We reviewed records from patients with documented influenza over 12 consecutive respiratory-virus infection seasons at a single transplantation center.

From 1 September 1989 through 31 March 2002, influenza virus was isolated from 62 of 4797 persons undergoing HSCT (1.3%); 44 patients had upper respiratory tract infections (URIs) alone, and 18 developed pneumonia. Among patients with influenza virus infection, pneumonia developed more commonly among those infected earlier after transplantation (median, 36 vs. 61 days, P = .04) and those with concurrent lymphopenia. Of the 51 cases that were initially diagnosed as URIs, 17 were treated with antivirals, and 34 were not treated. Six untreated patients (18%) developed pneumonia, whereas 1 (13%) of 8 patients treated with rimantadine and 0 of 9 treated with oseltamivir developed pneumonia. The duration of influenza virus shedding was longer in patients treated with steroid doses of >1 mg/kg than among those treated with doses of <1 mg/kg (mean, 15 vs. 9 days); there was a trend towards decreased shedding with oseltamivir therapy (but not rimantadine therapy) after controlling for steroid use (P<.08). The 30-day mortality rate was highest among patients who had progression to pneumonia (5 [28%] of 18 patients); pulmonary copathogens (such as Aspergillus fumigatus) were commonly isolated.

Influenza virus infection is an important cause of mortality early after HSCT. Our nonrandomized data suggest that early antiviral therapy with neuraminidase inhibitors may prevent progression to pneumonia and decrease viral shedding, which may prevent both influenza-related death in index patients and nosocomial transmission to others.



08-14-2009, 07:48 PM
Getting rid of drug addicts what about the HIV people,they must be dieing like flies.
Any-way Jewish Rabbis have dubbed the S.F. "Evil" and are fasting.

Auburn Boy
08-14-2009, 11:23 PM
Now seriously..,

Isn't this another one of the way, way, way outside the box threads.

This isn't even valid speculation. The thread doesn't even speculate about a superflu?

Lock and discard, if I had my way..,

08-14-2009, 11:59 PM
Now seriously..,

Isn't this another one of the way, way, way outside the box threads.

This isn't even valid speculation. The thread doesn't even speculate about a superflu?

Lock and discard, if I had my way..,
Is it because you misread the post about Sherlock Holmes; or is it that you are really reading the articles? :confused1:

AB, I don't think you're seeing the big picture. :no:

Mama Alanna
08-15-2009, 12:01 AM
No, AB, this was deliberately opened for the super-weird stuff. Sort of an OTB thread for the Flu Spec, to keep it all in one place.

08-15-2009, 06:29 AM
super flu for drug addicts ?

08-15-2009, 10:20 AM
super flu for drug addicts ?
As in post #2, opiates can trigger a cytokine storm, so maybe consumption of legal/illegal opiates was a factor in 1918 and now.

Cytokine Storm may be Cause of Swine Flu Pneumonia, Deaths Flu and Cold
Submitted by Kathleen Blanchard RN on May 6th, 2009

Researchers say that H1N1 swine flu may be especially dangerous for young health adults because the H1N1 virus may cause a “cytokine storm” – a sudden release of inflammatory chemicals that prevent the lungs from functioning properly. Scientists, in reviewing cytokine storms in literature, wonder if high levels of cytokines cause so much inflammation when the H1N1 virus activates the immune system, that fluid and inflammation occur at the site of the infection, leading to pneumonia and death.

A concern about the H1N1 swine flu is the number of deaths that have occurred in young adults with healthy immune systems, perhaps because of cytokine storm. The same held true for the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic that also caused deaths in healthy young adults.

"We do not know how long ago this virus emerged, how deadly it is, whether it has pandemic potential, how the severity of infection relates to patient age, and why some infected patients die - whether a cytokine storm is responsible for these deaths," according to David L. Woodland, PhD, Editor-in Chief of Viral Immunology. Research articles about cytokine storm are published this month in the Viral Immunology Journal.

Dr. Woodland says we still have a lot to learn about the H1N1 swine flu virus. "We do not know how long ago this virus emerged, how deadly it is, whether it has pandemic potential, how the severity of infection relates to patient age, and why some infected patients die—whether a cytokine storm is responsible for these deaths."

The review of current literature suggests that cytokine storm is the cause of pneumonia and severe infections seen with H1N1 swine flu in young adults, based on past evidence. In the upcoming months, cytokine storm as the cause of severe illness related to H1N1 swine flu may become a research focus.

08-15-2009, 11:08 AM
Whisky, Weed to Ward Off Swine Flu
August 3, 2009

Good news for those who like to imbibe!
A company called Cannabis Science is hoping the FDA will approve its marijuana lozenges for use in children, teens, and adults. Robert Melamede, the owner of Cannabis Science, believes that marijuana lozenges could help curb deaths from swine flu.

“The approach relies on the principle that the chemicals in marijuana known as cannabinoids have a dampening effect on the immune system. Melamede said doctors may be able to take advantage of this effect to curb the risk of death from the immune system overdrive that resulted in many of the deaths of young adults during the 1918 influenza pandemic — a scenario that some worry could occur once more if swine flu were to become more virulent.”

Both the former CEO of Cannabis Science, Steve Kubby, and his successor, Melamede, have self-tested the lozenges. “Within half an hour of taking it, my runny nose, aching muscles and throat congestion are all significantly relieved,” Kubby said, adding that users of the lozenge will not get the “high” or “stoned” effects that come with smoking marijuana. Kubby and Melamede maintain that the chemical compounds in marijuana could decrease the chance of a “cytokine storm” situation, in which the immune system (especially in young adults) goes into overdrive and causes the lungs to fail.

Of course, Cannabis Science has quite the uphill battle before marijuana lozenges are passed out in school. And don’t think doctors are about to go advise patients to smoke up if they come down with the flu.

“While marijuana’s anti-inflammatory properties are widely accepted as a treatment for glaucoma or arthritis, its use as an antiviral raises eyebrows even among pot-friendly physicians. “Though it may have some antiviral effects, these have not been proven scientifically,” says Dr. David Allen, a chest surgeon and cannabinoid research scientist from California…
One thing, however, is clear: Smoking marijuana likely will do much more harm than good if you happen to have a respiratory infection — not to mention that smoking anything is damaging to someone with flu-related respiratory ills.”

In other news, Russian soccer fans are being encouraged to drink Welsh whisky to combat the swine flu.

“Welsh whisky is on offer to Russian supporters as a disinfectant,” Alexander Shprygin, head of the national team’s fan club, said Monday. “This will relieve any symptoms.”


08-15-2009, 04:21 PM
Influenza means birds; it always means birds. We have lost track of the root cause carriers of this pandemic. Birds.

WHO's to say it's not the birds that will cause the killer strain of H1N1 to develop. Think about it....when a bird catched H5N1, it drops dead in it's tracks. But, what happens if a bird contracts H1N1?

We started the global flu watch by tracking sick&dying birds. But, were there many reports of sick and dying birds in 1918?

H1N1 - 10 Genes, Furiously Evolving

Partly because they can mutate very fast and can mix genes, viruses are turning out to be astonishingly diverse.

The New York Times, May 5, 2009, by Carl Zimmer – Evolutionary biology may sometimes seem like an arcane academic pursuit, but just try telling that to Gavin Smith, a virologist at Hong Kong University. For the past week, Dr. Smith and six other experts on influenza in Hong Kong, Arizona, California and Britain have been furiously analyzing the new swine flu to figure out how and when it evolved.

The first viruses from the outbreak were isolated late last month, but Dr. Smith and his colleagues report on their Web site that the most recent common ancestor of the new viruses existed 6 to 11 months ago. “It could just have been going under the radar,” Dr. Smith said.

The current outbreak shows how complex and mysterious the evolution of viruses is. That complexity and mystery are all the more remarkable because a virus is life reduced to its essentials. A human influenza virus, for example, is a protein shell measuring about five-millionths of an inch across, with 10 genes inside. (We have about 20,000.)

Some viruses use DNA, like we do, to encode their genes. Others, like the influenza virus, use single-strand RNA. But viruses all have one thing in common, said Roland Wolkowicz, a molecular virologist at San Diego State University: they all reproduce by disintegrating and then reforming.

A human flu virus, for example, latches onto a cell in the lining of the nose or throat. It manipulates a receptor on the cell so that the cell engulfs it, whereupon the virus’s genes are released from its protein shell. The host cell begins making genes and proteins that spontaneously assemble into new viruses. “No other entity out there is able to do that,” Dr. Wolkowicz said. “To me, this is what defines a virus.”

The sheer number of viruses on Earth is beyond our ability to imagine. “In a small drop of water there are a billion viruses,” Dr. Wolkowicz said. Virologists have estimated that there are a million trillion trillion viruses in the world’s oceans.

Viruses are also turning out to be astonishingly diverse. Shannon Williamson of the J. Craig Venter Institute in Rockville, Md., has been analyzing the genes of ocean viruses. A tank of 100 to 200 liters of sea water may hold 100,000 genetically distinct viruses. “We’re just scratching the surface of virus diversity,” Dr. Williamson said. “I think we’re going to be continually surprised.”

Viruses are diverse because they can mutate very fast and can mix genes. They sometimes pick up genes from their hosts, and they can swap genes with other viruses. Some viruses, including flu viruses, carry out a kind of mixing known as reassortment. If two different flu viruses infect the same cell, the new copies of their genes get jumbled up as new viruses are assembled.

Viruses were probably infecting the earliest primordial microbes. “I believe viruses have been around forever,” Dr. Wolkowicz said.

As new hosts have evolved, some viruses have adapted to them. Birds, for example, became the main host for influenza viruses. Many birds infected with flu viruses do not get sick. The viruses replicate in the gut and are shed with the birds’ droppings.

A quarter of birds typically carry two or more strains of flu at the same time, allowing the viruses to mix their genes into a genetic blur. “Birds are constantly mixing up the constellation of these viruses,” said David Spiro of the J. Craig Venter Institute.

From birds, flu viruses have moved to animals, including pigs, horses and humans. Other viruses, like H.I.V. and SARS, have also managed to jump into our species, but many others have failed. “It’s a very rare event when a virus creates a new epidemic in another species,” said Colin Parrish of Cornell University. In Southeast Asia, for example, a strain of bird flu has killed hundreds of people in recent years, but it cannot seem to move easily from human to human.

Only a few strains of influenza have managed to become true human viruses in the past century. To make the transition, the viruses have to adapt to their new host. Their gene-building enzymes have evolved to run at top speed at human body temperature, for example, which is a few degrees cooler than a bird’s.

Influenza viruses also moved from bird guts to human airways. That shift also required flu viruses to spread in a new way: in the droplets we release in our coughs and sneezes.

“If the virus settles down on the floor, then it’s gone,” said Peter Palese, chairman of microbiology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Winter is flu season in the United States, probably because dry air enables the virus-laden droplets to float longer.

Up to a fifth of all Americans become infected each flu season, and 36,000 die. During that time, the flu virus continues to evolve. The surface proteins change shape, allowing the viruses to evade the immune systems and resist antiflu drugs.

Dr. Spiro and his colleagues have also discovered that human flu viruses experience a lot of reassortment each season. “Reassortment may be the major player in generating new seasonal viruses,” Dr. Spiro said.

From time to time, a new kind of flu emerges that causes far more suffering than the typical swarm of seasonal flu viruses. In 1918, for example, the so-called Spanish flu caused an estimated 50 million deaths. In later years, some of the descendants of that strain picked up genes from bird flu viruses.

Sometimes reassortments led to new pandemics. It is possible that reassortment enables flu viruses to escape the immune system so well that they can make people sicker and spread faster to new hosts.

Reassortment also played a big role in the emergence of the current swine flu. Its genes come from several ancestors, which mainly infected pigs.

Scientists first isolated flu viruses from pigs in 1930, and their genetic sequence suggests that they descend from the Spanish flu of 1918. Once pigs picked up the flu from humans, that so-called classic strain was the only one found in pigs for decades. But in the 1970s a swine flu strain emerged in Europe that had some genes from a bird flu strain. A different pig-bird mix arose in the United States.

In the late 1990s, American scientists discovered a triple reassortant that mixed genes from classic swine flu with genes from bird viruses and human viruses. All three viruses - the triple reassortant, and the American and European pig-bird blends - contributed genes to the latest strain.

It is possible that the special biology of pigs helped foster all this mixing. Bird flu and human flu viruses can slip into pig cells, each using different receptors to gain access. “We call the pig a mixing vessel because it can replicate both avian and mammalian influenza virus at the same time,” said Juergen Richt of Kansas State University. “The mixing of these genes can happen much easier in the pig than in any other species.”

Fortunately, the new swine virus seems to behave like seasonal flu in terms of severity, not like the 1918 Spanish flu. “Right now it doesn’t have what it takes to be a killer virus,” Dr. Palese said. But could it? Dr. Palese said it was highly unlikely.

If the swine flu peters out in the next few weeks, virus trackers will still pay close attention to it over the next few months. As flu season ends in the Northern Hemisphere, the virus may be able to thrive in the southern winter or perhaps linger in the tropics, only to return to the north next fall. It will no doubt change along the way as its genes mutate, and it may pick up new genes.

The scientists will be watching that evolutionary journey with a mixture of concern and respect. “Viruses are incredibly adaptable,” Dr. Spiro said. “They have managed to exploit our modern culture and spread around the world.”

08-15-2009, 04:53 PM
Is there a correlation between the 2nd and 3rd Spanish flu waves and bird migration patterns? Maybe the Carrier pigeons?

Monday, July 27, 2009
Study shows poultry resistant to 2009 H1N1
Recent studies suggest that commercial poultry is resistant to the newly emerged 2009 H1N1 flu strain which has now assumed pandemic status among humans. A research paper to be published in the Journal of General Virology from the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute in Riems, Germany showed that chickens in contact with infected pigs failed to develop the disease.
The 2009 H1N1 virus will spread from infected pigs to their pen mates under controlled experimental conditions carried out in a Bio-Safety Level 3+ facility. In addition, a recent study conducted at the Southeast Poultry Laboratory in Athens, Ga., demonstrated that chickens, turkeys and ducks were refractory to 2009 H1N1 virus isolated from human patients.

The focus of research is now directed at developing a suitable vaccine to protect humans since it is anticipated that there will be an upsurge in cases in the U.S. in fall and winter. Readers are referred to the July 10 edition of Science, which incorporates two articles on the origin of the 2009 H1N1 virus and its genetic characteristics.

In the context of commercial production, no individual suspected of being infected with 2009 H1N1 or any influenza virus should have any contact with live poultry during the clinical phase and for at least seven days thereafter.

08-15-2009, 05:30 PM
Bird Flu May Have Sparked 1918 Pandemic

Health Officials Fear Similar Situation with Current Outbreak

by Richard Knox (http://thisbluemarble.com/templates/story/story.php?storyId=2100771)



All Things Considered (http://thisbluemarble.com/templates/story/story.php?storyId=2)

08-16-2009, 12:28 AM

http://ts1.images.live.com/videos/thumbnail.aspx?q=1199429648384&id=eafea2cc18534af98c147b1118b30577&bid=MvvKwnnVaq7CWA&bn=Thumb&url=http%3a%2f%2fwww.reuters.com%2fnews%2fvideo%3f videoId%3d109732%26feedType%3dVideoRSS%26feedName% 3dInDepthUK%26videoChannel%3d7 (http://www.reuters.com/news/video?videoId=109732&feedType=VideoRSS&feedName=InDepthUK&videoChannel=76)
Influenza inspires art

(01:16) Report
Aug 15 - An artist in India creates sand sculptures to make people more aware of the risks of the H1N1 strain of the virus.
Paul Chapman reports

08-16-2009, 11:22 AM
Swine flu infections seem to have increased as atmospheric water vapor has increased. This appears to be at odds with prior research showing low absolute humidity favors influenza efficaciousness.

I would think water vapor would not only provide a more favorable environment for virus survival (wet/warm), but also provide greater shielding against solar radiation.


Link Found Between Influenza, Absolute Humidity
ScienceDaily (Feb. 10, 2009) — A new study by Oregon researchers has found a significant correlation between "absolute" humidity and influenza virus survival and transmission. When absolute humidity is low – as in peak flu months of January and February – the virus appears to survive longer and transmission rates increase.

Results of the study were published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Researchers have long suspected a link between humidity and flu transmission and prevalence; however, these efforts have focused on relative humidity, according to lead author Jeffrey Shaman, an Oregon State University atmospheric scientist who specializes in ties between climate and disease transmission. Relative humidity is the ratio of air water vapor content to the saturating level, which itself varies with temperature, while absolute humidity quantifies the actual amount of water in the air, irrespective of temperature.

The PNAS study re-analyzed data from a 2007 study published in PLoS Pathogens, which found a tenuous relationship between influenza transmission and relative humidity. Shaman used the team's research data and substituted absolute humidity for relative humidity in analyzing potential correlations with flu transmission. This effort led to additional investigation of the relationship between absolute humidity and influenza "survival," which is the length of time the virus remains viable once airborne.

"The correlations were surprisingly strong," Shaman said. "When absolute humidity is low, influenza virus survival is prolonged and transmission rates go up." Shaman's co-author on the study is Melvin Kohn, an epidemiologist with the Oregon Department of Health Services.

The 2007 PLoS Pathogens study, by researchers at Mt. Sinai School of Medicine in New York, looked at the effects of temperature and relative humidity on transmission of influenza using influenza-infected guinea pigs in climate-controlled chambers. The researchers used 20 different combinations of temperature and relative humidity in an effort to identify a trigger point for changes in transmission of the virus between infected guinea pigs and adjacent control animals.

In general, the study found that there were more infections when it was colder and drier. However, Shaman and Kohn demonstrated that relative humidity could only explain about 12 percent of the variability of influenza virus transmission from these data. In addition, numerous other experiments, dating back to the 1940s, have shown that low relative humidity favors increased influenza virus survival.

However, in their PNAS analysis, Shaman and Kohn demonstrated that relative humidity only explains about 36 percent of influenza virus survival. The Oregon researchers then retested the various data using absolute humidity and found a dramatic rise in accounting for both transmission (50 percent, up from 12 percent) and survival (90 percent, up from 36 percent).

For decades, researchers have been searching for answers as to why there is such a pronounced seasonality of influenza incidence, which peaks during the winter in temperate regions. Potential explanations are that people spend more time indoors and thus transmit the virus more easily; less sunlight may have a chemical effect on the virus and/or people's immune response; or there might be an unknown environmental control.

The findings of Shaman and Kohn indicate that absolute humidity is the control. Though counter-intuitive, absolute humidity is much higher in the summer. On a typical summer day in Oregon there is twice as much water vapor in the air as in winter, even though it may be raining.

"In some areas of the country, a typical summer day can have four times as much water vapor as a typical winter day – a difference that exists both indoors and outdoors," Shaman said.

"Consequently, outbreaks of influenza typically occur in winter when low absolute humidity conditions strongly favor influenza survival and transmission."


08-16-2009, 11:29 AM
Study suggests H1N1 virus more dangerous than suspected

July 13th, 2009 by Terry Devitt http://www.physorg.com/newman/gfx/news/2-studysuggest.jpg Enlarge (http://www.physorg.com/newman/gfx/news/hires/2-studysuggest.jpg)
The pandemic H1N1 flu virus (red) has been shown to be more virulent than scientists previously believed. The filamentous shape of the virus, which in this image have recently budded from infected cells, is also unusual.Image: courtesy Yoshihiro Kawaoka
(PhysOrg.com) -- A new, highly detailed study of the H1N1 flu virus shows that the pathogen is more virulent than previously thought.

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Writing in a fast-tracked report published today (July 13, 2009) in the journal Nature, an international team of researchers led by UW-Madison virologist Yoshihiro Kawaoka provides a detailed portrait of the pandemic virus (http://www.physorg.com/tags/virus/) and its pathogenic qualities.

In contrast with run-of-the-mill seasonal flu (http://www.physorg.com/tags/seasonal+flu/) viruses, the H1N1virus exhibits an ability to infect cells deep in the lungs, where it can cause pneumonia and, in severe cases, death. Seasonal viruses typically infect only cells in the upper respiratory system.

"There is a misunderstanding about this virus," says Kawaoka, a professor of pathobiological sciences at the UW-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine and a leading authority on influenza. "People think this pathogen may be similar to seasonal influenza. This study shows that is not the case. There is clear evidence the virus is different than seasonal influenza."

The ability to infect the lungs, notes Kawaoka, is a quality frighteningly similar to those of other pandemic viruses, notably the 1918 virus, which killed tens of millions of people at the tail end of World War I. There are likely other similarities to the 1918 virus, says Kawaoka, as the study also showed that people born before 1918 harbor antibodies that protect against the new H1N1 virus.

And it is possible, he adds, that the virus could become even more pathogenic as the current pandemic runs its course and the virus evolves to acquire new features. It is now flu season in the world's southern hemisphere (http://www.physorg.com/tags/southern+hemisphere/), and the virus is expected to return in force to the northern hemisphere (http://www.physorg.com/tags/northern+hemisphere/) during the fall and winter flu season.

To assess the pathogenic nature of the H1N1 virus, Kawaoka and his colleagues infected different groups of mice, ferrets and non-human primates — all widely accepted models for studies of influenza — with the pandemic virus and a seasonal flu virus. They found that the H1N1 virus replicates much more efficiently in the respiratory system than seasonal flu and causes severe lesions in the lungs similar to those caused by other more virulent types of pandemic flu.

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"When we conducted the experiments in ferrets and monkeys, the seasonal virus did not replicate in the lungs," Kawaoka explains. "The H1N1 virus replicates significantly better in the lungs."

The new study was conducted with samples of the virus obtained from patients in California, Wisconsin, the Netherlands and Japan.

The new Nature report also assessed the immune response of different groups to the new virus. The most intriguing finding, according to Kawaoka, is that those people exposed to the 1918 virus, all of whom are now in advanced old age, have antibodies that neutralize the H1N1 virus.

"The people who have high antibody titers are the people born before 1918," he notes.

Kawaoka says that while finding the H1N1 virus to be a more serious pathogen than previously reported is worrisome, the new study also indicates that existing and experimental antiviral drugs can form an effective first line of defense against the virus and slow its spread.

There are currently three approved antiviral compounds, according to Kawaoka, whose team tested the efficacy of two of those compounds and the two experimental antiviral drugs in mice. "The existing and experimental drugs work well in animal models, suggesting they will work in humans," Kawaoka says.

Antiviral drugs are viewed as a first line of defense, as the development and production of mass quantities of vaccines take months at best.
Provided by UW-Madison

http://www.physorg.com/news166722748.html (http://www.physorg.com/news166722748.html)

08-16-2009, 04:07 PM
Osteoporosis drugs effective in killing flu viruses

Fri Aug 14, 2009 6:44am EDT

HONG KONG, Aug 14 (Reuters) - Two existing drugs used to treat osteoporosis may be effective in killing influenza viruses, including the new H1N1 swine flu and the H5N1 bird flu viruses, researchers in Hong Kong have found.

The two drugs are pamidronate and zoledronate, which are marketed by Novartis AG (NOVN.VX (http://thisbluemarble.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=NOVN.VX )) under the brand names Aredia and Reclast, respectively.

In their experiment, the researchers exposed human cells that had been infected with the influenza viruses to the two drugs.

They observed that the drugs triggered extra production of a type of white blood cell called yd-T cells, which went on to kill human cells that were infected with the flu viruses.

Flu viruses can only replicate in living human or animal cells and killing infected cells would stop the viruses from replicating, the researchers said.

Professor Lau Yu-lung at the University of Hong Kong's pediatrics and adolescent medicine department described the infected human cells as "factories that will produce viruses".

"These drugs attack the viruses specifically ... This approach kills the factories that are producing viruses."

Malik Peiris, also part of the research team, said the drugs could enhance immune responses of the human body.

That was especially important as flu viruses mutate constantly, which reduces the efficacy of vaccines, he added.

The researchers plan to move next into animal and then human clinical testing. (Reporting by Tan Ee Lyn; Editing by Bill Tarrant)


Auburn Boy
08-16-2009, 05:04 PM
Osteoporosis drugs effective in killing flu viruses

Fri Aug 14, 2009 6:44am EDT

HONG KONG, Aug 14 (Reuters) - Two existing drugs used to treat osteoporosis may be effective in killing influenza viruses, including the new H1N1 swine flu and the H5N1 bird flu viruses, researchers in Hong Kong have found.

The two drugs are pamidronate and zoledronate, which are marketed by Novartis AG (NOVN.VX (http://thisbluemarble.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=NOVN.VX )) under the brand names Aredia and Reclast, respectively.

In their experiment, the researchers exposed human cells that had been infected with the influenza viruses to the two drugs.

They observed that the drugs triggered extra production of a type of white blood cell called yd-T cells, which went on to kill human cells that were infected with the flu viruses.

Flu viruses can only replicate in living human or animal cells and killing infected cells would stop the viruses from replicating, the researchers said.

Professor Lau Yu-lung at the University of Hong Kong's pediatrics and adolescent medicine department described the infected human cells as "factories that will produce viruses".

"These drugs attack the viruses specifically ... This approach kills the factories that are producing viruses."

Malik Peiris, also part of the research team, said the drugs could enhance immune responses of the human body.

That was especially important as flu viruses mutate constantly, which reduces the efficacy of vaccines, he added.

The researchers plan to move next into animal and then human clinical testing. (Reporting by Tan Ee Lyn; Editing by Bill Tarrant)


From a pure research point of view, this news is intereesting, but from a practical perspective it's not a very cost effective way to fight flu.

Reclast runs a minimum of $1000 a dose as far as I can find..,

08-16-2009, 07:35 PM
Influenza means birds; it always means birds. We have lost track of the root cause carriers of this pandemic. Birds.

Is that true?

How about Flu B or Flu C?

How about the seasonal Flu's? Horse flu's?

WHO's to say it's not the birds that will cause the killer strain of H1N1 to develop. Think about it....when a bird catched H5N1, it drops dead in it's tracks. But, what happens if a bird contracts H1N1?

Not all birds did, many waterbirds were asymptomatic (it's our monocultured overstressed poultry flocks that really died en masse). H5N1 was very nasty for a lot of wild birds but it did spread all around the old world which is proof itself it didn't kill all birds.

I don't think that birds catching this H1N1 is relevant for now. Not at the rate it's spreading through human communities.

We started the global flu watch by tracking sick&dying birds. But, were there many reports of sick and dying birds in 1918?

I don't think there were. Some people have been digging around for them but that didn't bring up much as far as i can remember. The 1918 sequences probably aren't entirely avian and the 'mystery bird' they were looking for might be a pig...see Barry for that.

It's not just the birds although they play a big role (some parts of the current strain are avian).

Influenza A exists in many forms and it has reservoirs in some mammalian species.

For fun:
~ What type of flu infected those horses in the last Australian outbreak?
~ And how related would that be to our current pandemic H1N1?

08-16-2009, 09:03 PM
Is that true?

How about Flu B or Flu C?

How about the seasonal Flu's? Horse flu's?

Not all birds did, many waterbirds were asymptomatic (it's our monocultured overstressed poultry flocks that really died en masse). H5N1 was very nasty for a lot of wild birds but it did spread all around the old world which is proof itself it didn't kill all birds.

I don't think that birds catching this H1N1 is relevant for now. Not at the rate it's spreading through human communities.

I don't think there were. Some people have been digging around for them but that didn't bring up much as far as i can remember. The 1918 sequences probably aren't entirely avian and the 'mystery bird' they were looking for might be a pig...see Barry for that.

It's not just the birds although they play a big role (some parts of the current strain are avian).

Influenza A exists in many forms and it has reservoirs in some mammalian species.

For fun:
~ What type of flu infected those horses in the last Australian outbreak?
~ And how related would that be to our current pandemic H1N1?
I believe that influenza always has an avian origin. The point being that maybe we should be more concerned about the influenza strains birds that carry easily (won't kill them), that can also infect people. What good does it do to quarantine people if birds are going to spread it around anyway?

Also see...post #19

Monday, July 27, 2009
Study shows poultry resistant to 2009 H1N1
Recent studies suggest that commercial poultry is resistant to the newly emerged 2009 H1N1 flu strain which has now assumed pandemic status among humans. A research paper to be published in the Journal of General Virology from the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute in Riems, Germany showed that chickens in contact with infected pigs failed to develop the disease.
The 2009 H1N1 virus will spread from infected pigs to their pen mates under controlled experimental conditions carried out in a Bio-Safety Level 3+ facility. In addition, a recent study conducted at the Southeast Poultry Laboratory in Athens, Ga., demonstrated that chickens, turkeys and ducks were refractory to 2009 H1N1 virus isolated from human patients.

The focus of research is now directed at developing a suitable vaccine to protect humans since it is anticipated that there will be an upsurge in cases in the U.S. in fall and winter. Readers are referred to the July 10 edition of Science, which incorporates two articles on the origin of the 2009 H1N1 virus and its genetic characteristics.

In the context of commercial production, no individual suspected of being infected with 2009 H1N1 or any influenza virus should have any contact with live poultry during the clinical phase and for at least seven days thereafter.
http://poultryproductionnews.blogspot.com/2009/07/study-shows-poultry-resistant-to-2009.html (http://poultryproductionnews.blogspot.com/2009/07/study-shows-poultry-resistant-to-2009.html)


08-16-2009, 09:38 PM
IMO, what this article leaves out is the birds have no problem carrying the H1N1 virus, so maybe the question is not whether Humans gave it to pigs or visa-versa; but whether birds were passing it between the two. In other words, what good did it do for Egypt to cull all those pigs if asymptomatic migratory birds are still flying it into the country. Birds may be playing a similar role as the plague infected rats in the 14th century. I don't remember hearing about any rats dying of the Black Death.

Virus Crossover Pattern Traced
by Lauran Neergaard-Associated Press
February 16, 1999 WASHINGTON--The 1918 flu that killed more than 20 million people may have quietly percolated for several years, maybe even trading back and forth between pigs and people, until suddenly growing strong enough to become the world's worst pandemic.

That's the latest theory from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, which reported Monday that researchers for the first time have completely analyzed a critical gene from the killer influenza virus.

Gene May Have Been "Sleeping"
The gene likely "was adapting in humans or in swine for maybe several years before it broke out as a pandemic virus," said molecular biologist Ann Reid, lead author of the study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

But "we can't tell whether it went from pigs into humans or from humans into pigs," she said.

Different influenza strains circle the glove annually. Usually, they're fairly similar to viruses people have caught in the past. Every so often a strain tough enough to kill millions emerges, and experts warn that the world is overdue for another pandemic.

That's why understanding the 1918 flu's genes are important. Scientists need to know what made that strain the deadliest ever -- and why it struck down mostly young, healthy people -- to better react if similar killer flu emerges again.

Researchers Plot Virus' Path
Most experts believe that genetically stable flu viruses reside harmlessly in birds, but that occasionally one of these bird viruses infects pigs. The swine immune system attacks the virus, forcing it to change genetically to survive. If it then spreads to humans, the result can be devastating.

In two other pandemics -- the 1957 Asian flu and 1968 Hong Kong flu -- viruses apparently made a fast jump from birds to pigs to humans. That's because human flu genes from those pandemics appear very similar to avian flu genes.

But the new study finds no similarity between those bird genes and a key gene in the 1918 flu.

1918 Virus Different
Reid studied lung tissue preserved from autopsies of two soldiers who died from influenza, at Ft. Jackson, S.C. and Camp Upton, N.Y., and from the frozen corpse of an Alaskan woman. Reid fully mapped the hemagglutinin gene, which is key to influenza infection taking hold.
She discovered that the hemagglutinin closely resembles mammal genes.

So instead of making that fast bird-pigs-people jump that scientists expect in a pandemic, the 1918 virus apparently evolved in mammals -- either pigs or humans -- over many years before suddenly mutating into a mass killer. It may have percolated in humans as early as 1900, she said.
Viral Route Not Certain

But Reid can't tell if pigs developed the mutation that turned the virus into a killer and gave it to people -- or if people gave it to pigs.

Among the evidence: a huge wave of mild influenza struck people during the spring of 1918, but no pigs were sick. Then the flu struck again in the fall. This time it suddenly killed millions of people, and this time pigs were sick, too -- but people who had the mild spring flu were reported to be immune.

Regardless of which species evolved the killer strain, the long incubation period has implications for predicting future flu outbreaks. "We may have to expand our concept of where pandemics come from," Reid said.

Institute scientists are analyzing other genes from the 1918 virus, but Reid said the mystery so far is getting deeper. "The more you study it, the more perplexing it becomes."


08-16-2009, 09:51 PM
...need I say more?:bob:
http://www.spraguephoto.com/stock/images/Honduras/hn04-137%20Honduras%20Pig%20and%20chickens%20eating%20c orn%20together%20Banadero%20near%20Danli.jpg

08-16-2009, 09:58 PM
I think that's one of Alan's chickens...:eek:

08-16-2009, 10:03 PM
Swine, birds & man have lived together this way for a looooooooong time. While periodically this throws up some interesting illnesses, that is not going to change was is practiced because, for the farmers/fa,ilies involved - it works.

Our continued existence is not & never will be risk free.

08-17-2009, 12:16 AM
They should call it China White
http://ts3.images.live.com/images/thumbnail.aspx?q=1170223141870&id=88de2c529d011bfa47e24d677458189f&url=http%3a%2f%2fwww.planforme.com%2flogo%2f3148.l ogo.jpg
Formulation of a Dry Powder Influenza Vaccine for Nasal Delivery
Robert J. Garmise,1 Kevin Mar,2 Timothy M. Crowder,3,4 C. Robin Hwang,2 Abstract
The purpose of this research was to prepare a dry powder vaccine formulation containing whole inactivated influenza virus (WIIV) and a mucoadhesive compound suitable for nasal delivery.

Influenza is a highly contagious disease that causes high morbidity and mortality worldwide each year. Most deaths currently associated with influenza in industrialized countries occur among the elderly—those over 65 years of age.1 (http://www.aapspharmscitech.org/view.asp?art=pt070119#B1) Vaccination has a major impact on preventing the epidemic spread of the disease. The World Health Organization recommends that elderly persons, and persons of any age who are considered to be at high risk because of underlying health conditions, be vaccinated. Influenza vaccination can reduce both health care costs and productivity losses associated with influenza illness....

...FluMist must be stored as a frozen liquid and thawed immediately before use to maintain potency. In the developing world, in particular, there is an urgent need to overcome such cold chain requirements and to provide single-use, nonrefillable delivery technologies that require minimal training.

While dry powder vaccines have the potential to meet requirements, there have been very few reported studies investigating IN delivery of dry powder vaccines. Furthermore, the powders used in prior studies were not fully characterized, and there was no description of a device suitable for reproducible IN powder delivery in humans.13 (http://www.aapspharmscitech.org/view.asp?art=pt070119#B13),14 (http://www.aapspharmscitech.org/view.asp?art=pt070119#B14),17 (http://www.aapspharmscitech.org/view.asp?art=pt070119#B17)

Powder Preparation of Vaccine
The final formulation contained 100 μg of influenza vaccine blended in 10 mg of lactose or trehalose. A solution with 5 mg/mL of total solids was to be prepared. For vaccine antigen samples, 1 mL of vaccine suspension was thawed and added to the disaccharide solution, stirred, and placed in vials for freeze-drying (Kinetics Flexi-Dry, Kinetics Thermal Systems, Stone Ridge, NY). The vials were frozen at –20°C and placed on the manifold at a temperature of –55°C and chamber pressure of 5 x 10-3mm Hg. A drying time of 48 hours was adopted following preliminary experiments with trehalose. To minimize humidity effects, subsequent work was completed in a dry box (<15% relative humidity)....

Powder Preparation of Vaccine
The freeze-dried material formed white, porous cakes showing slight shrinkage, but no large-scale collapse was observed. The morphology of lyophilized material was observed using SEM (Figure 1 (http://www.aapspharmscitech.org/view.asp?art=pt070119#F1)).
http://www.aapspharmscitech.org/articles/pt0701/pt070119/pt070119_figure1.jpgFigure 1. Scanning electron micrographs of (a) top surface (500×) and (b) cross-section (500×) of the lyophilized cake.


Auburn Boy
08-17-2009, 02:38 AM
...need I say more?:bob:
http://www.spraguephoto.com/stock/images/Honduras/hn04-137%20Honduras%20Pig%20and%20chickens%20eating%20c orn%20together%20Banadero%20near%20Danli.jpg

You may not "need' to, but something makes me think you will..,

08-17-2009, 08:10 AM
:lol:You may not "need' to, but something makes me think you will..,

Interspecies transmission may be difficult, but look how many times we roll the dice.

Molecular constraints to interspecies transmission of viral pathogens


The successful replication of a viral pathogen in a host is a complex process involving many interactions. These interactions develop from the coevolution of pathogen and host and often lead to a species specificity of the virus that can make interspecies transmissions difficult.

Nevertheless, viruses do sporadically cross species barriers into other host populations, including humans. In zoonotic infections, many of these interspecies transfer events are dead end, where transmission is confined only to the animal-to-human route but sometimes viruses adapt to enable spread from human to human.

A pathogen must overcome many hurdles to replicate successfully in a foreign host. The viral pathogen must enter the host cell, replicate with the assistance of host factors, evade inhibitory host products, exit the first cell and move on to the next, and possibly leave the initial host and transmit to another. Each of these stages may require adaptive changes in the pathogen.

Although the factors that influence each stage of the replication and transmission of most agents have not been resolved, the genomics of both hosts and pathogens are now at hand and we have begun to understand some of the molecular changes that enable some viruses to adapt to a new host.


08-17-2009, 08:30 PM
I don't think Americans would appreciate the government telling them what medical procedures they could have; elective or not.

Alberta health officials ready for swine-flu outbreak

Alberta's chief medical officer of health, Dr. André Corriveau, seen in April, said the province's pandemic plan focuses on prevention.

Alberta would be ready to postpone elective surgeries and call on retired doctors and nurses if the swine flu pandemic hits the province hard this fall.

Dr. André Corriveau, Alberta's chief medical officer, said Monday the province is ready to respond to a potential worsening of the H1N1 outbreak.

The biggest challenge would be dealing with the escalation in demand for medical services, while health-care providers may get sick themselves.

"If things get out of hand in terms of cancelling elective procedures, we can use some of the resources that are freed up that way to provide more intensive care to people who are sicker and calling in other people to help with the vaccine programs. So these things are all being looked at," he told CBC News.

Corriveau said the province's pandemic program continues to focus on prevention, including basic steps of washing one's hands frequently and staying home when sick.

"We expect to be dealing with a regular influenza virus, albeit novel," said Corriveau of the upcoming flu season.

"At this point, the doom and gloom scenarios are much less likely than they might have been … back in the spring when we didn't know … much about this virus."



08-17-2009, 09:07 PM
I dig the nurse.

08-17-2009, 10:08 PM
I don't get the point you're trying to make.

08-17-2009, 11:41 PM
I don't get the point you're trying to make.
....that bird flu is going to stop people from being happy?:o

08-17-2009, 11:46 PM
LOL - it can get at the end of a long line, then.

Auburn Boy
08-18-2009, 01:46 PM
I don't get the point you're trying to make.

I believe that paragraph three of the "SuperFlu SuperSpeculation" charter states:

......."This section does not have a point."

08-18-2009, 02:08 PM
I don't get the point you're trying to make.

The nurse is absolutely HAWT. I'd hit that like Col. Tibbets on a Hiroshima flyover. Love the naughty nurse thing.

08-19-2009, 06:10 AM
The nurse is absolutely HAWT. I'd hit that like Col. Tibbets on a Hiroshima flyover. Love the naughty nurse thing.

I always wondered why you missed SuperFluSuperSpec so much... :D

08-19-2009, 11:32 AM
Creationist see pandemic as a God-given opportunity to Wedge in their belief in a higher power.

Darwinists' swine flu science

It never ceases to amaze me how intellectually condescending evolutionary naturalists can be. Keep in mind, these are folks who believe that an indescribably tiny wad of nothingness exploded into a fully functional, structured, and ordered universe of orbiting planets and complex creatures without any supernatural agency involved. They are the ones who cling to a theory known as spontaneous generation – the notion that dead matter can just suddenly pop to life. They are the ones who champion a man (Charles Darwin) who suggested that Africans were more closely related to gorillas than Caucasians. They are the ones who believe that a wolf-like animal with hooves took to the water, lost its legs, and morphed into a whale (Cetaceans). If anyone should go easy on the intellectual condescension, it's these people. But they don't.

In a recent article for Live Science magazine that attempts to prove Darwin by using the swine flu of all things, author Robert Roy Britt sneers, "Anyone who thinks evolution is for the birds should not be afraid of swine flu...if there's no such thing as evolution, then there's no such thing as a new strain of swine flu infecting people." His supposedly witty remarks were meant to mock creationists, castigating their "junk science."

But the intellectual dishonesty inherent in Britt's statement is almost as obvious as his failed attempt at humor. Britt is using a common ploy of Darwinists: confuse people into believing that their utterly unsubstantiated speculation of species-to-species macro-evolution is synonymous with the universally accepted scientific fact of adaptation and development within a species (sometimes called micro-evolution).

The word "evolve" simply means to change, alter, or develop in some way. Everyone recognizes that changes in gene frequencies happen and are expressed in a population over time. Unfortunately for the Darwinists, that is not anywhere close to the "molecules to man" postulation Charles Darwin made (also known as "goo to you by way of the zoo"). The contention between Darwinists and those of us who believe in a Creator then is about what kind of evolution is possible and observable.

Britt concludes that since swine flu is a mutated form of the influenza virus, it proves that viruses evolve to survive, thus confirming Darwin's theory. The only real problem with Britt's conclusion is that it is utterly absurd. For Darwin to be affirmed, the swine flu would have to demonstrate some new genetic information that hadn't been present in the original influenza strain. It doesn't. No new genetic information is present – just mutated forms of pre-existing material.

Observational science also demonstrates that various strains of flu viruses will blend together their genetic codes, creating a new form that evades our defenses. But again, what we're left with is merely a conglomeration of pre-existing genetic information – nothing new.

Interestingly, when pressed, Britt and other adherents to the Darwinian faith would be forced to admit that they cannot produce a single example of mutations creating new genetic information. But how can this be? In order for a frog to morph into a lizard, it is going to need its genes to do some pretty wild and crazy productive mutations. And when you consider the entire premise of Darwinian macro-evolution states that all creatures (not just frogs) are constantly experiencing these positive mutations, the weight of the evidence crushes evolutionary naturalists. If Darwin was right, we should be able to observe and replicate gene mutations that yield new information nearly everywhere we look. We simply cannot.

Meanwhile, what we can find are innumerable cases of destructive gene mutations, where we end up with less genetic information than what was originally present. Take the recent discovery of perfectly preserved octopus remains. The discovery revealed that these ancient octopi actually had more genetic information than do modern octopi. Call it "Darwin in reverse." Both horizontal and destructive mutations support the creationist model...and both devastate Darwin's.

The truth is that the swine flu evolving does nothing to prove Darwin's ridiculous "molecules to man" evolutionary model. That his modern-day prophets are so willing to distort and manipulate a flu virus in order to substantiate his wild theory only proves how they are far more rigid in their commitment to their Darwinian faith than the most rabid fundamentalist preacher is to the Bible.

Perhaps in Mr. Britt's next piece, he could lay off the condescension towards creationists and instead enlighten us all as to why he defends a theory whose author proclaimed that blacks were genetically inferior to whites. To me, I think that's the very definition of junk science.


08-19-2009, 08:58 PM
These studies indicate that antibiotics may be advisable in swine flu cases.

Scientists Learn Why The Flu May Turn Deadly: Influenza Virus ‘Paralyzes’ The Immune System

JScienceDaily (May 5, 2009) — As the swine flu continues its global spread, researchers from the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia have discovered important clues about why influenza is more severe in some people than it is in others.

In their research study published online in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, the scientists show that the influenza virus can actually paralyze the immune systems of otherwise healthy individuals, leading to severe secondary bacterial infections, such as pneumonia. Furthermore, this immunological paralysis can be long-lived, which is important to know when developing treatment strategies to combat the virus.

According to Kathleen Sullivan, M.D., Ph.D., the senior researcher involved in the study and Chief of the Division of Allergy and Immunology at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, “We have a very limited understanding of why some people who get influenza simply have a bad cold and other people become very sick and even die. The results of this study give us a much better sense of the mechanisms underlying bacterial infections arising on top of the viral infection.”

Sullivan and colleagues recruited pediatric patients with severe influenza and examined the level of cytokines, which serve as the first line initiators of immune response, in the blood plasma. Although they found elevated levels of cytokines, they also found a decreased response of toll-like receptors, which activate immune cell responses as a result of invading microbes. This suggests that the diminished response of these receptors may be responsible for the paralysis of the immune system, leading to secondary bacterial infections.

The influenza patients were compared with patients with moderate influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, and a control group of healthy individuals. The immune paralysis appeared to be specifically a result of influenza infection and was not seen in patients with respiratory syncytial virus. This process might explain why one quarter of children who die from influenza, die from a bacterial infection occurring on top of the virus.

“Despite major medical advances since the devastating flu outbreak of 1918 and 1919, influenza virus infection remains a very serious threat,” said John Wherry, Ph.D., Deputy Editor of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, “and the current swine flu outbreak is a grim reminder of this fact. The work by Dr. Sullivan and colleagues brings us a step closer to understanding exactly what goes wrong in some people who get the flu, so, ultimately, physicians can develop more effective treatment strategies.”

Journal reference:
1.Meredith L. Heltzer, Susan E. Coffin, Kelly Maurer, Asen Bagashev, Zhe Zhang, Jordan S. Orange, and Kathleen E. Sullivan. Immune dysregulation in severe influenza. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 2009; DOI: 10.1189/jlb.1108710

Hematologic Abnormalities Associated with Influenza A Infection: A Report of 3 Cases

tInfluenza A is associated with leukopenia, although it is not reported to cause isolated thrombocytopenia, anemia, or pancytopenia.

The authors report three pediatric patients with transient cytopenias associated with influenza A infection, all of whom had evidence for influenza A infection by direct immunofluorescence from nasopharyngeal aspirates. In all patients, cytopenias were transient and improved as their viral symptoms resolved. All patients improved spontaneously.

This is the first report of transient pancytopenia, anemia, or thrombocytopenia associated with influenza A infection. Given the high frequency of influenza A infections during the winter months, it is important to recognize the associated hematologic findings.

08-19-2009, 10:30 PM
I always wondered why you missed SuperFluSuperSpec so much...

Plus the fact that it brings the bottom lurkers up from the depths like a spotlight dangling behind a trawler.

08-20-2009, 08:24 PM

Connection Between Ice Cream, Flu And Sinus Infections
A scoop of artificially flavored ice cream from brands such as Baskin Robbins, Wendy’s or Dairy Queen may cause fever, headache, congestion or general malaise in 24 hours. It will go away in 24 hours, leaving behind the development of a raging sinus infection (http://thisbluemarble.com/newreply.php?do=postreply&t=17744#). So it’s a fake flu within 24 hours and a sinus infection within 48 hours. The theory is that unwritten ingredients such as ‘natural’ and artificial flavorings are the ones causing the bogus flu and sinus infections.

It appears that the term ‘natural’ and artificial flavorings serve as umbrellas for the unmentioned compounds. The fast food (http://thisbluemarble.com/newreply.php?do=postreply&t=17744#) industry depends a lot on artificial flavorings to standardize the product. The correct ‘mouth feel’ had to be attained. The addition of starches, emulsfiers, stabilizers, sugars and fats achieves the product’s end result.


08-20-2009, 08:28 PM
Swine Flu Goes Deeper Into the Body Than Regular Flu—Even Into Intestines (http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/80beats/2009/07/07/swine-flu-ventures-deeper-within-the-body-than-seasonal-flu/)
Researchers have revealed that seasonal flu (http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/80beats/tag/flu/) and swine flu (http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/80beats/tag/swine-flu/) cause different symptoms because they have different destinations in the body: the seasonal flu lodges itself mainly in the nasal passages, while the swine flu virus travels into the trachea and lung, and even makes its way to the intestines. It also replicates more quickly and causes more damage than the seasonal flu, according to a pair (http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/sci;1177238v1?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=swine+flu&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=date&resourcetype=HWCIT) of studies (http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/sci;1177127v1?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=swine+flu&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=date&resourcetype=HWCIT) published in Science.

Flu viruses (http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/80beats/tag/viruses/) wreak their havoc by binding to molecules on the surface of cells in mammals’ respiratory tracts, including humans. But the researchers found that the swine flu binds to surfaces that are unusually deep in the respiratory tract, such as the branches within the lungs known as bronchioles. The scientists used ferrets for the experiments because the animals respond to the flu much the way humans do. Research teams in the United States and the Netherlands found that the new H1N1 flu virus replicated more extensively in the respiratory tract, going to the lungs, whereas the seasonal flu virus stayed in the animals’ nasal cavity. The U.S. team also found that the new virus, unlike the seasonal one, went into the ferrets’ intestinal tract [Forbes (http://www.forbes.com/feeds/hscout/2009/07/02/hscout628674.html)], which explains the unusual symptoms of nausea and vomiting that some swine flu patients experienced.

Such information could prove crucial to the public health response to the swine flu, which so far has sickened more than 77,000 people worldwide, killing at least 332, according to the World Health Organization.
The information about the virus’s respiratory targets is of interest because a virus that binds deep in the lung can trigger potentially fatal pneumonia if the person infected mounts a strong inflammation in response to it…. “The binding and replication of the pandemic H1N1 virus in the lower respiratory tract in ferrets is consistent with the viral pneumonia that is observed in humans” [New Scientist (http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17414-revealed-how-pandemic-swine-flu-kills.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news)], says Ron Fouchier, lead author of the Dutch study. Viral pneumonia, which can kill within hours, was one reason why the 1918 flu pandemic was so deadly.

Although swine flu caused more severe illness in the ferrets than did seasonal flu, the U.S. study found that swine flu is passed less efficiently than the seasonal flu. The U.S. researchers said the ferrets in their study didn’t transmit the swine flu strains they used, taken from patients in California, Texas and Mexico, as efficiently as seasonal flu strains. Swine flu doesn’t latch on to healthy cells in the human respiratory tract as easily as seasonal flu because of a genetic mutation…. Inefficient transmission suggests the virus would need to mutate to become as transmissible as seasonal flu or the 1918 pandemic virus [Bloomberg (http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601124&sid=abAA7cQlO4Nc)]. The transmission verdict is still out, however, because the Dutch scientists found that both strains were transmitted equally easily.


08-21-2009, 09:56 PM

Do crocodilians get the flu? Looking for influenza A in captive crocodilians
It is well established that several wild aquatic bird species serve as reservoirs for the influenza A virus. It has also been shown that the influenza A virus can be transmitted to mammalian species such as tigers and domestic cats and dogs through ingestion of infected birds.

Another group of animals that should also be considered as potential hosts for the influenza A virus are the crocodilians. Many crocodilian species share aquatic environments with wild birds that are known to harbor influenza viruses. In addition, many large crocodilians utilize birds as a significant food source. Given these factors in addition to the close taxonomic proximity of aves to the crocodilians, it is feasible to ask whether crocodilian species may also harbor the influenza A virus.

Here we analyzed 37 captive crocodilians from two locations in Florida (plus 5 wild bird fecal-samples from their habitat) to detect the presence of influenza A virus. Several sample types were examined. Real-time RT-PCR tests targeting the influenza A matrix gene were positive for four individual crocodilians - Alligator sinensis, Paleosuchus trigonatus, Caiman latirostris and Crocodylus niloticus. Of the seven serum samples tested with the avian influenza virus agar gel immunodiffusion assay, three showed a nonspecific reaction to the avian influenza virus antigen - A. sinensis, P. trigonatus and C. niloticus (C. latirostris was not tested). Viable virus could not be recovered from RT-PCR-positive samples, although this is consistent with previous attempts at viral isolation in embryonated chicken eggs with crocodilian viruses. J. Exp. Zool. 309A:571-580, 2008. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.


http://reporter.blogs.com/.a/6a00d83451d69069e201156f6f492b970c-320wi (http://reporter.blogs.com/.a/6a00d83451d69069e201156f6f492b970c-popup)
Disney Channel fighting swine flu

OK, so that headline probably conjured images of Hannah Montana wearing a protective face mask. We're not there yet.

But Disney Network did just announce it is increasing the rotation of an episode of its shortform series "Can You Teach My Alligator Manners?" to show kids the importance of washing their hands and other basic hygiene to protect against spreading the flu.

"A boy and his alligator help preschoolers learn good manners especially when one has a cold or flu," reads the release. "The two-minute segment, entitled 'Get Well Manners,' stars Mikey and his pet alligator Al, who remind young viewers to wipe their nose with a tissue, cover their mouth when they cough or sneeze and wash their hands frequently."

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=aligator+flu&form=QB&qs=n#focal=de15acdbb846b63ed665e2e3db120dec&furl=http%3A%2F%2Freporter.blogs.com%2F.a%2F6a00d8 3451d69069e201156f6f492b970c-320wi

08-21-2009, 10:10 PM
A Note on Swine Flu
A few customers have asked about Swine Flu, fruit, and our packing procedures here at FruitGuys.

First some information: According to the CDC, Swine flu is transmitted primarily though human contact, not food; we have always recommended that all fruit and produce (organic or conventional) be thoroughly washed before consumption; none of the fruit in any of our current mixes comes from Mexico; and our production crews wear gloves while packing your produce as per general food safety standards.

We take great care in providing you delicious, safe, farm-fresh produce and will continue to do so. We know that this flu is an important and concerning health issue and if you have any questions that we can address, please free to contact me personally. I thank you for your business and your commitment to wellness.
- Chris Mittelstaedt, Founder & CEO.

FruitGuy Noir: The Case of the Crate on the Web
They were standing around the FruitCrate when all heck broke loose. Jane was trying to convince John that "grapefruit" descended from a dinosaur egg-sized fruit-grape that used to grow under 20-foot-tall ferns. John was no Doe - he had been around the office and considered himself a connoisseur of fruit-flavored foods. He claimed to know every Jolly fruit flavor of roll-up and Rancher imaginable to man. "You're wrong Jane. That fruit," he pointed confidently, "is nothing less than sour apple flavor packaged up in a yellow wrapper. I've read that somewhere - in English and in French."

I hated to break up the party but, like my pops told me long ago, when lies hit you in the face like a fish flying through a window, thrown by a guy on a unicycle speaking Swedish in iambic pentameter, its still gonna smell rotten. Mom's lessons I could never make out.

I slipped between them and tilted my hat back so they could see my eyes. "Co-workers," I announced. "This is a FruitGuys crate. It comes with information." They started to look nervous. "You just have to know where to get it. One, The FruitGuys website lists the fruit in your crate every week. Two, those fruit mixes are different by region - The FruitGuys find local and regional fruit where available." I held up an apple. It seemed so simple. "You need weekly photos and descriptions of fruit? Go to fruitguys.com." They looked puzzled. "Type with one finger, then click the button on the right side of the crate's lapel labeled: 'This week's mix.'" They smiled and I knew I was getting somewhere. I tipped my hat and adjusted my lapels, "any questions you can always call - 1-877-FRUIT-ME. The staff loves to sing."

Enjoy and be fruitful!

http://img2.visualizeus.com/thumbs/09/03/03/funny,images,banana,show,it,all,adult,funny,illust ration,surprising-581f8481af975955aae7b828b25848d3_h.jpg (http://s3.amazonaws.com/data.tumblr.com/SLbg7LZTdljlubsvv5ISR92Lo1_1280.jpg?AWSAccessKeyId =0RYTHV9YYQ4W5Q3HQMG2&Expires=1239599645&Signature=83eknJhJMe99p82cN9or5gIo0EI=)

08-22-2009, 05:57 PM
Maybe we should be keeping the ducks away from the pigs

Mallard ducks – did you know?

Flu viruses can live in ducks up to four weeks during which time they can easily be transmitted to livestock and humans. The ducks will never become ill because they have a gene that produces virus-killing antibodies.

Ducks are believed to have been responsible for the Spanish Flu in 1918 that killed 25 million people, and for the Hong Kong Flu in 1968 that killed over a million people.

Birds and their droppings can spread over 60 different diseases – many
can be deadly.

The Mallard duck population has increased over 37% since 1967, and
25% since 1996.

The 1990 duck population was estimated at 25.1 million, the current
1997 population is estimated to be well over 42.6 million.
http://www.bugpage.com/birdfacts.php (http://www.bugpage.com/birdfacts.php)

Also see:

08-22-2009, 06:05 PM
The Spanish Flu Manifesto:blink:

The Flu Virus of 1918., actually it started in 1917 in many views, so I like to call it the 1917 flu.

There are 2 main theories in June 2006, to it's spread.

(A) The commonest theory in the 1990s, was that it started off in the USA, and spread via, troop movements, then spread rapidly as of World War One,
(B) it started off in the trenches of World War One, among British and German troops, then rampantly spread as of that.
(C) A recent view, tries to claim Tibet was a source, and also states flu started in China, just as apparently "ALL FLU STARTS IN CHINA", this is not true, as there were cases of flu spreading from Russia in teh late 19th Century, and were cases of flu spreading in numerous occasions from many lands. Anyhow, whatever that theory is trying to claim, the fcat is it is just a fanciful extension of the (a) theory.

I go for the second version, as I saw a documentry which wanted to believe it, and in truth they sounded very reasonable.

Some people say that world war one "probabaly" aided the spread of flu, it did not, it certainly did, just as the Mongol Horde, and wars helped spread black death, there is NO DOUBT ABOUT IT. Before the 18th Century most deaths in most major wars, of soldiers, were of disease, so in reality it is not that amazing that a war that killed over 16 million people, in war and killing, would also cause a epidemic that would kill so many millions.
The virus then to the 3 main theories, was undoubtably spread and so caused by World War One, and without it, would almost certainly never have erupted, and certainly would have been far less important.

Why it is OK to blame the 1918 flu virus on World War One, and et tu, Kaiser Wilhelm, Tsar Nicholas, and Emperor whoever his name is of 1914 Austria. And so ok to blame them for the deaths of tens of millions of humanoid life forms.

Well there is no doubt we can blame World War One on the German Kaiser, Austrian Emperor, and Tsar Nikoloi.

Lets give half the death toll, to the Kaiser, then a quarter on the Russian Emperor, and ¼ on the Austrian Emperor.

So how can I say this, you may ask, well its as the, German emperor, can be blamed for WW1, as he led the land, that can be blamed most,
Then we can blame Austria and Russia, for a quarter each,
As they were partly to blame too, Russian mobilisation saw Germany have to invade it,
And Austria's invasion of Serbia, caused WW1 to start,
So we can blame that on something like 70 million death to share,
Of which most were the 1918 flu virus,

It was called Spanish influenza,
Because it was where the flu struck at massive rates first, to some,
And to some, as it was where people noticed it in papers, first
As other lands were more interested in WW1, the Spanish called it a French disease,
But it was produced in the trenches, almost certainly,
Amid Brits troops, Germans or Americans,
I think it is OK to blame the people who started the war though for causing this events,
The weakened nature of the population,
Just as it is ok, to say Stalin caused teh deaths of Millions of Ukranians, as he caused the famine in teh 1930s by his actions, and it is ok, to blame the British royal regime of the 1840s for the Irish Famine, and so on,
A major add on to the flu, was the fact people had less food, in war & had to do more, work,
Which helped weaken people, and make them more prone to suffering,
This was especially so in the trenches where people were unnaturally close together in wet mud, and unhealthy conditions, of some misery,
At times, wounded & having to look over raining trenches,
This saw the disease almost incubated in trenches among the wounded & tired,
Where it could spread from,
Also the fact of troops movements then spread it, & times, uncontrolled, by authorities,
And the fact they were in a state of war,
Harming ordinary security measures for population & army,
And the fact that wounded people were so commoner in the 1910s, and so millions of weakened immune systems,
This also saw doctors sent to the trenches lowering medical, care at homes,
And many actually sent to fight which radically reduced medical care everywhere,
The lack of international co-operation & of civilian authority also spread it,
With states actually opposing eachother, rather than helping eachother,
So civilians authorities could not say help, health needs are vital,
No the army could say come on,
We do not want to be beaten, & enslaved, or we want to win as we are the way,
So the army, and even civilian imperial authorities from India, to Britain were contending with war matters,
Rather than a major healt crisis, which by teh time the war ended let teh war incubate and spread, horribly, worldwide,

The disease also was incubated,
& not able to be thought as people were thinking of other things,
Also it was spread by civilian populations working harder,
Working longer hours,
And women were in work more, so this was social change, & that can not have helped,
You know to push people from home to work,
I mean yes it was a good thing, that women were able to work,
But likely they now had to do things which at the time were regarded as traditional women's chores & also new employment work too,
Such as on busses, and in war factories,
With very few men at home in some cases to do their normal chores,
Making it possibly even harder,
And also more people becoming ill as of flu, & the war, so making it even harder, again, so making flu find it easier to spread,
And a weaker economy as of food sanctions, around Europe,
& blockades & of stress & strains of home life,
When sons, or husbands, are a way at war, which surely would harm the emotional resrves of many millions,
As of this it was able to spread into third world cities from Europe,
Just like plague as a strong start there,
& not fought when weak, & was created that spread world-wide,
As of imperial capitalism,
& feudal ways weakening populations, & attempts to fight it there,
You see Imperial capitalism, could spread teh disease to Third World Villages, via it's fast transports,
In normal war circumstances it would have been surely (thats strong words) unable to incubate so well in Europe
But it was caused by the war,
And the war made it worse,
Peace, saw that, in 1918,
The blockade stays, on Germany, till after Versailles,
This saw many Germans saved as of not having to fight in the Western Trenches anymore,
But of course Flu was dying out, but carrying on, as the epidemic had been started so carried on, taking time to stop,
As I said before the flu epidemic stayed killing,
While Britain protected by the Channel was not as badly hit by flu as Germany
So if you do not include flu deaths as WW1,
Deaths then you are making WW1,
Seem less bad than it would have been if there had not been a flu epidemic it caused,
The idea that the flu started in America & spread as of their troops going to the areas,
May have some truth, in giving a stronger outbreak, but even that is probably wrong,
Many say the spread of flu was aided by pig farms in the US, spreading it to humans,
And others that it spread straight from Tibet to America human to human,
And that then it went to Europe, in US ship transports, and then spread,
A disease which were kept cramped by cost effective trenches,
When you listen to some things German leaders of the monarchical system,
Said before the war,
And after it, then it is not amazing,
That they caused such a huge amounts of deaths globally,
As in the couple of decades prior, they had planned annexations, of lands from New York, to China,
And said they wanted Britain to lose India, during world war one,
And did not see the possibility of huge numbers of deaths enough to avert war,
Lets see, India, accounted for a massive amount of the flu deaths, you may say, well India was not in thwe war really,
Well I have to tell you, that that is wrong.
If you look ta the fcats it was a major part of World Wra One, in that it was the jewel in the crown of The British Empire,
And in that India, was massively entrapped, within the capitalist system, this meant that shipping lanes, and soldiers, would bring a disease to India, certainly. And once teh disease started British authorities in India, were NOT obssessed, with a disease killing millions, they were fearing Germanand their almost puppet ally Turkey's inspired attempts at revolts in Central Asia, that were aimed to cause the empire in India, to be wrecked. A
Added to this, I read, that it teh case that Indian troops involved in World War One, fighting for Britain, were regarded as teh main reason for the Flu Virus.
It is also the case for Nepal, where the flu virus spread after the return of soldiers.
So in what was a World War, (some like to claim it was just a European war, but the only continent that escaped massive change as of the war was South America, so it was a world war, when you see the small conflicts that happened in Africa, i.e Tanzania, and also the conflicts in Asia, such as Japanese takes of German lands,)
The reason why WW1, in some ways caused more death including flu than WW2,
Was the sides involved in causing WW1, Austria, Germany, & Russia,
Had more irrepressibly bad morals, put together, & larger populations,
Than all the sides in WW2 other than German puppets, and the German regime,

But anyhow back to the crisis,
Parts of Canada like some villages in Quebec were virtually wiped out by the disease,
Very strong epidemic, of very rare mortality,
Most like this are caused by the roughness of war,
It was bad in India, partly as of poverty & partly as of normal things,
Partly as of trauma to society as of trade with Europe changing, good & bad,
And also as of Indian troops going to flu ridden Europe, & doctors,
So then spreading it back,
And it then not getting much investment or care from officials,
As they were concentrating on Britain's war,
And by how neighbours like Turkey & Iran & Russia lost trade for them,
& E-Africa so spreading the disease,
Indeed there would not have been much concentration on the disease in India,
As the European elite would have concentrated on what was occurring in Europe, even papers in India,
During the worst of the epidemic would have,
& as of Europe's war making it itself a petri dish for the disease,
So able to spread far more among poverty stricken India,
Than anywhere else,
Such as poverty stricken cramped Bombay so badly affected by plague in the 1890s, a breeding ground in those days for epidemics,
And other areas hurt by famine in the prior decades, & by European colonialism,
Also it was so badly hit,
As it was closer to world trade than Africa which was less badly, affected in many areas,
Africa poorer as of Empire, yes, but India, was almost as poor,
& yes you could blame Britain for it being so poor,
But the epidemic would not have spread there,
& been so bad if not for Germany's actions,
Its like the fact the Brits left the area a cramped tinderbox, of rich Brits,
& rich Indians getting so much of the space in cities, but the Germans lit the fuse,
This poverty did not cause a flu epidemic of such veracity any other time,
Other than povicides, & famines, which were also bad,
So Germany, Russia, and Austria's monarchs, caused the war & the epidemic,
& caused it to spread to India,
A nation that was firmly in the capitalist orbit,
& used to supply things for WW1, like America,
America was more of the place to build machines for Britain,
Making a small economic boom for it,
So there is no surprise flu spread there, from troops,
But India, did too, & was a base for troops sent to Arabia, & Europe,
Also Germany built that railway to the Gulf of Mesopotamia, in 1910s,
So this was seen as a threat to some, to India,
It also said in 1914 that it would be great if WW1, lost India, for Britain,
To the puppet Sultan of Turkey,
Essentially Ottomans would be a empire of Germany, like India was for Britain, & rule for decades,
In furthant oppression,
So India, in the modern capitalist economy in this smaller world,
Was intimately poor, & intimately connected to the rich world,
So was an extra part of it, so no wonder it got flu, in it's blankets in textile mills,
And soldiers barracks,
So it spread like epidemics in the wars of many wars to neighbours,

Like in the 1650s Ireland,
Nobody who looks at the history of 1650s Ireland, would claim that the plague, that killed a tenth to a half of the people, was not spread as of the war,
This plague started off in royal held ports, then spread to areas,
Some areas hit by it, were surely never really touched that much by the war, like a village, out in a moor, surely was hit,
But nobody could deny that really the war caused by the king's request for Ireland to invade Britain, was the cause of that plague's veracity,
Or that teh typhus epidemic that killed so many Kazakhs in the 1930s was caused by Communisation,
Or that when Anne Frank died of typhys in a concentration camp, only the most evil, vicous. lier, would claim anything other than teh Holocaust was teh cause of that typhus epidemic,
I think we can agree, there is no doubt World War One caused teh flu epidemic,
And the weakness all added to it, as in India, where it got so bad world-wide that,
It then spread to India, too it could have not have as Indians are not all that different,
It is true that certain races will be marginally more susceptible to disease,
They have not encountered before,
But as in the Americas, after Columbus that is not the whole story, & other things add to that,
I mean after Columbus, reached the Americas the population, as most people know, collapsed, as of epidemics,
But there is recent evidence that shows actually a major cause was the slavery on Native Americans making them less able to sustain themselves through new diseases.

So Like poverty & war, & lack of government being able to cope, as in India,
A German nation which did harbour some policies there,
Like wanting to provoke revolt there in 1916, via Muslim action in Afghanistan,
When they wanted to use the Sultan's plea for Jihad against Britain,
& sent Turkish forces to provoke Turkish revolts in Russia, & India,
Surely as Brits knew this they would have concentrated on this, not the Indian epidemic,
Which is true as they only started concentrating in December, 1918, there,
Also 40,000 of 150,000 US doctors joined the army, Which surely aided teh spread of flu,
By having less medical care, in the US,
WW1, also provoked small revolts in Sri Lanka,
And also in Africa as of mutinies,
The 12,000 deaths in Australia, saw it caused by returning soldiers,
Firstly reaching Melbourne in January 1919,
People did not even know for a while if it was a proper flu, or something new,
So I think it is right to blame Kaiser Wilhelm, for the epidemic & deaths,
Just like some for others,
Just like Germany for Namibia's desert deaths in places their troops never entered,
Where the disease was spread by populations fleeing from them,
Meeting people no German met, & who had always lived in the desert, catching diseases, or having no resources,
If anything the amount of people who died in Russia in world war one,
Was less than could have been expected,
And for much of the rest of Europe,
& even rest of the world, like India,
Where revolts were wanted by Germany,
So it is fair to say they aimed for as many deaths,
& saw as many deaths by other means,
Just like how many genocides planned murders,
But were achieved to evil wanters welcome, by disease & the murders aimed for,
In such a global trade environment where Indian troops were involved,
This may not have been expected but it occurred,
And spread world-wide too,
To other European colonies of this basically European power's war,
A world that the Kaiser wanted to own saw the war, kill millions,
So it was a world war, as everyone says it was, & they were right it killed millions,
Of course with the flu getting so bad, it then spread world-wide,
And just like in Prussia's war in 1870,
We can blame Prussia for pox deaths in Britain in that epidemic,
And the Kaiser for British deaths in WW1,

The flu epidemic got worst in Germany, then reached India, in June 1918,
In Karachi, & ports, like Madras, then Bombay,
It was spread there as of war,
& as of reaching there, of course then spread more among India,
As I say as so many doctors were away serving Britain,
& as training fell as of that, in war, this hurt badly,
It hit the Japanese navy in May 1918,
With servicemen spreading it As I say,
I think that proves you can blame Germany for the WW1 deaths,
In bringing in so many lands to a war they invited them to,
And so causing a flu,
Intelligent forces would have feared these plagues,
Like after WW2 there was a fear of plague spreading through Europe,
After war like the Pox in 1870, & flu in 1918,
But as of UN action,
& some better condition this fear maybe by chance did not materialise,
Except small famines,
But for famines you can say land's have food & can cope with them better,
But find it harder to cope with epidemics & bacteria, a unknown quantity,
You may say that it is unfair on Russia & Austria-Hungary,
To give them a quarter each the blame for the deaths of WW1, & flu there,
I say it is OK, as the Russians knew the war would cause the great game to go crazy,
& if not they were mad,
A great game they had violently added to,
And for Austria-Hungary, they knew war would cause war with Russia, then France,
Then Britain, & probably see Ottomans involved, so they were to blame for that too,
& did know Germany had relations down there to the E,
And did know that wars could lead to diseases & epidemics,
For this I say it is OK to give it 1/4 the blame for WW1, deaths & flu deaths other than massacres,
Which go to the blame of the sides who committed them in most cases,
So they knew India, existed, & knew that their country had a boundary with the Ottomans,
Who they knew would be in their war, & the Ottomans, were only a small Gulf,
Away from India & Pakistan, a place of a empire they knew they would be at war with if they invaded India, to defend their imperial colonisation of Serbia, & kingly expansionism, And oppression of peoples who did not want to live under their empire,
So it was their fault they made the unreasonable act,
& were oppressors, of minorities, & POWs,
So can get a quarter of the blame, as they caused it & knew what would happen,
But Germany was the key instigator, & Russia equally to blame with Austria,
France, Britain & the Ottomans,
Were asked, to go to war,
Or were doing something they had promised they would do, so the Emperors cauased the influenza epidemic of 1918,
And if they had not,
They might aswell have had a population that lied on their backs, & were slaves,
The same for Italy, & America who were encouraged to go to war,
For their interests like for Italians in the Adriatic,
Or as of French hopes, & who of course as the Germans,
& other sides knew the Brits & French would want in the war to help them win a war,
Which they reasonably wanted to win, so again Italy joining was Austria's fault,
For oppressing Italy in prior Cs,
So making it more nat & wanting it's old lands,
And for creating a situation of war,
Where in such nat times, Italy would want to use that for it's benefit,
WW2 was different as Italy had nat ambitions which by the 1930s,
Were going out of date,
& were not believed by all lands so it was unreasonable that time for them to enter,
And also it was the case that the Italians, surely had a right to enter the war,
As the war could spread even greater epidemics than flu, & they helped,
Quicken the end of the war so maybe reduce the amount of Italian epidemic deaths & other,
And also Austria wanted Italy to go to war for it, & knew Italy was prepared to fight,
& if Italy did not, it could end up having a huge land to the N, threatening it's economic,
Entry to the Adriatic, & it did want to make Italy a puppet state did Germany remember,
& also most important it was the German nation's fault, for making Britain & France,
Have to fight, & of course they would then offer things in the nat interest to Italy, to join the war,
As it suited them so would suit Austria,
And it's the same for all sides who joined,
They would have been more oppressed under German domination,
And it was their fault,
For making a situation where a time of nat countries would be lured to fight wars,
Against that domination & for their own interests,
In the situation of Germany winning the war,
Italy would have seen world trade as German controlled,
And trade always accounts for over a quarter of every economy,
Via resources & trade, maybe almost all future progress,
If Germany lost & they helped this, they could gain they felt, & it would suit France,
& Britain to encourage Italy to join, so they could survive as democracies,
& major powers, so maybe its not that amazing they joined the war,

When Britain & France, would of course want them to join them,
And when the option was to not join & so be possibly dominated by Germany,
Or see the less likely prospect of a French win, where they gain nothing,
Or such, & then so,
Also the Germans, & Austrians knew Italy joining the war was possible,
As they made overtures to them joining them,
& knew they & the US were possible joiners in 1914, & did not care if they did join,
So in that case Germany knew they would join & caused them to join so was to blame,
Especially when there was an aspect for Italy,
Of fighting a power that was still oppressing Italians,
And when they had invaded lands, oppressed lands & caused the war,
Some Italians felt the annexation of Bosnia,
In 1908 was a affront & act of arrogance that deserved war,
As it now threatened Italy,
So in reality in such a nat time, Italy was lured to war, to fight it's ancient enemy,
And Austria should have known the bit would be strong especially since,
It had allied with Italy in some senses & Germany in the late 19thC, but seen this pact fail,
For the purpose of it's wars, & knew that Italy would want to join a war,
Where it's neighbours were at war to finally rid itself of a strong neighbour,
When Italy had such a tradition of the 1910s of invasions,
Well that last reason is not good enough to fight a war,
As then every land would invade every land,
But in such a situation of real conflagration of war,
Italy was lured to a war it should maybe not have fought,
And this luring by France & Britain was acceptable on their behalf as they wanted allies,
And were fighting for their freedom,
& knew that as the Ottomans had joined if they lost another ally they would lose,
And knew that otherwise Italy may align to their enemies, it did not have to fight,
It was Italy's king & such's fault,
But Italy was lured to war,
& Austria should not have been oppressing Italian minorities o had made a mistake there,
Of ignoring Italian wishes, & should have offered it small parcels of land,
As peace offerings, or not annexed Bosnia,
Or gone to war,
So there is a just made it case, for saying Italy went to war,
As Austria & Germany made it do, by having a war,
& luring it in, & being so menacing to it,
Inflation ruins Germany's state pensions, benefit's values, in that land,
The 1919 Versailles treaty, saw Brits/France/US fine Germany, & split bits off it,
They gave reparations which planned for millions to paid a year over decades,
Regarded with hate & humiliation back in Germany,
But many said well they started it, so there,
And also Austria-Hungary was split apart,
Using at times, but not always Woodrow Wilson's self determination hopes,
If we say typhus killinmg peopel in Gulags, was a crime, as I do, and I hope you, do then flu was too.
let this be a warming to all Montenegrans of why they should not support monarchy.

There is no doubt that World War One, caused the flu of 1918.
People who say otherwise, are Nazi Holocaust deniers.

Here are some more sites, there are books and articles on the subjects in many internet places, or internet book shops, bookstores, at the bottom, are lists of which were the worst regimes of the past few centuries.

08-22-2009, 06:12 PM
After reading the article above, I began to wonder, "Does swine flu make people go crazy?" As it turns out....it does.

Influenza Infection Causing Manic Psychosis

A patient is described who, in the course of a febrile illness during an influenza epidemic, first showed symptoms of an acute confusional state which then developed into a manic psychosis of prolonged duration. During the entire period of her psychiatric illness she had unusually high levels of Influenza A antibody titre which were at the extreme range compared to influenza patients tested at a general hospital; moreover her titres remained abnormally high for an unusual period of time as compared to other influenza patients. Because of transient clinical signs suggesting an encephalitis during the initial stages of her illness, the possibility of influenza infection causing subclinical organic brain changes which in turn became manifest in the form of a manic psychosis is discussed, and the concept of `functional' affective psychosis is challenged.


A Case of Influenza-Associated Encephalopathy with Psychosis.Accession number;02A0878590

Abstract;We reported a 13-years-old boy with psychosis following influenza-like symptoms. He was admitted to our hospital complaining of anxiety and irritability. Though he was suspected to have psychosis on admission, he was diagnosed to suffer from psychosis due to organic disorders, from the both findings of moderate slow basic rhythm on EEG and the regional decreased blood flows in 99mTc-ECD SPECT. His delirium was considered to be caused by influenza-associated encephalopathy on the basis of the elevated influenza-virus A anti-body titer. The children with psychosis following influenza-like symptoms should be carefully examined by the both EEG and SPECT. (author abst.)

Does prenatal influenza divert susceptible females from later affective psychosis to schizophrenia?

We examined the relationship between influenza epidemics and the number of schizophrenic and affective psychotic individuals born each month between 1938 and 1965 in England and Wales. Increased death rates from influenza were followed 5 months later by a significant increase in schizophrenic births and a concurrent fall in the number of births of affective psychotic individuals. When the sexes were examined separately, both the positive effect of influenza on schizophrenic births and its negative effect on affective psychotic births were evident for females but not for males. Furthermore, during February to June in high influenza years, there was an inverse relationship between the number of female schizophrenic and affective psychotic births. The explanation for these surprising findings may be that prenatal exposure to influenza impairs the neurodevelopment of some females with a predisposition to affective psychosis, in such a way that their later illness shows schizophrenic rather than affective features.

08-23-2009, 09:12 AM
RE: Post above
We all know that H1N1 was around during WWI. Well, it looks like it made a nasty resurgence during WWII. Clearly humanity went nuts during the both world wars; but, the question is whether it was war the causes nasty human virues to develop, or whether some viruses cause nasty human behavior. Likely there is some symbiotic reloationship. But, wouldn't it be something if H1N1 was responsible for most of the world's major conflicts? Could it be that all of the documented causal events are only human rationalization of irrational behavior?

Coincidentally, the world is again in flames as a new H1N1 pandemic emerges.
http://content.nejm.org/content/vol361/issue3/images/medium/10f1.gif (http://content.nejm.org/content/vol361/issue3/images/large/10f1.jpeg)

......Intrasubtypic Reassortment of Human H1N1 Virus (1947)
In 1947, the seasonal vaccine did not provide any protection against influenza. Jonas Salk attributed this finding to changes in the virus that had occurred since the previous year.15 Vaccine failure, combined with rapid viral dissemination and more severe disease, prompted further study of the genetic characteristics of this virus, which was dubbed "A-prime" to distinguish it from earlier serosubtypes.15,16 The virus that was responsible for the post–World War II epidemic was found to vary significantly from the 1943 influenza A (H1N1) strain, especially in the HA segment, where five antigenic sites were involved in amino acid changes.16 The HA segment of the 1947 virus, which was discovered to have emerged through intrasubtype reassortment, was more representative of later HA genotypes, whereas the neuraminidase (NA) segment was conserved, which may have prevented the development of a fully pandemic phenotype.14
Extinction of Human H1N1 Virus (1957)
Influenza A (H1N1) abruptly disappeared from humans in 1957 and was replaced by a new reassortant virus that combined genes from the H1N1 strain and an avian virus. This new influenza A (H2N2) strain contained three new segments from the avian source and maintained the other five segments from the H1N1 strain of 1918 lineage.17 After this pandemic subtype emerged, human influenza A (H1N1) was not detected again until 1977.18 Reasons for the complete disappearance of this strain in 1957 are not clear, but it is likely that high levels of existing homologous immunity, coupled with a burst of heterologous immunity from the new H2N2 strain, were sufficient to eliminate the virus.19

Conclusions The emergence of influenza A (H1N1) 91 years ago led to a disastrous global pandemic. That virus is thought to have emerged almost simultaneously from birds into humans and swine. In contrast, S-OIV probably emerged from swine into humans. Although the immediate genetic event that led to the emergence of the new pandemic threat was a reassortment between two influenza A (H1N1) swine viruses, these two viruses were actually the products of at least four independent avian-to-mammalian cross-species transmissions, with at least four previous reassortments of gene segments among avian, human, and swine-adapted viruses (Figure 2). One consequence of this intertwined history is that S-OIV shares three gene segments with current seasonal human influenza A (H1N1) virus and three segments with human seasonal influenza A (H3N2) virus. It is not known whether low levels of cross-immunity against historically remote shared epitopes might confer some clinical protection against the newly emerging virus.....


08-23-2009, 03:03 PM
Are US prison riots swine flu related?

Insurance adjusters sift through what’s left of Kentucky prison after fiery riot (http://blog.taragana.com/n/insurance-adjusters-sift-through-whats-left-of-kentucky-prison-after-fiery-riot-147616/)Bureau News
August 23rd, 2009

Insurance adjusters look at Ky. prison after riot
BURGIN, Ky. — Officials said Sunday that investigators and insurance adjusters have started probing what’s left of a Kentucky prison in the wake of a fiery riot that injured 16 people and forced 700 inmates to be relocated.

The damage assessment could take several days and a probe into what prompted Friday night’s melee would likely start later in the week, Kentucky Justice and Public Safety Cabinet spokeswoman Jennifer Brislin said.

“This is not a quick thing,” Brislin said. “They continue to assess the entire situation.”

Prisoners started some of the fires in trash cans, and flames eventually spread, shooting into the air during the riot. Several buildings were seriously damaged at the Northpoint Training Center, a medium-security facility about 30 miles south of Lexington.

Officers in riot gear rushed in with tear gas, and all the inmates were subdued within two hours, authorities said. They were kept in the prison yard and authorities surrounded the facility so no one could escape.
Eight inmates were taken to the hospital and eight prison workers were injured and helped at the scene. Four inmates remained hospitalized Sunday, but two were expected to be released to the Department of Corrections later in the day, Brislin said.

Brislin said investigators will interview inmates and review security videos to see what caused the riot. “They haven’t even started interviews yet,” Brislin said.

About 500 inmates remained at the prison. The others were taken to facilities across the state.

The remaining inmates at the prison were being housed in a 196-bed dorm that was not severely damaged, the prison chapel, gym and a unit of 60 single cells, said Mendalyn Cochran, a spokeswoman for Northpoint Training Center. Another 40 minimum-security inmates were being housed on the grounds outside the main fence, Cochran said.

The melee came two weeks after more than 1,000 inmates rioted at the California Institution for Men in Southern California. That prison was designed to hold about half as many inmates, although investigators say they don’t know if crowding helped spark the racially charged riot.
Northpoint opened in 1983 and has a staff of 285.



08-23-2009, 03:28 PM
Are US prison riots swine flu related?

Cambridge Prison Riot Sparked by Swine Flu

WBZ reports (http://wbztv.com/local/cambridge.jail.riot.2.1072573.html) that the prison riot that left the Middlesex County Jail flooded over the weekend was caused by inmates' fears over swine flu and was not, as was originally reported, the result of wanton vandalism. The Middlesex Jail, located in Cambridge, has seen 11 inmates and 2 guards hospitalized with H1N1. The prison, which was built to hold 160 prisoners, boasts a population of 403.

Calif. Prison Rocked by Riot Has Troubled Past
Ed Crisostomo/The Press-Enterprise, via Associated Press
Officers gathered near the California Institute for Men in Chino on Sunday, where a riot that left 250 prisoners injured broke out Saturday evening.

By SOLOMON MOORE (http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/m/solomon_moore/index.html?inline=nyt-per)
Published: August 10, 2009
LOS ANGELES — A California prison badly damaged over the weekend by a riot that injured 250 inmates has a record of poor maintenance, shoddy safety protocols, dangerous overcrowding and riots, three inspection reports since 2006 show.

Conditions at the prison, the California Institution for Men in Chino, exacerbated tensions among inmates, many of them in African-American and Latino prison gangs, the reports say.

Terry Thornton, a spokeswoman for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, said 16 prisoners remained hospitalized on Monday, out of 250 hurt in the weekend riot.

Ms. Thornton said the Reception Center West, site of the riot, was too badly damaged to accommodate prisoners. One dormitory was destroyed by fire, she said, and about 700 inmates will be moved to other prisons.
Ms. Thornton said investigators were still trying to determine the cause of the riot.

Lt. Mark Hargrove, a corrections officer, said Sunday that the fighting had broken down along ethnic lines, with African-Americans battling Latinos. Lieutenant Hargrove said recent efforts to desegregate the 33-prison system, along with overcrowding, could have contributed to tensions. The Chino prison held 5,877 inmates, nearly twice its capacity.

Lieutenant Hargrove also said the riot could have been related to an uprising in May that he called the worst at the Chino prison since 2006.

J. Clark Kelso, the court-appointed federal receiver in charge of overhauling prison health care in California, also cited a swine flu (http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/i/influenza/swine_influenza/index.html?inline=nyt-classifier) outbreak as a factor in tensions because quarantined prisoners were not allowed out of their cells.

The riot reflects systemic shortcomings in California’s prison system, experts said. Citing well-documented problems at Chino, a federal three-judge court recently ordered the state to come up with a plan to reduce the state’s inmate population, currently 150,000, by more than 40,000 inmates within two years.

Three inspection reports at the Chino prison — by an internal investigator, an expert witness in a federal class-action lawsuit and the state inspector general (http://www.oig.ca.gov/media/reports/BAI/audits/Quadrennial%20and%20Warden%20Audit%202008-11%20CA%20Institution%20for%20Men.pdf) — show longstanding problems.

In 2005, an inmate stabbed a correctional officer to death. The inspector general’s review (http://www.ccpoa.org/reports/cim_report_2006.pdf) concluded that the killer had a history of mental illnesses and should have been placed in a more restricted setting. The review also found that guards lacked proper training and safety equipment.

In 2007, a prison expert inspected the Chino complex and told the three-judge court that it was “an incredibly old, poorly maintained, unsanitary facility with inadequate staffing.” The expert, Doyle Wayne Scott, a former executive director for the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, described (http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/national/07-11-09-Scott-Report-Final-2.pdf) how prisoners were often deprived of educational and counseling programs and recreation time outside their living quarters.

Double bunk beds were stacked in common areas. Inmates were secured in overflow cages in halls, Mr. Scott said.
Mr. Scott said that in the West Reception Center, 198 prisoners were monitored by only two corrections officers, and that many inmates were out of sight of guards.

“The housing unit was a serious disturbance waiting to happen,” he wrote. “If the prisoners wanted to take over the dorm, they could do so in a second and no one would know.”

Mr. Scott said of the unit, “In its current state, it is not fit for housing human beings.”
Last year, the California inspector general, David R. Shaw, highlighted inadequate correctional officer training and poor classification of inmates that allowed high-risk felons to mix with less serious offenders. Mr. Shaw described the Chino facility as being in “beyond poor condition.”

Luis Rodriguez, a writer in Los Angeles and expert on gang and prison culture who gives writing workshops at California prisons, said, “You have these guys on top of each other, and ethnic violence becomes the funnel for all their frustrations.”
Ms. Thornton said that problems persisted, but that officials continued to make improvements.

Auburn Boy
08-23-2009, 03:56 PM
Greek authorites set fire to Athens to cover up a potential Swone Flu pandemic???


Greece reports first death from swine flu
Health News
Aug 23, 2009, 9:04 GMT

Athens - A 23-year-old man suffering from chronic heart problems died on Sunday after contracting swine flu, Greece's first confirmed case, the Health Ministry said.

The young man, admitted to an intensive care unit at the Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center at the beginning of August, had reportedly contracted the pandemic H1N1 flu while he was hospitalised.

According to a ministry press release, the official cause of death was heart failure.

Greece is the first country which will launch a nationwide vaccination campaign of every citizen in the country against swine flu beginning in October.

In a related article:

Wildfires burn to within 12 kilometers of Athens!!


Tens of thousands flee raging wildfires in Greece
By DEMETRIS NELLAS Associated Press Writer
Posted: 08/22/2009 11:10:37 PM PDT
Updated: 08/23/2009 11:43:19 AM PDT

ATHENS, Greece—A raging wildfire raced down a mountain slope in Greece toward the town of Marathon on Sunday, nearing two ancient temples while despairing residents pleaded for firefighters and equipment that were nowhere to be seen.

Tens of thousands of residents of Athens' northern suburbs evacuated their homes, fleeing in cars or on foot. Several houses were destroyed as the fire advanced across an area more than 31 miles (50 kilometers) wide.

More than 90 wildfires have ignited since Saturday across Greece, and six major fires were burning late Sunday. The Athens fire began on Mt. Penteli, which divides Athens from the Marathon plain, and has spread down both sides of the mountain.

Driven by gale-force winds, the blaze grew fastest near Marathon, from which the modern long-distance foot race takes its name.

"If they do not come right now, the fire will be uncontrollable. Please, bring two or three fire engines at least ... for God's sake," Vassilis Tzilalis, a resident of the seaside resort of Nea Makri, near Marathon, told TV channel Mega.

One resident, Nikos Adamopoulos, said he had driven over a large part of the area and saw no firefighters.

"The Museum of Marathon is being encircled by fire and flames are closing in on (the archaeological site of) Rhamnus," he told The Associated Press. Rhamnus is home to two 2,500-year-old temples.

The mayor of Marathon said he had been "begging the government to send over planes ad helicopters" to no avail.

"There are only two fire engines here; three houses are already on fire and we are just watching helplessly," mayor Spyros Zagaris told Greek TV.

Zagaris was among several local leaders who accused the government of having no plan to fight the fire.

Finance Minister Yiannis Papathanassiou responded: "This is not the time for criticism under these tragic conditions. We are fighting a difficult fight."

Another official said emergency workers were exhausted.

"The firefighters, soldiers and volunteers fighting the fire are tired and their equipment is being used constantly and there is fatigue there too," said deputy Interior Minister Christos Markoyiannakis.

Other officials said help was on the way. Two planes were expected from France, and Cyprus was sending a helicopter, four fire engines and 60 firefighters, fire brigade spokesman Yiannis Kapakis said.

The Ministry of Defense announced that Austria will send six planes and helicopters.

Opposition politicians have been restrained in their criticism so far.

But both Communist Party leader Aleka Papariga and Giorgos Karatzaferis, head of populist right-wing Popular Orthodox Rally, said the government had learned nothing from the catastrophic fires of August 2007, when 70 people died and several villages were totally destroyed in southern Greece.

A shift in wind helped halt the flames in the town of Agios Stefanos, an Athens suburb on the opposite side of the mountain from Marathon. Most of its 10,000 inhabitants had evacuated Sunday afternoon. By nightfall, the town was empty, authorities said.

The nine helicopters and 14 planes that operated during the day, including two planes sent from Italy, dumped some 4,000 tons of water on the fire, but apparently without much success. Television showed airplanes and helicopters dropping water on a forest outside Agios Stefanos—and the fire re-igniting moments after

The fire burns in front of houses in Drafti area, about 35 kilometers (23 miles) east of Athens, Greece, early Sunday, Aug. 23, 2009. A massive wildfire tore through outlying suburbs north of Athens early Sunday, destroying homes and forcing thousands to flee in dramatic overnight evacuations, Fire Service and local officials said.

"The pine cones are like projectiles—they cover long distances, too, and spread the fire around," said Avraam Pasipoularidis, mayor of the northern suburb of Drossia. "Everything around me is burning."

Authorities evacuated two large children's hospitals, as well as campsites and homes in villages and outlying suburbs threatened by blazes that scattered ash across Athens. The flames also approached a large monastery on Mt. Penteli.

Many feared heavy afternoon traffic as Athens residents returned from their summer holidays, but people heeded calls to postpone their return to allow firefighters room to moved around.

Elsewhere in Greece, serious fires were reported on the islands of Evia and Skyros in the Aegean Sea and Zakynthos in the west. Another large fire that started Saturday in the town of Plataea, 40 miles (63 kilometers) northwest of Athens, was spreading unchecked in western Attica.

Co-incidence? I think not! ;)

08-23-2009, 04:17 PM
AB, if you're serious, we need to have a little chat - behind locked doors 7 clear a week off your schedule while I arrange for your meds to be adjusted!

08-23-2009, 04:33 PM
AB, if you're serious, we need to have a little chat - behind locked doors 7 clear a week off your schedule while I arrange for your meds to be adjusted!
I feared as much...(see post #52), he's exhibiting flu-like symtoms :ohmygod:

08-24-2009, 09:23 PM
Just when you think they've turned over a new tobacco leaf, Big Tobacco sets a new standard for evil.

Nicotine, Anti-inflammatory H1N1 Cure
Vagus Nerve Stimulation Blocks Cytokine Storm of Swine Flu

Nicotine stimulates the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway. At the end of this pathway are immune cells that produce anti-inflammatory cytokines that block inflammation. Thus, nicotine, although one of the most addictive chemicals, can have beneficial effects on inflammatory diseases, such as arthritis, asthma, cancer, inflammatory bowel diseases and perhaps, H1N1.

Tobacco Smoke Is Toxic but also Anti-Inflammatory
Paradoxically tobacco smoke contains hundreds of toxic and carcinogenic chemicals that produce inflammatory reactions and numerous degenerative diseases, but it also contains nicotine that is anti-inflammatory. Smokers assault their bodies, but moderate and obscure the inflammatory degeneration and disease, until they stop the nicotine exposure.

Nicotine Withdrawal Is Inflammatory
The anti-inflammatory benefits of nicotine reveal the inflammatory basis of many unexpected diseases. Nicotine withdrawal is severe, partly because it leads to rebound release of inflammatory cytokines, inflammation and inflammatory disease symptoms that include depression and obesity. Smoking cessation may contribute to more severe symptoms of H1N1 infections.

Nicotine Acts via the Vagus Nerve
Attempts to augment bypass surgery for weight reduction have encountered the anti-inflammatory benefits of stimulating the vagus nerve. Vagus nerve stimulation via an electrode attached to the left branch in the neck by a device implanted behind the clavicle, reduces inflammatory cytokine production and is an effective treatment for obesity. Other types of vagus stimulation are being tested for efficacy in treatment of numerous inflammatory diseases, including arthritis, allergy, asthma, Alzheimer’s, etc.

Nicotine Blocks Cytokine Storms
Cytokine storms are a deadly consequence of inflammation that is out of control. These exaggerated host responses are targets for bioterrorism, because it takes very little toxin or a very minimal infection to be lethal, if it produces a cytokine storm. In mice, the ricin toxin, a bioterrorism agent, induces a cytokine storm that kills by multiple organ failure. Ricin-treated mice can be protected by nicotine prior or after the cytokine storm begins.

H1N1 May Kill by Cytokine Storm Similar to Spanish Flu of 1918
The rapid high temperature produced by Mexican H1N1 suggest that some of the deaths have resulted from cytokine storms. As more information becomes available on existing cases, it will become more clear how similar the current H1N1 strain is to the virus that caused the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.

Block H1N1 Cytokine Storms with Nicotine
It may be possible to reduce lethality by blocking the cytokine storm with nicotine. There are numerous means of administering nicotine and research will need to be done to determine which if any of these approaches is effective in the treatment of severe cases of the current H1N1 flu. Smoking as a source of nicotine is probably unwise, because the other toxic components compromise the immune system and make it more vulnerable to flu infection.

Additional information on H1N1 virulence evolution in response to use of antiviral drugs and isolation is available here.


08-24-2009, 09:33 PM
Unfortunately, it appears that cirgarette smoking will not cure swine flu; and quite coincidentally, like crack cocaine, makes cytokine storms even worse.:re:

Why Cigarette Smoke Makes Flu Worse ? By: ANI
Science And Study

A new study in mice has provided an insight into why viral infections have more severe consequences in individuals exposed to cigarette smoke than in those not exposed to it.

The study, conducted by researchers at Yale School of Medicine, also identified the mechanism by which viruses and cigarette smoke interact to increase lung inflammation and damage.

Their experiments showed that the immune systems of mice exposed to cigarette smoke from as little as two cigarettes a day for two weeks overreacted when they were also exposed to a mimic of the flu virus.

The mice's immune systems cleared the virus normally but the exaggerated inflammation caused increased levels of tissue damage.

These findings may even lead to more effective drug treatments for COPD

"The anti-viral responses in the cigarette smoke exposed mice were not only not defective, but were hyperactive," said Jack A. Elias, M.D., the Waldermar Von Zedtwitz Professor of Medicine and chair of internal medicine at Yale School of Medicine.

"These findings suggest that smokers do not get in trouble because they can't clear or fight off the virus; they get in trouble because they overreact to it.

"It's like smokers are using the equivalent of a sledge hammer, rather than a fly swatter, to get rid of a fly," he added.

Elias and his colleagues also found that mice with viral infections that had been exposed to cigarette smoke had accelerated emphysema and airway scarring.

They also defined the signaling pathway that mediates this exaggerated innate immune response.

"If the exaggerated responses are verified in human studies, it will be the first explanation for why viral infections are more serious in smokers," said Elias.

"Once verified, we can find ways to prevent the destruction of lung tissue and the higher illness and death among smokers," he added.
James P. Kiley, director, Division of Lung Diseases of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, said: "These studies have identified molecular pathways that can explain how cigarette smoke exposure and viral infections interact to make breathing problems worse in diseases like COPD," said

"With further research, these findings may even lead to more effective drug treatments for COPD," he added.

The study is published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Auburn Boy
08-24-2009, 11:33 PM
Ut oh.

Contradictory stories. Conflicting hypothesis.

Don't you go getting a brain lock now! :) We'd have to send paramedics to a location tht we do't know..,

08-25-2009, 08:25 PM
Ut oh.

Contradictory stories. Conflicting hypothesis.

Don't you go getting a brain lock now! :) We'd have to send paramedics to a location tht we do't know..,
....what do you mean? It is well-grippe(d) research.


08-25-2009, 08:27 PM
A grippeing tale?

Just don't let this degenerate into a Flu For All, eh?

08-25-2009, 08:57 PM
A grippeing tale?

Just don't let this degenerate into a Flu For All, eh?
ps: thous prompt reply betrays ye!

08-25-2009, 09:07 PM
US prepares for H1N1 deadly second wave!!

Get your very own swine flu bug from the CDC
Posted: Aug 25, 2009 03:02 PM MDT


Tuesday, August 25, 2009
Reported by: NBC News
If you're interested in getting a swine flu bug, go to the federal government's headquarters that monitors diseases.

A stuffed swine flu bug toy is being sold in the gift shop at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta.

It was created by GIANTmicrobes, which makes stuffed animals that look like tiny microbes and includes information about the real microbe it represents.

Although it's shaped to look like the nose of a pig, the H1N1 virus cannot be contracted by pigs.

The giant microbe can also be purchased on the company's website at www.giantmicrobes.com (http://www.giantmicrobes.com/).

08-26-2009, 01:26 AM
Damn - they got a pretty pink one.

Mine is lime green & he lives beside my monitor. That's so I can watch him closely for any sign of mutation.

Kassy grabbed Ebola for HER avatar - I may switch to 'Floyd'.

Yes, I named my virion - ya gots problems with that???

08-26-2009, 01:52 PM
It was just the next coolest RNA virus in the shop (and damn cute too).

I just could not get over an influenza virion without spikes. :beer:

08-26-2009, 07:48 PM
Influenza 1918, A Venus Connection?

"Influenza 1918 (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/influenza/index.html) is the story of the worst epidemic the United States has ever known. Before it was over, the flu would kill more than 600,000 Americans--more than all the combat deaths of this century combined."
"The recently released "National Standards for United States History" published by the National Center for History in the Schools does not include any mention of the 1918 flu epidemic." "For the survivors we spoke to," says producer Robert Kenner, "the memory is one of horror and fear--which may explain why many Americans were willing to let those few terrible months fade into obscurity. Schoolchildren know more about the Black Plague from centuries ago than they do about this episode in our recent history."

These last two quotes reminds one of Velikovsky's ideas on mankind's tendency to amnesia regarding really catastrophic events over which we have no control.

For later developments, see: Revisiting the 1918 flu (http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/health/march97/1918_3-24.html) - (PBS) and Influenza 1918 - Latest Findings (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/influenza/sfeature/latest.html)- (PBS).

Readers are invited to review the following article which may have some bearing (in principle) on the 1918 influenza pandemic.

Invasion By Washing Water(1) by Donald R. Barber of the Norman Lockyer Observatory.

The article describes a peculiar sequence of air-borne/rain-water-borne yeast-like bacterial attacks on astronomical photographic plate emulsions at a British observatory from 1937 to 1961. An underlying periodicity of these events appears to have had a significant positive correlation with the occurrences of inferior conjunctions of Venus with the Sun.
In the article, Barber said: "An American suggestion that the virus responsible for endemic influenza emanated from the planet Venus, led to a fresh examination of the 1937/1948 Sidmouth data, and also to a search among the large collection of spectrograms obtained at Sidmouth prior to 1937 for earlier evidence of bacterial attack. As a result of the latter, two earlier outbreaks--one probable event in 1930, and a second well-determined occasion in 1932-- were discovered." Note: Compared to Earth, Venus, has a negligible magnetic field. That means that the Solar Wind can disturb its atmosphere directly, and can blow away fractions of it's upper atmosphere (including airborne particulate matter) in comet-like fashion. (Added 15 February 2003.)

It was found that the onsets of six confirmed Lockyer major microbial invasions occurred, on average, 55 days following strong geomagnetic storms* (time-wise) nearest to inferior conjunctions of Venus with the Sun. (The shortest interval between geomagnetic storm and outbreak was 35 days and the longest was 67 days.) Seasonal effects also appeared to play an auxiliary role also as to whether or not an invasion occurred. Invasion onsets occurred only during the months May thru July.) [Paragraph was corrected and modified on 13 May 2008.]

*Up until 13 May 2008, the author of this page had been erroneously identifying the delays (discussed above) as being between inferior conjunctions of Venus with earth and the Lockyer microbial invasions.
Barber came to the speculation that the bacteria responsible for the repeated photographic damage events were transported from the upper atmosphere of Venus by solar wind to earth's polar regions and, in Lockyer's case, from the Northern polar region to Southwestern England by northerly winds, reaching the ground in rain-water.
The Lockyer events were bacterial in nature but, getting back to the "American suggestion," it is of interest to note that in 1918 an inferior conjunction of Venus with the Sun occurred on about February 9th. The first reported case of the 1918-1919 influenza outbreak in the United States (at Camp Funston) was 30 days later.

We should be wary of implying a cause and effect relation here, but it is also of interest that the early onset of the pandemic appears to have hit in shotgun fashion across the United States. The following quote is from the poignant article, Monessen and the Spanish Influenza of 1918, by Cassandra Vivian of Pennsylvania. (Link no longer works.)

"On March 11, 1918, the first case of this flu was reported at Camp Funston, Kansas. By noon, 107 cases were reported at the same camp and two days later 522 cases were reported. This fast moving, air borne disease was in every state of the union within seven days."

In light of a recent study, (See next paragraph.) the first sentence of the preceding paragraph should perhaps be stated as, "At Camp Funston, Kansas, the first case of this flu was reported on March 11, 1918." [Added 20 Dec 2005.]

According to a recent study(2), the 1918 influenza pandemic originated in Haskell County, Kansas in January-February 1918 and was carried from there to Camp Funston by army recruits along with their family members and friends. How the new disease came to appear in Haskell County was not addressed in the study, but the the researchers stressed that no evidence was found to suggest any other point of origin. The public health issue of primary concern was that new influenza strains can "pop up" (or "drop in," from this writer's viewpoint) any where in the world. [Added 22 Nov 2005. Modified 20 Dec 2005 and moved to this location from below.]

See Steve Silverman's article Bubonic Plague - Far from the deadliest epidemic (http://einsteinsfridge.info/bubonic_plague/index.html) which summarizes the spatially-expansive rapid-onset of this phenomenon and more information on recent studies into the event.

If the Camp Funston locale in Kansas was the approximate geographical origin for the initial outbreak in the United States (whatever its source), it is difficult to imagine how such a rapid widespread distribution (all 48 states in seven days) could have occurred by means of prevailing winds or personnel transfers. I suggest that fast moving may not be the proper label for the event.

I may have been premature in this judgment. See the NASA links a few paragraphs below.

There are other versions of where and when the 1918-1919 flu originated. For one such report suggesting an Asian source in 1917 see: The Spanish Flu (http://meme.essortment.com/spanishflu_reiz.htm). The author of that article presents the idea that the disease was brought to the United States by servicemen returning from Europe in the fall of 1918. Actually there seems to be evidence for a global outbreak in this case. (This idea, of course, hinges on the supposition that there must have been some viral commonality among some far flung outbreaks.) The PBS Peoples and Discoveries webpage Worldwide flu pandemic strikes: 1918-1919 (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/dm18fl.html) says that in the late spring of 1918 the Spanish wire service Agencia Fabra sent cables to Reuters headquarters describing "A strange form of disease of epidemic character in Madrid," . . ."The epidemic is of a mild nature, no deaths having been reported." (Symptoms are described.) The article goes on to mention seemingly similar outbreaks from, "Norway to India, China to Costa Rica."

In her book on the 1918 influenza(3) Gina Kolata also calls attention to the often repeated phenomenon of how epidemics can move quickly through a country, "hopscotching over some towns while felling others." (p. 63) She reports that "After an influenza pandemic of 1789, a young American doctor named Robert Johnson puzzled over how the infection could spread so far and wide, and so quickly" (p. 63) Johnson discussed the rapid outbreaks in Great Britain and on ships at sea. Kolata reports that the 1918 "flu's mortality rates peaked in Boston and Bombay in the same week. But New York, just a few hours from Boston, had its peak three weeks later" (p. 62) She reports that Johnson finally decided that "influenza must arise from some sort of changes in the atmosphere (aerobiology) but that, once it got started, it could spread from person to person."(pp. 63-64)

This NASA news item, All the World's a Stage...for Dust (http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast26jun_1.htm), published on June 26, 2001, may have a bearing on Johnson's quandry.

The rapid 1918 U.S. coverage may be explainable by dust storm delivery. See: NASA's The Pacific Dust Express (http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast17may_1.htm?list114946). This possibility is touched on in more detail in the Global Developments: Spring-Summer 2001 (http://www.datasync.com/~rsf1/vel/1918rd.htm) section of this article.

Johnson's atmospheric change idea may have contributed to the "American suggestion" about an extraterrestrial source for influenza, to which Barber refers. (I don't have a source on this yet. Comments/inputs are welcome.)

In 1907 S. Arrhenius, Scientific American 96:196, argued for direct propagation of life between planets by microbes hurled into near-planet space by storms, then propelled by radiation pressure. (No comets or meteorites required.) See: Possibility of Arrival of Living Organisms from Space (http://web.mit.edu/afs/athena.mit.edu/user/r/e/redingtn/www/netadv/bioast/clash/arrhenius.html) Net Advance of Physics: Annotated Bibliographies, No. 1: Panspermia Theories Section III, 1996.

In the article Influenza From Space? (http://www.panspermia.org/panfluenza.htm) Sir Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe carry on a dialog with critics about comet tail delivery systems for extraterrestrial biological visitors. This would be consistent with the idea of panspermia, or life from outer space. These researchers found evidence which suggests that influenza (at least in the beginning of a given flu season) breaks out in a sporadic manner, but doesn't spread easily. This is not unlike Kolata's reported "hopscotching" effect. [Link removed to no longer existent page. 19 Jan 2007]

Though not visible to the naked eye, the planet Venus has a comet-like tail that solar system scientists have been studying for years to gain improved insights into the nature of comets. (Most of this information is in hard copy and I don't currently have any references.) In their extensive on-line reprint of an article titled The Interaction of the Solar Wind with Venus (http://www-ssc.igpp.ucla.edu/personnel/russell/papers/interact_solwind/) C. T. Russell and O. Vaisberg suggest that "On the whole, the solar wind interaction with Venus is more comet-like than Earth-like."

Barber reported "Following the 1937 outbreak, [at Lockyer Observatory] water samples were sent to the bacteriological department of the Seale-Hayne College, Newton Abbot, and tissue cultures were obtained. It was, however, found to be impossible to match these with any known strains of indigenous liquefying bacteria. The result was later independently confirmed by tests carried out at the Lister Institute."

Since the proximate cause of death in the 1918-1919 pandemic was usually drowning brought on by what amounted to liquified lungs {air sacs riddled with seepage sites (Kolata, p. 27)} it might be of interest to check for relations between the findings of the Seale-Hayne College and Lister Institute studies (of the Lockyer liquifying agents) to any biological thugs preserved in the pandemic autopsy tissues.

Everything discussed up to this point may be academic if Venus does not provide a suitable environment to nurture (or to allow the generation of) life forms, whether they be viral or bacterial. {Velikovsky(4) leaned toward more robust life-forms than these.}

Looking at the viral aspect of the problem, it is generally held that influenza viruses need a dry environment to stay alive until they reach their hosts. Venus's upper atmosphere has been found to be extremely dry; so that door seems to stay open. The genes in viruses are generally comprised of RNA. A theory, according to Frank Shu(5), regarding the creation of life from inanimate matter requires the "creation of small organic molecules in a reducing (non-oxidizing) atmosphere via energetic natural phenomena: lightning strokes, the penetration of ultraviolet light, etc."

Venus has the reducing atmosphere but very little Earth-like lightning has been detected to date. The Venera 11-14 and Pioneer Venus probes found very-low-frequency radio emissions (whistlers) which were thought to be associated with low altitude lightning, but a search for lighting on Venus in 1998 and 1999 using NASA's Cassini spacecraft did not detect high-frequency (static-like) radio wave evidence of lighting. On the other hand, the outer portion of Venus's atmosphere is richly bombarded with solar ultraviolet energy which can break down molecular bonds to produce the bits and pieces that form tougher molecules.. (As a side-bar, I suggest that since Venus has a very weak intrinsic magnetic field, charged particles in the solar wind and cosmic rays plowing into its upper mid latitudes atmosphere might constitute viable lightning substitutes for chemical mixing purposes.)

Shu goes on to say, ". . . experiments carried out by Cyril Ponnamperuma and Carl Sagan, shining ultraviolet light on a dilute solution of adenine, ribose, and phosphoric acid, yielded large amounts of ATP. Presumably, the same process which joins the adenine to ribose to three phosphates to give ATP could join any of the three other bases, guaine, cytosine, and uracil, to ribose and three phosphates to give GTP, CTP, and UTP." If the Venusian atmosphere is found to be deficient in any of the atomic elements required for building all amino acids for RNA then we could eliminate Venus as the ultimate source of influenza organisms. The synthesis of ATP, for example, requires Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Phosphorus. The upper atmosphere of Venus has these elements in measurable quantities. . . . In her book on the 1918 influenza(3) Gina Kolata also calls attention to the often repeated phenomenon of how epidemics can move quickly through a country, "hopscotching over some towns while felling others." (p. 63) She reports that "After an influenza pandemic of 1789, a young American doctor named Robert Johnson puzzled over how the infection could spread so far and wide, and so quickly" (p. 63) Johnson discussed the rapid outbreaks in Great Britain and on ships at sea. Kolata reports that the 1918 "flu's mortality rates peaked in Boston and Bombay in the same week. But New York, just a few hours from Boston, had its peak three weeks later" (p. 62) She reports that Johnson finally decided that "influenza must arise from some sort of changes in the atmosphere (aerobiology) but that, once it got started, it could spread from person to person."(pp. 63-64)

This NASA news item, All the World's a Stage...for Dust (http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast26jun_1.htm), published on June 26, 2001, may have a bearing on Johnson's quandry.

The rapid 1918 U.S. coverage may be explainable by dust storm delivery. See: NASA's The Pacific Dust Express (http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast17may_1.htm?list114946). This possibility is touched on in more detail in the Global Developments: Spring-Summer 2001 (http://www.datasync.com/~rsf1/vel/1918rd.htm) section of this article.

Johnson's atmospheric change idea may have contributed to the "American suggestion" about an extraterrestrial source for influenza, to which Barber refers. (I don't have a source on this yet. Comments/inputs are welcome.)

In 1907 S. Arrhenius, Scientific American 96:196, argued for direct propagation of life between planets by microbes hurled into near-planet space by storms, then propelled by radiation pressure. (No comets or meteorites required.) See: Possibility of Arrival of Living Organisms from Space (http://web.mit.edu/afs/athena.mit.edu/user/r/e/redingtn/www/netadv/bioast/clash/arrhenius.html) Net Advance of Physics: Annotated Bibliographies, No. 1: Panspermia Theories Section III, 1996.

In the article Influenza From Space? (http://www.panspermia.org/panfluenza.htm) Sir Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe carry on a dialog with critics about comet tail delivery systems for extraterrestrial biological visitors. This would be consistent with the idea of panspermia, or life from outer space. These researchers found evidence which suggests that influenza (at least in the beginning of a given flu season) breaks out in a sporadic manner, but doesn't spread easily. This is not unlike Kolata's reported "hopscotching" effect. [Link removed to no longer existent page. 19 Jan 2007]

Though not visible to the naked eye, the planet Venus has a comet-like tail that solar system scientists have been studying for years to gain improved insights into the nature of comets. (Most of this information is in hard copy and I don't currently have any references.) In their extensive on-line reprint of an article titled The Interaction of the Solar Wind with Venus (http://www-ssc.igpp.ucla.edu/personnel/russell/papers/interact_solwind/) C. T. Russell and O. Vaisberg suggest that "On the whole, the solar wind interaction with Venus is more comet-like than Earth-like."

Barber reported "Following the 1937 outbreak, [at Lockyer Observatory] water samples were sent to the bacteriological department of the Seale-Hayne College, Newton Abbot, and tissue cultures were obtained. It was, however, found to be impossible to match these with any known strains of indigenous liquefying bacteria. The result was later independently confirmed by tests carried out at the Lister Institute."

Since the proximate cause of death in the 1918-1919 pandemic was usually drowning brought on by what amounted to liquified lungs {air sacs riddled with seepage sites (Kolata, p. 27)} it might be of interest to check for relations between the findings of the Seale-Hayne College and Lister Institute studies (of the Lockyer liquifying agents) to any biological thugs preserved in the pandemic autopsy tissues.

Everything discussed up to this point may be academic if Venus does not provide a suitable environment to nurture (or to allow the generation of) life forms, whether they be viral or bacterial. {Velikovsky(4) leaned toward more robust life-forms than these.}

Looking at the viral aspect of the problem, it is generally held that influenza viruses need a dry environment to stay alive until they reach their hosts. Venus's upper atmosphere has been found to be extremely dry; so that door seems to stay open. The genes in viruses are generally comprised of RNA. A theory, according to Frank Shu(5), regarding the creation of life from inanimate matter requires the "creation of small organic molecules in a reducing (non-oxidizing) atmosphere via energetic natural phenomena: lightning strokes, the penetration of ultraviolet light, etc."

Venus has the reducing atmosphere but very little Earth-like lightning has been detected to date. The Venera 11-14 and Pioneer Venus probes found very-low-frequency radio emissions (whistlers) which were thought to be associated with low altitude lightning, but a search for lighting on Venus in 1998 and 1999 using NASA's Cassini spacecraft did not detect high-frequency (static-like) radio wave evidence of lighting. On the other hand, the outer portion of Venus's atmosphere is richly bombarded with solar ultraviolet energy which can break down molecular bonds to produce the bits and pieces that form tougher molecules.. (As a side-bar, I suggest that since Venus has a very weak intrinsic magnetic field, charged particles in the solar wind and cosmic rays plowing into its upper mid latitudes atmosphere might constitute viable lightning substitutes for chemical mixing purposes.)

Shu goes on to say, ". . . experiments carried out by Cyril Ponnamperuma and Carl Sagan, shining ultraviolet light on a dilute solution of adenine, ribose, and phosphoric acid, yielded large amounts of ATP. Presumably, the same process which joins the adenine to ribose to three phosphates to give ATP could join any of the three other bases, guaine, cytosine, and uracil, to ribose and three phosphates to give GTP, CTP, and UTP." If the Venusian atmosphere is found to be deficient in any of the atomic elements required for building all amino acids for RNA then we could eliminate Venus as the ultimate source of influenza organisms. The synthesis of ATP, for example, requires Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Phosphorus. The upper atmosphere of Venus has these elements in measurable quantities. . . .

If Florence was in the grip of an epidemic of colds, coughs and fevers, astrologers . . . declared that it was caused by the influence of an unusual conjunction of planets. This sickness . . . came gradually to be known as "influenza."

Chronicles of a Florentine Family
Time, June 24, 1957, p. 80

Of the morning star, the great star, it was said that when it first emerged and came forth, four times it vanished and disappeared quickly. And afterwards it burst forth completely, took its place in full light, became brilliant, and shone white. Like the moon's rays, so did it shine. An when it newly emerged, much fear came over them; all were frightened. Everywhere the outlets and openings [of houses] were closed up. It was said that perchance [the light] might bring a cause of sickness, something evil, when it came to emerge. But sometimes it was regarded as benevolent." (Ancient Mesoamerican recollections of Venus) Sahagun, Bernardino de., The Florentine Codex,General History of the Things of New Spain - Book 7,
Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah, 1952, p. 11.
Thanks to Stephen Young, Boston, MA.

http://www.datasync.com/~rsf1/vel/1918.htm (http://www.datasync.com/~rsf1/vel/1918.htm)

08-26-2009, 08:19 PM

The H1N1 Swine Flu Pandemic: Manipulating the Data to Justify a Worldwide Public Health Emergency
August 26th, 2009 6:10 AM

by Michel Chossudovsky


"Over the course of the next few months, with the assistance of our partners in the private and public sector and at every level of government, we will move aggressively to prepare the nation for the possibility of a more severe outbreak of the H1N1 virus. We will do all we can to plan for different scenarios. We ask the American people to become actively engaged with their own preparation and prevention. It’s a responsibility we all share." (US Government advisory, flu.gov: Vaccines, Vaccine Allocation and Vaccine Research (http://www.pandemicflu.gov/vaccine/vacresearch.html) )
A Worldwide public health emergency is unfolding on an unprecedented scale. 4.9 billion doses of H1N1 swine flu vaccine are envisaged by the World Health Organization (WHO).

A report by President Obama's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology "considers the H1N1 pandemic 'a serious health threat; to the U.S. — not as serious as the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic but worse than the swine flu outbreak of 1976.":

"It's not that the new H1N1 pandemic strain is more deadly than previous flu threats, but that it is likely to infect more people than usual because so few people have immunity" (Get swine flu vaccine ready: U.S. advisers (http://www.cbc.ca/health/story/2009/08/24/swine-flu-vaccine.html)
Responding to the guidelines set by the WHO, preparations for the inoculation of millions of people are ongoing, in the Americas, the European Union, in South East Asia and around the World. Priority has been given to health workers, pregnant women and children. In some countries, the H1N1 vaccination will be compulsory.

In the US, the state governments are responsible for these preparations, in coordination with federal agencies. In the State of Massachusetts, legislation has been introduced which envisages hefty fines and prison sentences for those who refuse to be vaccinated. (See VIDEO; Compulsory Vaccination in America?.
The US military is slated to assume an active role collaborate in the public health emergency

Schools and colleges across North America are preparing for mass vaccinations.


Mama Alanna
08-26-2009, 11:35 PM
"considers the H1N1 pandemic 'a serious health threat; to the U.S. — not as serious as the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic but worse than the swine flu outbreak of 1976.":It doesn't take much for ANY flu outbreak to be worse than the 1976 swine flu... :re:

08-27-2009, 07:38 PM
Remember, the Spanish flu was more lethal because it was a swine flu with some extra avian traits. Maybe we've just turned a dark corner.

UN warns over swine flu in birds
By Sudeep Chand
Science reporter, BBC News

Turkeys have caught swine flu in Chile

The discovery of swine flu in birds in Chile raises concerns about the spread of the virus, the UN warns. Last week the H1N1 virus was found in turkeys on farms in Chile. The UN now says poultry farms elsewhere in the world could also become infected.

Scientists are worried that the virus could theoretically mix with more dangerous strains. It has previously spread from humans to pigs.

However, swine flu remains no more severe than seasonal flu.

Safe to eat
Chilean authorities first reported the incident last week. Two poultry farms are affected near the seaport of Valparaiso.

Juan Lubroth, interim chief veterinary officer of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), said: "Once the sick birds have recovered, safe production and processing can continue. They do not pose a threat to the food chain."

Chilean authorities have established a temporary quarantine and have decided to allow the infected birds to recover rather than culling them.
It is thought the incident represents a "spill-over" from infected farm workers to turkeys.

Canada, Argentina and Australia have previously reported spread of the H1N1 swine flu virus from farm workers to pigs.

Dangerous strains
The emergence of a more dangerous strain of flu remains a theoretical risk. Different strains of virus can mix together in a process called genetic reassortment or recombination.
So far there have been no cases of H5N
1 bird flu in flocks in Chile.

However, Dr Lubroth said: "In Southeast Asia there is a lot of the (H5N1) virus circulating in poultry.

"The introduction of H1N1 in these populations would be of greater concern."

Colin Butter from the UK's Institute of Animal Health agrees.
"We hope it is a rare event and we must monitor closely what happens next," he told BBC News.

"However, it is not just about the H5N1 strain. Any further spread of the H1N1 virus between birds, or from birds to humans would not be good.
"It might make the virus harder to control, because it would be more likely to change."

William Karesh, vice president of the Wildlife Conservation Society, who studies the spread of animal diseases, says he is not surprised by what has happened.

"The location is surprising, but it could be that Chile has a better surveillance system.

"However, the only constant is that the situation keeps changing."


08-27-2009, 07:46 PM
The boy who cried 'pig'
By: Jordan Rice

There once was a boy who needed to fill programming gaps for his 24-hour cable news channel. The boy cried out, "There is a mad cow coming to your family's dinner table! Throw away your red meat!"

The villagers turned on his channel to hear his message. In a frenzy of panic they hurried to their refrigerators and with their 12-foot tongs, cast their meat into the darkest corners of the earth. So, tasteless tofu it was, as the nation trembled, afraid the disease would invade their homes.

But the Mad Cows never came, and the villagers (along with the U.S. beef industry) shook their fists at the boy and said, "Don't cry cow!"

Two years later, the boy once again needed to fill some airtime on his cable news station. "The bird flu is coming," the boy screamed. "Run for your lives!" With the famous phone booth scene from Alfred Hitchcock's The Birds playing in their heads, the villagers went into hiding, waiting for the End to come.

But the birds never came and the villagers shook their fists at the boy and said, "Don't cry bird!"

Four years later, the boy cried, "The swine flu is coming!" Now, dear reader, choose your own adventure!

The first option goes much like the story of the Mad Cows and the birds. The pigs never come, and the villagers shake their fists. The second option reads as follows: The villagers, already fooled twice by the boy, ignored his warnings. But this time the pigs did come, and all the villagers took the H1N1 bus to Duke Hospital.

The moral of this story: Each time the media portrays a potential health crisis as the coming of the End of Days, we take one step closer toward that end. Media hype-both of the next big plague and of the minor "hazards" that local news stations feel the need to warn us about each night ("Is your [insert common household product here] giving you cancer?!?")-desensitizes the public to health crises.

The final verdict on swine flu is not yet out. So far, the virus has spread rapidly, but it does not seem to pack more of a punch than the standard seasonal flu. However, whether swine flu turns out to be a second coming of the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic that killed over 50 million people worldwide, or another instance of the many plagues that never were, how can we expect the public to react with an appropriate level of urgency when the phrase "public health crisis" is thrown around with reckless abandon?

Washington Post blogger Doug Feaver read through online comments for an article on swine flu and then wrote that only a minority of those who posted appeared concerned with the virus. Comments that downplayed the potential severity of the current pandemic were common. For instance, one woman declared, "Y2K all over again. The press is just blowing this out of proportion."

This "too-many-false-alarms-so-now-I-don't-care" phenomenon is not unique to health scares. Last year, Few Quadrangle had a few too many fire drills, false alarms and microwave popcorn-induced alarms. The students who actually left the dorm did so with exasperation and without urgency. Others preferred to brave the screeching noise and stay in their rooms rather than indulge the fire marshal. There is no doubt that had there actually been a large fire, those students would come to regret their decision to roll their eyes at the alarm rather than leave the building. Nevertheless, their actions indicate that the alarm has lost meaning in the same way that the old adage "run for the hills, the flu is coming" now falls on deaf ears.

Just as the Few Quad fire drills made the residents of the quad less safe, the annual health scares make us in a way more susceptible to the alleged threat. Perhaps we should just all take a hot shower (with anti-bacterial soap), a deep breath (through a surgical mask) and get back to what is truly important (Michael Jackson's death ruled a homicide!?.... I mean, wars and all that stuff).



08-28-2009, 07:40 PM
Swine Flu Vaccines Contain LIVE H1N1 VIRUS!

Posted August 4th, 2009 by Jefferson (http://www.dailypaul.com/user/15612) Noworldsystem.com
August 3, 2009
It’s not a typo, the main ingredient in the GlaxoSmithKline and Novartis vaccines contain a LIVE VIRUS, an attenuated virus meaning it’s a weakened form of the swine flu virus. Attenuated vaccines can be deadly and cause virus shedding, when a person is injected with an attenuated live virus the organism moves through the human body possibly infecting the host and then exiting through the feces, mucous membranes and saliva glands of the inoculated person. This is called ‘virus shedding’ and can last for weeks. [Source]

Imagine millions of children that will be involuntarily vaccinated this coming fall that will be shedding H1N1 swine flu across the country, in the sewage drains and possibly passing through the desalination process and in our tap-water. :barf:

If half of the U.S. population will be vaccinated with this swine flu vaccine this coming fall and winter, imagine how virulently deadly this swine flu will be on an annual basis, this mandatory vaccination plan will surely cause the pandemic and not solve it.

Some readers may be thinking that I am a conspiracy nut for bringing this up, that vaccine makers couldn’t possibly be that evil. But all the reader has to do is Google “attenuated vaccines”, it means the vaccine contains a live but weakened form of a pathogenic virus. Do you really want to risk your health and inject live swine flu into your bloodstream in hopes it will immunize? Please don’t take that chance.

Both Novartis and GSK vaccines will also contain MF59, a squalene-based adjuvant that when combined with a live attenuated virus becomes many times more potent and deadly. [Source]

GlaxoSmithKline’s version of swine flu vaccine has been confirmed to contain Thimerosal, a preservative for vaccines mainly composed of highly toxic mercury. Mercury is the 2nd most toxic metal on the planet and is known to cause autism and other neural injuries in children. The vaccine also contains formaldehyde, a cancer-causing chemical most commonly used for embalming dead bodies for preservation. [Source]

This whole swine-flu scare is just one big infomercial for the influenza vaccine makers, with the help of the mediaopoly and the federal government they just might get to involuntarily vaccinate billions of Americans. Homeland Security, BATF, FBI, U.S. Marshals, U.S Military, NORTHCOM and FEMA are discussing plans to assist civilian authorities to enforce mandatory vaccinations and involuntary quarantines of large sections of the U.S. population. Vaccine Teams will be visiting private homes looking for children that haven’t been vaccinated, all of these events just might be right around the corner.

Today our efforts must be focused on educating the masses about these dangerous swine flu vaccines, we only have the entire summer to increase the volume of dissent so everyone will realize this entire swine flu pandemic is a hoax perpetuated by vaccine companies, the media and the federal government and that their solution will only increase the infection-rate of a new hybrid influenza strain.


Mama Alanna
08-29-2009, 01:22 PM
:blink: Vaccinate BILLIONS of Americans? :001_huh: We don't even have ONE billion Americans, even if we take over Canada and Mexico.

If thimerosal and formaldehyde are so toxic, how does that LIVE virus survive? :re:

08-29-2009, 02:25 PM
Oh for frig's sakes. I think by now everybody knows I'm really leery of the Canadian version of the vaccine - but this is sheer nonsense. Attenuated vaccines are given every day without massive pandemics of infectious disease.

It seems clear this version of H1N1 will dominate for at least this season. It will certainly displace the current H1N1 as that annual component in the trivalent vax. Initially not a whole lot of ANY form of flu vax will be available & versions using attenuated forms are simply PART of the vax deliveries coming in.

FluMist has successfully been given without killing droves of vulnerable seniors, immune suppressed, etc. for several years now. I fully expect any attenuated H1N1 vax to do the same thing, protect the recipient for a season without unduly risking everybody else. Anyone with a vulnerable person in the household knows not to use such formulations anyway.

It's going to take a number of years for CURRENT populations to be exposed/infected/ill from this new strain but it WILL eventually happen that way. Vax - for those who're happy to take it, will reduce the initial patient load & if that initial seaosnal load this fall looks to be awful, may prevent way more deaths than it causes. Am I saying no flu vax will harm anyone? Of course not. No vaccine is EVER 100% safe & under current knowledge & technology, won't be.

But a full blown pandemic strain that overloads our health care systems will kill not only flu patients but others who can't get beds or appropriate expert staff for other conditions.

The vax will certainly not CAUSE the pandemic or cause it to worsen. It hopefully, will slow it down from a full gallop & help us cope somewhat better.

08-29-2009, 06:18 PM
Deadly Fluflakes!

A shift in paradigm is underway in relation to the rightful synthesis of the biological sciences including microbiology with astronomy, meteorology, and physics, among others. The very old idea that one can "catch a cold" by going out in damp cold weather increasingly has a scientific basis. The infective particles (e.g., bacteria, viruses, fungi) that serve as biogenic ice nucleators in the troposphere literally cause themselves to be rained or snowed down out of the clouds to Earth where humans, animals, and plants inhale them through their respiratory apparati and subsequently become disease infected as the organisms feed on their tissues.

The Biologic Origin of Snowflakes and Raindrops

Biot Report #506: March 15, 2008

Much of Earth's precipitation begins its journey from the atmosphere to the ground in the form of ice. The miniscule nucleus of a snowflake may form de novo by sublimation of pure water vapour directly into solid ice at very, very cold temperatures (-42 degrees Celsius). These temperatures exist in the upper troposphere. Recall that the troposphere is the lowest portion of Earth's atmosphere (closest to the Earthwhere all storm activity resides); averages about 11 km, or 7 miles in height; and contains almost all of the atmosphere's water vapor and aerosols. What is the range of temperatures in the troposphere that envelops Earth?
Snowstorm. Source: http://nyc.metblogs.com/archives/images/2006/02/02... (http://nyc.metblogs.com/archives/images/2006/02/02.06%20snowstorm_third%20ave%20umbrella.JPG); accessed March 11, 2008.

The temperature in the troposphere varies from the temperature at the Earth's surface to between -40 and -60 degrees Celsius at around 10 kilometers height, or where the troposphere meets the next higher layer of the atmosphere, the stratosphere. At temperatures warmer than -40 degrees Celsius, ice nuclei formation (sublimation) is NOT spontaneous. How then do snowflakes and other types of precipitation form in the mid- and lower-troposphere? The answer is pre-existing ice nuclei called "ice nucleators". When various kinds of ice nucleators are present in the troposphere, water vapor will freeze onto them to make snowflakes and most raindrops at the warmer temperatures of the troposphere.
Graph showing temperature of various layers of Earth’s atmosphere. Source: http://apollo.lsc.vsc.edu/classes/met130/notes/cha... (http://apollo.lsc.vsc.edu/classes/met130/notes/chapter1/vert_temp_all.html); accessed March 11, 2008.

Three Categories of Ice Nucleators in the Atmosphere
For more than 200 years, investigators beginning with Ehrenberg (1795-1876) have postulated different types of particles that may serve as ice nuclei in the troposphere. (1) Three major categories are:
1. Meteor dust particles, which serve as ice nucleators mostly at temperatures colder than -15 degrees Celsius (2-4);
2. Inorganic soil particles (mainly clays), which also serve as ice nucleators mostly at temperatures colder than -15 degrees Celsius (5); and
3. Biological particles, which serve as ice nucleators temperatures as warm as, or warmer than, -5 degrees Celsius. (6-10)

Most Active Ice Nucleators are Biological!
The most active ice nucleators are biological in origin, declare Christner, et al. in their paper recently published in Science (February 29, 2008). (11) "This is important because the formation of ice in clouds is required for snow and most rainfall. Dust and soot particles can serve as ice nuclei, but biological ice nuclei are capable of catalyzing freezing at much warmer temperatures", the researchers explain. (14) In other words, a mechanism exists whereby snowflakes and other precipitation can form when cloud temperatures in the troposphere are relatively warm. What do Christner, et al., mean by "biological"?

By "biological" Christner, et al., mean "proteins or protenaceous compounds". (11-13) How and where does one measure the existence of these proteins or protenaceous compounds? Christner, et al. collected snow from 19 fresh snowfalls at mid- and high-latitude locations from October 2005 to June 2006 around the world, including Antarctica and other locations that were devoid of deciduous plants. This approach, they say, increases the probability that biological ice nucleators came from relatively long distances and maintained their ice-nucleating activity in the troposphere. (11)

How did Christner, et al. prove that the ice nucleators in their fresh snow collections from around the world were of biologic origin? Reasoning that ice nucleators of biological origin would be inactivated by heat, whereas ice nucleators of clay or other minerals would not, Christner, et al., heat-treated the snow. They found that "heat treatment inactivated 69% to 100% of the ice nucleators at temperatures greater than or equal to -7 degrees Celsius and less than or equal to -4 degrees Celsius". (11) They then postulated "that lysozyme would decrease the ice-nucleation activity if bacteria were involved and found that 0 85% of the ice nucleators were susceptible to lysozyme" and were therefore bacteria. (11) Based on their assumption that bacteria contain DNA, they estimated that about 0.4% of the cells in mid-latitude snowfalls were ice-nucleating active at temperatures between -7 and -4 degrees Celsius. Among the naturally present ice nucleators in the fresh snow, over 100 of these particles per liter are of biological origin. (10). Christner, et al., concluded, "biological ice nucleators active at warm temperatures are abundant in fresh snow samples and are ubiquitous in precipitation from worldwide locations". (11)

How Do Bacteria and other Biological Entities Reach the Troposphere to Serve as Ice Nucleators?
Three schools of thought exist on the origin of biological ice-nucleators in the troposphere. The first school, exemplified by researcher David Sands, theorizes that biological ice nucleators originate on Earth as part of what he calls the "bio-precipitation cycle", i.e., biological ice nucleators are carried up from the Earth. (12) "Bacteria form little groups on the surface of plants. Wind then sweeps the bacteria into the atmosphere, and ice crystals form around them. Water clumps on to the crystals, making them bigger and bigger. The ice crystals turn into rain and fall to the ground. When precipitation occurs, then, the bacteria have the opportunity to make it back down to the ground. If even one bacterium lands on a plant, it can multiply and form groups, thus causing the cycle to repeat to itself." Sands adds, "We think if (the bacteria) couldn't cause ice to form, they couldn't get back down to the ground. As long as it rains, the bacteria grow". (13)

Schnell and Vali also belong to the first school of thought. In the early and mid-1970s, they noted,
"Much of the natural ice nuclei found at the earth's surface may be of biogenic origin, and the abundance of these nuclei was found to have a clear correlation with climate. Some tentative values were also given for the efflux of nuclei from the surface to the air.Data were presented which point to regional variations in the concentrations of atmospheric ice nuclei with the pattern of variation paralleling the availability of nuclei at the surface. The correlation between these two patterns suggests that perhaps a dominant fraction of natural atmospheric ice nuclei originates from biological materials". (1)

The second school of thought exemplified by Sir Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe is that biological ice-nucleator bacteria and other biologic entities in the troposphere and stratosphere come from space. Wickramasinghe notes, "Interstellar dust grains populate the vast open spaces between stars of the Milky Way, showing up as a cosmic fog, dense enough in many directions to blot out the light of distant stars. Remarkably these dust grains can be shown to be of a size that would be typical for a bacterium, a micrometer, or less". (14) In addition, he notes, "cometary organic molecules arrive [to Earth] plentifully, at an average rate of several tones per day" and that investigators have confirmed the existence of microorganisms in the stratosphere. (15) The bacteria, viruses and other organisms reach the troposphere from the stratosphere through a process of sedimentation, he conjectures.

The third school of thought relating to the microbiology of the atmosphere suggests the existence of at least two contemporaneous populations of organisms. One population consists of common Earth bacteria, viruses, and fungi that are carried on a relatively regular basis by phenomena such as blue lightning and fire-associated storms into the atmosphere. The second population consists of bacteria that are of non-terrestrial origin (from space). (15)

Some Implications of Biometeorology
The role of microorganisms in meteorological phenomena and in atmospheric processes has implications for human and veterinary medicine, agriculture, and the effect of the biosphere on climate change. (16) For example, in human, animal, and plant medicine, bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the bioprecipitation cycle may be pathogens that use the cycle to disperse from one place to another. Interestingly, Sir James Murray, MD, published on November 24, 1847, his observations on the potato murrain (fungus) that caused the potato crop failure in Ireland in 1847. He attributed the potato crop failure to electrical agency and excess moisture in the air and clouds. "During the last season," he wrote, "the clouds were charged with excessive electricity, and yet there was little or no thunder to draw off that excess form the atmosphere. In the damp and variable autumn this surcharge of electrical matter was attracted by the moist, succulent, and pointed leaves of the potato". (17)

Hoyle and Wickramasinghe are ardent proponents of the theory that diseases that infect humans, animals, and plants originate in space, including the SARS epidemic of 2002-2003. Some of their ideas follow below:

"The injection from space of evolved microorganisms that have well-attested terrestrial affinities raises the possibility that pathogenic bacteria and viruses might also be introduced. The annals of medical history detail many examples of plagues and pestilences that can be attributed to space incident microbes in this way. New epidemic diseases have a record of abrupt entrances from time to time, and equally abrupt retreats. The patterns of spread of these disease, as charted by historians, are often difficult to explain simply on the basis of endemic infective agents. Historical epidemics such as the plague of Athens and the plague of Justinian come to mind." (18,19)

"In more recent times the influenza pandemic of 1917-1918 bears all the hallmarks of a space incident component: 'The influenza pandemic of 1918 occurred in three waves. The first appeared in the winter and spring of 1917-1918The lethal second waveinvolved almost the entire world over a very short timeIts epidemiologic behavior was most unusual. Although person-to-person spread occurred in local areas, the disease appeared on the same day in widely separated parts of the world on the one hand, but, on the other, took days to weeks to spread relatively short distances."

"Also well documented is that, in the winter of 1918, the disease appeared suddenly in the frozen wastes of Alaska, in villages that had been isolated for several months. Mathematical modeling of epidemics such as the one described invariably involves the ad hoc introduction of many unproven hypotheses---for example, that of the superspreader. In situations where proven infectivity is limited only to close contact, a superspreader is someone who can, on occasion, simultaneously infect a large number of susceptible individuals, thus causing the sporadic emergence of new clusters of disease. The recognition of a possible vertical input of external origin in conspicuously missing in such explanations." (18-22)

"With respect to the SARS outbreak, a prima facie case for a possible space incidence can already be made. First, the virus is unexpectedly novel, and appeared without warning in mainland China. A small amount of the culprit virus introduced into the stratosphere could make a first tentative fall out East of the great mountain range of the Himalayas, where the stratosphere is thinnest, followed by sporadic deposits in neighbouring areas. If the virus is only minimally infective, as it seems to be, the subsequent course of its global progress will depend on stratospheric transport and mixing, leading to a fall out continuing seasonally over a few years. Although all reasonable attempts to contain the infective spread of SARS should be continued, we should remain vigilant for the appearance of new foci (unconnected with infective contacts or with China) almost anywhere on the planet. New cases might continue to appear until the stratospheric supply of the causative agent becomes exhausted." (18)

A shift in paradigm is underway in relation to the rightful synthesis of the biological sciences including microbiology with astronomy, meteorology, and physics, among others. The very old idea that one can "catch a cold" by going out in damp cold weather increasingly has a scientific basis. The infective particles (e.g., bacteria, viruses, fungi) that serve as biogenic ice nucleators in the troposphere literally cause themselves to be rained or snowed down out of the clouds to Earth where humans, animals, and plants inhale them through their respiratory apparati and subsequently become disease infected as the organisms feed on their tissues.


08-30-2009, 12:03 PM
Mercer Column: ‘Just stay home’ when pigs fly
Marsha Mercer
Published: August 30, 2009

It sounds like the plot of a horror movie:
An insidious virus sweeps the nation, infecting half the population. Millions go to work sick, spreading disease. Hospitals and intensive care units are overloaded. Medicines are in short supply, and pharmacies run out. Within a few months, the dead number 90,000, with most of the victims under the age of 50.

It’s not a movie. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology offered this “plausible scenario” in a report about a possible surge of the swine flu, or 2009 H1N1, this fall and winter. The
council emphasized that the scenario was not a prediction but a possibility that federal, state and local officials should use in planning.

There’s no need to panic, but the government wants people to be aware that swine flu could be worse than it was last spring. As for a vaccine to protect us — don’t count on it. We’ll need to take steps ourselves and if we get sick, stay home, if we can.

The report said peak infection could come by mid-October. But it will be Thanksgiving before shots can protect most Americans from H1N1, Health and Human Services secretary Kathleen Sebelius told reporters.

Manufacturers started testing the vaccine’s safety only this month. The government’s vaccination campaign is supposed to start in mid-October, but it will require two doses three weeks apart and then take a couple of weeks to become effective.

And, there’s a logistical challenge. The government recommends that people also get inoculated against seasonal flu, which typically kills about 36,000 a year. That means three flu shots.

It’s possible that manufacturers will be able to produce and distribute the swine flu vaccine earlier or that the virus won’t surge next month after school and cooler, drier weather resume. Nobody knows.

When swine flu arrived last April, dire predictions caused turmoil — but the virus was not as devastating as feared.

To combat the flu, the Centers for Disease Control and other health organizations advise plenty of hand-washing, coughing into tissues and sleeves (not hands) and to “just stay home” when sick.

These precautions are sensible, but there’s a weak link. Millions of Americans can’t stay home because they lack paid sick days. They risk financial and even job loss if they don’t go to work. While 61
percent of private-sector workers have paid sick leave, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported in March, only 26 percent of part-time workers do.

Paid sick days are standard for government and white-collar employees but not for those in food service, hotels and construction. Only about 15 percent of restaurant workers have paid sick days,
according to the Institute for Women’s Policy Research.

The president’s council recommended flexible sick leave policies. A couple of cities have passed such measures, and about 15 states, including North Carolina, are considering them. But it will take a federal law to make paid sick days a widespread reality. This should be a priority when Congress returns from its August break.

To be sure, this is hardly the time to ask businesses to expand benefits, especially small businesses that are hurting, but public health may depend on it.

Passing paid sick days would be a tribute to the late Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass. For years, Kennedy and Rep. Rosa DeLauro, D-Conn., have proposed the Healthy Families Act that would require employers with more than 15 workers to allow employees to accrue seven days of sick leave annually. The time could be used to care for a sick family member.
In Washington offices these days, you’re more likely to see a bottle of hand sanitizer or a bowl of moist towelettes on a reception desk than a bouquet of fresh flowers. Visitors to the National Building
Museum are greeted by a poster that reads: “Wash Your Hands & Reduce the Spread of Germs.”

That’s good advice. Now, Congress needs to act to protect public health by making sure sick workers can “just stay home.”

08-30-2009, 10:08 PM
Walking Pneumonia aka (Ambulatory Flu)

http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:HshBCr6K4wADSM:http://mystrongmedicine.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/9456-sick-woman-with-the-flu-walking-around-with-a-runny-nose-and-tissuesjpg.png (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://mystrongmedicine.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/9456-sick-woman-with-the-flu-walking-around-with-a-runny-nose-and-tissuesjpg.png&imgrefurl=http://mystrongmedicine.com/2009/02/05/turn-it-off/&usg=__qxsd3xvc9hvHgYm2mW3-LbP9mEI=&h=307&w=350&sz=76&hl=en&start=23&tbnid=HshBCr6K4wADSM:&tbnh=105&tbnw=120&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dwaling%2Bflu%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D18%26 hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26start%3D18)

(javascript:void(0);) Mysterious Illness is Walking Pneumonia

DUNCAN, IA--The Hancock County Health Department is offering an update on a mysterious illness at a care center.

The Iowa Department of Public Health and the University Hygienic Lab has determined the cause of the ailment afflicting several people at Duncan Heights Care Facility

Testing performed at UHL indicates mycoplasma pneumonia, commonly known as "walking pneumonia" is the cause of the illness.

Hancock County is also offering an update on the number of people affected.

Health officials said 7 people got ill and are recovering.

"Duncan Heights took appropriate action when residents became ill," said Betty Mallen, Hancock County Public Health Services Planner, "To prevent the further spread of illness, the facility has initiated increased disinfecting and a voluntary quarantine."

There is no word about whether Duncan Heights quarantine will continue.

Mallen is hoping that visitors to Duncan Heights, or those who may have sought medical care at the same time as those who were ill, may be aware that they should seek medical attention if they develop symptoms of walking pneumonia.

Those symptoms include a dry cough, extreme tiredness, and headache. A fever may also be present.

Walking pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics to resolve the illness and stop its spread.

Mallen said Duncan Heights experience offers a good reminder to follow a few common steps that keep illness from spreading:

1. Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with warm water and soap
2. Stay home when you are sick and until you are fever free for 24 hours
3. Cover your cough
4. Get plenty of rest


08-31-2009, 03:05 PM
Walking Pneumonia aka (Ambulatory Flu)

Ambulatory Secondary.


08-31-2009, 09:43 PM
http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:EKLMHtvwadBvnM:http://www.kidzworld.com/img/upload/article/27727/santas-little-helper100.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.kidzworld.com/img/upload/article/27727/santas-little-helper100.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.kidzworld.com/article/7726-top-10-coolest-cartoon-dogs-pg2&usg=__00MbDXE1ic1WD0KNEPRSJ5-K3nI=&h=100&w=100&sz=10&hl=en&start=31&tbnid=EKLMHtvwadBvnM:&tbnh=82&tbnw=82&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dsanta%2527s%2Blittle%2Bhelper%26gbv%3 D2%26ndsp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26start%3D18)

Influenza virus infection in racing greyhounds.

To the Editor: Influenza is globally the most economically important respiratory disease in humans, pigs, horses, and fowl (1). Influenza virus is known for its continuous genetic and antigenic changes, which impeded effective influenza control (1,2). More importantly, emergence of a new subtype by genetic reassortment or interspecies transmission is of great concern for preventing influenza epidemics and pandemics (1).

Recently, influenza outbreaks have occurred in species (feline and canine) that historically do not carry influenza virus (3,4), which alerted both regulatory and scientific communities to expansion of the host range of influenza virus. We report an outbreak of respiratory disease by influenza virus infection in Iowa racing greyhounds after influenza outbreaks in Florida in 2004.

In mid-April, an influx of racing greyhounds into Iowa greyhound tracks resulted in outbreaks of respiratory disease within the track compounds.

The disease was characterized by rapid onset of fever and cough, rapid respiration, and hemorrhagic nasal discharge. The illness rate was almost 100% in both racetrack compounds, although the death rate was <5%. Most affected dogs recovered, yet many died of hemorrhagic pneumonia. Therapeutic administration of broad-spectrum antimicrobial drugs reduced the severity of the disease but could not control it.

Tissue samples from 4 animals that died of severe pneumonia were submitted to the Iowa State University Academics
ISU is best known for its degree programs in science, engineering, and agriculture. ISU is also home of the world's first electronic digital computing device, the Atanasoff–Berry Computer. Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. The animals represented 2 different racing tracks located in eastern and western Iowa. On gross examination, lungs exhibited extensive red to red-black discoloration with moderate to marked palpable firmness. Mild fibrinous pleuritis was also noted. Microscopically, lung sections were characterized by severe hemorrhagic interstitial to bronchointerstitial pneumonia.....

In conclusion, recent outbreaks of hemorrhagic pneumonia and associated deaths in Iowa racing greyhounds were primarily due to infection by an H3N8 influenza virus genetically and antigenically similar to equine influenza viruses. This conclusion can be supported by a previous report of fatal hemorrhagic pneumonia by H3N8 virus infection in racing greyhounds in Florida (4). The fact that greyhounds in 2 different racetracks, which are in geographically remote sites in Iowa, simultaneously died of the disease without the involvement of sick horses suggests that the influenza virus isolate is likely a canine-adapted strain and able to perpetuate and spread among dogs. While influenza virus infection was likely responsible for the disease outbreaks, the contribution that S. zooepidemicus might have made to the disease and the severity of clinical manifestations remains to be further evaluated since the bacterium has been implicated in respiratory disease and septicemia-associated problems in many different animal species (8,9).

We thank staff in Virology and Bacteriology Sections at the Iowa State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory for their timely and excellent technical assistance in laboratory testing.
References ....

08-31-2009, 10:16 PM
:wheelchair:Remember...forget the chicken soup - bring wiskey!
http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:Y-arbCsCfi2cpM:http://butthorn.files.wordpress.com/2007/12/granddad86.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://butthorn.files.wordpress.com/2007/12/granddad86.jpg&imgrefurl=http://butthorn.wordpress.com/category/the-drink-dranther/&usg=__R_MX9faMbYXgmoglGwgfBuK5NPs=&h=400&w=400&sz=39&hl=en&start=25&tbnid=Y-arbCsCfi2cpM:&tbnh=124&tbnw=124&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dold%2Bgrand%2Bdad%2Bwiskey%26gbv%3D2% 26ndsp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26start%3D18)

--->:cursing: = :dead_bunny:

--->:beer:= :wub:

Mood and Cytokine Response to Influenza Virus in Older Adults
Erin S. Costanzo1, Susan K. Lutgendorf1,, Marian L. Kohut2, Nicole Nisly1, Kayla Rozeboom2, Shawn Spooner2, JoAnn Benda1 and Janet E. McElhaney3

Previous research has indicated that older adults with severe life stress show attenuated immune responses to influenza vaccination. Associations among mood, optimism, stress, and the in vitro cytokine response to influenza virus and vaccine were evaluated in 18 healthy older adults with low to moderate life stress.

Stress, age, and current health practices were unrelated to cytokine production. Older adults reporting greater anger, fatigue, confusion, and total mood disturbance had poorer cytokine responses to live virus and vaccine stimulation. In contrast, older adults who reported greater vigor and those who were more optimistic had greater cytokine responses to both live virus and vaccine. These relationships were largely unaffected by medications or health conditions.

These findings suggest that among older adults, even mild to moderate mood disturbance is associated with an attenuated cellular immune response to live influenza virus and vaccine.


This study evaluated cross-sectional associations between mood and influenza virus-stimulated and vaccine-stimulated cytokines in older adults. In general, greater mood disturbance was associated with lower cytokine levels in response to both virus and vaccine stimulation, whereas optimism and vigor were associated with greater cytokine responses.

The current study extends previous research findings that older adults with severe life stress have poorer responses to influenza vaccination. Healthy older adults with mild to moderate mood disturbance had a less vigorous in vitro cytokine response to live virus and influenza vaccine, suggesting that such persons may be more vulnerable to influenza infection after vaccination. Optimism may protect against age-related decreases in immune response to infection. Future studies should further evaluate these findings in larger samples using both prevaccination and postvaccination cytokine and antibody responses.


http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol59/issue12/images/medium/grna-59-12-21-f01.gif (http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol59/issue12/images/large/grna-59-12-21-f01.jpeg)

Figure 1. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) production (in nanograms/milliliter) in response to trivalent vaccine is expressed as a function of anger (r =.48, p =.05). POMS = Profile of Mood States

09-01-2009, 02:09 PM
Influenza virus infection in racing greyhounds.

Is a 2005 article.

09-01-2009, 08:03 PM
Is a 2005 article.
This one is from last Sunday

Inlfuenza Strain Threatens Dogs
Posted Sunday, August 30, 2009 ; 11:48 AM

Our four-legged friends could be at risk
We've heard of the swine flu but now another strain of the influenza virus is threatening our four-legged friends.

H3N8 or dog flu has not been reported in West Virginia yet but cases have been confirmed in other parts of the country.

The dog flu is a highly contagious respiratory infection in canines, striking dogs of any age and any breed.

Effected dogs may also have a runny nose and a low grade fever.
Dog flu typically presents the same symptoms as kennel cough.

"If your dog has kennel cough they will be coughing just like you or I would with a cold. Dogs will get over kennel cough with or without treatment in seven to 14 days. It's harder on little puppies and older dogs," said Jim Kenney of the Raleigh Co. Humane Society
A cough that lasts longer than 14 days is the most common symptom of dog flu.

Most dog flu cases can be treated with antibiotics, but, in some cases, the flu progresses into pneumonia.

That's when it can become deadly. Experts say the best way to protect your dog is to keep it away from other dogs with flu-like symptoms.
http://www.wboy.com/story.cfm?func=viewstory&storyid=65661 (http://www.wboy.com/story.cfm?func=viewstory&storyid=65661)

09-01-2009, 08:17 PM
So...are they attempting to create a superbug while all parties are contained in a Level4 germ lab (with un-protected animals), or do they wait until the researhers start dropping dead, and enact an emergency lock-down like in The Stand?
http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:LUVMQZqk9FcO9M:http://webzoom.freewebs.com/shedevil32/DONT%2520FEAR%2520THE%2520REAPER.JPG (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://webzoom.freewebs.com/shedevil32/DONT%2520FEAR%2520THE%2520REAPER.JPG&imgrefurl=http://www.freewebs.com/shedevil32/tapestrysandwallbanners.htm&usg=__B5Fx7tQ0AeX1RdS5pNettUQfaSA=&h=388&w=390&sz=121&hl=en&start=8&tbnid=LUVMQZqk9FcO9M:&tbnh=122&tbnw=123&prev=/images%3Fq%3Ddon%2527t%2Bfear%2Bthe%2Breaper%26gbv %3D2%26hl%3Den)

Superbug" Fears Remote, But Swine Flu Fitter Than Other Strains
By Matthew Harwood
09/01/2009 - Researchers experimenting with various flu strains in ferrets found no evidence that a super-virulent hybrid flu strain could arise but did discover that swine flu out competes other flu strains, reports the University of Maryland Newsdesk.

The laboratory study at the University of Maryland-College Park exposed ferrets to three different flu viruses, including H1N1, commonly known as swine flu. The much feared flu strain has hospitalized nearly 9,000 Americans, killing 556 since the flu's emergence this past April, according the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Worldwide, swine flu has infected 209,438 people with at least 2,185 deaths, according to the latest numbers from the World Health Organization.

Currently, the virus is declining in the Southern Hemisphere and migrating to the Northern Hemisphere for the fall and winter, reports MSNBC.com.

While the researchers discovered nothing to support fears that the swine flu could merge with a seasonal flu strain to create a "superbug," they did find out that swine flu reproduced twice as fast in the ferrets. The experiments results have already been published in PLOS Currents, an online journal that gives fast access to research in the public interest.

"The H1N1 pandemic virus has a clear biological advantage over the two main seasonal flu strains and all the makings of a virus fully adapted to humans," says virologist Daniel Perez, the lead researcher and program director of the University of Maryland-based Prevention and Control of Avian Influenza Coordinated Agricultural Project.

Perez explains that he wasn't surprised to find swine flu more infectious, considering that's its recent emergence means hosts haven't developed resistance to it yet, as they have older strains.

The researchers also exposed ferrets to both swine flu and one of the seasonal varieties. Ferrets exposed to the two strains developed respiratory and intestinal symptoms. Perez wonders whether double infections could be the reason for the deaths attributed to swine flu but says more research needs to occur.

The researchers also discovered that the swine flu strain burrows deeper into the infected's respiratory system while the two other seasonal flu strains stayed within the infected's nasal passages.

"Our findings underscore the need for vaccinating against the pandemic flu virus this season," Perez told the NewsDesk. "The findings of this study are preliminary, but the far greater communicability of the pandemic virus serves as a clearly blinking warning light."

In related news, three federal agencies have joined forces with Sesame Street to educate children how to prevent the spread of swine flu, which tends to stricken children and young families, reports The Washington Post's Spencer Hsu.

Last week, according to MSNBC.com, a White House advisory panel warned that 60 to 120 million Americans could become infected this fall and winter, with mortality projections as high as 90,000. The CDC, however, rebutted those projections as unlikely the very next day.


ps: Maybe Egypt beat them to it.

09-01-2009, 08:45 PM
http://www.saltpress.com/images/1-010.jpgHomoeopathy for flu like illnesses
19:43 IST At the instance of the Department of AYUSH, the Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) had convened meeting of a Group of Experts chaired by Dr. Diwan Harish Chand, Vice President of the Governing Body of the Council to suggest ways & means of prevention of through Homoeopathy. The Group of Experts inter-alia has recommended that homoeopathy medicine Arsenicum album could be taken as prophylactic medicine against flu like illnesses. It has recommended one doze of Arsenicum album 30, daily in empty stomach for three days. The dose should be repeated after one month by following the same schedule in case flu like conditions prevail in the area. The Expert Group has further suggested that general hygienic measures suggested by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India, for prevention of the disease should also be followed by the public.

Cactus Az
09-01-2009, 09:09 PM
This one is from last Sunday

Inlfuenza Strain Threatens Dogs
Posted Sunday, August 30, 2009 ; 11:48 AM

Our four-legged friends could be at risk
We've heard of the swine flu but now another strain of the influenza virus is threatening our four-legged friends.

H3N8 or dog flu has not been reported in West Virginia yet but cases have been confirmed in other parts of the country.

The dog flu is a highly contagious respiratory infection in canines, striking dogs of any age and any breed.

Effected dogs may also have a runny nose and a low grade fever.
Dog flu typically presents the same symptoms as kennel cough.

"If your dog has kennel cough they will be coughing just like you or I would with a cold. Dogs will get over kennel cough with or without treatment in seven to 14 days. It's harder on little puppies and older dogs," said Jim Kenney of the Raleigh Co. Humane Society
A cough that lasts longer than 14 days is the most common symptom of dog flu.

Most dog flu cases can be treated with antibiotics, but, in some cases, the flu progresses into pneumonia.

That's when it can become deadly. Experts say the best way to protect your dog is to keep it away from other dogs with flu-like symptoms.
http://www.wboy.com/story.cfm?func=viewstory&storyid=65661 (http://www.wboy.com/story.cfm?func=viewstory&storyid=65661)

Pardon me, but antibiotics don`t do a durn thing to viri.

09-01-2009, 09:27 PM
What the hell does this mean?:confused:

Forget H1N1 here's H5N1!
TNN 1 September 2009, 06:26pm IST|

Forget H1N1, there’s H5N1 for you to worry about now! In all the panic about swine flu, doctors across the globe are warning of confusing the symptoms of H1N1 for meningitis – a far more deadly and dangerous disease, and also one without a vaccine.

The symptoms for swine flu and meningitis are largely the same – ranging from fevers, body aches, fevers and cold hands and feet. As the vacation period across the world comes to an end and people return from holidaying in far flung places, holiday makers are thought to be potentially contagious and capable of spreading the disease, making doctors brace for a second global outbreak.

This year in April, 2009, a severe meningitis outbreak hit Tripura and Meghalaya, with the government undertaking a drive to vaccinate the entire population with the World Health Organisation chipping in with 3.5 lakh vaccines. The fatal bacterial infection had sprung up in Tripura since January 2009 which recorded 126 confirmed meningitis cases and 33 deaths by April. The last major meningitis outbreak to strike India was in 2005, with over 80 people dying in the capital alone.

Meningitis is usually caused by either bacteria or a virus. Viral meningitis is more common than bacterial but is rarely life-threatening. Meningitis caused by bacteria tends to be more serious. Broadly, there are two types of bacterial disease: meningococcal and pneumococcal. Vaccines exist for both. Most cases of meningococcal meningitis can be treated with antibiotics, but it is important to catch the disease early.

Meningitis can kill in under four hours and parents should be watchful for the disease, Steve Dayman, chief executive of the charity Meningitis UK, told a UK-based newspaper. The disease, which affects children and teenagers the most, can be fatal if not immediately diagnosed. Typical symptoms of meningitis include a headache, stiff neck and a dislike of bright light. Other symptoms are difficulty supporting own weight, fever, vomiting and diarrhoea, confusion and drowsiness.


also see

Mama Alanna
09-01-2009, 09:32 PM
It means that people in India don't know one from the other.

09-01-2009, 09:39 PM
Pardon me, but antibiotics don`t do a durn thing to viri.

Check out this info from the CDC

Swine Flu Symptoms Treatment
H1N1 Virus Flu Pandemic Medications & Aspirin Warning

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control ( CDC) provides advice for “People with novel H1N1 flu who are cared for at home...” in an article titled, “Interim Guidance for Novel H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu): Taking Care of a Sick Person in Your Home.” The (author unknown) article is on the CDC web site, dated August 5, 2009.

Swine flu symptoms can be treated with certain antiviral, antibiotic, and over-the-counter medications. The CDC warns consumers about some influenza drugs and aspirin.

Swine flu can cause bacterial infections, according to the CDC article (http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/guidance_homecare.htm). Antibiotics can be used for treatment. If the illness gets better and then worse repeatedly, the person may have a bacterial infection.


09-02-2009, 02:52 PM
It means that people in India don't know one from the other.

They should get some bonus points for getting it so horribly wrong. :beer:

09-02-2009, 07:38 PM
So...are they attempting to create a superbug while all parties are contained in a Level4 germ lab (with un-protected animals), or do they wait until the researhers start dropping dead, and enact an emergency lock-down like in The Stand?
http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:LUVMQZqk9FcO9M:http://webzoom.freewebs.com/shedevil32/DONT%2520FEAR%2520THE%2520REAPER.JPG (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://webzoom.freewebs.com/shedevil32/DONT%2520FEAR%2520THE%2520REAPER.JPG&imgrefurl=http://www.freewebs.com/shedevil32/tapestrysandwallbanners.htm&usg=__B5Fx7tQ0AeX1RdS5pNettUQfaSA=&h=388&w=390&sz=121&hl=en&start=8&tbnid=LUVMQZqk9FcO9M:&tbnh=122&tbnw=123&prev=/images%3Fq%3Ddon%2527t%2Bfear%2Bthe%2Breaper%26gbv %3D2%26hl%3Den)

On second thought :runforhills:

UW scientists find deadly flu genes

Yoshi Kawaoka, a professor of pathobiological science in the UW-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine, listens to and comments on research progress reports shared by his staff during one of the team's periodic all-staff meetings. Kawaoka is one of the world's premier virologists and researchers of influenza and Ebola viruses.

Three key genes can turn a regular flu virus into a super killer like the strain that devastated the world 90 years ago and one that could come again, UW-Madison researchers found in a study involving ferrets.

The discovery by a team led by virologist Yoshihiro Kawaoka could help scientists better recognize new flu strains capable of causing a global epidemic, or pandemic, and develop drugs to ward off any kind of flu, the researchers said.

"These findings may help us identify virulence factors in other emerging pandemic viruses and could accelerate the development of new antiviral drugs," the scientists wrote in a report on their findings in Monday's online edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Kawaoka said the goal was to find out why the 1918 flu virus, known as the Spanish flu, was so deadly, killing up to 50 million people. Many of those who died were young adults who developed pneumonia from infections that penetrated deep into their lungs, something regular flu viruses normally don't do.

In 2004, Kawaoka identified a gene that enables the 1918 virus to latch on to cells in mice, but that wasn't enough to explain the germ's deadly power.

In the new study, he mixed a regular flu virus with the 1918 virus, gene by gene, testing the combinations in ferrets, which have responses to flu that mimic those in humans. One of the resulting viruses, containing a three-gene sequence that produces a virus-replication protein, infected the lower respiratory tracts of the animals, like the 1918 virus did in humans.

"This is a very definitive study," said Peter Palese, chairman of microbiology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York. "It's important to analyze the virus gene by gene."

Kawaoka and other scientists, including Palese, previously reconstructed the 1918 virus from tissue samples extracted from victims of the flu, whose bodies were preserved in Alaska in the permafrost. They used a technique Kawaoka helped develop, called reverse genetics, that has also proven useful in searching for better flu vaccines.

Joining Kawaoka in the new research was lead author Tokiko Watanabe of UW-Madison; Shinji Watanabe, Jin Hyun Kim and Masato Hatta, also of UW-Madison; and Kyoko Shinya of Kobe University in Japan.

Another deadly flu virus - a bird flu virus known as H5N1 - gained significant attention worldwide in 2005 and 2006 because of the threat of it causing a potential pandemic. Though fewer human cases have been reported recently, the virus continues to circulate.

This year, 30 of 40 people known to be infected with H5N1 died, mostly in Indonesia. In 2006, 79 of 155 people reported to be infected died.


09-02-2009, 07:49 PM
September 2, 2009 4:15 PM
When birds and pigs collide
Debora MacKenzie, consultant

Well, it's the autumn in the northern hemisphere, and disease wonks are on tenterhooks to see what the swine flu pandemic will do now its favourite season is here.

The one thing they all hope it won't do is hybridise with the H5N1 bird flu virus - which is still out there, in birds across Eurasia and Africa, and still causing cases in humans. If a bird, or a human, catches both at the same time, a hybrid could emerge - and a virus that transmits like the pandemic flu but kills like H5N1 is not a pleasant thought.

So there is widespread concern about a report in the Egyptian press of just such a co-infection in three people, two of them returning from a pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia (article in Arabic), which was translated by Arabic-speaking contributors and posted on ProMed, the authoritative internet notice board for emerging diseases. But it may be a false alarm.

The Egyptian Health Minister, no less, appears to have responded to the ProMed posting with a denial, saying one case, at any rate, has pandemic flu plus ordinary, seasonal flu, not bird flu.

This may not be so bad. Research out just last week (on a welcome pre-publication site for flu research, created last June) found that the pandemic virus doesn't seem to bother mixing genes with the relatively wimpish seasonal viruses, at least in ferrets.

But the possibility of hybrids emerging from doubly-infected people is still scary, especially as there have been plenty of human cases of bird flu as well as pandemic flu in Egypt lately.

And the authorities may not be hearing about all of them: Egyptian papers say many people coming back from pilgrimage in Saudi with flu symptoms are not telling the authorities for fear of an unpleasant detention in hospital.

But people aren't the only concern, since Chile reported in August that the pandemic virus can infect birds just fine. There is no H5N1 in Chile - but there's plenty of it in birds all over Eurasia, and as the human pandemic spreads there, birds may well catch both.

Scientists are doing the experiments to see if the two can then hybridise.



09-03-2009, 05:59 AM
Catchy Cartoon Raps to Swine Flu Beat (http://thefastertimes.com/china/2009/09/03/catchy-cartoon-raps-to-swine-flu-beat/)

September 3, 2009 Kellie Schmitt (http://thefastertimes.com/about/?u=kellieschmitt)
The Chinese may have gone crazy on the quarantining (http://thefastertimes.com/china/2009/06/19/what-its-like-inside-a-chinese-quarantine/) for H1N1, but they still have a good sense of humor about the swine flu. At least, the makers of this swine flu rap cartoon do. The video is currently being broadcast in Chinese airports and on some plane flights, and is perhaps the most captivating public health promotion I’ve ever seen.

The two-minute cartoon song features a high pitch, child-like rapping voice and a host of cartoon pigs trying to navigate the contagious flu. It’s useful and funny with images of a cute male pig trying to kiss a tall, blushing pig lady with a pink flower in her hair, who, sadly, comes down with the flu.

It goes over healthy habits, and what to avoid — all while rocking out to the catchy beat. The main star - a pig in a red and black cap - dodges the obstacles: sick patients near his house, sneezers on the streets. He jams to some good tunes on his headphones to keep his stress levels low. And, in the end, he isn’t “defeated by the virus.”
The cartoon is also very clear to point out the virus comes from America - showing in red arrows how it spreads around the world - though the word used in Chinese is for the continent, not the country.

Here’s a link to a video camera captured version in the Shanghai airport, though it’s much more mesmerizing when you’re bleary-eyed and bored awaiting a flight and it’s on its continuous cheery circuit. The Wall Street Journal also has a blog (http://blogs.wsj.com/chinajournal/2009/09/01/%E2%80%9Cwhat-a-shame%E2%80%9D-chinese-airline-video-pigs-remind-passengers-that-swine-flu-comes-from-%E2%80%9Camerica%E2%80%9D/)discussing the implications of the very clearly emphasized American origins of the virus with a good downloadable file.
Photos in Shanghai Airport by Kellie Schmitt



09-03-2009, 06:58 AM
I think the beginning post in this thread regarding recreational drug use and influenza has merit and deserves serious consideration.

Some time ago, Gs showed me a Racaniello immune system post that led me to a cocaine study on how it affects the immune system. From there, I found many studies on all types of drug use and how they impact our bodies.

I don't have stats for how many pregnant women use crack but just think of all the crack babies born each year in the US; so yes, pregnant women do use cocaine. I had also read there is a connection to spontaneous abortion.

Consider how many teens and young adults experiment with drugs and inhalants (in 2007, almost 1 million youth used inhalants in the previous year). Anabolic steriods may depress womens' immune systems.

I have a short list of studies here: http://www.setbb.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?p=1865&mforum=fluwiki2#1865

Drugs were very popular back in 1918 and many used just to avoid the service. From an article at the following link (many other articles on early drug usage are there): There are in New York City alone 8,000 men between 21 and 31 years old who are drug addicts, while elsewhere there were 80,000 in the first draft for the National Army, it was disclosed yesterday in a report made public by the New York City Parole commission.

09-03-2009, 08:05 AM
I think the beginning post in this thread regarding recreational drug use and influenza has merit and deserves serious consideration.

Some time ago, Gs showed me a Racaniello immune system post that led me to a cocaine study on how it affects the immune system. From there, I found many studies on all types of drug use and how they impact our bodies.

I don't have stats for how many pregnant women use crack but just think of all the crack babies born each year in the US; so yes, pregnant women do use cocaine. I had also read there is a connection to spontaneous abortion.

Consider how many teens and young adults experiment with drugs and inhalants (in 2007, almost 1 million youth used inhalants in the previous year). Anabolic steriods may depress womens' immune systems.

I have a short list of studies here: http://www.setbb.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?p=1865&mforum=fluwiki2#1865

Drugs were very popular back in 1918 and many used just to avoid the service. From an article at the following link (many other articles on early drug usage are there):
see post #1 . Cocaine does appear to be linked with cytokine storms. Also, drugs and supplements may have a more profound effect on the current pandemic.

Back in 1918, the widespread use of a mercury based purgative (Calomel), possibly help facilate the mutantion of a lethal strain. Who's to say we don't have a modern analog of that going on today.

Maybe all the erectile dysfunction drugs (which also contain a viral mutagen) will have people cuming down with lethal case of swine flu.

Viral mutation accelerated by nitric oxide production during infection in vivo....

.....The present study describes the potential role of NO and related reactive nitrogen species in acceleration of RNA viral mutation as a result of the host response against viral propagation in vivo. The infection-induced enhancement of the mutation frequency was verified by using GFP-indicated SeV mutation assay developed in the present experiment. Of particular importance is our finding that NO-dependent viral mutation was clearly demonstrated with use of GFP-SeV-induced pneumonia in the wild-type and iNOS-deficient mice. Although the mechanism of point mutations generated by NO-induced oxidative stress still remains unclear, the mutation frequency of GFP-SeV was remarkably elevated by peroxynitrite, which appears most likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of SeV infection in mice, similar to other models of viral infections such as the influenza virus pneumonia in mice and herpes simplex virus encephalitis in rats....

Amino Acid L-Arginine, Nitric Oxide, and Erectile Dysfunction

According to the National Health Institute (NIH) Consensus Development Panel on Impotence, erectile dysfunction (ED) is defined as the persistent inability to achieve and/or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance.

Causes of erectile dysfunction may be psychological and physiological factors (neurogenic, vascular, endocrine causes).It may also be a side effect of drugs and a symptom of health complications such as diabetes.

Penile erection occurs as a result of increased blood inflow to the penis, engorgement with blood, and decreased outflow of blood from the penis. Primarily, this process is mediated by nitric oxide, which is a neurotransmitter and vasodilator. Nitric oxide is synthesized from L-arginine.

Several researches on the efficacy of L-arginine and nitric oxide on penile erection, fixing erectile dysfunction, have reported positive effects of both chemicals in stimulating and maintaining erection. For example, a study reported that 80 % of men (out of 40, age group 25 – 45) with erectile dysfunction treated with L-arginine (dosage: 1.7 g/ day) and Pycnogenol, an extract from French maritime pine bark (Pinus pinaster), (dosage: 80 mg/day) recovered from their erectile dysfunction after one month of treatment. Pycnogenol, also an antioxidant, stimulates synthesis of nitric oxide from L-arginine. The researchers reported that there was no side effect associated with the supplements.

In another double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical research on the effect and safety of the combination of 6 g of L-arginine glutamate and 6 mg of yohimbine hydrochloride with that of 6 mg of yohimbine hydrochloride alone and that of placebo alone, for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED), it was reported that combined oral administration of the L-arginine glutamate ( 6 g) and yohimbine (6 mg) was effective in improving erectile function in patients with mild to moderate erectile dysfunction (ED).


http://static.stuff.co.nz/1245442192/077/2520077.jpg (http://static.stuff.co.nz/1245442192/077/2520077.jpg)

09-04-2009, 02:28 PM
Pathogenesis of influenza virus-induced pneumonia: involvement of both nitric oxide and oxygen radicals.
T Akaike, Y Noguchi, S Ijiri, K Setoguchi, M Suga, Y M Zheng, B Dietzschold, and H Maeda
Department of Microbiology, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Japan.

The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the pathogenesis of influenza virus-induced pneumonia in mice was investigated. Experimental influenza virus pneumonia was produced with influenza virus A/Kumamoto/Y5/67(H2N2). Both the enzyme activity of NO synthase (NOS) and mRNA expression of the inducible NOS were greatly increased in the mouse lungs; increases were mediated by interferon gamma. Excessive production of NO in the virus-infected lung was studied further by using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. In vivo spin trapping with dithiocarbamate-iron complexes indicated that a significant amount of NO was generated in the virus-infected lung. Furthermore, an NO-hemoglobin ESR signal appeared in the virus-infected lung, and formation of NO-hemoglobin was significantly increased by treatment with superoxide dismutase and was inhibited by N(omega)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) administration.

Immunohistochemistry with a specific anti-nitrotyrosine antibody showed intense staining of alveolar phagocytic cells such as macrophages and neutrophils and of intraalveolar exudate in the virus-infected lung. These results strongly suggest formation of peroxynitrite in the lung through the reaction of NO with O2-, which is generated by alveolar phagocytic cells and xanthine oxidase. In addition, administration of L-NMMA resulted in significant improvement in the survival rate of virus-infected mice without appreciable suppression of their antiviral defenses. On the basis of these data, we conclude that NO together with O2- which forms more reactive peroxynitrite may be the most important pathogenic factors in influenza virus-induced pneumonia in mice.

Nitric oxide side effects!

When it comes to nitric oxide side effects..
There's good news, and there's bad news!
The bad news first....
Extremely high levels of NO in the blood stream can cause hypotension, or extremely low blood pressure, which can lead to death in just a matter of minutes.
NO can also cause damage to the brain.
Now, the good news....
Only under unusual circumstances would this occur.

For example,
•In septicaemia (blood poisoning), bacteria circulate in large numbers in the blood, and, in response, high levels of NO are produced. This leads to a severe fall in blood pressure and septic shock, and ultimately death unless treatment is sought immediately.
•After a stroke, the nerve cells that have been deprived of oxygen fail to control their intracellular calcium. This triggers the body to produce massive amounts of NO which destroys the surrounding neurons in the brain, which can lead to death.

On the other hand...:re:
The average guy just looking to boost nitric oxide levels in order to improve erection quality and strength, has very little to worry about.
Dangerously high levels of NO would never occur by simply using nitric oxide supplements.

But the benefits of optimal nitric oxide levels include,
•Stronger, firmer erections
•Lower blood pressure
•Reduced platelet aggregation (blood clotting)
•Reduced risk of heart attack and other cardiovascular problems.

09-04-2009, 02:29 PM
http://www.blogiversity.org/blogs/cartoons/cartoon-flu.jpg (http://www.blogiversity.org/blogs/cartoons/cartoon-flu.jpg)

09-04-2009, 03:21 PM
Ay curamba!! The one on the right is...titillating.

09-05-2009, 01:15 PM
Nitric Oxide/Oxidative Stress: Nitric Oxide Synthase (iNOS, bNOS, eNOS)
Nitric oxide (•NO), a highly reactive, diffusible, and unstable radical, plays an important role in the regulation of a wide range of physiological processes, including cellular immunity, angiogenesis, neurotransmission, and platelet aggregation. •NO is synthesized from L-arginine by the action of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in a two-step oxidation process. Free •NO is a transient species with a half-life of only about five seconds. Hence, most studies on •NO action are based on the activity of NOS. •NO can diffuse across the cell membrane and react with a variety of targets. Reaction of •NO with O2 in aqueous solutions produces the relatively unreactive nitrate and nitrite ions as products. However, •NO can rapidly react with superoxide to produce highly reactive peroxynitrite (ONOO-). Almost all biological effects of •NO are achieved either directly or through other reactive nitrogen intermediates.

NOS is known to exist in three isoforms: (a) a soluble constitutively expressed enzyme found in high concentrations in the brain (bNOS; nNOS; or NOS-1), (b) a constitutively expressed endothelial membrane bound enzyme (eNOS, NOS-3), and (c) an inducible enzyme (iNOS or NOS-2) that is associated with the cytotoxic function of macrophages. These three isoforms exhibit similarities in their structure and mechanism of action. Calmodulin is required for the activity of all three isoforms. The activation of the constitutively expressed isoforms requires Ca2+-dependent binding of calmodulin to the enzyme. However, http://www.emdbiosciences.com/sharedimages/calbiochem/IS_nitric_oxide_iNOS.jpg (http://www.emdbiosciences.com/popup/cbc/nitric_oxide_img.htm)

in the case of iNOS, calmodulin is irreversibly bound to the enzyme and its activity is regulated by its rate of synthesis rather than by Ca2+ concentration. In the absence of calmodulin iNOS is highly unstable. For their catalytic activities NOS isoforms require three distinct domains: (a) a reductase domain, (b) a calmodulin-binding domain, and (c) an oxygenase domain. The reductase domain contains the FAD and FMN moieties. The oxygenase domain, which contains the binding sites for heme, tetrahydrobiopterin, and arginine, catalyzes the conversion of L-arginine to citrulline and •NO. The maximal rate of •NO synthesis is established by the intrinsic maximum ability of the reductase domain to deliver electrons to the heme domain.

Because of the involvement of all the three NOS isozymes in various aspects of signal transduction, NOS inhibitors have gained prominence in the management of ischemic reperfusion injury, hypotensive effects of drugs, and inflammatory response to cytokines.


Effect of antioxidants on apoptosis induced by influenza virus infection: inhibition of viral gene replication and transcription with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate.
Uchide N, Ohyama K, Bessho T, Yuan B, Yamakawa T.

Influenza virus (IV) infection induced apoptotic DNA fragmentation and the moderate overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in primary cultured chorion cells prepared from human fetal membranes, and IV particles were released from the infected cells. The antioxidant pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) inhibited the induced DNA fragmentation, ROS overproduction and IV particle release. Although Trolox inhibited ROS overproduction, it did not inhibit DNA fragmentation or IV production. The inhibitory effect of PDTC on DNA fragmentation was manifested when added up to 3 h after infection or by exposing the infected cells to it for only 1 h after infection. PDTC inhibited IV hemagglutinin (HA) viral (vRNA) and complementary (cRNA and mRNA) RNAs synthesis until 6 h after infection and delayed and decreased HA protein synthesis. However, HA RNA synthesis resumed after 12 h even in the presence of PDTC. These results suggested that PDTC inhibited apoptosis by inhibiting viral macromolecule synthesis rather than through its antioxidant effect, because Trolox did not inhibit apoptosis or IV production, although ROS overproduction was inhibited. The synthesis of specific viral macromolecules at the early stage of infection may play a critical role in the mechanism of apoptosis induction and moderate ROS overproduction may not be involved in the mechanism.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12406505 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12406505)

Effect of long-term dietary antioxidant supplementation on influenza virus infection.
Author: Han, S N : Meydani, M : Wu, D : Bender, B S : Smith, D E : Vina, J : Cao, G : Prior, R L : Meydani, S N

Abstract: This study compared the effect of vitamin E on the course of influenza infection with that of other antioxidants. (In a previous study we showed that short-term vitamin E supplementation significantly decreased pulmonary viral titer in influenza-infected old mice). Eighteen-month-old C57BL/6NCrlBR mice were fed one of the following semisynthetic diets for 6 months: control, vitamin E supplemented, glutathione supplemented, vitamin E and glutathione supplemented, melatonin supplemented, or strawberry extract supplemented. After influenza virus challenge, mice fed vitamin E-supplemented diet had significantly lower pulmonary viral titers compared to those fed the control diet (10(2.6) vs 10(4.0), p less than .05) and were able to maintain their body weight after infection (1.8+/-0.9 g weight loss/5 days postinfection in vitamin E group vs 6.8+/-1.4 g weight loss/5 days postinfection in control group, p less than .05). Other antioxidants did not have a significant effect on viral titer or weight loss. There was a significant inverse correlation of weight loss with food intake (r = -.96, p less than .01), indicating that the observed weight changes were mainly due to decreased food intake. Pulmonary interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha levels increased significantly postinfection. The vitamin E group had lower lung IL-6 and TNF-alpha levels following infection compared to the control group. In addition, there was a significant positive correlation between weight loss and lung IL-6 (r = .77, p less than .01) and TNF-alpha (r = .68, p less than .01) levels. Because IL-6 and TNF-alpha have been shown to contribute to the anorexic effect of infectious agents, the prevention of weight loss by vitamin E might be due to its reduced production of IL-6 and TNF-alpha following infection. Thus, among the antioxidants tested, only vitamin E was effective in reducing pulmonary viral titers and preventing an influenza-mediated decrease in food intake and weight loss. Other dietary antioxidant supplementations that reduced one or more measures of oxidative stress (4-hydroxynonenal, malondialdehyde, and hydrogen peroxide) did not have an effect on viral titer, which suggests that, in addition to its antioxidant activity, other mechanisms might be involved in vitamin E's beneficial effect on lowering viral titer and preventing weight loss.
http://grande.nal.usda.gov/ibids/index.php?mode2=detail&origin=ibids_references&therow=581600 (http://grande.nal.usda.gov/ibids/index.php?mode2=detail&origin=ibids_references&therow=581600)

09-06-2009, 12:08 AM

09-06-2009, 12:29 AM
maybe it's a secondary swine flu infection

New deadly infection spreading in Medellin: Caracol Radio (http://thisbluemarble.com/colombia-news/news/5752-new-deadly-flu-spreading-in-medellin-caracol-radio.html)

Friday, 04 September 2009 10:36 Katharina Wecker

Medellin pediatricians discovered an outbreak of the Mycoplasma pneumoniae bacteria that can be as lethal as the AH1N1 influenza, Caracol Radio reported Friday. (http://www.caracol.com.co/nota.aspx?id=873286)

The infection is a respiratory disease that turned into an epidemic in the last two months mainly affecting babies and children.

According to the pediatrician Sergio Andres Laasch Arbelaez, teenagers and adults are not immune to the infections and warned the community about the serious effects the bacteria infection can have on health.

The symptoms are coughing more than four days without any improvement accompanied by fever. The infection can easily be mistaken as an asthmatic or a normal flu.

The pediatrician recommended to isolate small children who show the symptoms and to bring them to hospital for blood tests.
The bacterium is spread by respiratory secretions. Therefore hygienic measurements should be intensified, Laasch Arbelaez said.


09-06-2009, 04:22 PM
Boneset Herb for Muscle Pain of Influenza

Herbal Tea once Listed in US as Official Medicine
http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:bdP4WvHanPP5oM:http://plantwalking.com/plants/plants/boneset2007_0802.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://plantwalking.com/plants/plants/boneset2007_0802.jpg&imgrefurl=http://hypography.com/forums/medical-science/8124-anti-viral-plants-6.html&usg=__6YWe15V6xM2TE-tDY2_5iAoRz9o=&h=450&w=600&sz=175&hl=en&start=12&tbnid=bdP4WvHanPP5oM:&tbnh=101&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dboneset%2Bherb%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den)

The vile tasting boneset herb plant was one of the most hated yet most widely used medicinal plants of early America and well into the 20th century.

Called “ague weed” by Native Americans, the settlers called it Indian Sage. It has also been referred to as thoroughwort, sweating plant, feverwort, crosswort, and wild sage. The Chippewa Indians charmed deer by rubbing the root fibers of boneset on the whistles they made to call deer.

A summer perennial, boneset flowers in July and August. It grows wild in wet, sunny meadows, often growing near milkweed. Boneset flowers have a fuzzy appearance. White blossoms with long projecting threads are clustered in rounded heads. The leathery veined leaves appear to have been pierced by the stem as they surround it.

Medicinal Uses of Boneset

Boneset was at one time listed as an official medicine in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia. In the mid 19th century, many drugstores carried the leaves, and during the Civil War, boneset tea substituted for quinine in the Confederate Army. Boneset tea has been used to treat fever and colds, dengue, constipation, pneumonia, influenza, rheumatism and ringworm. It has also been used as a pain reliever for broken bones.A boneset tea was given for snakebite, and the leaves of the medicinal plant used as a poultice on the wound.

Herbalists now use boneset, or Eupatorium perfoliatum, for rheumatic problems and muscle pain of influenza.In Chinese medicine, boneset treats tightness of the chest, summer colds, bad breath and heat stroke. Flu and malaria are treated with boneset in homeopathy.

Active ingredients of this medicinal plant are flavonoids that include rutin, kaempferol and quercitin. The volatile oil contains sesquiterpene lactones. Other active ingredients are glycoside, polysaccharides and eupatorin.The whole plant is harvested for medicine, and used as a tea, tincture, or homeopathic preparation.



09-06-2009, 09:12 PM

09-07-2009, 12:32 AM
Canada finally fesses up

Hunting the 1918 Flu

http://images.theglobeandmail.com/archives/RTGAM/images/20030526/wchp0526/duncan1_done2.jpg Dr. Kirsty Duncan, a 34-year old, Adjunct Professor at the University of Toronto, and formerly Associate Professor at the University of Windsor, completed a degree specializing in geography and anthropology with a minor in psychology, in 1989. She graduated with distinction and went on to complete her doctoral degree in geography at he University of Edinburgh in 1992. She has taught meterorology, climatology, and climate change, and teaches medical geography at the University of Toronto. Kirsty Duncan lives in Toronto, where she trains for marathons in her spare time.

The Spanish Influenza of 1918

The guns fell silent at the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918. One in ten of those soldiers who had fought in Europe died in the service of his country; an even greater number were wounded in deadly trench warfare. The final cost of the war will never be known.

However, estimates of 12 million people dead, 7 million of them soldiers, are almost certainly too low. A total of 3 million people may have died in Russia alone, rather than the usual estimates of 1.7 million there. 1-6The war to end all wars was over.

'In one wonderful and joyous explosion, the world went mad.' In most countries, shops closed; throngs of boisterous, jubilant people celebrated in streets; whistles blew, and bands played hit songs such as 'World Peace' — 'From now on, there'll be peace, / They'll wage no war again.' And exhilarated and intoxicated crowds set off fireworks, ignited bonfires, and revelled late into the night. In London, King George V and Queen Mary greeted the crowds from the balcony at Buckingham Palace. The King spoke gratefully, 'With you, I rejoice. Thank God for the victories the Allied armies have won, which have brought hostilities to an end. Peace is in sight.'

Three Waves of Influenza
As the world's peoples were celebrating the end of war, the end of dying, and a fresh beginning, the second and most virulent of three waves of a new killer, 'Spanish influenza,' raged with a ferocity greater than all the killing power of the previous four years of war, killing tens of millions.

The Spanish Influenza of 1918
Although Spanish flu was new, influenza as such was not. The name 'influenza,' derived from the Italian word for 'influence,' had been used to describe disease beginning in the Middle Ages, when it was believed that illness came from the influence of the stars. The highly contagious, acute respiratory illness known as influenza, however, appears to have afflicted humans since ancient times; Hippocrates recorded one such epidemic in 462 BC. Pandemics of influenza were not new either. They raged in 1732—3, 1775, 1782, 1833, 1836—7, 1847—8, and 1889—90.

The pandemic in 1889—90 infected 40 per cent of the world's population, and thousands died. 9 Yet the first wave of Spanish influenza had largely gone unnoticed in the spring and summer of 1918. In fact, the spring wave of the disease did not even receive mention in the index of the 1918 volume of the Journal of the American Medical Association.10 The disease had been mild, the mortality was not unusually high, and the world had been preoccupied with a fifth year of war.8,10 However, influenza was brewing quietly, with localized outbreaks in U.S. military camps in early 1918.

On 11 March, 107 American servicemen became ill at Camp Funston, Fort Riley, Kansas. By the end of the five-week training camp, 1,127 had been stricken, and 46 had died of pneumonia following the flu. Camps Doniphan, Fremont, Gordon, Grant, Hancock, Lewis, Logan, Kearney, McClellan, Oglethorpe, and others also reported epidemics in March and April.10
By April the disease had spread to France — perhaps carried there by American troops.8 And by the end of April, influenza had reached Spain, where the disease was widely publicized. Neutral Spain had no censorship of its press, unlike countries at war.

Spain made the first public announcement of the disease. Madrid cabled London: 'A strange form of disease of epidemic character has appeared in Madrid.' 7,8

By May it had reached Greece, Macedonia, Egypt, and Britain. In England, 10,313 sailors of the Royal Navy developed flu and were unable to leave port. And the Royal College of Physicians labelled the disease 'Spanish influenza,'7,8 and the inaccurate name stuck in history.

In Britain the disease had been called 'Flanders Grippe'; in Spain, 'Naples soldier'; in Germany, 'Blitz Katarrh,' or lightning cold; and in Switzerland, 'La Coquette,' because it 'passed its favours around so freely.' In Poland it was the 'Bolshevik Disease,' and in Ceylon it was 'Bombay Fever.' In Hong Kong, it was termed 'too much inside sickness.' Perhaps the name 'Spanish flu' persisted because neutral Spain was unpopular with both warring sides, which were hit equally by 'a foe that cut down troops and sent them behind the lines to first aid stations and hospitals.' 8

Throughout the spring, there had also been outbreaks on the other side of the world. Influenza had been reported in China and in March in the Japanese Navy. By May it was widespread in Asia.7 Most of the deaths there were among the elderly, but there were an appreciable number of deaths among those 20—40 years old. 9

Second Wave
In the autumn the virus probably mutated, and a worldwide epidemic, or pandemic, of unprecedented virulence exploded in the same week in three port cities, thousands of miles apart — Freetown, Sierra Leone; Brest, France; and Boston, United States. Were they manifestations of a single mutation of the virus? Did the disease originate in one of three ports and travel almost instantaneously to the other two? Or were there different, simultaneous mutations?10 To date, we have no answers to these important questions.

The three epidemics launched the autumn wave of Spanish flu and the most devastating disease outbreak in recorded history in terms of total mortality. In September, the disease swept Europe. Returning troops carried flu home. In North America, servicemen disembarked from crowded ships at Atlantic ports only to board trains that would take them, along with flu, inland to cities, villages, and farms from Newfoundland to California.8

The second, deadly autumn wave of Spanish flu lasted about six weeks in each city and then died down. In November, nine days after the war ended, Cockermouth, England, reported that almost every family in town was infected following a service of thanksgiving to peace in the church. A week after the war's end, the number of deaths in Britain soared to more than 19,000, and the U.S. state of Louisiana reported 350,000 new cases.
By December, a million were sick in Java, Dutch East Indies, 1,200 were dying daily in Barcelona, Spain, and 250,000 had died in India's Punjab.7 Finally, the world took notice. Major nations reported flu in newspapers. One Canadian woman reported that the 'fear was so thick that even a child could feel it.'8 Despite the world-wide alarm, most people developed only a mild flu.

Even in the severe autumn wave, 80 per cent of patients suffered only the usual three-to-five-day illness — initially a cough and stuffy nose, but later a dreadful ache in every joint The Spanish Influenza of 1918 9 and muscle — leaving them feeling as if they 'had been beaten all over with a club,' with a temperature as high as 40°C.

If the illness progressed no further, the victim was usually 'back to normal' within a week.7—11 But pregnant women recovered more poorly. The prognosis was said to be 'severe' for women who aborted or went into premature labour. One study showed that a total of 26 per cent of 1,350 female victims suffered miscarriage, stillbirth, or premature labour.9

Approximately 20 per cent of all influenza patients developed pneumonia. Half of those died. The pneumonia often developed rapidly, with some patients experiencing a 'heliotrope colouration of the lips and face.' 'Men literally choked to death with pulmonary oedema (swelling), the lungs so swamped with blood, foam and mucous that the faces were grey and the lips purple.'

A grey victim might cough up as much as two pints of yellow—green pus per day trying to clear his or her lungs; in so doing, one patient was reported to have ruptured the muscles in his rectum. The purple-black skin was terrifying to doctors, nurses, and family alike. Dr Albert Lamb of New York's Columbia Presbyterian Hospital described the new arrivals as 'blue as huckleberries and spitting blood.'7 Cyanosis (a bluish discolouration of the skin caused by oxygen deficiency) nearly always meant death within 24—48 hours.8

Doctors and scientists from around the world reported a wide range of symptoms. French flu victim Gilberte Boulanger experienced severe nasal haemorrhage — for more than a week, and up to thirty times per day, blood spurted, as if under high pressure, from her nostrils. Other victims, however, complained of a 'burning pain in the diaphragm,' a frontal headache (reminiscent of typhoid fever), and congested and inflamed conjunctivae (the mucous membranes that cover the front of the eyes and line the inside of the eyelids).7

The sickness seemed to affect so many organs of the body usually untouched by influenza that Dr Charles Sundell of Britain's Medical Research Council recorded: 'No part of the body is exempt.' Sometimes, for example, the disease was thought to resemble encephalitis, as patients lapsed into coma for three weeks at a time. And sometimes it appeared to mimic nephrosis, as patients, with puffy faces and swollen ankles, passed only ten ounces of blood-streaked urine each day.
But the chief of laboratory services at Camp Sherman, Ohio, thought of an attack by chlorine gas — each time a man moved on his pillow, serous fluid poured from his mouth and nose. Still other doctors reported 'silent lungs' — an absence of breath so complete that it was thought that the stethoscope had failed to function.7 Perhaps it was 'silent lungs' that sometimes caused a state of 'apparent death.'

In Cape Town, South Africa, Kate Le Roux witnessed a wagon loaded with coffins pull away from her friend's house. As she watched, the truck bumped over a pot-hole, and the top-most coffin smashed to the ground, violently releasing its contents. To Kate's horror, the 'corpse' screamed and then scrambled shakily to his hands and knees. In New Mexico, Frank Garundo begged an undertaker to keep his wife Clara's grave open in order that two of his three children, expected to die before the day was over, might be buried with their mother. When baby Helen died, Frank shakily rose from his own sick bed and made the journey to the cemetery. Once there, the griefstricken man asked that his wife's coffin be opened so that he might take one last look. To his horror, his wife was lying face downwards, with her long black braids twisted in her fingers — testimony to her agony as she tried to escape burial alive.7

Just as rumours, stories, and legends abounded of live burials, so, too, did stories of lightning-speed deaths. Charles Lewis of Cape Town boarded a train for his parents' home in Sea Point, only three miles away. The conductor signalled the train's start and immediately died on the platform. Within minutes, a passenger had fallen dead, and the train stopped to unload the body. And then another traveller collapsed. In total, five people were struck down, and five times the train stopped to unload the dead on the pavement for collection by the municipality. And then, with only a quarter of the distance left to travel to Sea Point, the engineer slumped forward and died. Lewis, thrilled to be alive, gladly walked the rest of the way to his destination. 7 In the United States, a healthy New York woman boarded a subway train for home. When the train pulled into her station forty-five minutes later, she was dead.10

In Quebec, Canada, a hearse driver infected with Spanish flu toppled from the horse-driven carriage, as if 'struck by lightning.' The man was dead even before he touched the ground. A lone policeman tied a rope to the horse's neck and led the hearse to the cemetery.7

In Ontario, Canada, two girls sharing a room attended a lecture together one evening when the epidemic was at its height. In the morning, Claire Hunter called to her friend in the same room, 'Vera, I'm going downstairs for breakfast.' There was no response. After breakfast, Claire returned to her room to get her purse and again called The Spanish Influenza of 1918 11 to her roommate. No answer. This time, Claire pulled back Vera's sheets. Vera was dead. The doctor said that she had died at about two in the morning.8 '

In many cases, there was no chance for doctors or nurses to intervene. Practitioners were in short supply and overworked, as the war had already siphoned off thousands — 40,000 of 140,000 American doctors had enlisted.7 When there was a possibility of helping, doctors without therapeutic drugs could turn only to their 'time-honoured cures of rest, liquids and a great deal of hope' to cure very ill patients.8

Dr Robert Parry of the Middlesex Hospital in London complained that doctors did little more than direct traffic; physicians simply 'guided people to the emergency wards or to the mortuary.'7 As thousands of people died, more and more buildings were pressed into use as hospitals. Gymnasiums, chapels, and canteens were all commandeered as temporary hotels for the sick and dying.

In Queensland, Australia, the church hall served as the hospital. In Montego Bay, Jamaica, the hospital was the 'Northern News,' and in Enderline, Nebraska, a run-down railway hotel served as the hospital. In St John's, Arizona, the hotel for the sick was the abandoned county jail. Nor was it the only jail to serve; world-famous Sing Sing Prison, 25 miles up the Hudson River from New York City, also did time as a hospital.7
In 1918, the medical profession did not know what caused Spanish flu. And because it did not know the cause, it did not know how to prevent the disease. Practitioners rightly assumed that the disease could be spread through the air by coughing or sneezing. Therefore many governments at all levels and on all continents enforced the closure of public areas where people might come into close contact with one another. They closed dance halls, schools, and libraries. Some North American cities shut YMCAs, ice-cream parlours, shoeshine parlours, candy stores, furniture stores, and churches. Some churches did remain open, but their ministers were cautioned to refrain from spitting from the pulpit.7,8 Some governments practised quarantine and placarded infected households.7

In Canada, the Department of Agriculture had administered Quarantine Service from 1867 to 1918, and subsequently the Department of Immigration and Colonization ran it. Unfortunately, Parliament had prorogued on 24 May 1918, and did not resume until 20 February 1919; as a result, there was no central source of advice or 12 Hunting the 1918 Flu control measures.8

Other governments regulated the wearing of gauze masks. Many masks were decorated: in Rockford, Illinois, they sported a skull and cross-bones.7 Police in many cities had orders to enforce the wearing of masks and to charge offenders, who were fined.8 In New York City, huge signs bore the words 'It is Unlawful to Cough and Sneeze' and warned of a $500 fine or a year in jail. Within days, more than 500 New Yorkers had been caught and hauled in front of the courts.7 Futile emergency precautions abounded across the continents.

In New Zealand, sanitary inspectors, evoking memories of the Black Death, launched a city-wide rat hunt. In Dublin, and in Nottingham, England, mobile water carts poured hundreds of gallons of disinfectant down street gutters. In San Francisco, the law courts were transferred to the open air. In Venice, California, health officers fumigated both animals and performers of the Al. G. Barnes Circus with coal, tar, and formaldehyde. And some townships enforced fumigation of everything from newspapers to tram tickets. Newspapers printed tips on how to keep well: avoid getting chilled; keep hands clean; sleep and work in clean, fresh air; avoid alcoholic stimulants; do not worry; and do not kiss anyone.

The U.S. surgeon general recommended avoiding tight clothes, tight shoes, or tight gloves.7,8,10 Large numbers of ordinary citizens became afraid to venture outside. Many closed their doors to the outside world in order to stay alive. Instead of visiting friends and family, they communicated via letter. But prior to opening their mail, careful recipients often baked the envelopes to kill any incoming germs.7,8 Telephones, still relatively new in 1918, also maintained family ties and friendships. Requests for connecting new lines increased rapidly in Canada. Installers were clearly at risk of exposure to sick families and therefore wore cheesecloth masks soaked in formaldehyde. If the danger seemed especially great, the workmen fastened the phone to a board and pushed it through the house window of a flu-stricken family. 7, 8 If people did venture outdoors to help friends and relatives, they often risked their own safety and that of their families.

Therefore some physicians in Canada and elsewhere recommended one of the many 'vaccinations' against Spanish flu available on the market. All such preventives had their advocates, all had their detractors.8 Some households, however, had their own methods. Some families wore cotton bags holding camphor or moth balls around their necks to ward off the threat.13

Others drank violet-leaf tea, inhaled salt water up the nose, or carried hot coals sprinkled with sulphur or brown sugar through the house to avert the danger.8 Doctors, in addition to recommending vaccines, made home visits to the sick and dying. They travelled by car, sleigh, horseback, bicycle, and even snowshoe — by whatever means they had available.

One medical team left Vancouver Island, British Columbia, in a 12.2-m boat with a large, one-cylinder engine and fought 6.1-m tides on their 136.8- km journey to tend a lumberjack camp.8

Poultices of goose-grease, bran, and lard and turpentine and compresses of fir-tree spills, mutton tallow, and mustard were among the concoctions applied to the chests of the sick. Drinks of warm milk, ginger, sugar, pepper, and soda soothed the ill.7,8 And cough elixirs were administered to strengthen, heal, and make the flu-stricken well. One wholesale drug company that normally sold 6,000 bottles of cough medicine per week now faced a demand of 3,000 per day.8

Spanish flu killed an estimated 5 million people in India; in Punjab, the streets were littered with the dead, and trains had to be cleared of dead and dying passengers. In England and Wales, the disease killed an estimated 200,000. Spanish flu wiped out some 550,000 Americans.7 It killed 19,000 in New York City alone. In Philadelphia, 521 people died in one day, and, at the height of the crisis, 4,500 died in just one week.
The local morgue was built for only thirty-six corpses; as a result, several hundred bodies were piled three and four deep. Every room and corridor was packed with the dead — covered with dirty, blood-stained sheets. Before flu disappeared, Philadelphia was forced to open five supplementary morgues to hold the victims.10

Canada lost between 30,000 and 50,000. Fourteen thousand perished in Quebec. In Montreal, the demand for transporting coffins was so great that trolley cars had to be converted to hearses which could carry ten coffins at a time. Eight cabinet-makers worked around the clock in Hamilton, Ontario, to keep up with the demand for coffins. Undertakers would take one casket to the cemetery and would hurry back to the church to pick up the next. In Toronto, funerals were allowed on Sunday; white hearses for children became a common sight. So too were sashes on doorways: a white sash for a child; grey for a middle-aged person; and purple for a senior citizen.8

Elsewhere in the world, coffins and undertakers were in equally short supply. Many families buried their dead in plain, unvarnished boxes, often fashioned from doors and floorboards. In many countries, however, the dead were interred in cardboard boxes, blankets, or paper shrouds, and piled in mass graves. In Rio de Janeiro, one householder pleaded with the fire brigade, conscripted as undertakers, to remove his dead brother. They refused, adamant that there was no room on the death cart. However, the desperate brother continued to plead, as the corpse was five days old. The firemen relented; they would take the brother, but in return they would leave a stranger who had died more recently.7

In some places, the mortality was much higher than for the world as a whole. For example, in Samoa, 25 per cent of the population died.7 In Alaska, some villages were wiped out completely, while others lost only their adults; in Nome, 176 of 300 Inuit died of the disease.10 The Native population of Okak, Labrador, was equally hard hit: only 59 of 266 people survived. In one home, a man, his wife, and two of their children had died, leaving behind an eight-year-old girl, who survived on her own for five weeks.

The Moravian Mission described her ordeal: 'The huskies now began to eat the dead bodies, and the child was a spectator to this horrible incident. So mad the beasts became, upon tasting human flesh, that they attacked the child herself, biting her arm.'7—8, 12 The surviving men at Okak dug a pit in the permafrost to bury their dead. It took about two weeks to produce a pit 9.8 m long, 3.1 m wide, and 2.4 m deep. The men dragged the corpses to the excavation. They laid 114 bodies to rest and sprinkled disinfectant over them. Finally the survivors piled rocks on top of the dead to prevent the dogs from tearing at the bodies.7—8, 12 At Hebron, Labrador, only 70 people remained of a community of 220. This time there was no pit, and the bodies were simply consigned to the sea. The men quickly cut holes in the ice, weighted the bodies with rocks, and then dropped the corpses through the frozen surface.7

During the 1918 pandemic, numerous questions were raised. What caused the 1918 pandemic? Was Spanish flu the same as previous pandemics of influenza? What was the difference between it and the common cold? And what made it so deadly? Medical practitioners talked of airborne Pfeiffer's bacillus, Pneumococcus, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, malnourishment, and the crowding together of the world's peoples under conditions of great misery — conditions ideal for an outbreak of infection.10 Some members of the public, however, explained the pandemic in terms of the weather, cosmic influences, electricity, open windows, closed windows, unclean pyjamas, even sabotage — fish contaminated by the Germans and 'flu germs' released by German U-boats.13

Numerous autopsies were performed on the dead, all in the vain hope of locating some identifiable organism — perhaps Pfeiffer's bacillus or Streptococcus. Autopsies themselves could be a 'pathological nightmare.' Lungs, saturated with fluid and resembling 'melted red currant jelly,' might be up to six times their normal weight.7 Sometimes 'bloody fluid oozed out of the lungs sectioned for examination,' and as rigor mortis set in, fluid often poured from a corpse's nose and stained the body wrappings.9

Other organs, such as the liver, spleen, and kidney, often showed abnormalities, and a few cases even showed swelling of the brain. If a patient did survive, recovery was often long, slow and painful. One Norwegian nurse, Margit Moller, recalled treating a patient who had lain so long on a pile of newspaper — his only bedding — that flu obituaries for weeks past were imprinted on his buttocks.7

In Alberta, Canada, Benjamin McKilvington required twenty-one days of recuperation before he could sit up on the edge of his bed. He needed another three weeks to gain enough strength to go outdoors. Still later, he visited the doctor's office, where he was promptly weighed. He weighed only 84 pounds — though wearing two pairs of underwear, two top shirts, a sweater, pants, a heavy overcoat, huge mittens, two pairs of woollen socks, moccasins, and a fur cap — a 'far cry' from his normal 137 pounds.18

Throughout the world, those who survived Spanish flu were often left with respiratory weakness. Robert Gain of Quebec City, was hospitalized with flu in December 1918. His wife contracted the disease on New Year's Day, while visiting him at the hospital, and died two weeks later. She left behind five children, aged 18 months to 9 years. Gain's recovery was very slow, and when he returned home in March he lacked the strength to feed himself. He was unable to walk until June.8 Whole families disintegrated.

Young adults perished and left behind small helpless children, who were often forced into orphanages — 2,000 children in Cape Town and 500 in Stockholm. If young girls were deemed old enough to take over from their dead mothers, they assumed the care of their younger siblings and bore the burdens of adulthood.7,8 Throughout the world, losses to businesses were staggering.

Flu chants suffered because customers were too ill to shop and staff were absent with flu. Theatres, pool halls, and restaurants all lost heavily.7,8 But it was the insurance companies that were perhaps the hardest hit. In London, England, the Prudential Assurance Company paid out twice as much in flu claims as it had in war claims. One agent complained: 'It was just as though another large battle was going on in addition to the fighting on all fronts.'8

Third Wave
On the tail of this mass destruction came the third and final, less severe wave of Spanish flu. All three waves were over within a period of twelve months in any one country. In some communities, people affected by the first or second wave turned out to be immune to attack in subsequent waves.10 In summary, Spanish flu raged in every continent but Antarctica. It infected over half the world's population. Spanish flu killed Prince Erik of Sweden and the dowager queen of the Tongan Islands. Flu also killed General Louis Botha, first premier of the Union of South Africa; Sir Charles Hubert Parry, composer of 'Jerusalem'; and Edmond Rostand, author of Cyrano de Bergerac.7 Survivors included King George V, Crown Prince Max of Baden, the imperial chancellor of Germany, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (U.S. assistant secretary of the navy), and 'Canada's own sweetheart,' actress Mary Pickford.7

Deadliest Plague in History
The 1918 influenza is estimated to have killed between 20 million and 40 million people,14 but not all deaths would have been reported. Many countries had no medical statistics; even in countries that did have figures, physicians were not required to report influenza cases to their boards of health. Not until 1918 was influenza considered sufficiently serious to require recording of cases and deaths. Furthermore, many overworked doctors and nurses may have been too busy and exhausted to keep full reports.7—10 New estimates suggest that the pandemic may have killed 100 million people.15

Almost half the deaths occurred among those aged 20—40 years — an age group already devastated by war. 'Spanish influenza killed the prime specimens of those in the prime of life'; 10 Spanish flu killed Harry Elionsky, America's strongest swimmer, who had once swum 90 miles non-stop.7 An acting surgeon general of the U.S. army reported that the infection, like the war, 'kills the young, vigorous, robust adults.'10
Yet despite its predilection for healthy young people, Spanish flu showed virtually no preference regarding social class or profession. Has any other plague ever wrought such havoc as Spanish flu?

The Black Death, or bubonic plague, which is caused by Yersinia pestis, a bacterium carried by fleas that reside on rodents, broke out in 1345, on the steppes of Mongolia. It decimated China's population and rapidly made its way across Asia. From Asia, it marched across Africa and Europe. Daily death rates were staggering: 400 in Avignon, France; 1,500 in Givry, France; 800 in Paris, France; and 500 in Pisa, Italy. In Vienna, the city buried or burned 600 bodies per day.13 The disease reached Britain in 1348.

Bubonic plague swept from east to west across Europe and then returned from west to east through a new generation of susceptible children. Some people developed pneumonia, which enabled the bacteria to spread by respiratory contagion, killing more than half the population in some cities. London, England, with a pre-plague population of 60,000, was reduced to 35,000; half of Hamburg's population perished, and two-thirds of Bremen's.13

In total, the 'Destroying Angel' killed an estimated one-quarter to one-third of the population of Europe (20 million to 30 million people) over more than five years.

In the late twentieth century, a new plague — acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) — began spreading rapidly around the planet. The virus spreads through sexual contact with an infected person; through exposure to blood, blood products (for example, through blood transfusion or needle sharing), or tissues of an infected person (for example, through organ transplantation); or by transmission from mother to fetus.

As of December 1999, AIDS is thought to have killed 16 million people. In summary, Spanish flu remains the deadliest disease in recorded history. It killed more people than the bubonic plague of the Middle Ages and more people than AIDS has to date, and, unlike the latter, the 1918 influenza did its killing in only one year. Possible Connections? Encephalitis Lethargica

In addition to Spanish flu, another worldwide, devastating scourge was raging unabated — encephalitis lethargica — and after a decade of Hunting the 1918 Flu research I still wonder if there are connections between the two.

The disease was depicted in the U.S. movie Awakenings (1990) based on the pioneering work of Dr Oliver Sacks, as recorded in his book of the same name.16 Encephalitis lethargica, known also as von Economo's disease, epidemic encephalitis, and sleeping sickness,16 appeared suddenly in Austria and France, perhaps as early as 1915, and rapidly picked up momentum.

By 1918, it had spread throughout Austria, France, England, Germany, and the United States. By 1919, it had spread over Europe, Canada, Central America, and India. And by 1920, it had diffused throughout the world.17 The pandemic reached a climax in 192518 and rapidly disappeared, as mysteriously as it had appeared, sometime between 1927 and 1930.19
Its reign of terror had claimed or ravaged the lives of an estimated 5 million people.16 The disease began like other types of encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), with fever, headache, stiff neck, and drowsiness.20 Its symptoms were so varied that few patients ever presented the same picture: 'it was a hydra with a thousand heads.'16 Some people experienced a dramatic onset, while others were unaware even that they were ill.19 One child walking home from a concert suddenly developed a headache and then fell into a deep sleep; she died 12 days later without ever waking. 'Roland P.' (not the patient's real name) in Awakenings was stricken suddenly at age two-and-a-half by a virulent attack. Overnight, he became intensely drowsy, and he remained so for eighteen weeks.

And one 35-year-old woman developed all the signs of post-encephalitic Parkinsonism but could not recall any preceding illness at all.16 Some victims experienced narcolepsy, stupor, coma, extreme wakefulness, or sleep reversal (they slept through the day and remained awake through the night).17 Sacks's 'Frances D.' suffered intense insomnia, often resting only two or three hours a night, during her six-month illness. A third of those affected died in the acute stages of sleeping sickness, 'in states of coma so deep as to preclude arousal, or in states of sleeplessness so intense as to preclude sedation.'16

Patients who survived an extremely acute attack of somnolence or insomniac illness often 'failed to recover their original aliveness.' If left to themselves, they fell asleep while sitting, standing, walking, or eating. If roused, they woke up quickly and could answer questions or respond to requests. Such patients were like 'extinct volcanoes.' 'They would be conscious and aware — yet not fully awake; they would sit motionless and speechless all day in their chairs, totally lacking energy, impetus, initiative.'16

Survivors also suffered from a wide variety of complaints. Parkinsonism (a progressive disease of the nervous system that produces tremor, muscular rigidity, and slowness and imprecision of movements) was perhaps the most common disorder. Many patients became 'living statues — totally motionless for hours, days, weeks, or years.' Other encephalitis disorders included involuntary jerks, spasms, and tics; catatonia; and compulsive actions, such as yawning, coughing, sniffing, gasping, panting, staring, and yelling.

Encephalitis lethargica usually spared the higher faculties of 'intelligence, imagination, judgment, and humour.'16 Patients were then unwilling witnesses to their own horrifying demise. Child victims suffered less from Parkinsonism than did adults, but they frequently experienced abrupt changes of character. Their sudden disobedient, quarrelsome, and destructive behaviour often led to their expulsion from school. Temper tantrums, stealing, fire-setting, swearing, exhibitionism, and sexual aggression were common. Many children complained that they felt compelled to act badly and as a result were often labelled 'moral imbeciles.' 21

Some children threatened to kill their friends and families, and a few actually committed murder. One young boy stabbed his mother and threatened 'to cut up' his brother and take a hatchet to his sister. Another youngster, expelled from school for severe behavioural disorders, later broke into uncontrollable fits of rage, attacking and threatening to kill those around him. During his later military service he was frequently punished for his conduct and in fact was sentenced to death (but later reprieved). 22

Despite the severity of encephalitis lethargica, many patients seemed to make a complete recovery from sleeping sickness and were able to return to their former lives. Their symptom-free recovery period was often followed by post-encephalitic disturbances, with Parkinsonism the most common.16 Thirty per cent of victims developed Parkinsonian features after three years of recovery, and 50 per cent of victims after five years. 23

In 1969 Dr Oliver Sacks administered the miracle awakening drug, laevo-dihydroxyphenylalanine, or L-DOPA, to his post-encephalitic patients. In his 1973 book, Awakenings, he described his patients' response to the drug: 'For a certain time, in every patient who is given L-DOPA, there is a beautiful, unclouded return to health; but sooner or later, in one way or another, every patient is plunged into problems or troubles.

Some patients have quite mild troubles, after months or years of good response; others are uplifted for a matter of days — no more than a moment compared to a life-span — before being cast back into the depths of affliction.'16 Sacks awakened 'Mrs. Ida T.,' who, when stricken in Poland by sleeping sickness as a young mother at the age of 20, trebled her weight in just one year. At the same time she had also become increasingly stiff, slow, and violent. Her family shipped her off to the United States for treatment. During her voyage from Poland, she became completely motionless and speechless. On arrival in the United States, she was taken directly to hospital. And for the next 48 years she lay 'rigid, mute, motionless, and glaring.'16

In 1969, Sacks administered L-DOPA to Mrs T, 'seal-shaped' and weighing almost 500 pounds. Her body 'suddenly cracked,' and the jubilant woman began walking and talking — 'Wonderful, wonderful! I'm moving inside,' she proclaimed over and over. In 1970, Mrs T. was reunited with her daughter, who had come to the United States in the 1930s. The daughter had never attempted to find her mother because her family had told her that she was dead. It was not an easy reunion, but by 1971 a 'deep mutual relation had been forged.' By 1973, Mrs T. was experiencing some complications — rigidity and stuttering — from the continued use of L-DOPA. However, she was doing very well, considering that she had been catatonic for 48 years.16

During the pandemic of encephalitis lethargica, numerous questions arose. Was the disease new, or had it occurred earlier in human history? What was its cause? Was it related to the 1918 influenza?

Baron Constantin von Economo, who first described encephalitis lethargica in 1917 after seeing numerous patients with a strange variety of symptoms at a clinic in Vienna, believed that the disease had probably occurred repeatedly before the Great War. A serious epidemic, described as 'febris comatosa,' had broken out in London, England, between 1673 and 1675. And a severe epidemic, followed by persistent slowness of movement and a lack of initiative in victims, had affected Tubingen, Germany, in 1712 and 1713.

Sacks himself has suggested a 2,000-year history.16 Von Economo had warned that the causative agent 'was not extinct but only in a dormant or non-virulent form from which it would invariably re-emerge as it has done innumerable times since the dawn of recorded time.'23 The Spanish Influenza of 1918 21 He was right. Occasional cases have been reported since the 1950s.24—8

Their significance is, however, not clear, and it is not known if they are caused by the same pathogen. No causative agent was identified during the pandemic, but since its clinical and pathological features were typical of a viral infection, medical practitioners immediately questioned whether sleeping sickness was related to Spanish flu.

The recently examined brains of six people who died from encephalitis lethargica have shown antigens for the influenza A viral strains WSN and NWS, indicating exposure to these particular strains.23 There is some good circumstantial evidence linking the Spanish flu and sleeping sickness.29 Both pandemics were globally distributed and were closely related in time. Local, regional, and national epidemics of Spanish flu invariably preceded 'similar-sized' outbreaks of encephalitis lethargica.30 Both diseases showed a preference for young, healthy people. Deaths were greatest in the 20—40-year age groups for Spanish flu and in the 20s—50s for sleeping sickness.23 A large number of victims of encephalitis lethargica had had influenza in 1918.

And finally, past pandemics of encephalitis have been recorded in close association with other influenza epidemics; for example, the great influenza epidemic of 1889—90 preceded the notorious 'nona' — a severe somnolent illness that was followed by Parkinsonism in almost all survivors.30 Deniers of links between the two diseases would, however, probably plead that von Economo himself found no relationship. In 1931, he wrote, 'The first cases (of encephalitis lethargica) occurred as early as 1915 and settle once and for all the fact that encephalitis appeared certainly two and possibly three years before the first appearance of the influenza epidemic.'23

Furthermore, influenza was highly communicable from person to person, whereas encephalitis was remarkably noncommunicable. Nor did all cases of encephalitis lethargica have a history of preceding influenza infection. Finally, not all influenza epidemics are associated with epidemic encephalitis.30

Despite the arguments, the balance of circumstantial evidence suggests that the two diseases may be related. Summary The second and third decades of the twentieth century experienced two great plagues, which remain mysteries even today: Spanish flu, the deadliest disease in recorded history, and encephalitis lethargica. 22

Hunting the 1918 Flu
The two claimed the lives of millions worldwide, and both changed families and the course of history. Following the two crises, scientists doggedly studied the pandemics and tracked their paths of destruction. More important, they continued to search for causes in hope of preparing for the next influenza pandemic — perhaps one that could prove as lethal as that of 1918 — and the next outbreak of sleeping sickness.

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/arts/hunting-the-1918-flu/article1002333/ (http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/arts/hunting-the-1918-flu/article1002333/)

09-07-2009, 12:41 PM
H1N1 may adapt to be far more serious than THEY are letting on?

Studies: Novel H1N1 affects deep lung tissue, transmits fairly well
2009 (CIDRAP News) – The novel H1N1 (swine) influenza now circling the globe causes more serious lung disease than seasonal flu strains and sheds from the lung and throat tissue where it reproduces at higher rates, according to two animal studies published today—findings that could explain autopsies and case reports of severe pneumonia as well as the virus's rapid spread.

And while the studies, conducted in ferrets and mice, agree that the new flu passes fairly well between individuals, they disagree over the effectiveness of different modes of transmission.

A team from Erasmus Medical Center in the Netherlands found that the virus transmits easily between ferrets housed in cages whose walls are 4 inches apart. But a team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that the novel virus only transmitted well when the ferrets shared direct contact—a sign, that team said, that the new virus has not yet fully adapted to mammals.

The European team, though, warned that the new H1N1 is adapted enough to compete with seasonal flu strains for turf in humans. It "has the ability to persist in the human population, potentially with more severe clinical consequences," they wrote.

Both studies were published online today by the journal Science

from: http://www.scribd.com/doc/19494428/A-Message-From-H1N1-Influenza (http://www.scribd.com/doc/19494428/A-Message-From-H1N1-Influenza)

09-07-2009, 05:19 PM
Uh oh... I can see the headlines now: WARNING! New Swine Flu Shot May Cause Girlie-men :lol:

Androgens and energy allocation: quasi-experimental evidence for effects of influenza vaccination on men's testosterone.
Androgens are proposed to allocate finite energetic resources away from immune function and toward anabolic processes related to reproductive effort. In situations of pathogen exposure, the significant energetic demands associated with mounting an immune response are expected to produce a decrease in androgen levels and commensurate redistribution of energy.

We tested the hypothesis that even the mild immune challenge associated with vaccination may cause a decline in men's testosterone. As predicted, men who received an influenza vaccination exhibited a more negative change in testosterone over a 2-week period than did men in a nonequivalent control group who were not vaccinated. These results suggest that men's androgen concentrations may be finely calibrated to trade-offs between the energetic demands of immune responses and other life history problems.

PubMed http://tinyurl.com/mqrtxv

09-07-2009, 06:57 PM
Uh oh... I can see the headlines now: WARNING! New Swine Flu Shot May Cause Girlie-men :lol:

Androgens and energy allocation: quasi-experimental evidence for effects of influenza vaccination on men's testosterone.
Androgens are proposed to allocate finite energetic resources away from immune function and toward anabolic processes related to reproductive effort. In situations of pathogen exposure, the significant energetic demands associated with mounting an immune response are expected to produce a decrease in androgen levels and commensurate redistribution of energy.

We tested the hypothesis that even the mild immune challenge associated with vaccination may cause a decline in men's testosterone. As predicted, men who received an influenza vaccination exhibited a more negative change in testosterone over a 2-week period than did men in a nonequivalent control group who were not vaccinated. These results suggest that men's androgen concentrations may be finely calibrated to trade-offs between the energetic demands of immune responses and other life history problems.

PubMed http://tinyurl.com/mqrtxv
It's a fact!


09-07-2009, 08:01 PM
Too funny :laugh::laugh:!! That deserves a bigger pic... anyone we know?

Well, seeing is believing; it's proven now for sure.

Auburn Boy
09-09-2009, 12:02 PM
CaONaCl must be sick..,

No bizarre pseudo-science for two whole days!!!

09-09-2009, 08:36 PM
CaONaCl must be sick..,

No bizarre pseudo-science for two whole days!!!
I been preparing. Tomorrow is 09-09-09!
....how'bout you?:ohmygod:

09-09-2009, 09:12 PM
Super Mushrooms Fight Swine Flu Virus

By W. Gifford-Jones, M.D. Sep 7, 2009

http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/mambots/content/multithumb/thumbs/350. 0763-CSmushroom.jpg (http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/images/stories/large/2009/09/07/74320763-CSmushroom.jpg)
A few Cordyceps sinensis mushrooms. (China Photos/Getty Images)

A reader from Winnipeg inquired, “What’s the best natural way to boost immunity against the swine flu virus (SFV)?”

It’s a good question, as currently this virus is killing small numbers of people. But some researchers believe that H1N1 will return in a few weeks with a vengeance, killing thousands of North Americans. If this happens, can it be possible that a group of powerful medicinal mushrooms can decrease the risk of succumbing to this virus?

But first, during an epidemic, never forget these basic precautions. Bow like the Japanese rather than shaking hands. Handshaking has always been an unhealthy habit, a prime way to spread infection whether or not there’s an epidemic of SFV. Get further protection by washing your hands frequently with soap and water.

Keep your distance from those who are coughing or sneezing, particularly when they don’t cover their mouths. One single sneeze fires out 40,000 infectious droplets at the speed of 100 miles an hour!

Minimize stress as it increases cortisol and the adrenal hormones, which decrease resistance to infection. Be sure to get adequate sleep, as those who are tired are more susceptible to infection. Stop smoking. There’s overwhelming evidence that smokers are less resistant to viral and other infections.

Eat smart. This means a well-balanced diet including colorful fruits and vegetables, such as tomatoes, carrots, spinach, broccoli, mushrooms, apples, berries, cherries, and plums. These are loaded with vitamins, minerals, and protective phytonutrients that bolster the body’s defenses against disease. And add protein from wholesome fish, meat, and poultry.

But can powerful medicinal mushrooms increase immunity? Specific mushrooms have been used in the Orient for hundreds of years to support the immune system as an aid in fighting infection. Researchers have discovered that some of these mushrooms are better than others in building up immunity. But let the buyer beware, as you have to be careful about the type of mushrooms you purchase.

Investigation shows that some imported mushroom preparations from China contain only rice flour and nutmeg. Others produced in the United States were found to have few of the active ingredients required to increase immunity. What these preparations should have contained was a mushroom called Cordyceps sinensis.

A natural mushroom product called ImmuneAssist 24/7 has been developed by a U.S. Nutraceutical company. ImmuneAssist 24/7 is prepared by a method called “hybridization” and contains Cordyceps sinensis plus five other super mushrooms.

Hybridization isn’t the same as genetic modifications, such as cloning. Rather, it’s a traditional method of crossbreeding mushrooms to enhance their natural immune-stimulating powers.

Research shows that the Full Spectrum Cordyceps sinensis hybrid has five times the potency of wild harvested Cordyceps sinensis. The other five mushrooms are also highly purified, making them rich with 200 immune enhancing polysaccharides, which stimulate the human immune response.

This combination of powerful ingredients in ImmuneAssist 24/7 increases the activity of natural killer cells. And this super mushroom product also contains EGCG, the polyphenol compound found in green tea, which helps to keep viral particles from being able to multiply within cells and is effective against the H1N1 virus.

No one can predict what H1N1 will do in the coming weeks. Some researchers believe that the virus will become resistant to the antiviral drug Tamiflu. If that happens all the more reason to boost your own immunity as it may be your first and most reliable defense.

ImmuneAssist 24/7 is only available in the United States. It can be obtained by calling the toll-free number [removed by moderator].

[Cao, I've left the article, since SOME of the information is reasonable. But the bit about the magic mushrooms that are only available from one source in the US is :spam: pure and simple.]


http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:0Y8gWFyfzTVhbM:http://farm1.static.flickr.com/115/314953541_ffaf371af9.jpg%3Fv%3D0 (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://farm1.static.flickr.com/115/314953541_ffaf371af9.jpg%3Fv%3D0&imgrefurl=http://www.flickr.com/photos/heyitsnoah/314953541/in/set-72157594247871735/&usg=__mPoAk6hhp0QiJyUi6CAaLS1g-2A=&h=375&w=500&sz=103&hl=en&start=23&um=1&tbnid=0Y8gWFyfzTVhbM:&tbnh=98&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dnose%2Bplugs%26ndsp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26 sa%3DN%26start%3D18%26um%3D1)

Auburn Boy
09-10-2009, 02:57 PM
This thread must be related to Turrette's Syndrome..,

09-10-2009, 08:24 PM
This thread must be related to Turrette's Syndrome..,

...also caused by pandemic flu :ohmygod:

09-10-2009, 08:31 PM

Tonsillitis Caused By Virus Of Flu

The tonsillitis is an infection that attacks the called glands tonsils and it inflames them that can be presented displayed of a slight or severe way. Between the frequent causes but they can be of viral origin, bacterial or like consequence to a virus of strong flu.

The tonsils are two glands located to both sides of the throat and that play the role of the guardians who defend the organism against the strange substances that circulate in the blood.

The tonsils no single also destroy impure matters that come from outside, but those that circulate in the vital fluid. For that reason its inflammation denounces maleada blood and the necessity to purify it with good digestions and activates elimination of the skin, kidneys and intestine.

Nevertheless, the medico criterion thinks that extirpating the swollen tonsils the enemy has disappeared, coming the surgeon to the corresponding operation with which, without removing the cause of badly, it is deprived to the organism of one of his natural defenses.

During the first childhood it is not common to see cases of tonsillitis, this one appears generally in the children as of the 7 and 10 years. One thinks that all person has suffered like minimum, sometimes in the tonsillitis life, although generally this picture usually happens in several occasions.
http://www.findrxonline.com/rss/images/tonsillitis-gripe.jpg (http://www.findrxonline.com/)
The tonsillitis can appear like symptom of an acute viral disease of influenza, or like an infection produced by bacteria. Most frequent he is streptococcus hemophilic dressing gown of the group To, cause of the rheumatic fever and staphylococci. Also it can be caused by fungi.

The frequent symptoms but of the tonsillitis are:
• Pain throat
• Fever
• Headache
• Chills
• Inflammation of the tonsils
• General malaise
• Sensation of dryness in the pharynx

In order to treat the tonsillitis it is recommended that the patient has rest, a free soft diet of condiments and irritating substances. The viral tonsillitis is dealt with abundant liquids and if there is much pain can be that it is used analgesic ones.

When the tonsillitis is bacterial, the antibiotic use is high-priority; nevertheless, if it is a chronic process or that it has not responded to previous treatments, the antibiotics must be defined in agreement with the result of the laboratory.

Autor: Hidrocodone Para Dolores.


09-10-2009, 10:47 PM

'Pandemic' bill raises ire, constitutional questions
Pete Chagnon - OneNewsNow - 9/10/2009 5:00:00 AM

Could the swine flu usher in martial law? An emergency physician from Fort Hood, Texas, weighs in on that possibility.

Lawmakers in Massachusetts are considering Senate Bill 2028 (http://www.mass.gov/legis/bills/senate/186/st02/st02028.htm), a pandemic response bill that will give public health officials and law enforcement complete control over citizens of the Commonwealth. Under the bill, should a pandemic be declared, the aforementioned officials will have authority to quarantine and forcibly immunize citizens. Any citizens resisting will face stiff fines and up to 30 days in prison.

The bill also gives authorities the right to seize private property and supplies and redistribute them as they see fit -- which some see as a threat to Fourth Amendment rights. Persons will also be required to report any suspicious events or face stiff fines. Said persons reporting will be cleared of any criminal wrongdoing if such suspicions arise after the pandemic has passed.

John Dale Dunn, an emergency physician in Fort Hood, Texas, says the bill offends him greatly.

"If you're saving people who are [clamoring] to be led to safety, then it's going to be gold stars for you for the next election," he notes. "So I'm not surprised that this pandemic thing attracted Massachusetts politicians who are emblematic of politicians everywhere, but they are just a little more extreme."

OneNewsNow asked Dunn if the predicted swine flu outbreak could warrant the action described in the bill. He says absolutely not, and adds that regular influenza is a much more dangerous virus than swine flu.

"So tell me this -- if we know that thousands upon thousands of people are going to catch Influenza A and Influenza B this next flu season…what's the point [of the bill], other than attracting attention to public health and governmental people who want to be in charge?"

Dunn believes the White House was out of line when it issued a statement that more than 90,000 people will die from swine flu in the United States. He calls that projection absolute nonsense, adding that the administration has no way of projecting such numbers.

According to Dunn, public health officials have desk jobs and do not work with sick people like healthcare professionals do. The physician accuses those officials of trying to promote their "desk jockey" positions by trying to create public panic. Dunn says they tried to do the same with the swine flu scare in 1976 and the recent bird flu scare that did not pan out.




09-11-2009, 09:32 PM
Since the announcement of Apocalypse Cakes’ Swine Flu Cake Naming Contest (http://apocalypsecakes.wordpress.com/2009/04/27/name-the-swine-flu-cake-win-this-chocolate-pig/), the zeal and squeal for pig-infected death cakes (and pies) has been high. In May we received lots of exciting entries, some of which included: “The Grunt Bundt” by Shantell Powell of Ontario, Canada; “You Wreak What You Sow Cake” by Robi Polgar of Austin, TX, U.S.A.; “Porky’s Revenge” by Ged of Lancashire, U.K.; “Feverish Chocolate Pandemonium Cake” by Mary Ellen O’Lynch of Saugus, MA, U.S.A. and “Dying to Pig Out Cake” by Denise Schlaeger of Cusseta, GA, U.S.A. Thanks to everyone who entered.

Undoubtedly, though, one winning name shines above the rest, and it is the entry that most astutely underscores the terrifying-yet-now-boring-and-innocuous pig infection crisis of our times: Leviticus’ ‘I Told You So’ Aporkalypse Pie by Sharif Youssef of Chicago. Congratulations to Sharif! As per our contest’s terms and conditions, we will post a photo of the first Leviticus’ ‘I Told You So’ Aporkalypse Pie to Apocalypse Cakes next Monday, June 15. Here’s a photo of Sharif enjoying his his bacon-accented chocolate pig prize!

Author of “Leviticus’ ‘I Told You So’ Aporkalypse Pie,” Sharif Youssef, with his prize pig.


09-12-2009, 01:25 PM
Does interferon kill viruses or help them to grow?:confused1:http://thisbluemarble.com/attachment.php?attachmentid=1725&d=1252776116

Amarillo Biosciences is midway in Phase 2 clinical study of interferon against H1N1
9. September 2009 02:43

Amarillo Biosciences, Inc. (OTCBB: AMAR) today announced that a Phase 2 study of orally administered interferon-alpha for the prevention of influenza and winter colds has reached the midway point. The study in Perth, Australia achieved full target enrollment of 200 subjects and 98% of the subjects remain on study drug. Subjects in the study are receiving a lozenge containing interferon-alpha or a matching placebo once a day for 16 weeks. The average treatment time in the study to date is just over eight weeks. The first subject began treatment in May and the last subject will be completing blinded treatment in November, with final study results expected before the end of the year.

Study medication compliance has been excellent and is averaging 95% per week (i.e. 19 out of every 20 expected doses of study drug is being taken by the subjects). Safety has been excellent with no serious adverse events reported and only 4 drop-outs to date.

The H1N1 virus has been circulating in Perth since the study began. Presumably, some subjects in the study have been exposed to H1N1 virus. This Phase 2 clinical trial's objective is to determine the efficacy of low dose oral interferon in preventing and reducing the severity of infection with influenza viruses such as H1N1, among others.
SOURCE: Amarillo Biosciences, Inc.

Department of Medicine, University of Shefield Virus Research Laboratory, Lodge Moor Hospital, Shefield and Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Shefield,Shefield
The virulence of influenza-virus strains for Swiss mice was compared with the amount of interferon induced by them in the lungs of the mice and with INTERFERON AND INFLUENZA VIRUS VIRULENCE 31 their sensitivity to inhibition by interferon. The virus strains examined, which included a number of temperature sensitive (ts) mutants, were graded for virulence by their ability to cause lung lesions and to kill mice after intranasal infection. The amount of interferon produced was found to be related to virus growth; the more virulent virus strains grew to higher titres and produced the most interferon. All the strains proved to be equally sensitive to interferon, by three different in-vitro techniques. It was concluded that the virulence of influenza viruses for the mouse is determined by factors other than interferon.

09-12-2009, 01:35 PM
Pork, Stigmatized by Swine Flu, Gets a Government Bailout

http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:R0o5SmedfNVkSM:http://www.bellevuebanker.com/images/rich%2520pig.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.bellevuebanker.com/images/rich%2520pig.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.bellevuebanker.com/Comments%2520July%252015,%25202008.htm&usg=__XmoP3L3IMn8es-22UK37fgX4svo=&h=500&w=358&sz=93&hl=en&start=7&tbnid=R0o5SmedfNVkSM:&tbnh=130&tbnw=93&prev=/images%3Fq%3Drich%2Bpig%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den)
By Jeffrey Kluger (javascript:void(0)) Friday, Sep. 11, 2009


If you're in prison, now might be a good time to develop a taste for pork. The same is probably true if you're in the military or in a public school. As part of a government effort to boost America's hog farmers — who have identified themselves as the forgotten casualties of the H1N1 swine-flu epidemic and asked Washington for financial help — the Agriculture Department announced last week a $30 million purchase of surplus pork. That brings the federal total of pork purchases for fiscal 2009 to about $150 million, or close to $100 million more than last year's figure for the same period. During a Sept. 10 morning press conference, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack also said he would work with fellow Cabinet secretaries in the Defense, Justice and Education departments to encourage pork purchases on military bases, in prisons and in schools.

In addition, Vilsack took the opportunity to ask — indeed, plead — with the media to desist forever from use of the misnomer swine flu, which has been the cause of many of the pork industry's woes. "It may seem silly," said Vilsack, "unless you're a pork producer. Then, you have to tell your family you can't afford to pay the bills because you're now selling your product for less than it cost you to produce it." (Read "Amid Swine Flu Fears, the Pork Market Falls Ill.") (http://ad.doubleclick.net/click;h=v8/38a6/0/0/%2a/s;217283900;0-0;0;40406129;21-88/31;32976828/32994705/1;;~okv=;aid=1921649;ch=scihealth;ptype=content;ct ype=article;sz=88x31;path=time;path=health;path=ar ticle;dcove=d;pos=8;~aopt=0/ff/3a/ff;~fdr=217781357;0-0;1;17870223;21-88/31;33039180/33057057/1;;~okv=;aid=1921649;ch=scihealth;ptype=content;ct ype=article;sz=88x31;path=time;path=health;path=ar ticle;dcove=d;pos=8;~aopt=2/1/3a/0;~sscs=%3fhttp://www.usa.siemens.com/answers/en/?page=&stc=318)

It was soon after the first reports of the so-called swine flu emerged in the spring of 2009 that the already soft hog market practically collapsed. In China, a major consumer of U.S. pork, fully two-thirds of the 1.3 billion population stopped eating pork altogether, and Beijing responded with a ban on any pork produced in North Carolina, Iowa or Oklahoma. Russia and Ukraine followed with prohibitions of their own, and soon there were 27 countries that wanted nothing to do with any hog raised in America.

Institutional buyers in the U.S. grew skittish too, as did big state and local consumers like school districts.

The U.S. government's most recent pork purchase comes just a few weeks after the National Pork Producers Council and a consortium of governors from nine pork-producing states sent separate letters to the Agriculture Secretary requesting assistance. The council asked the USDA to lift the $300 spending cap on pork products for government food programs, and to spend at least an additional $150 million on pork products during fiscal year 2009; the industry also asked for $100 million to help survey herds for H1N1. In a similar letter from state governors, lawmakers requested that the government urge overseas markets to start buying U.S. pork again, and Vilsack said he would lean on the international trading partners who haven't yet lifted their U.S. pork bans. "Among the ones who have been open to reason and logic," he says tartly, "many of the barriers are already down." (Read "Swine Flu: Don't Blame the Pig.") (http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1894703,00.html)
Of course, no H1N1 has been detected in any actual swine in the U.S., and even if it were, Vilsack stressed — his voice sometimes betraying a how-many-times-must-I-repeat-this weariness — people could not get sick by eating infected pork. H1N1 is not a hog-specific virus, Vilsack reminded reporters. "Swine flu has been present in the United States for 80 years," he said. "But H1N1 is different. It's a novel flu strain. Its genetic makeup is unique. The virus is connected to strains from three species — avian, human and swine. Unfortunately, the media gravitated toward the swine aspect of it. But that's unfair and it's not right."

The Agriculture Secretary does concede that the absence of the virus among American hogs so far does not mean that the herds will remain clean. He reported government scientists have thus developed a master seed strain of H1N1 that they are making available to five veterinary-drug makers that can prepare vaccines to be rolled out if and when any herds come down sick. "By making the seed virus, we estimate we've saved two to four months of development time. We hope the manufacturers will now make the vaccine," said Vilsack. The Agriculture Department is also stepping up surveillance efforts so that any infection in any U.S. herd will be quickly reported.

But beyond the government's fiscal assistance, Vilsack maintains that the media still hold the greatest sway over potential U.S. pork consumers. "People hear the President or some other official say once or twice that pork is safe," Vilsack said, "and then they hear the term swine flu on TV and the Internet 50 times in a single day." The blame-the-media fallback is surely overstated, but for pork farmers trying to move the merch, less swine and more H1N1 in headlines will nonetheless be welcome.


09-12-2009, 04:17 PM
:bob: (http://www.stephenking.com/promo/stand_release_log/images/ct_1_full.jpg)

DeSmit: Swine flu? Phooey!
By Scott DeSmit

Saturday, September 12, 2009 5:17 AM EDT
I wasn’t going to buy into it.




And on and on and on.

“You won’t brainwash me,” I said more than once. “It’s nothing but mass media panic. Swine flu is no different than any other flu.”

The headlines kept coming. Any time there was a death it was reported nationwide. Worldwide.

I wouldn’t budge.

I ate bacon and ham and even wrestled a pig at the county fair.

“PHOOEY!” I said to all those who cringed when I finally pinned that porker.

I even kissed the pig after the judge raised my arm in victory.

My protests fell on deaf ears.

“Most of these people who died have other health problems,” I would say, even pointing to actual news stories saying that. “Regular flu killed more people last year. You didn’t read 35,000 stories on the 35,000 deaths from the flu last year, did you?”

Newspapers ran daily photographs of people wearing masks. All the 24-hour news channels carried daily updates of swine flu deaths, a death clock as it were.

The sheep that are the media ran story after story as the school year began, telling parents to panic and be prepared for mass school closings, sickness and vaccinations that may or may not harm your children.

(Note: Reporters can write a story about anything. Ask 10 school superintendents “Are you nervous about the swine flu affecting the school year?” and if just one says “Yes” the next day’s headline will read “School Supers Nervous As School Year Begins.”)

Anyway, nine months of brainwashing wore me down.

I could feel it coming. I always can.

Slight hollow feeling in the chest. Catch in my throat. My nose burns. My head is just a bit heavier than usual.

It’s Sunday night, the night before Labor Day and I was getting sick.

Omigod it’s the swine flu! I thought to myself.

I have no doubt about it.

It’s the first thing we think of now whenever anyone gets a sniffle or a cough.

“HA! You probably got the swine flu,” everyone says.

So I did what every red-blooded American does now when they get the sniffles.

I went to WebMD on the Internet.

Cough? Check. Sore throat? Sort of. Runny nose? Check. Body aches? Check. Chills? Check. Fatigue? Check.

“Nearly everyone with flu has at least two of these symptoms,” the good doctor told me.

Omigod I do have the swine flu!

Since Monday was a holiday I fortunately didn’t have to call in sick to work.

I went golfing instead.

I called in sick Tuesday and slept all day.

Then I went back to WebMD to see what he could do for me. Or she. I’m not sure.

I found the answer to my most important question (other than ‘Am I going to die?’).

Can I still eat pork?

“Yes,” WebMd really told me. “You can’t get swine flu by eating pork, bacon or other foods that come from pigs.”

Whew. I don’t think I’d want to live if I couldn’t eat pig.

By Thursday I was feeling much better and was able to put in most of a full day at work.

My symptoms subsided and I was no longer certain I had contracted a case of swine flu.

My co-worker Joanne came in, inched her chair away from me and said, matter-of-factly, “Rumor has it that you have swine flu.”

She then doused me with Lysol.

“No. It’s just a cold. Really. I swear.”

I could tell she didn’t believe me, even after I offered her my bag of pork rinds.

“I’m not buying it,” she said.

Neither am I.

09-13-2009, 11:34 AM
http://ts4.mm.bing.net/images/thumbnail.aspx?q=975824161839&id=502533ae3194d097d531f578f13e71a4&url=http%3a%2f%2fcratercritters.com%2fcowboysOLD10 .JPG

Air Kisses, Hugs, and Other Ways to Avoid Getting Swine Flu
September 09, 2009 03:09 PM ET | Deborah Kotz | Permanent Link | Print
In an effort to contain swine flu, the French Health Ministry this week called for citizens to avoid "all direct contacts between people and particularly with sick people," which means no kissing or shaking hands. Quelle horreur, one might think, but the French seem ready to banish their tradition, called la bise, of bestowing pecks multiple times on both cheeks. Some businesses are instituting bise bans, and schools are instructing students to greet one another by raising a hand, like American Indians.

Here in the United States, our own Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a guidance for college students last month instructing them to partake in "self -isolation" if they're suspected of being infected with the H1N1 virus that causes swine flu.....
http://health.usnews.com/blogs/on-women/2009/09/09/air-kisses-hugs-and-other-ways-to-avoid-getting-swine-flu.html (http://health.usnews.com/blogs/on-women/2009/09/09/air-kisses-hugs-and-other-ways-to-avoid-getting-swine-flu.html)

Swine flu and France's kissing ban
Will fear of an H1N1 pandemic kill the traditional French air-kiss greeting, la bise?

"Swine flu has put an end to a beloved French custom, at least for now," said Sherryl Connelly in the New York Daily News. The French health ministry has issued a warning that the air kiss, or "la bise," could spread the swine flu, or H1N1 virus. The "bise ban" got its start when the mayor of the town of Guilvenec in Brittany told school teachers and students to drop the traditional greeting.

The kissing ban has not become a national law, yet, said Henry Samuel in Britain's Daily Telegraph, but big companies such as insurer AXA have told workers to abandon the bise and the handshake, and some offices are even demanding a one-yard person-to-person buffer zone. And an outright national ban could be one of the emergency measures France takes in the winter flu season to fight a possible H1N1 pandemic.

With what shall we replace the kiss on the cheek and the handshake? asked Sandrine Blanchard in France's Le Monde. A slap on the back? If that's the way you go, be gentle. If you slap too hard you might make your friend cough or spit—and that's been banned, too.

http://www.theweek.com/article/index/100271/Swine_flu_and_Frances_kissing_ban (http://www.theweek.com/article/index/100271/Swine_flu_and_Frances_kissing_ban)

No more handshakes?
Posted: Aug 31, 2009 4
LUFKIN, TX (KTRE) - Every day at the common workplace you risk being exposed.

RN Norma Sanford, Director of Nursing for the Lufkin Memorial Hospital saidl, "You could just innocently flick something off your face and transfer that germ."

And since a simple handshake can transfers germs, some businesses are opting to eliminate the gesture at the workplace, to prevent the spread of the H1-N1 virus.

"It's nothing personal obviously but as a society we're having to change our behaviors regarding courtesy," explains Sanford.

But HR Specialist, Dahlia Tusa with Etech, Inc., in Nacogodoches, said it is optional to managers if they want to give handshakes. But with 500 plus employed with the company, they are not taking any chances. "We have made it mandatory that before they walk onto the floor they are required to use sanitizer and to wash their hands," said Tusa.

Some Etech employees feel protection at work is all about control.

David Corey, a customer service represenative for Etech, said, "Use common sense have things accessible to the workers to control as much as they can so they can control their environment as much as they can."
To fight against the virus in the workplace, employees and employers must "work" together.

"We feel it's a joint effort from management and our employees that we make sure that they feel good about being here," adds Tusa.

During this flu season education is the going to be the key against H1-N1. Sanford explains, "Going into this season we're going to do more good by teaching our community how to take of themselves as oppose to alerting everyone about a flu scare. "

The regular flu vaccine will be distributed sometime in October. You should be able to get the H1-N1 vaccine sometime this fall, perhaps November, as well.

09-13-2009, 04:14 PM
...indicative how a lethal strain can evolve at any time. Imagine if pigs really do contract H5N1 and New H1N1 (or H1N1 and ebola-reston)

2 flu strains in 1 pig led to new H1N1

Swine flus merged, jumped to humans
The virus behind the global influenza outbreak may be known as swine flu, but it didn't just come from pigs. Wild birds and humans also played a role in its creation.

Scientists are still trying to unravel how it wound up infecting people and spreading rapidly around the world. To date, the pandemic has caused at least 3,205 deaths, as of Sept. 6, according to the World Health Organization.

As it resurges in the U.S. during flu season, health officials fear it could spread to half the population and are calling for urgent preparations, including the inoculation of children, pregnant women and other vulnerable groups when a vaccine becomes available in October.
Here's what researchers know about the virus so far:

The new H1N1 strain is based primarily on an unusual virus that has been circulating widely in U.S. pigs since the 1990s. That "triple reassortant" flu is actually a combination of classic swine flu, a North American avian flu and a strain of human flu.

Somehow, a single pig became simultaneously infected with that virus and a pure swine flu strain found in pigs in Europe and Asia. The two strains swapped genetic material to produce the new H1N1 strain, which then began to infect humans.

That remains a mystery, and scientists will probably never know. Relatively few pigs engage in intercontinental travel, and those that do are strictly quarantined.

But there are theories. One is that a person in Asia became infected with the Eurasian swine flu, then traveled to North America and passed it along to a pig here that already had the triple reassortant virus. That would explain why the outbreak began in Mexico and the United States.

Yes. The extremely deadly 1918 Spanish flu was an H1N1 strain, and one of the strains of the seasonal flu is also an H1N1. But not all H1s and N1s are the same.

The H1 and N1 in the seasonal flu are both from humans. But new H1N1 is more virulent because most people never encountered it before, so they have no pre-existing immunity.

It doesn't seem to be deadlier than the seasonal flu, but it's hard to say for sure. Public health officials keep track of how many people have died from H1N1, but without reliable figures on total infections they don't know for sure what proportion of cases result in death.

Even if H1N1 is no deadlier than the seasonal flu, it will cause more deaths because it likely will infect more people.

Both viruses arose in late spring -- the tail end of the traditional flu season. And both appear to be most dangerous for healthy people in the prime of their lives instead of the very young and very old.
The 1918 flu is thought to have begun with a springtime wave that was followed by a more lethal wave in the fall. It ultimately killed about 50 million worldwide.

Studies in ferrets found that the new H1N1 strain didn't mix with the seasonal flu when animals were infected with multiple viruses. That suggests it's not likely to mutate in a way that could make it more dangerous than it is now.
http://www.chicagotribune.com/health/chi-flu-virus_latsep13,0,1040634.story (http://www.chicagotribune.com/health/chi-flu-virus_latsep13,0,1040634.story)

Mama Alanna
09-13-2009, 06:10 PM
Cao, give the flubola a REST. It can't happen. They're different kinds of viruses. It would be like breeding cats and elephants.

09-13-2009, 10:11 PM
Cao, give the flubola a REST. It can't happen. They're different kinds of viruses. It would be like breeding cats and elephants.
:blink:That sounds like a challenge.

Curses into cures?
Nature Biotechnology pp 225 - 230

One of the problems with gene therapy for inherited lung diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, is effectively delivering the therapeutic genes to diseased tissue. Promising gene therapy vectors, such as lentiviruses, used to shuttle genes simply do not penetrate the wall of the lung effectively when inhaled. Help, however, may be on the way from an unlikely source-deadly viruses, such as Ebola virus and influenza virus, which naturally infect the host through the respiratory system. Exploiting the affinity of these viruses for lung tissue, James Wilson and his colleagues have stripped Ebola and influenza of their lung-binding proteins and then engineered them into the coat of a lentiviral gene therapy vector. The resultant vector is much more efficient at delivering genes to lung tissue and holds promise as an agent for the treatment of cystic fibrosis.

To test their system, Wilson and his team studied the efficiency of their hybrid Ebola/lentiviral vector at delivering a test gene-in this instance, a green fluorescent protein that glows green under the microscope-into lung cells in the test tube. They also tested whether the Ebola/lentiviral vector could penetrate the lungs of mice, and also cells lining biopsies of healthy human trachea.

While the hybrid vector appears to be much more effective at gene delivery than other types of vector, it remains to be seen whether vectors containing proteins from deadly pathogens such as Ebola will be appropriate for human use. It is also not clear whether the Ebola/lentiviral vector will be able to penetrate the thick mucus barrier in the lungs of people affected by cystic fibrosis.

09-13-2009, 10:31 PM

Auburn Boy
09-14-2009, 09:46 PM

09-15-2009, 03:20 AM
[El Nino linked to influenza epidemics!!]


09-15-2009, 05:56 PM
A Hypothesis: Sunspot cycles may detect pandemic influenza A in 1700–2000 A.D. John W.K. Yeung

Influenza pandemics in this century (1946–1947, 1957 and 1968) have fascinated some people for the idea of 11-year pattern pandemic cycles. In solar physics, it is well known that sunspot cycles also have regular periods of around 11 years. This study therefore aims to investigate the association between sunspot cycles and the occurrences of pandemic influenza. The hypothesis here states that sunspot numbers can detect pandemic influenza A between 1700 and 2000 A.D.

Presentation of the hypothesis
Antigenic shift of influenza occurs is a result of genetic reassortment between animal and human influenza A viruses. It is suggested the viruses spread from the migratory birds to other avian species such as chicken or ducks along their migratory pathways. Solar activity has an influence on terrestrial climate in terms of temperature, rainfall, storms and finally the biological systems. It was shown that the arrival dates of some migratory birds were delayed with increased sunspot numbers. This delay arrival may be associated with increased contacts with other susceptible birds in their migratory routes that facilitate genetic reassortment of the circulating influenza viruses.

Test the hypothesis
Comprehensive reviews on both pandemics and possible pandemics of influenza were searched. International sunspot numbers were obtained from the World Data Center for Sunspot Index, Belgium and used to detect pandemics by binomial test. Five comprehensive reviews were found and the agreements on pandemics were good to excellent. Sensitivity of using Sunspot Number more than 50 (SSN>50) to detect pandemics increased as the levels of agreements increased. In stringent criteria, two pandemics might have occurred in the 18th century (1729–1733 and 1781–1782), two in the 19th century (1830–1833 and 1889–1892) and three in the 20th century (1918–1920, 1957–1958 and 1968–1969). The sensitivity of using SSN>50 to detect influenza pandemics was 85.7% (95%CI=59.8–100%, p=0.019). The specificity was 51.2% (95%CI=35.9–66.5%).

Implications of the hypothesis
On top of virological and epidemiological surveillance, sunspot cycles may be an inexpensive and easy method to detect influenza pandemics. The next high risk period will be around 2008–2013 and it may suggest us to be more alert and be prepared in order to minimize unnecessary deaths as a result of influenza.


09-15-2009, 08:28 PM
A Hypothesis: Sunspot cycles may detect pandemic influenza A in 1700–2000 A.D. John W.K. Yeung

Influenza pandemics in this century (1946–1947, 1957 and 1968) have fascinated some people for the idea of 11-year pattern pandemic cycles. In solar physics, it is well known that sunspot cycles also have regular periods of around 11 years. This study therefore aims to investigate the association between sunspot cycles and the occurrences of pandemic influenza. The hypothesis here states that sunspot numbers can detect pandemic influenza A between 1700 and 2000 A.D.

Presentation of the hypothesis
Antigenic shift of influenza occurs is a result of genetic reassortment between animal and human influenza A viruses. It is suggested the viruses spread from the migratory birds to other avian species such as chicken or ducks along their migratory pathways. Solar activity has an influence on terrestrial climate in terms of temperature, rainfall, storms and finally the biological systems. It was shown that the arrival dates of some migratory birds were delayed with increased sunspot numbers. This delay arrival may be associated with increased contacts with other susceptible birds in their migratory routes that facilitate genetic reassortment of the circulating influenza viruses.

Test the hypothesis
Comprehensive reviews on both pandemics and possible pandemics of influenza were searched. International sunspot numbers were obtained from the World Data Center for Sunspot Index, Belgium and used to detect pandemics by binomial test. Five comprehensive reviews were found and the agreements on pandemics were good to excellent. Sensitivity of using Sunspot Number more than 50 (SSN>50) to detect pandemics increased as the levels of agreements increased. In stringent criteria, two pandemics might have occurred in the 18th century (1729–1733 and 1781–1782), two in the 19th century (1830–1833 and 1889–1892) and three in the 20th century (1918–1920, 1957–1958 and 1968–1969). The sensitivity of using SSN>50 to detect influenza pandemics was 85.7% (95%CI=59.8–100%, p=0.019). The specificity was 51.2% (95%CI=35.9–66.5%).

Implications of the hypothesis
On top of virological and epidemiological surveillance, sunspot cycles may be an inexpensive and easy method to detect influenza pandemics. The next high risk period will be around 2008–2013 and it may suggest us to be more alert and be prepared in order to minimize unnecessary deaths as a result of influenza.

There is a thread on it....a SCIENCE thread!

Pandemics & Interplanetary Magnetic Field
http://thisbluemarble.com/attachment.php?attachmentid=1465&stc=1&d=1244917871 (http://thisbluemarble.com/attachment.php?attachmentid=1465&stc=1&d=1244917871)


09-15-2009, 09:16 PM
University's Swine Flu Lexicon Dubs Sick Students 'Pigs'
4:12 pm
September 15, 2009
By Scott Hensley

Swine flu is serious stuff. But Johns Hopkins University figures a little humor might make it easier for students and staff to take to heart messages about prevention and proper care.

So some folks in the public affairs office of the Baltimore-based university compiled a tongue-in-cheek lexicon to help educate people on campus about H1N1.

For starters, students sick with swine flu shall now be known as "pigs," making freshmen "piglets" and those who comply with orders to stay in the dorm "pigs in blankets."

Alcohol-based sanitizer is "hog tide," and henceforth "Boar War" will designate a college's all-out push against swine flu.

We talked with Dennis O'Shea, a Hopkins spokesman, to make sure the university's Web site hadn't been the target of some sophomoric prank. Nope, he said, the list is legit and was even sent around in a daily email to students, faculty and staff.

The whole thing got started when O'Shea sneezed into his sleeve, just as public health officials recommend, and a nearby colleague called it a "sleeze."

O'Shea and the rest of the Hopkins PR staff were then off to the wordsmithing races, taking inspiration from the popular "Mindset List," put out by Beloit College each year. That mind-blowing compendium, for us oldsters anyway, says the current crop of college freshmen have never known a world without GPS-navigation systems, for instance.

So how did the stuffed shirts in administration react to the PR shop's idea? One administrator thought it was in poor taste. But the medical affairs people and the dean of students liked it and gave O'Shea the green light.

Hat tip to science and medical writer Nancy Shute, who teaches at Hopkins, and alerted us to the funny business via Twitter.

Health Blog Question of the Day: What barnyard terms did the brainiacs at Hopkins overlook?


09-16-2009, 08:58 PM
Insidious Infections
By Barbarella | Published Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2009

In the nineteenth century, men lost their fear of God and acquired a fear of microbes. — Author Unknown

Swine flu is tearing my family apart. Okay, maybe not the flu itself so much as the fear of it. I guess to be fair to the pigs I should refer to it as H1N1 and acknowledge that this particular strain of influenza — the same kind that killed my great-grandfather in 1918 — is also known as avian flu. Sorry, birds, but you have to share the rap on this one — the porkers aren’t working alone…even humans are partly to blame. But regardless of which and how many species contributed to the nasty bug, the fact remains that H1N1 — the CDC’s top concern and the media’s new pet phobia — is putting a serious damper on my familial relationships.

When my mom phoned and invited me down to her house over Labor Day weekend, I reacted as if she’d asked me to suck on a salmonella pop. I figure the only way to stay healthy is to avoid Petri dishes or anyone who is regularly exposed to what I call “sickness sanctuaries.” Unfortunately, this includes my sister the teacher and her two sons, my mother the school-district employee, my other sister the hospital-hopping pharmaceutical rep, and her two daughters (each of whom attends a different school). They are the ambassadors of at least seven sickness sanctuaries.

After a considerable pause, during which my face went through a series of horrified expressions my mother couldn’t see but probably sensed through the phone, I responded to her invitation with a question: “What’s Heather’s status?”

“Fine,” Mom responded without hesitation.

“And Jane?”

“Jane’s great. And all of the kids.” Then, because she knew what I was getting at, Mom said, with a sardonic lilt, “The strep is gone, but that doesn’t mean we don’t all have swine flu. You might want to wear a mask.”

“Ha,” I said flatly. I found it hard to believe they were all well. As sure as I am that tadpoles have tails, I knew that at least one of the ambassadors had to have some kind of virus. After the last family gathering (to celebrate my nephew Brian’s fifth birthday), Heather had come down with strep throat. She was diagnosed the day after the family party at a small emergency room in Anaheim while Sean and the boys waited for her to go to Disneyland. With a shot of penicillin in her butt and a huge dose of steroids to dull the pain in her throat, Heather was able to power through the weekend and avoid disappointing her sons. A few days of partying it up with Mickey and friends later, Heather returned home, along with a revitalized and debilitating bout of the bacterial infection.

When I returned from my weekend in Santa Barbara, I learned that Jane had also contracted strep and could only surmise that she’d gotten it from Heather. As Jane described her torment to me over the phone, I silently gave thanks for the doctor who excavated my throat when I was 15, thus ridding me of tonsils and adenoids, those nefarious clumps of tissue that pretend to fight infection while serving as incubators to all kinds of bacteria. Growing up, I endured one ENT (ear, nose, throat) infection after another. However, once my throat was stripped bare, my problems vanished. Still, empty esophagus or not, I wasn’t taking any chances.
In a kissy-huggy Irish-Italian family like mine, a sudden aversion to touch does not go unnoticed. My parents taught us not to enter or leave a room without kissing each family member on each cheek. This is still our practice. But now that my sisters’ children are mobile and can spread the diabolical bacteria they collect as they snot and suck their way across the floor, I am more discriminating than ever about where I place my lips.

I’m aware that children need to amass germs in order for their bodies to develop strong immune systems, so I don’t fault them for their grubby ways. But I’m a grown-up. Exposing myself to one virus or another is not going to make me big and strong; it’s going to make me sick.

I’m not a germophobe — not really, not like my dad, who becomes paralyzed when you suggest he tie his shoelaces after they’ve been dragging on the ground. Not like Jane, who pops Airborne tablets like breath mints and goes through a bottle of Purell a day (and yet, despite her precautions, still regularly falls prey to head colds, fevers, and strep). Sure, it’s hard for me to look at a child’s hand without envisioning, in vivid cartoon clarity, hundreds of wormy-looking E. coli bacteria partying it up between every soiled crevice of skin. But just the other day I was hanging out at Tango Wines and offered a taste of my pinot to a woman I’d just met. I let her put her lips on my glass and take a sip, something no germophobe would ever do. I’ve also gotten over my obsessive imaginings of all the contaminated fingers that have surely handled my fruit before it reaches my plate, and I have taken to eating apples and tomatoes, merely rinsed skin and all. So, you see, I’m not a germophobe so much as germaware.

Now that school is back in session and my nieces and nephews will be congregating with masses of potential vectors of disease, I’m thinking the best thing for me to do is lay low until the CDC’s projected 90,000 cases of H1N1 is reached. That number is not so high if you consider: of the 2.4 million people in this country who die of all kinds of causes each year, 75 percent are over 65, and 36,000 die of the regular flu each year, which is 7000 fewer deaths than are caused by car accidents. But projections can be wrong, and it would be imprudent for me to go around licking doorknobs (or shaking hands) when the stakes are so high. Hence, my little problem with large family gatherings.

Because my mother doesn’t understand any two-letter word that begins with N, I found myself sitting in her living room over the holiday weekend despite my better judgment. To the left of me, Bella sneezed. A moment later, to my right, Sean coughed. My eyes widened in trepidation.

“Something must have tickled her nose,” Jane said to explain her daughter’s sneeze, while Sean assured me his cough was due to the dry air.

“It’s swine flu,” said Mom, a mischievous gleam in her eye. I pretended not to hear her and surreptitiously put my hand over my nose and mouth and tried not to breathe.



09-17-2009, 08:54 PM
Canada Says Flu-Kit Body Bags for Natives ‘Offensive’ (Update1)

By Greg Quinn
Sept. 17 (Bloomberg) -- Canadian Health Minister Leona Aglukkaq said it’s “offensive” that aboriginal tribes seeking equipment to prepare for swine flu were sent body bags by the government. The health department apologized for the incident.

“As Minister of Health and as an aboriginal, I am offended,” Aglukkaq said in a statement sent by e-mail today from Winnipeg, Manitoba, the province where tribes received the body bags. “Anyone suggesting that our Government’s solution to H1N1 is body bags is sensationalizing this situation.”

The error occurred after Aglukkaq told lawmakers Aug. 12 that her department was working closely with aboriginal communities to prepare them for the virus. At the emergency hearing called by opposition parties, tribal leaders complained they needed assistance because of concern their members are more vulnerable to the illness.

“We regret the alarm that this incident has caused,” Canada’s health department said in a separate statement from Ottawa today. The bags were part of routine shipments of medical supplies sent to small communities, the statement said.

“We have never, ever prepared for death,” David Harper, chief of the Garden Hill First Nation in the province of Manitoba, said in an interview shown today on CTV News. “That really hurt the aboriginal community.”
Aglukkaq said in the statement her department would hold an inquiry into the incident and make the results public.

The incident sends “a message of deep disrespect” Liberal Party Leader Michael Ignatieff told reporters in Ottawa today.

“I think the minister should apologize and not skirt around the issue,” said Bloc Quebecois leader Gilles Duceppe. “She is responsible. When her ministry did something good, she congratulated herself. But when her ministry makes a mistake, she is just as responsible.”

09-18-2009, 07:00 PM
Swine flu travel responses seen undermining message
Fri Sep 18, 2009 3:27pm EDT
By David Morgan
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The global public health campaign to convey a realistic view of the H1N1 swine flu pandemic is being undermined by a babble of contradictory reactions at international airports, experts said on Friday.

Air travelers are confronted by a host of inconsistent H1N1 messages and approaches as they travel between countries. Authorities at some airports quarantine suspected flu cases, while others dispense with posting even the most basic health information for passengers.

Some high-profile measures, like subjecting air passengers to thermal screening, also seem to be driven more by politics than medical science and could divert essential funding and manpower from more effective actions, they said.

"This does cause confusion in the mind of the public, because they're getting different messages from all over," said Dr Tony Evans, medical chief at the U.N.'s International Civil Aviation Organization.

"It undermines the public health message. It causes confusion and then the really good stuff, the important stuff, is undermined," he told a meeting on airlines, airports and disease transmission sponsored by the independent U.S. National Research Council.

Public health officials, who expect to begin distributing a swine flu vaccine soon, have recommended hand-washing to prevent the spread of infection and asked people not to travel or report to work if they feel sick.

Aviation's role in spreading infectious diseases has been of growing concern for public health officials. H1N1 has continued to spread globally since it emerged in March in North America.

Air travel can accelerate the spread of infectious disease around the globe. But health officials say travel restrictions are of little or no use.

Research suggests that passenger screening does not significantly delay the spread of disease, though Evans said it might dissuade some sick people from trying to board flights.

Evans said public authorities in Mexico found that thermal screening machines offered very little value.

"But they felt obliged to put it into place through public pressure. The public, they felt, needed to be reassured that something was being done," he said.

Dr Rose Ong, who heads the corporate medical department at Cathay Pacific Airways in Hong Kong, told the meeting that H1N1 itself has confused the situation by prompting dire public health warnings and then proving unexpectedly mild.

"A lot of us are scratching our heads," she said. "I don't think you can discount the fear factor. It counts for so much in how governments react and how individuals react."

Ong said companies can be swept up by the public reaction to swine flu, noting that banks and transportation systems in Asia began distributing surgical masks earlier this year even though the actual danger was low.

"We really felt we had to do something similar even though we did not medically support the use of masks," she said.

Surgical masks don't block swine -- or any other -- flu
September 16, 2009
Surgical masks have become a common sight, particularly in Asia, as people try to prevent becoming infected with the infectious agent of the day, be it SARS, seasonal flu or the new pandemic H1N1 influenza virus. But a new study of 1,936 healthcare workers conducted in Beijing during last winter's flu season found that the masks are, for all practical purposes, useless. Dr. Raina MacIntyre of the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, reported the results Tuesday at an infectious diseases society meeting in San Francisco, according to the Bloomberg (http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601124&sid=aom5wokKoMSo) news service.

Even the N95 masks that the government recommends for protection blocked only 75% of viruses,according to the article, perhaps because they were not fitted properly. The main problems with them are that they cost as much as 10 times the price of a regular surgical mask, they have to be fitted correctly and they can become uncomfortable after prolonged wearing.

09-18-2009, 07:32 PM
Sounds suspious for birds and wallabies to be grazing together.

Wallabies feed on Australian native grasses, herbs, and ferns.

Pigs baits suspected of killing birds and wallabies
Wednesday, 16/09/2009
The Western Australian Department of Environment and Conservation is investigating a spate of bird and wallaby deaths on the outskirts of Kununurra.

Over 20 birds and a number of wallabies have been found dead within a kilometre of each other and at this stage it's believed they've been poisoned by illegal baits left out for feral pigs.

District wildlife officer Luke Bentley has ruled out 1080 bait as the cause.

"The way the birds were found indicates it was a fairly strong agent, so we found birds that were dead in trees, birds that were flat on the ground with their wings stretched out," he says.

"So they've died fairly quickly, which indicates that it's not something like 1080.
"It'd be more something like strychnine, so we're obviously very concerned about something like that being out in the environment".
http://www.abc.net.au/rural/news/content/200909/s2687712.htm (http://www.abc.net.au/rural/news/content/200909/s2687712.htm)

09-18-2009, 07:52 PM
Hi caonacl,The 'bait' that killed the pig will most likely have cleaned up the wallabies and The birds have been cleaned up by Secondary poisoning from the other dead bodies.

I've seen it happen locally, using 'old' [now illegal] strychnine or Lucijet (http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/WR9850331) / Baytex 500 (http://www.bayeres.com.au/es/products/productdetail.asp?id=140) (<links-very effective but Nasty!Will kill very quickly-Minutes on small Animals/Birds)which is still available.

I'm watching for the poison test outcome....Hope it's nothing more.

hope this helped.


Observations on the Sensitivity of Some Australian Birds and the Feral Pig to the Organophosphorus Insecticide, Fenthion Ethyl.

JC Mcilroy

Some toxicological data are presented to show that 7 species of birds in Australia are highly sensitive to Lucijet [O,O-diethyl O-[3-methyl-4-(methylthio)phenyl] phosphorothioate], an insecticide that is used against blowflies [Lucilia cuprina], lice and keds on sheep. Data on the sensitivity of birds to fenthion (the methyl analogue of Lucijet) indicate that other species of birds in Australia could be highly sensitive to Lucijet. This is partly confirmed by the variety of species found dead where Lucijet has been used to kill animals regarded as pests (such as feral pigs). Poison 1080 (sodium fluoroacetate) is probably more effective against pigs and less hazardous to birdlife.
Lucijet info (http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/WR9850331)

09-19-2009, 12:12 AM
Thanks lonfa, but it was not clear to me that a wallaby and a pig would have a diet so similar that pig posion would affect the wallabies. Also, you decription of secondary posioning of the birds is logical, but why only birds and wallabies affected? Finally, where are all the dead pigs?

09-19-2009, 02:56 AM
Thanks lonfa, but it was not clear to me that a wallaby and a pig would have a diet so similar that pig posion would affect the wallabies. Also, you decription of secondary posioning of the birds is logical, but why only birds and wallabies affected? Finally, where are all the dead pigs?

Emm??!-You're right,There's some information missing here.

Wallabies are generally grazers and unlikely to be poisoned by any Normal tucker,-I'm wondering about a grain bait poison,Having said that:There is no mention of any DEAD pig or pigs.(Why put out baits? Was any bait put out/found?)

If it was a grain bait poison,That may account for dead wallabies and some birds, with secondary kill on the rest of the birds.

Still,I'll dig a little and see what I can find,There should be some results this coming week on the bodies tests.


Ps:Kununurra is a serious fruit growing area and it's coming into the wet (spring/summer) season which is the end of the fruit picking and dumped fruit would be being gotten rid of....Maybe something in that line of thought,Still doesn't account for deaths but-L

09-19-2009, 05:27 PM
Similarly to the dead birds and wallabies, we have "gangs of lazy poachers" who "might" be spreading poisons in India.

Poachers trying to poison rhinos in Assam's national park
IANS 19 September 2009, 11:51am IST

KAZIRANGA: Forest authorities in India's northeastern state of Assam have intensified patrol at a famed national park as there are fears that poacher gangs might try and kill animals by poisoning the grass instead of gunning down the wildlife.

A forest department spokesperson said an alert was sounded at the Kaziranga National Park after they found at least half-a-dozen cattle dead reportedly after grazing on poisoned grass in the fringes of the sanctuary.

"Although forensic test reports were yet to come, we suspect the cattle died after grazing on poisoned grass -- some toxic chemicals laced with salt might have been sprinkled on a patch of grassland," Kaziranga park director S.N. Buragohain said.

Park wardens and rangers said poacher gangs were probably changing their tactics of killing rhinos and other animals using the conventional method of gunning down the wildlife or by digging pits to trap them.
"We have already sent a senior official to the park to investigate the matter. Patrols have been stepped up and efforts on to fence certain stretches in the fringe areas as well to avoid any kind of threat," Assam forest minister Rockybul Hussain said.

"We are taking the reports very seriously, although we would be sure only when we get the forensic report."

The risk is manifold -- tigers could prey on the dead cattle and then themselves become a victim, while rhinos and deer could also stray out of the park to the fringe areas to graze on the poisoned grass.

"Preliminary reports indicate that the poison was laced with salt and then sprinkled on the grassland. And some of the animals have a great penchant for salt and this could be a new modus operandi of poachers to target rhinos," a forest guard said.

As per the latest rhino census figures of April 2009, some 2,048 of the world's estimated 3,000 one-horned rhinos lumber around the wilds of the 430 sq km Kaziranga -- their numbers ironically making the giant mammals a favourite target for poaching.

Last year 18 rhinos were killed by poachers, the first time in a decade that the number of rhinos killed in a year has touched a double digit figure in the park.

Poacher gangs kill rhinos for their horns, which many believe contain aphrodisiac qualities, besides being used as medicines for curing fever, stomach ailments and other diseases in parts of Asia.

Rhino horn is also fancied by buyers from the Middle East who turn them into handles of ornamental daggers, while elephant ivory tusks are primarily used for making ornaments and decorative items.

Profits in the illegal rhino horn trade are staggering -- rhino horn sells for up to Rs.1.5 million per kilogram in the international market after they are smuggled to China or sold in other clandestine Asian markets.

Once extracted, the rhino horn is routed to smugglers in places like Dimapur in Nagaland, Imphal in Manipur and Siliguri in West Bengal.


09-19-2009, 10:17 PM

JENNIFER GARDY :Our former post-doctoral research fellow at the University of British Columbia (http://www.globecampus.ca/navigator/university-of-british-columbia-the/) is now a researcher at the BC Centre for Disease Control. New job, same take on the ups and downs of being a science nerd.

Condoms? Check. Laptop? Check. Swine flu? Check. (http://www.globecampus.ca/blogs/nerd-girl/2009/09/08/condoms-check-laptop-check-swine-flu-check/)
by Jennifer Gardy, September 8, 2009 at 11:26 AM
This is the first time in 13 years I won’t be around campus for back to school and, frankly, I couldn’t be more pleased. Yes, I’m a little misty-eyed at the prospect of missing out on the electric atmosphere, the welcome back concerts and events, and the endless free samples of detergent, condoms and power bars handed out by marketing reps, but you know what I’m not sad about? SWINE FLU. Loads and loads of swine flu. Coughy, fevery, diarrhoeay, nasty, dirty swine flu. Everywhere.

If early data from the United States, where school goes back in late August, are any indication, campuses worldwide are going to be veritable cesspools of H1N1 this Fall. As of August 28, the American College Health Association had reported just over 2,000 suspected cases of H1N1 at its 189 sentinel colleges and universities. By September 5, however, the outbreak at Washington State University alone had ballooned to a suspected 2,000 cases. In its first two weeks of classes, WSU saw nearly 1 in 12 students contact a campus health care provider about flu-like symptoms.

There’s no reason to expect the situation in Canada will unfold any differently over the coming weeks, as the September campus is a most predictable beast indeed. There will be close social contact – buses like Tokyo subway cars, undersized and overfilled lecture halls, old friends and new friends coming together at parties, beer gardens and club meetings. There will be immune systems stressed by moves to new cities and the shock of having to return to a normal routine after a summer off. And there will be many, many people who mistake those first signs of illness for the after-effects of last night’s party. A virus couldn’t ask for a better home than the ivory tower come fall, really.

September outbreaks are, therefore, the rule rather than the exception. In 2006, for example, campuses from coast to coast were struck by norovirus, a gastrointestinal bug whose usual modus operandi is to infect cruise ship passengers sidling up to the Lido Buffet for a fifth helping of strudel. Salmonella rears its peritrichous flagellated little head fairly often, as do other more exotic viral illnesses like mumps, which has been appearing on campuses with such regularity in recent years that Ontario’s Ministry of Health started the “Mumps Campus Tour” to vaccinate students against this entirely preventable illness.

Most of these outbreaks are relatively small and well-contained due to the nature of the infectious agents. Pandemic H1N1, however, is a bug of a different colour. One need look no further than the name – pandemic H1N1. This is not something lurking only in the cafeteria’s day-old tray of mac’n’cheese or on the unwashed hands of one especially dirty student. Nuh uh. It’s everywhere, and a run-in is virtually guaranteed. Beyond its ubiquity, H1N1 is distinctly ageist in its infection profile, with students from kindergarten to grad school falling squarely within its sights, and the vaccine won’t be available until well past mid-term exams.

So what’s a student to do? First off, hope your university has a good H1N1 policy in place. There should be clear communication of guidelines surrounding self-isolation (like when to stay home and the importance of avoiding campus events if you’re feeling ill), and universities need to do everything they can to facilitate isolation, from providing private “sick rooms” for students in shared housing to ensuring absenteeism due to illness won’t be punished by docked marks or other penalties. Ditching the doctor’s note policy is important, as most primary care physicians are advising against coming in for a consultation if H1N1 is suspected, and universities need to encourage their professors to adopt distance-learning technologies to ensure that students can still access lecture material if they’re at home in bed with a barf bucket and laptop by their side.

Facilitating hygiene is another critical factor, although having seen the condition of some dorm rooms this one might be a bit of an insurmountable hurdle. Custodial staff need to be cleaning common surfaces (desks, door handles, etc...) more frequently, students should be cleaning their residence rooms more thoroughly than usual, and disposable wipes should be provided to allow people to wipe down things like clickers (those little poll-answer remotes many profs use during lectures) in between classes.
If your campus administrators have been living under a rock since April and haven’t enacted a flu policy, you and your fellow students need to take matters into your own hands, literally. Wash them . Frequently. Not just before a date or after you’ve dissected something in Bio 101. Also, if you have to sneeze, do it into a tissue (which you then throw away) or into the crook of your arm – not into your hands and not on the back of the head of the kid in front of you in class. If you see others sneezing incorrectly, glare at that. Scathing mockery at the hands of one’s peers is a very effective motivator for correcting behaviour.

Above all, if you feel a bout of influenza-like illness coming on, STAY AT HOME and don’t come back until you’ve been symptom-free for at least a full 24 hours. Be kind to your fellow students. They’re already stressed and/or hungover; let’s not add febrile and diarrhetic to that too.


09-20-2009, 11:43 AM
http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:7IZuy5EE1zHFeM:http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/9265517/2/istockphoto_9265517-swain-flu-paranoia.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/9265517/2/istockphoto_9265517-swain-flu-paranoia.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-9265517-swain-flu-paranoia.php&usg=__HyecV1744BZGqz-3KGZfVpyJdm0=&h=252&w=380&sz=53&hl=en&start=6&tbnid=7IZuy5EE1zHFeM:&tbnh=82&tbnw=123&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dflu%2Bparanoia%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den)ht tp://media.townhall.com/Townhall/Car/b/cb0502j20090504012505.jpg

L.C. in History: the pandemic of 1918

Dr. Clifton W. Potter, LC History Professor

Issue date: 9/10/09 Section: Opinion (http://thisbluemarble.com/news/2009/09/10/Opinion/)

Since the beginning of the new semester, we have all received several e-mails concerning Lynchburg College's planned response to a possible pandemic of the current strain of "swine flu," which first appeared last spring, and has already made its return. There is an eerie similarity between the current outbreak of influenza and that of 1918 in which there were at least 40,000,000 deaths-mostly in the "third world." I believe that it might be useful to review the events of 1918, and in particular the response of the college to that crisis.

In the spring of 1918, a new strain of the influenza virus made its appearance. The equipment available to the scientific community was not sophisticated enough for a definitive identification of the mutations that occurred to the "old" strain that had returned each year since the early 1890s. There were so many cases of this new strain in Spain that is was often called the "Spanish Influenza" in the popular press. During the summer, another mutation occurred in the virus, and when flu season returned it was obvious that a deadly strain was spreading rapidly through the country, and then the world. What had happened to cause this transformation?

The following theory is one that may well be an accurate account of the events that occurred. "Ground zero" may well have been rural Iowa. In the late spring, a farmer with a mild case of the flu infected the pigs in his sty-cases of swine flu were not regularly recorded by veterinarians until the 1920s. Shortly thereafter, birds migrating north left droppings in the sty which the pigs aspirated. The avian and human viruses mutated producing the "killer flu." The farmer's son, who was on leave from the United States navy, caught the influenza from one of the pigs shortly before he returned to Boston to rejoin his ship. The first cases of the deadly strain appeared in that city among naval personnel. It spread quickly and as the death toll rose people began to panic. Some even believed that German agents had put the microbes into Bayer aspirins or dumped them into the municipal water supply.

In previous outbreaks of the influenza the majority of deaths were recorded among children and the elderly, but in 1918, most victims were in the prime of life and in excellent physical condition. Why? It is believed that the virus "fed" upon an enzyme produced by both men and women between the ages of 15 and 35. Those who survived the flu were so weakened by the ordeal that they often succumbed to pneumonia. Service personnel headed for the war zone carried this new strain of influenza with them to Europe, and the effects were catastrophic. It may actually have helped to shorten the war.

As Lynchburg's colleges began the 1918-1919 session, the first cases of the influenza appeared in the Hill City. Unlike the leaders of many communities, those in charge of Lynchburg's government and the health department never tried to hide the truth from its citizens. Next week, I intend to examine the response of Virginia Christian College to the pandemic.


Auburn Boy
09-20-2009, 05:10 PM
For a historian, Do Potter is remarkable adept at the "art of making shit up."

There is so much bogus info in his article, I choked when I read it.

09-22-2009, 04:45 AM
http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:nRDOzCVL7SyauM:http://www.prevention.com/pvnstatic-images/PVN_Static/images/2009/0109/298x232-heart_flu-298x232_heart_flu.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.prevention.com/pvnstatic-images/PVN_Static/images/2009/0109/298x232-heart_flu-298x232_heart_flu.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.prevention.com/cda/article/when-your-heart-gets-the-flu/74a920c2c038d110VgnVCM10000013281eac____/news.voices/in.the.magazine/january.2009.issue&usg=__yRK9eD_FVgVT_XFM3w_Ja7StIzw=&h=232&w=298&sz=14&hl=en&start=11&tbnid=nRDOzCVL7SyauM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dflu%2Bheart%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den)

Flu Causes Heart Attacks but Vaccine Protects: Study
September 21, 2009

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Influenza can help trigger heart attacks and may account for a 35 percent to 50 percent rise in heart attack deaths during flu season, British researchers reported on Monday.

While a flu vaccine can prevent these deaths, fewer than half of the most vulnerable heart patients in Britain actually get a flu vaccine every year, however, they said.

"We believe influenza vaccination should be encouraged wherever indicated, especially in those people with existing cardiovascular disease," Charlotte Warren-Gash of University College London and colleagues wrote in the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases.

"Further evidence is needed on the effectiveness of influenza vaccines to reduce the risk of cardiac events in people without established vascular disease."

Warren-Gash and colleagues reviewed 39 studies conducted between 1932 and 2008 on the potential links between flu and heart deaths.

All the studies that covered entire populations showed a rise in deaths due to heart disease or heart attacks when influenza viruses were circulating, they found.

Seasonal influenza kills about 250,000 to 500,000 people a year, a figure that experts came up with by carefully monitoring confirmed flu deaths in a small area, counting excess deaths during influenza season over large populations, and consolidating both calculations.

Warren-Gash's team found the proportion of excess influenza deaths that were due to heart disease ranged from 35 percent to 50 percent.

Four out of eight studies showed people who were vaccinated from seasonal influenza were less likely to have a heart attack they found.

But in Britain, only 47 percent of people with chronic heart disease, asthma, diabetes or other conditions who are supposed to get a flu shot did last year.

Countries now are gearing up to vaccinate hundreds of millions of people against the pandemic H1N1 swine flu and people with chronic heart disease are at the top of the list of those who should get one.

09-22-2009, 08:15 AM
This does reference many Tea Tree oil studies.

NOXO Anti-Flu Product Is A Viable Preventive Measure In The Fight Against Influenza
Wynnewood, PA, Sep 22, 2009 (WORLD STOCK WIRE via COMTEX) -- The new NOXO Anti-Flu products web site (www.noxoantiflu.com) is now online in time for the coming flu season. Products include two NOXO Anti Flu Sprays (1oz and 2 oz) and a NOXO Anti Flu Soap. All products contain a proprietary blend of all-natural oils from many plant families that have demonstrated antiviral properties as reported in peer-reviewed journal articles in the database of the National Institute of Health. The recorded research describes essential oils activity as an excellent preventative measure when used before exposure, and can lessen the potential of infection for any type of virus, be it our "regular" flu or the current pandemic threat of H1N1 swine flu.

NOXO Anti-Flu Spray is not meant to replace the flu vaccine or other medical treatments, but rather to supplement them.NOXO products have the ability to alter the brains perception. The uniquely formulated NOXO product line is based on advanced olfactory perception altering technology and is proprietary to Adoodle, Inc.

Droplets can also “hang” in the air with other particles and be breathed in by other people. One way to help prevent catching an airborne disease is put up a barrier to the microorganism so that it is harder for it to enter our noses or mouths. This can be done in part by atomizing a solution of NOXO Anti-Flu Spray into our airspace. NOXO Anti-flu solution when sprayed into your airspace tends to cluster airborne particles. Once the particles cluster they fall to the ground out of your breathing space.

PRODUCT USE: Bioaerosol particulate clearing spray- including viruses, bacterial, and mold spores. Contains Tea tree and other essential oils at a proven anti-viral concentration and solubily, pH, particle size and charge to remove particulates in the air when atomized.

09-22-2009, 07:53 PM
http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:YDm95wf9_8Mk4M:http://www.indium.com/_images/0220/chicken_pig.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.indium.com/_images/0220/chicken_pig.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.indium.com/blogs/Rick-Short-B2B-Marcom-Blog/The-Economic-Cloud-Silver-Lining-for-B2B-Marcom/20090220,16,3093/&usg=__H9Jy9wEr8JkuwWnGc2J5FQmokeQ=&h=400&w=400&sz=15&hl=en&start=1&tbnid=YDm95wf9_8Mk4M:&tbnh=124&tbnw=124&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dpig%2Bchicken%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den)

Was Egypt right to slaughter its pigs?
Debora MacKenzie, consultant

Complexity is a funny thing. Last year, I wrote about its scarier implications in the event of a deadly pandemic (much deadlier, please note, than the flu pandemic now under way), and, taking things a bit further, for what might make civilisation collapse. Both investigations found that, the more complex our social systems, the more likely that:

a. you can't predict what will happen when you change even a seemingly small bit of it; and

b. what does happen may hurt.

Take Egyptian pigs. Pigs are forbidden meat for Muslims, so there is no commercial pig industry in Egypt. But an often repressed minority of Coptic Christians does raise them. When swine flu started spreading globally last spring, the Egyptian government decided to slaughter all the Copts' pigs, tens of thousands of them. This made little epidemiological sense: the pandemic virus originated in pigs, but by then it was already a disease you get from people, not pigs. Just an excuse for someone to curry electoral favour by Copt-bashing, some concluded.

Verdict: killing pigs bad.

But then, maybe getting pigs out of Egypt wasn't such a bad idea. If the H1N1 swine flu virus hybridises with the H5N1 bird flu virus, it could spawn one that spreads like swine flu and kills like bird flu - not a nice thought. Egypt has plenty of H5N1 in birds and a steady trickle of cases in people, including several at the time of the pig slaughter: in total 27 Egyptians have died of it. There has already been a false alarm about swine and bird flu co-infection in Egyptians.

The two may also co-infect pigs and hybridise there. There is H5N1 bird flu in Chinese and Indonesian pigs, and lots in Egyptian chickens, so it seems unlikely that the Copts' scavenging, urban swine would be free of it. H5N1 has shown little inclination to hybridise with human flu in pigs so far, but the pandemic swine flu virus, which seems right at home in pigs, may be less picky.

Verdict: killing pigs good.

Or maybe not. The Copts' pigs were the main system for getting rid of food waste in Egypt's crowded, chaotic cities. Now it is piling up and rotting. And with Egypt keeping schools closed until October to delay the pandemic, there are even more kids than usual playing in the stuff. Pandemic or no pandemic, this cannot be a good thing disease-wise. Verdict: who can tell by this point?

This reminds me of what happened when, for reasons of good husbandry, Indian farmers started giving their ailing cattle the painkiller diclofenac. Some animals died, and as always in India, the big griffon vultures ate the remains, diclofenac and all. Now the vultures have almost entirely disappeared from India. Turns out diclofenac destroys their kidneys. Who knew? Now animal remains feed packs of feral dogs instead, raising the risk of rabies, a horrible death for thousands every year, mainly children.

It's an unpredictable time to be alive. Especially if you're a virus.


09-24-2009, 07:24 AM
again relevant ....

Is your desk making you sick?
POSTED: 9:50 a.m. EST, November 13, 2006
By David Williams

(CNN) -- In the peak of cold and flu season, many Americans may want to hide at their desks to avoid those hacking and sneezing co-workers. But health experts say that could be the very place that makes them sick.
A study by the University of Arizona in 2002 found the typical worker's desk has hundreds of times more bacteria per square inch than an office toilet seat. If that's not disturbing enough, desks, phones and other private surfaces are also prime habitats for the viruses that cause colds and flu.

Bacteria, single-celled organisms, can cause strep throat, pneumonia and other conditions. They can be treated with antibiotics. However, viruses, which are smaller than bacteria, cause colds and flu and cannot be treated with antibiotics.

Dr. Charles Gerba, a microbiologist at the University of Arizona, counted bacteria on workplace surfaces for a study sponsored by The Clorox Co., makers of Clorox bleach.

Office toilet seats had 49 germs per square inch, he found. But desktops had almost 21,000 germs per square inch. Phones were worse -- more than 25,000 germs per square inch.

Desks, phones, computer keyboards and mice are key germ transfer points because people touch them so often, Gerba said, adding that coughing and sneezing can leave behind "a minefield of viruses" that can live on a surface for up to three days. But health experts say that simple office hygiene can reduce infection risks dramatically.

"We know that 80 percent of the infections you get are transmitted through the environment," Gerba said.

Bacteria cafeteria
Wiping down work areas with disinfectant wipes every day reduces bacteria significantly, Gerba said.

But at many offices, custodians don't touch people's desks to avoid accidental misplacement or loss of important documents.

"Nobody ever cleans a desktop until they start sticking to it, from what we've found," he said. "A lot of people eat and slop on their desks all the time so it basically turns into a bacteria cafeteria during the day, and that's one of the reasons you get a lot on your desktops."

Roslyn Stone, chairwoman of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Workplace Flu Prevention Group, had another low-tech recommendation -- washing your hands.

"Soap and hot water for 18 to 20 seconds as frequently as you can remember to do it is going to be your single most effective prevention tip this season," she said.

Stone also urged people not to go to work if they're sick to avoid spreading the disease to their co-workers.

However, she acknowledged that it can be hard to stay home since the peak flu months are December and January -- the busiest time of year for retailers and a time when many workers have either used all their sick time or are rationing it to last through the New Year.

Lori Rosen, a workplace analyst with CCH Incorporated, recommended that companies put together guidelines to tell their employees when to stay home and when it is OK to come to work.

"Sometimes people don't know, and even though they know when they should keep their kids home from school, they don't know that about themselves because they think, 'Well, I'm an adult I can deal with it differently,' but in fact it probably isn't," she said.

Stone said a basic guideline would be for workers to stay home until they are free of symptoms -- fever, sore throat, nausea or diarrhea -- for at least 24 hours.

Flu costs
Workers in the United States miss an average of 1.5 days per year because of the flu and that could cost businesses $20 billion in lost productivity this year, said Harvard University health economist David Cutler.

He said the shortage of vaccine could make the problem larger than most years.

"There's this hero thing that people think 'If I can get myself dressed in some manner and drag myself -- even if somebody has to drive me -- to the office, I'll go in,'" Rosen said.

Dr. Ron Goetzel, director of the Cornell Institute for Health and Productivity Studies, said that this sort of "presenteeism" puts other workers at risk and also hurts companies' bottom lines.

"The employer is paying you to come in and work," he said " and ... you're suffering from a condition that knocks off two out of 8 hours of the day. In a sense the employer is paying you for a full day of work but you're only delivering 75 percent of that."

09-24-2009, 07:28 AM
http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:CTyj9twjEVVmvM:http://pages.swcp.com/~nmmc/climbrocks/knots/figure8.GIF (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://pages.swcp.com/~nmmc/climbrocks/knots/figure8.GIF&imgrefurl=http://pages.swcp.com/~nmmc/climbrocks/knots/knots.html&usg=__RM0Pf_TVOZX4eryY72wOx_QpAVc=&h=309&w=465&sz=7&hl=en&start=4&tbnid=CTyj9twjEVVmvM:&tbnh=85&tbnw=128&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfigure%2B8%2Bknot%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den )

8 Ways Swine Flu Is Changing Society
Flu season is here—and this year, people are actually taking notice. The outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, commonly known as swine flu, has people re-evaluating the way they live, travel, interact with each other and even how they eat.

The World Health Organization officially declared the virus a pandemic in June, and announced in early September that at least 3,205 people have died from the virus. And while more than 60 percent of Americans say they are “not too” or “not at all” worried about swine flu affecting them or their families, according to a Washington Post-ABC News poll, the scare has left its mark on many parts of society, both in the United States and abroad. Here, eight ways swine flu is changing the world.

1. People are reconsidering cultural greetings
The French are well known for offering la bise, a quick peck on each cheek, as a way of saying hello and goodbye. But with the fear of transmitting the H1N1 virus, some schools and companies—and even the health ministry’s swine flu hotline—recommend avoiding this practice. One mayor in a small French town in the province of Brittany has actually banned the kisses, telling National Public Radio, “What’s the point in the preventative hand washing when people are still kissing each other all the time?”

Spanish, Mexican, and Lebanese government officials have also discouraged kissing greetings, and school officials in New York have even discouraged students from exchanging high fives. John M. Barry, author of The Great Influenza, warns thathandshaking, too, could come under fire if the spread of the virus gets worse. “Any specialist would say that shaking hands is not a great habit if you’re interested in controlling an infectious disease.”

2. It’s scarier than religion
Swine flu is even changing some long-held religious practices: The Archdiocese of New York told Catholic New Yorkers they may refrain from the traditional handshaking at mass. One rabbi in Brookline, Mass., told National Public Radio that he was suggesting congregants at his temple greet each other with a “Buddhist bow” or an “Obama fist bump” during September’s High Holy Days.

Muslims celebrating Ramadan in Kuwait and Lebanon have been advised not to hug, and, if the flu outbreak worsens, mosques could consider asking people to bring their own prayer mats to services. In Spain, Roman Catholics are being asked to refrain from kissing a statue of the country’s patron saint, and Italy has banned the kissing of two vials thought to contain the blood of a saint.

3. Schools, workplaces, and day-cares are changing policies
Telling an entire country or religious congregation to stop shaking hands or kissing may prove tricky to control, however. “It’s easier to implement when a school or an institution or a company collectively decides, ‘We’re not going to do this for the duration of this epidemic,’” says Pascal James Imperato, M.D., dean and distinguished professor of public health at SUNY Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn. And many are doing just that.
Colleges have updated handbooks to urge students and professors to stay home with even the slightest feeling of illness and to frequently clean often-touched objects in their dorms, such as remote controls and doorknobs. Offices are creating policies allowing employees to work staggered shifts or providing them with the materials needed to work from home. And day-care organizations have urged parents to consider making back-up plans should the centers need to cut their services with short notice.

4. People are scared to eat pork
China, Russia, and Ukraine were quick to ban pork produced in the United States when the virus was first detected, and soon a total of 27 countries had followed suit. The boycotts have wrecked havoc on the pork industry, causing the government to actually bail out farmers who have been forced to sell their pork at lower costs, Time magazine reports.

The irony, of course, is that it’s not at all possible for H1N1 to spread through eating infected bacon or hot dogs—and even so, there have been zero cases of infected pigs in the United States. The H1N1 virus actually has avian, swine, and human genes, and may not even make pigs sick, scientists say. Unfortunately for pork producers, “swine flu” is a much more sensational-media-friendly name.

5. Tourism to Mexico has suffered
When the first cases of swine flu were linked to having originated in Mexico, the Centers for Disease Control initially recommended canceling all travel plans south of the border unless the trip was absolutely essential. Three weeks later, the warning was lifted.

The WHO has insisted that international travel does not need to be restricted. Barry agrees: “At this point, the virus is everywhere,” he says. “Where are you not going to go to avoid it? But that doesn’t mean that there aren’t people who wouldn’t be a little panicked.”

Those panicked travelers delivered quite a hit to Mexico’s tourism industry, which was already in trouble due to negative violence- and drug-related publicity. Travel Web site TripAdvisor.com reported a 50 percent decrease in searches for Mexican destinations by May, according to

SmartMoney.com. Hotels and airports sat empty in May, and airlines flying to Mexico have also reported millions of dollars in losses that they claim are flu-related.

The good news? If you still want to go, you can get flights and hotel rooms on the cheap.

6. Precautionary (and bizarre) merchandise is flying off shelves
Soon after the virus first surfaced, consumers became caught up in the hype about the pandemic, says Dr. Imperato—turning to whatever precautionary merchandise they could get over the counter. Logical purchases included facemasks and antibacterial soaps, but plenty of other companies have cashed in on the marketing craze in over-the-top and even unrelated ways, as well.

There are flu kits (complete with full-body suits), swine-flu-spam computer virus protection, a viral stop-the-spread online game and, of course, all sorts of pig paraphernalia.

7. Coughing and sneezing are practically federal crimes
Symptoms of sickness may not be against the law quite yet, but there does seem to be an abundance of dirty looks going around in response to simple public throat clearing. It seems that everyone is more aggressively cautious of coughing and sneezing in public, and perhaps rightly so.

A simple sneeze sends as many as 100,000 droplets of germs from your mouth and nose into the air within three to five feet at about 100 miles an hour, according to CNN’s A360°. The germs can then hang in the air for up to a minute, so even if the droplets don’t land on a nearby person, he or she could still walk through the germy cloud and catch a virus.

Even worse, coughing or sneezing into a hand and then touching a public space, like a subway pole, a door handle, or a shared computer keyboard, spreads the range of the germs. Remember good cold and flu etiquette: Whenever you can, cough or sneeze into a tissue, or at least use your elbow and sleeve to cover your mouth instead of your hands.

8. People may finally get flu shots

In the 2005-2006 season, so many people did not get the vaccine that 18 million doses had to be thrown away. If this pandemic has a silver lining, it’s that more people are making the decision to actively protect themselves against germs in general—and that’s good news, since everyyear even the “regular” seasonal flu (and complications of the flu) kills about 36,000 Americans, and anywhere from 250,000 to 500,000 people worldwide.

An August Gallup poll found that 55 percent of respondents see themselves getting a swine flu vaccine if one becomes available, up from 46 percent in May. And while the H1N1 vaccine won’t be available until at least mid-October, seasonal flu shots this year are being administered earlier than usual—and recommended more strongly by health officials—in anticipation of increased interest.

Many drug stores, employers, and schools are already offering the seasonal flu vaccine, and some counties are administering the shots at no charge.

Still, many people are skeptical of either shot’s effectiveness, and probably won’t get vaccinated or give the vaccine to their children. Pregnant women are especially at risk, but typically have very low rates of vaccination due to worries that the shots won’t be healthy for their babies.

http://thisbluemarble.com/attachment.php?attachmentid=1304&stc=1&d=12418949412. It’s scarier than religion

09-25-2009, 04:28 AM
How to Make Licorice Candy

http://i.ehow.com/images/a04/p1/4h/make-licorice-candy-200X200.jpg (http://i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/5014673/192943-main_Full.jpg)

Licorice candy (http://thisbluemarble.com/#) is made with real licorice root and anise root. It was used traditionally as a palatable medicine to alleviate cold and flu symptoms, but it can also be enjoyed as a sweet treat, particularly if you love the distinctive flavor. This recipe yields approximately 15 to 20 6-inch tubes of licorice candy.

Difficulty: Easy

Things You'll Need:

Molasses (http://www.ehow.com/shop_molasses.html); Medium sauce pan; Licorice root powder ; Dried anise root powder ; Flour <; Icing sugar ; Cookie sheet
Glass jar or plastic bags

Step 1
Add 1 cup of molasses to a medium sized sauce (http://thisbluemarble.com/#) pan. Heat over medium heat for five to 10 minutes, or until the molasses is thoroughly warmed. Heat gently, and do not allow it to boil or bubble.
Step 2
Add 1 tsp. each of licorice root powder and dried anise root powder to the molasses. Stir well to incorporate the powder throughout the mixture.
Step 3
Add ½ cup of flour to the molasses mixture, and stir in thoroughly. Continue adding flour, a few tablespoons at a time and up to 1 cup total, until a thick, workable paste is formed.
Step 4
Remove the dough from the pan and place on a flat surface, such as a countertop or cutting board. Shape the licorice candy dough into several long tubes, about ½-inch in thickness and 6 inches in length.
Step 5
Roll the licorice candy tubes in icing sugar and place onto a cookie sheet to dry. Wait one to two hours for the candy to harden, and then store it in a glass jar or plastic storage bag until ready to eat (http://thisbluemarble.com/#).

Tips & Warnings

Do not consume licorice candy containing real licorice root if you suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, or if you are at risk for a stroke. It should also be avoided while pregnant or nursing. Real licorice root should not be consumed for longer than a month consecutively without a break in between.
www.ehow.com/how_5014673_make-licorice-candy.html (http://www.ehow.com/how_5014673_make-licorice-candy.html)

Beware: Flu-Diabetes Combination Can Be Deadly
Wednesday, September 23, 2009 1:23 PM CDT

H1N1 is all over the news right now, and the dangers of any type of flu are well documented. What’s not widely known is the increased danger the flu poses for people with diabetes.

“Any infection can cause your blood sugar to rise, which poses a definite risk, especially for people whose diabetes is poorly controlled,” said Dr. Michael Draelos, of Draelos Metabolic Center in Edmond. “These diabetics can not only experience complications, but they usually have a more severe and prolonged battle with the flu itself.”

People with diabetes should definitely get a flu shot, he said, and they should consider getting it early – ideally in September -- as it takes longer to become effective in these patients. They should also get a pneumonia vaccine, since people with diabetes are three times more likely to die from pneumonia as well as flu.

To minimize potential exposure to the flu, Draelos also recommends that diabetics ask family members, close friends and coworkers to get a flu shot too.

Draelos said people with diabetes also need to take extra precautions in choosing over-the-counter medications to treat their flu symptoms.

“Some over-the-counter medications are safe,” he said. “But many, including cough drops and liquid cold and flu medicines, contain added sugar. Look for the words ‘sugar-free’ when you purchase any medications. If you have any doubts, ask your doctor or pharmacist.”

Draelos said that anyone with influenza can experience complications, such as severe nausea and vomiting, dehydration and pneumonia. Other side effects such as rhabdomyolosis (severe muscle damage) and central nervous system side effects are much less common.

If you have diabetes and do get the flu, Draelos said, you should take the following precautions:
Never completely stop your insulin without checking with your healthcare provider. If you have insulin-dependent (Type 1) diabetes and your insulin is stopped, you will likely go into diabetic ketoacidosis, a dangerous, life-threatening condition. Insulin adjustments may need to be made to compensate for the effects of infection and decreased food intake.
Frequent blood glucose monitoring and insulin adjustment is important. Check your blood sugar at least every 2 to 4 hours, and adjust your insulin dosage accordingly. Remember, when you’re feeling sick from the flu you may not be as aware of fluctuations in your blood sugar level.

Be sure to eat regularly, preferably foods from your regular eating plan. Everyone needs to eat while they are sick, and this is critical for anyone with a blood sugar problem.

Always take your insulin with food. Taking insulin without food can cause hypoglycemia (too-low blood sugar), which also carries severe health risks.

Drink water and other fluids, to avoid dehydration. Ideally try for one cup of fluid every hour. The American Diabetes Association recommends drinking sugar-free drinks such as tea, water and sugar-free ginger ale.

If your blood sugar drops too low, sip liquids such as grape juice and sports drinks, about ½ to 1 cup at a time.

Check for ketones. If these are too high, it can lead to a coma. Contact your doctor if your levels begin to rise.

Finally, be aware that influenza is a potentially deadly disease for anyone, as it can lead to complications like bacterial pneumonia, severe dehydration, muscle complications and even encephalitis (infection of the brain). It’s especially dangerous for diabetics, so prevention is always your best protection.

The Draelos Metabolic Center is dedicated to helping patients control and live with a variety of chronic metabolic and hormonal disorders, including diabetes, obesity, growth hormone deficiency, pituitary disorders, low testosterone and thyroid disease.
For more information on diabetes, Draelos Metabolic Center has an online newsletter. It can be viewed at HYPERLINK "http://www.draelosmetabolic.com (http://www.draelosmetabolic.com/)" www.draelosmetabolic.com (http://www.draelosmetabolic.com/).

http://www.bixbybulletin.com/articles/2009/09/23/opinion/doc4aba62f83d9b6542587426.txt (http://www.bixbybulletin.com/articles/2009/09/23/opinion/doc4aba62f83d9b6542587426.txt)

09-25-2009, 04:33 AM
Pump it up: British inmate gets drunk on anti-flu gel

A British inmate found a creative way to try to prevent swine flu, the BBC tells us. Seems he used alcohol-based, hand-sanitizing gel to make cocktails. (Flu-drivers? Gel and tonics? Absolut swine?)

Dorset prison provided the anti-bacterial gel Monday to help fight the spread of flu germs. Within hours, however, guards discovered an inmate had gotten drunk on the goo. All the hand pumps were quickly removed.
Anti-bacterial gels generally contain 62% ethyl alcohol. That's 124 proof.


09-25-2009, 04:36 AM
Carcasses of dead walruses spotted on Alaska coast
By DAN JOLING (AP) – Sep 17, 2009

ANCHORAGE, Alaska — Up to 200 dead walruses have been spotted on the shore of Chukchi Sea on Alaska's northwest coast.

Federal wildlife researchers from the U.S. Geological Survey on their way to a walrus tagging project spotted 100 to 200 of the animals' carcasses near Icy Cape about 140 miles southwest of Barrow.

They report the dead walruses appeared to be mostly new calves or yearlings.

However, neither the age of the dead animals nor the cause of death is known, said Bruce Woods, spokesman for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

"It's just too early to say until we can get someone on the ground," Woods said.
About 3,500 walruses were reported last week at the Icy Cape haulout site, where walruses rest from feeding forays.

Young animals can be crushed in stampedes when a herd is startled by a polar bear, human hunters or even a low-flying airplane.

This is the second time in three years that walruses have congregated in large numbers on the Alaska shore.

Walrus cannot swim indefinitely and historically have used sea ice as a platform for diving in the Bering and Chukchi seas for clams and other food on the ocean floor.
In recent years, however, sea ice has receded far beyond the outer continental shelf, forcing walruses to choose between riding the ice over waters too deep to reach clams or onto shore.

Environmental groups calling for measures to slow greenhouse gas emissions say walruses gathering in herds on shore are evidence that global warming is alerting the Arctic environment and forcing major changes in wildlife behavior.

The National Snow and Ice Data Center at the University of Colorado announced Thursday that Arctic sea ice for 2009 shrunk to its third lowest level since satellite measurements began in 1979. The record low was set in 2007 and ice last year melted to the second lowest level on record.

Walruses for years came ashore intermittently in Alaska during their fall southward migration but not so early and not in such numbers.

Herds were in the tens of thousands at some locations on the Russian side of the Chukchi Sea. Russian biologists in 2007 reported 3,000 to 4,000 walruses died out of a population of perhaps 200,000, mostly young animals crushed in stampedes.

http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iveFY1XCjWegbjcLevGSl2HtDj7wD9AP8T883 (http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iveFY1XCjWegbjcLevGSl2HtDj7wD9AP8T883)

09-25-2009, 10:13 PM


09-25-2009, 10:26 PM
:dramaqueen:http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:PJMpUrErZ5jCcM:http://c4.ac-images.myspacecdn.com/images02/9/m_13bd8e6e397d496595f092b922b8941f.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://c4.ac-images.myspacecdn.com/images02/9/m_13bd8e6e397d496595f092b922b8941f.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.myspace.com/snotragaus&usg=__GbyJKQQs7dFZ9-ILVG14il7G-go=&h=123&w=170&sz=4&hl=en&start=23&tbnid=PJMpUrErZ5jCcM:&tbnh=72&tbnw=99&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dsnot%2Brag%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D18%26hl %3Den%26sa%3DN%26start%3D18):confused1:

Quiver in fear, swine flu: Killer sleeves are out to get you (http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/booster_shots/2009/07/h1n1-swine-flu.html)

http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/.a/6a00d8341c630a53ef011571532eac970c-320wi (http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/.a/6a00d8341c630a53ef011571532eac970c-pi)
Worried about your kids catching swine flu?

A group of "mompreneurs" -- what a word, what a word -- have stepped up to the plate to help, a publicist has informed us. Three mothers have independently come up with cutesy-named and cutesy-designed sleeves and/or wristbands that you stick on Johnny or Janey's arm for them to wipe their noses on and sneeze on.

The idea: It's better to spray and slime the sleeve with viral particles than smear the hand or send an aerosol of them into the environment at large -- a tenet that infectious disease experts endorse, as a matter of fact.
There's the Germy Wormy, which our Healthy Skeptic columnist Chris Woolston assessed a while back.

Then there are Sniffle Buddies, and Sniffle Sleeve. Alike, yet distinctly different.

Germy Wormy has a lovable worm on it. Sniffle Buddies are made out of "a naturally antibacterial blend of Organic Bamboo and Organic Cotton" and the Sniffle Sleeve incorporates a canvas patch onto which the mom can pour "antibacterial and/or antiviral essential oils," ideally Sniffle Sleeve's "exclusively organic and wildcrafted therapeutic grade essential oils made specifically for kids."


In Woolston's assessment of Germy Wormy, Dr. Don Goldmann of Harvard University had this to say:

"If a person has to cough, the elbow is a great place to do it, Goldmann says, and the disposable sleeves might help stop the spread of flu if they encourage kids to cover their coughs. But once a kid has gotten into that habit, Goldmann doesn't see an advantage to wearing a Germy Wormy. Germs don't live long on fabrics; any germ that lands on a real sleeve isn't likely to infect anyone else."

The same would hold, we'd imagine, for a Sniffle Buddy or a Sniffle Sleeve, "wildcrafted" oils notwithstanding.


09-26-2009, 03:59 PM

No holy water? Japan churches drain basins as flu spreads

2009-08-21 07:40:46

TOKYO (Reuters) - Catholic churchgoers in Tokyo will have to do without holy water for now as the H1N1 influenza outbreak prompts Japanese churches to take steps to prevent the spread of the virus.

The Franciscan Chapel Center in Tokyo is one church that has decided to empty the holy water basins, into which parishioners traditionally dip their fingers and bless themselves by making a sign of the cross.

The church, which serves mostly expatriates in a country that is only about 0.4 percent Catholic, has also requested that people greet each other by bowing instead of shaking hands as a way to reduce the risk of infection.

"We have such an international gathering, people come from many nations in the world and the risk is higher than in other Japanese situations," said Callistus Sweeney, pastor at the Franciscan Chapel Center.

The church will keep in place the measures, which were recommended by the Tokyo archdiocese, "until the danger has passed," he said.

Japan has seen a recent surge in the number of H1N1 flu cases and has confirmed three deaths from the disease in the past week.

The virus has caused the first pandemic of the 21st century, according to the World Health Organization, and is expected to worsen when the northern hemisphere's autumn weather sets in.

Sweeney said he has seen a positive reaction to the steps, in particular that ministers must clean their hands with disinfectant towels before distributing communion wafers.

St. Ignatius, another church in Tokyo with a large international following, has also banned holy water for now and said it may consider further steps if necessary to help prevent the spread of the flu.


09-26-2009, 04:02 PM
Making the Problem Worse With Flu Vaccinations

In addition to all of the inherent problems associated with vaccinations, the push to give pregnant women a flu vaccination has additional problems.

Namely, it is impossible to create a flu shot that actually works. This is because the flu virus changes its structure each time it replicates, which means the flu shots that have been developed would only be effective against previous strains of the flu virus.

Even the Center for Disease Control admits that the effectiveness of flu shots depends on how well they have matched the shot with the current strain. In other words, whether or not the vaccination has any effectiveness depends upon how well researchers have guessed at the structure of the next strain of flu.

So, my question, is it really worth taking the risk when the supposed benefits have not been proven?

Think about it, the vaccination cannot be given to children under the age of 6 months, yet the vaccine pushers are encouraging pregnant women to get the shot while carrying a developing fetus. It just doesn’t make sense to me and I encourage all pregnant women to NOT get this vaccine and to do thorough research on all vaccinations. I have 2 healthy boys who have never seen a hospital, a doctor or received any vaccinations and I hope the future for our children is a future with NO vaccinations!



09-26-2009, 04:06 PM

Yoga dasara to focus on swine flu

MYSORE: Yoga Dasara, an event during the famous Dasara festival in Mysore, will focus on exercises to protect practitioners from swine flu.

Yoga teachers from various institutions, who will conduct classes in 70 localities including parks, junctions and orphanages, apart from the Dasara exhibition and Curzon park will emphasise on yogic kriyas such as Jala neeti, Sutra neeti, Vamana and Kapala bathi to improve respiratory functions, cure lung infections and develop immunity.

At a time, when the fear of swine flu has gripped the common man and made hoteliers skeptical about tourist turn out; the promise of Yoga Dasara could indeed redeem Dasara. Prominent city-based Yoga masters, who have students across the globe, will conduct 77 camps from September 5 to 21.

Yoga Dasara will be inaugurated on September 20. On that day, hundreds of practitioners will perform Suryanamaskara in front of the Mysore Palace. This will be followed by a yoga conference, addressed by eminent scholars and yogis. There will also be lectures and demonstrations of 40 different yoga series. The Yoga teachers, who have successfully started lessons for mahouts and tribal families accompanying the Dasara elephants, are keen to conduct yoga and pranic healing classes in Muslim orphanages.


09-27-2009, 11:52 AM
Bypassing lungs may help swine flu pneumonia victims
September 16, 2009 | 10:55 am
Patients with acute respiratory stress or pneumonia are typically placed on a ventilator, which assists breathing by forcing air into the lungs under pressure. While ventilation can be lifesaving, it also can damage lung tissues from oxygen toxicity and pressure injury.

A new study in the medical journal Lancet has shown that oxygenating blood outside the body with a miniaturized version of a heart-lung machine reduces that damage and can reduce fatalities significantly. The study was not conducted on patients with pandemic H1N1 influenza, but should be directly applicable to them as well. The primary drawback of the approach is the high cost, nearly double that of conventional ventilation.

The technique is called extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, or ECMO for short. In it, blood is run through tiny porous tubes that allow oxygen to filter in and carbon dioxide to escape. The treatment takes stress off the lungs, allowing them time to heal.

Dr. Giles Peek of Glenfield Hospital in Leicester, England, and his colleagues studied 180 adults, ages 18 to 65, with severe breathing problems. They assigned half to consideration for ECMO and half to conventional ventilation. Only three-quarters of those assigned to ECMO actually received it. But 43 of the 68 who received ECMO survived for six months without disability, a total of 63%. In contrast, only 47% of those who were assigned to conventional ventilation survived for the same period without injury.

In a statement, Peek said, "We have already used ECMO during the first wave of the pandemic with good effect, and we are expecting ECMO to prove an invaluable weapon in the fight against the winter resurgence of the infection."

One problem is that most hospitals in Britain -- and the United States -- do not have the machines, which cost nearly $100,000. Although the technology has been around since the 1980s, a 2008 study said that only about 2,000 adult patients in the U.S. had received treatment with it.

One reason hospitals don't like to use it is that blood thinners like heparin must be used to keep clots from forming in the device. That means the patient must be constantly monitored--one therapist for one or two patients 24 hours per day. In contrast, a ventilator technician can monitor as many as 10 patients simultaneously. The average cost of treatment for ECMO patients was about $122,000, compared with an average of about $55,000 for those on ventilators. Six patients needed to be treated for every life saved, Peek said.



09-27-2009, 12:50 PM
Army issues hand gel, cough orders in flu fight
By SUSANNE M. SCHAFER (AP) – 1 day ago

FORT JACKSON, S.C. — Soldiers in boot camp are getting something new this year besides rigorous basic training — Army-green bottles of hand sanitizer gel, part of a stepped-up effort by the military to ward off swine and seasonal flu.

Soldiers at the Army's largest training installation and at other boot camps are also getting orders barked by their drill sergeants to use alcohol wipes and cough into their sleeves.

It's all part of an effort that intensified when the new H1N1 swine flu spread this year to avoid repeating history. The 1918 global flu pandemic hit hard at big training camps like Fort Jackson, where hundreds of soldiers died and thousands became ill.

Army recruits enter basic training from around the nation and the world, so medical officials say they must drill hygiene basics into each and every soldier to keep them healthy amid the stresses and strains of combat training.

"We use this over and over, everyday," said Spec. Arielle Schiltz, 20, of Detroit, Mich., showing how the small vial of hand gel she was issued fits in a shoulder pocket. "You just rub it in. After the latrine, before eating, after eating. It could be 15 to 20 times a day."

Staff Sgt. Anthony Elmore, 37, in charge of Schiltz's unit, said such instruction can't be repeated enough for the estimated 50,000 soldiers who stream annually through Fort Jackson's training units.

"We have to work and talk, work and talk," said Elmore, of Greenwood. "We want to make sure that these soldiers know how to follow proper hygiene, so they won't get sick."

During the 1918 flu pandemic, Camp Jackson, as it was known at the time, had more than 60,000 soldiers in training, according to Dale Smith, the historian for the military's medical school known as the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Md.

Exact numbers are hard to come by, but estimates are that about 25 percent of those at the installation got the flu, and of the afflicted about 18 to 20 percent died, Smith said.

Many who became ill recovered, "but it still killed a lot of people," Smith said.

Besides rolling up their sleeves to get mandatory vaccinations, the instruction doled out by the military could help anyone keep healthy in a crowded, stressed work place: Keep six feet away from those coughing or sneezing; cough into your sleeve; don't use other people's telephones or computer keyboards, wash your hands often and use hand sanitizer.

Military guidance also includes using larger meeting rooms, using workspace cubicles in offices instead of open places — and even putting bunkmates in head-to-toe configurations when beds are stacked. Stalls with alcohol wipes and gel, masks and instructive posters line the walls of barracks, rest rooms and training areas.

While some anti-flu steps were included in health training in the past, the training and the use of the hand sanitizers were stepped up last spring to battle both the regular flu and the H1N1 virus, said Nichole Riley, public affairs officer for Fort Jackson's Moncrief Army Community Hospital on Fort Jackson. The steps appear to be working, she said.

"We've seen a tremendous decrease in the number of flulike illnesses coming into our urgent care center," Riley said.

In April, the installation logged a high of 187 confirmed cases of the H1N1 swine flu virus, and now about only 30 cases are being dealt with, she said. Exact numbers are no longer being tallied.

"Using the hand sanitizers, the social distancing, making flu-prevention classes available. It seems to be working," Riley said.

Keeping illnesses at bay among military recruits is particularly challenging.
"Recruits have always been a population we've watched very closely, because historically they've always been at higher risk for respiratory disease," said Lt. Col. Steven Cersovsky, the director of epidemiology and disease surveillance for the Army Public Health Command in Aberdeen, Md.
With the flu season under way, extra attention must be paid to keeping healthy, Cersovsky said.

Soldiers are required to keep their barracks clean, wash or shower daily if training permits, and if water is not available, the small green hand gel containers are issued to each trainee, said Harvey Perritt, spokesman for the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command in Fort Monroe., Va.

The command oversees training and schools for 434,400 Army soldiers and 35,000 men and women from other services at 33 schools on 16 Army posts every year, said Perritt. Other basic training sites include Fort Leonard Wood in Missouri; Fort Sill in Oklahoma, Fort Benning, Georgia and Fort Knox in Kentucky.

The Pentagon said there were roughly 2,900 confirmed cases of the H1N1 flu among active duty forces during the outbreak last spring from the end of April until the services stopped counting at the end of July.

No deaths due to the H1N1 virus have been reported in the armed forces, said Department of Defense spokeswoman Air Force Lt. Col. Rene White.
Instructions like those being drilled into soldiers at Fort Jackson have been issued by the medical staffs of all the service branches.

John Conyor, a Department of the Army civilian employee at Fort Jackson in charge of safety programs, says several checkpoints keep those who might be ill from even entering basic training.

Military prospects get medical examinations before entering the military and again upon re-entry to ascertain if they are feverish or ill. If a soldier in training appears to have the flu, they are sent to a sick quarters, and isolated until they recover, Conyor said.

Both Smith and Conyor said great strides in treatment have been made since the 1918 outbreak, such as the use of antibiotics and respirators.
"We didn't have them in 1918. Most people didn't die of the flu but from a secondary attack of pneumonia," Conyor said. "We are on top of what's going on. ... We're ready for whatever happens."


09-27-2009, 02:58 PM
The ice flu cometh (http://odeo.com/episodes/11811733-The-ice-flu-cometh)

chick title to play

Mama Alanna
09-27-2009, 08:02 PM
Soldiers at the Army's largest training installation and at other boot camps are also getting orders barked by their drill sergeants to use alcohol wipes and cough into their sleeves.Especially since guys have a tendency to use the "cough into the fist held 6 inches from the face" style of coughing, which does doodley-squat.

09-27-2009, 10:16 PM
Especially since guys have a tendency to use the "cough into the fist held 6 inches from the face" style of coughing, which does doodley-squat.
I believe your thinking about a secondary infection.


09-28-2009, 08:45 PM
http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:eU3frTXeR5zVoM:http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_OvfgtwqLoyc/SgZ3lqHJlSI/AAAAAAAADIY/uvFxVlYJrQI/s400/swine+flu+cough+cough+chink+chink.jpg (http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_OvfgtwqLoyc/SgZ3lqHJlSI/AAAAAAAADIY/uvFxVlYJrQI/s400/swine+flu+cough+cough+chink+chink.jpg)

Swine flu -- and no paid sick leave
Almost half of America's workers can't take paid sick leave. With swine flu cases on the rise, that problem could hasten the pandemic's spread.
September 28, 2009: 3:54 AM ET

NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) -- As the H1N1 swine flu virus starts its second major sweep through the U.S., business owners are bracing for the impact of a worse-than-usual flu season on their workforces. That's reviving debate on a contentious issue: What kind of sick leave should companies offer employees -- and should it be mandated by law?

"On the one hand, you have all of our top officials saying, 'Do the responsible thing. If you're sick, stay home,'" says Debra Ness, president of the National Partnership for Women and Families, a Washington, D.C.-based advocacy group that is pushing for paid sick leave laws. "You have advice from the Centers for Disease Control on exactly how many days you should stay home, and how many days we need to keep kids at home. And at the same time, we have a country where almost half the workforce doesn't have a single paid sick day."

Currently, 48% of the U.S. private-sector workforce can't take paid leave without advance notice, according to the National Partnership. In response, unions and worker advocates have intensified their campaign for local laws requiring businesses to offer paid sick leave. San Francisco voters passed a law requiring paid sick leave for all workers, full- or part-time, by referendum in 2006, and Washington, D.C., followed with its own law last year, though it exempted new hires and restaurant staff who earn part of their pay in tips.

Now 15 states and cities have paid sick leave bills in the works. Earlier this year, Connecticut narrowly missed becoming the first state to mandate paid sick time, when the state legislature fell one vote short of passing a bill that would have required businesses with 50 employees or more to provide up to six and a half paid sick days per year.

With swine flu panic beginning to build -- reports of flu-like illness are already up sharply three months before the traditional start of flu season -- some elected officials are taking the opportunity to press for new legislation.

"This is definitely pressing because of all the projections of how the swine flu and the regular flu season will be affecting people," says Shula Warren, chief of staff for New York City council member Gale Brewer.
Mandated leave

In May, Brewer introduced a sick-leave law modeled on San Francisco's: nine days a year of paid time off for workers at businesses with 10 or more employees, five days for those at smaller businesses. The legislation, which already has 38 of the city's 51 council members as sponsors, would also allow workers to use sick time to care not only for ill children, but also for kids whose schools are closed because of swine flu fears.

"A child can't stay home without a parent staying with them," Warren says. "So if the parent doesn't have paid sick time, the child mostly likely goes to school, and the parent goes to work."

In response, the chambers of commerce from each of New York's five boroughs have banded together to form the 5 Boro Chamber Alliance to fight the paid-leave bill.

Their main concern is what they see as an excessive number of days required, and the inflexibility it would impose on small business owners.
"Government is trying to do something that's well-intentioned, but they have no idea what the effect is on a small business owner," says Jack Friedman, executive vice-president of the Queens Chamber of Commerce. "So our business owners are coming back to us and saying, 'We already offer our employees some sick days -- five sick days, six sick days. And the difference between what we're offering and what the government is requiring us to offer could cost our business tens of thousands of dollars.'"
For many workers, though, even five sick days is an unheard-of benefit. As part of its soon-to-be-released annual Unheard Third survey of 1,212 New Yorkers, the Manhattan-based Community Service Society is estimating that 39% of all workers -- amounting to 1.3 million people citywide -- have no paid leave of any kind. In the leisure and hospitality industries, which include restaurants and food service, only 23% are allotted paid sick leave.

Nationwide, the same trend holds: The proportions of workers without paid leave are higher in lower-wage industries, including food service, nursing care, and retail workers.

"Oftentimes, the folks who are most in contact with the public are the ones who are least likely to have paid sick days and be able to stay home when they're sick," says the National Partnership's Ness.

Preparing for an outbreak
The federal government has already stepped up its warnings to business owners: The Department of Homeland Security recently released a guide for small businesses on how to handle the onset of flu season. Included are recommendations to reduce the spread of infection in the workplace, such as providing no-touch trash cans and hand sanitizer and assigning a "workplace coordinator" for flu issues. The federal guidelines also call for encouraging employees to work from home if necessary, and for "flexible, non-punitive, and well-communicated" leave policies.

Yet advocates of mandatory paid leave argue that without a guarantee that they'll be paid for time off, employees may just show up for work regardless of their health or the effect on their fellow workers.
Organizations that work with restaurant workers report that when members try to call in sick, "Either they're told, 'Just don't bother coming in at all ever again,' or they're told, 'okay, that's fine, but you're going to lose your Friday and Saturday shift,'" Warren says. In response, some workers may choose going to work infectious rather than risking their livelihood.

Friedman acknowledges that leave time at restaurants and other businesses with no paid leave "needs to be something addressed." Yet he worries that the terms of the New York bill are unnecessarily broad.
Gil Cygler, whose All Car Rent A Car employs about 60 people in locations across New York City, says he already provides his workers with five sick days, two weeks vacation, and personal and bereavement leave. "I do believe people should be entitled to some sick time," Cygler says. "But it's very difficult when you have the government coming in and telling you how many days you have to give."

If nothing else, he suggests, there should be lower requirements for businesses with fewer workers per site -- "We have some offices with one or two people in them" -- or tax credits to help ease the costs of providing paid sick time.

Spencer Rothschild is the operator of Barrio Foods, which runs three restaurants in Brooklyn as well as the cafe at the Brooklyn Public Library. He's well aware of the flu warnings: He's already posted timers in his kitchens that go off every 30 minutes, reminding everyone to wash their hands. Like virtually all other restaurateurs, though, he doesn't offer paid sick leave to his roughly 50 employees, and doesn't plan to.

"I think it's a little hefty for small businesses to have to consider," he says. "Obviously, we feel for everybody, and we wish we could afford to do it."

He also worries that guaranteed sick time would lead to employees calling in sick when healthy just to use up their paid time: "Isn't that the way corporate America has proven it to be? If you know anyone who works there, they're counting their days and going on extra vacations."

Rothschild says he's "a firm believer" in parental leave policies, in part because they can't be abused. But for sick leave, he'd rather continue dealing with it on an ad-hoc basis. "If you have one employee that every so often you have to say, 'Hey, I think your coughing won't work in this environment,' it is very different than granting carte blanche to everyone," he says.

Council member Gale Brewer's office says it intends to work with local business owners to modify the bill to avoid any "unintended consequences," and has already scheduled an early-October meeting with members of the 5-Boro Alliance. (Cygler says he plans to attend.)
Meanwhile, all the local battles could become moot if Congress ever takes up the Healthy Families Act, which would provide up to seven paid sick days a year at all companies with 15 or more employees. Initially spearheaded by the late Sen. Ted Kennedy and now taken up by Sen. Christopher Dodd, D-Conn., and Rep. Rose DeLauro, D-Conn., there's been no action on the bill since June. Legislators hope to introduce it as part of a family leave reform package when Congress finally moves on from health care reform.

If so, it could remove at least one complaint many business owners have about providing paid leave: That it puts them at a disadvantage to competitors who don't.

"I wish we lived in a world where we could count on everybody to do the right thing, but unfortunately we don't," says Ness. "And the employers that do the right thing often would tell you: They would like it to be a more level playing field."

09-28-2009, 08:50 PM
H1N1 not worth scare or media attention
Sep 23 2009 - 9:30pm | Nathan Seltzer

The start of fall classes means it’s that time again. No, I’m not talking about the changing weather or back to school sales. It’s time for the annual health scare!

Yes, what school year would be complete without the media trying to scare the crap out of us with some new disease? This paper is, of course, complicit.

In the past, we’ve been told to be scared of a variety of deadly illnesses from SARS to the Avian Flu to West Nile. This year is no different.
Ladies and gentlemen, be afraid, because swine flu is here.

In the past, such health scares have been completely overblown, but we’re led to believe this time is different. This time the threat is real. This time you could be turned into a pig.

Despite age-old illnesses like the plain vanilla flu and malaria are far more common and deadly than swine flu, these illnesses aren’t the focus of health agencies or the media because they’re not new and thus, not scary.

According to an article on MSNBC from April 29, the government of Egypt ordered the mass-slaughter of more than 300,000 pigs, which led to the destruction of the livelihood of pig farmers throughout the country. That’s a small price to pay for safety, right? Oh, one other thing: pigs can’t even transmit swine flu. It’s fine. I wouldn’t expect the government of a major player in Middle East politics to Google “swine flu” before sending the secret police on pig-hunting ops.

This imbecilic government action, partially caused by grossly irresponsible media reporting, prompted the re-branding of the swine flu to its new politically-correct nomenclature: H1N1.

The World Health Organization says it doesn’t want to cause a panic, even though they are calling the outbreak a pandemic. Despite this claim, it is very much in the interest of disease-monitoring bodies to cause a panic, because they can then be seen to be doing something about it, and then when the world doesn’t come to an end, they get to take credit— and increased funding. Note that ‘pandemic’ actually contains the word ‘panic’.:lol:

A fine example of the media aiding and abetting the flu-screamers was this paper’s front-page photograph on Sept. 17, showing several students crammed onto a tram with tissues pressed to their faces under a headline declaring something scary about H1N1. The message was clear: if we ride the bus, we’re taking our lives in our hands.

The Biden-esque story painted the bleakest possible picture of the situation, with multiple quotes from Dr. Emilio Carranco, the Student Health Center director (who is admittedly just doing his job), essentially describing how buses are massive disease incubators and there is nothing we can do about it. Or is there?

Enter the nearly useless swine flu vaccine. There are a few things working against this highly touted savior of mankind. First, it will arrive well after the onset of this early flu season so, ostensibly, most people who get the vaccine will have already been exposed to the swine flu. Next up, some may recall that the swine flu first reared its ugly head in 1976 and a miracle vaccine was created and distributed then too. The catch? The vaccine killed more people than the swine flu. Oops.

According to an article in the Aug. 16 issue of the UK Daily Mail, the vaccine is linked to a rare neurological disease called Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Apparently, the only way to get this disease is to lose the genetic lottery or get a swine flu vaccine.

Don’t forget the hard numbers. The most recent data from the W.H.O. puts the total number of worldwide swine flu deaths at just less than 3,000. To put things in perspective, that’s about how many people will die of heart disease, just in this country today.

This paper would be well-served to stop putting huge pictures of nose-blowers and hypodermic needles on the front page under breathless, panic-stricken headlines explaining just how screwed we all are by H1N1.
I’m not saying we should all go around kissing swine flu patients, but worrying about the chance we’ll be killed by the swine flu will almost certainly shorten our lives more than the illness itself. Instead of worrying, perhaps we should focus on problems in academia, like arrogant associate professors launching baseless ad hominem attacks on students whom they disagree with.



09-28-2009, 10:08 PM

09-29-2009, 11:22 PM

Evidence emerges that seasonal flu vaccine increases risk of H1N1 swine flu
Friday, September 25, 2009 by: Mike Adams, the Health Ranger, NaturalNews Editor

(NaturalNews) To hear it from the vaccine makers, their vaccines are perfectly safe and have no side effects. A person can receive an unlimited number of vaccines (10, 100 or even 1000) and have absolutely no ill effects, they claim. This is the quack science mythology upon which mass vaccination policies are currently based. But new evidence is emerging that people receiving a seasonal flu shot are made more susceptible to H1N1 swine flu as a result.

CBC News in Canada is now reporting disturbing findings you need to know about: "Four Canadian studies involved about 2,000 people, health officials told CBC News. Researchers found people who had received the seasonal flu vaccine in the past were more likely to get sick with the H1N1 virus."
The story doesn't cite the percentage increase in H1N1 virus risk, but it's apparently enough to give pause to many doctors and infectious disease experts. "We don't know with this year's flu shot how it interacts with the pandemic flu shot, so it's a worry," said Dr. Michael Gardam in the CBC News article quoted below. He's the director of infectious diseases prevention and control at the Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion.

The upshot of all this is that Canadian health officials are now scratching their heads, wondering whether the seasonal flu vaccines will actually make the H1N1 pandemic worse!

It's fascinating that this data is coming out of Canada, not the U.S. In the United States, the mainstream media has engaged in a virtual blackout of any information that questions the safety of vaccines, even while openly pushing outrageous lies about the swine flu vaccine

Vaccines weaken your immune system
What this information reveals is further evidence that flu shots damage or weaken your immune system, making you more susceptible to subsequent infections. Flu shots don't even work to reduce your risk of getting the flu that they're targeting! Most people who get the flu are the very same people who routinely receive flu shots.

This will hold true with H1N1 swine flu as well: The people getting the swine flu virus will be primarily those who routinely receive flu vaccinations.

You know why? Because a flu shot trains your immune system to be lazy. It exposes your immune technology to an artificially weakened virus, resulting in a lazy adaptive response from your immune technology. In much the same way that your leg muscles atrophy if you stop walking, your immune system begins to weaken if you don't exercise it. And this leads to an increased risk of being unable to defend against future exposure to infectious disease, which is exactly what we're seeing with this Canadian study.

Vaccines are the quackery of modern medicine. They not only don't work to protect people from the diseases they target; they also increase the risk of being infected with other diseases. And that doesn't even include the ways in which vaccine ingredients (adjuvants or preservatives) can cause permanent damage to your nervous system.


09-29-2009, 11:45 PM
Hospitals Open Drive Through Clinics For Swine Flu Patients
Some hospitals are opening drive-through and drive-in clinics to handle a rising tide of swine flu patients.

(September 29, 2009)—Some hospitals are opening drive-through and drive-up tent clinics to screen and treat a rising tide of swine flu patients.

The drive-through and drive-in clinics keep coughing, feverish people out of regular emergency rooms, where they can infect heart attack victims and other very sick patients.

The demand for treatment has soared in recent weeks as flu has spread among schoolchildren before vaccine is available.

In Austin, Dell Children's Medical Center had nearly 400 emergency room visits on Sunday alone, mostly involving children with swine flu.

Dozens were diverted to two tents outside, and there are plans to add a third.

Entire families who are sick have shown up at Bayne-Jones Army Community Hospital in Fort Polk, La., near the Texas state line.
Physician's assistant Henry Johnson helped start a tent system there.

He said patients "just drive up in their pajamas," park and go through three tents.

They undergo an exam that includes having their temperature taken.

They're usually sent home, with prescriptions if needed.

Dr. Pat Crocker, chief of emergency medicine at Dell Children's says the programs can be part of disaster plans that each hospital must have.

Jim Bentley, policy chief at the American Hospital Association, said many hospitals are trying novel ways to care for more people than their emergency rooms can handle, especially children.



09-30-2009, 06:19 AM

Inflamed, Flooded Lungs Trigger Death by Swine Flu, Study Says
By Jason Gale
Sept. 29 (Bloomberg) -- Swine flu is most dangerous when it causes the lungs to become inflamed, flood with fluid and fail to function, doctors in Australia and New Zealand found.

While a majority of people infected with the virus have a mild illness, a small number develop life-threatening disease, intensive-care specialists Steven Webb and Ian Seppelt said. The doctors described the most common of three main complications from the pandemic strain as flu A-associated acute respiratory disease syndrome, or “flaards.”

“Flaards -- sometimes with associated multiple organ failure -- is the most common syndrome and has the highest attributable mortality,” Webb and Seppelt wrote in an editorial in the September issue of the medical journal Critical Care and Resuscitation.

The new H1N1 influenza strain has killed at least 3,917 people and spread to 191 countries and territories since its discovery in Mexico and the U.S. in April. Hospitals in the Northern Hemisphere are bracing for a surge in flu cases in coming weeks, spurred by colder weather that promotes its spread. In Australia, flu patients occupied a quarter of beds in intensive-care units last winter and 178 died.

Cases may be peaking in Hong Kong. Average daily attendance at the city’s accident and emergency departments rose from 6,354 in the last week of August to 7,086 last week, according to a government statement on Sept. 25. The virus has killed at least 23 people in Hong Kong, including Alan Dick, principal of the Canadian International School, according to Natalia Leung, a department of health spokeswoman.

Intensive-care doctors in Australia and New Zealand are pooling data on more than 400 swine flu cases to describe disease patterns and treatment strategies, and inform the Northern Hemisphere countries about what to expect this winter.

‘Canary in the Coal Mine’
“ICUs are the ‘canary in the coal mine’,” Webb and Seppelt wrote in the editorial. “It is only by documenting the severe cases requiring intensive care that it is possible to get an idea of the overall impact of this new disease.”

In Victoria, Australia’s second most-populous state, the pandemic virus sickened about 5 percent of the population, with 0.3 percent of infected patients being hospitalized, health officials said in a study yesterday in the Medical Journal of Australia. One in five people admitted to the hospital were transferred to ICU, mostly because of severe respiratory failure.

Eighty-five percent of critically ill patients survived after staying an average of nine days in ICU. Almost three- quarters of these patients required mechanical ventilation to breathe and 7 percent needed to have their blood pumped through an artificial lung in a procedure known as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, or ECMO.

Lung Invader
In most cases, flu remains in the nose, throat and bronchi, where it causes a runny nose, sore throat and cough until the body’s immune systems eliminates it, usually within a week.

The new H1N1 strain may be at least 1,000 times more adept than seasonal flu at infiltrating the lower branches of the airway, said Yoshihiro Kawaoka, a virologist at the University of Tokyo, who has studied the viruses in non-human primates.

In severe cases, influenza can damage the capillaries surrounding the tiny grape-like sacs, known as alveoli, where gas is exchanged through the blood. Damaged alveoli can bleed, causing pulmonary hemorrhage and blood clots.

Inflammatory chemicals are produced by the immune system to fight the infection and repair the damage. An over-exuberant response can worsen the effect by filling the lungs with fluid and cause permanent scarring that restricts the lungs.

Bacterial Pneumonia
Besides flaards, the other predominant disease patterns associated with the pandemic flu virus are community-acquired bacterial pneumonia and an exacerbation by the virus of airflow limitation, Webb and Seppelt said.
Life-threatening infection may be more common in people with underlying health conditions, including morbid obesity, type-2 diabetes, cancer, a weakened immune system and chronic lung disease, they said. Pregnant women and those who recently gave birth also appear at higher risk.

Still, “many patients with flaards are young and previously well,” they said. In Australia, the median age of people dying from seasonal flu is 83. With the novel H1N1 virus, it is 51 years, the health department said in a report last week.


09-30-2009, 10:23 PM
New complication? Swine flu affecting the brain.

12-year-old with swine flu dies
Associated Press
Sept. 30, 2009, 10:49AM
CORPUS CHRISTI — Officials say a 12-year-old south Texas girl has died after the swine flu caused her brain to swell.

Corpus Christi-Nueces County Public Health District officials announced Tuesday that the sixth-grader had died Tuesday after being declared brain dead on Monday. District officials say the girl, whose identity is withheld, had no underlying medical issues.

Officials say she was hospitalized Saturday after staying home from school Friday. An initial brain scan Saturday was normal, but within hours her brain swelled and she placed on a ventilator, the Corpus Christi Caller-Times reported.

Citrus County new mom dies after contracting swine flu
CRYSTAL RIVER - Bryan Post was at dinner with his sister and dad at a Pizza Hut when the phone rang shortly after 8 p.m. Monday.

It was a night nurse at Tampa General Hospital.

She was calling to say his wife Valerie, who suffered complications after contracting swine flu while pregnant, had died a few minutes earlier
"She was bawling,'' Post said Tuesday, The phone call was the culmination of more than a month of up and down news about his wife, who contracted swine flu a month before their second daughter, Norah Evellyn Post was born.

The baby was delivered early because of concerns about the effects of swine flu on the mother and baby, but complications set in and Valerie was placed in a medically induced coma. Swine flu is not life-threatening for most people, but pregnant women are amongst the highest-risk group for serious complications.

Post recalled his last words to his wife just before the birth.

"I said to her, 'I'll see you when you get out,'" he said.

The initial prognosis was not good. The 24-year-old woman was put on a respirator and eventually underwent treatment for blood clots, heart murmurs and fluid-filled lungs.

At the time, doctors said the best-case scenario was that Valerie would come out of the coma OK but require a year of rehabilitation.

"It's hell," he said at the time. "Everything has been yanked from me in a second. It's a bad situation, but I know she won't give up."But by Sunday, Bryan Post knew the end was near.

Doctors took Valerie out of the coma. But she didn't recognize him and was agitated by his presence as he tried to talk to her in her hospital room.

It was more than he could bear, he says. He took his frustrations out on a hospital magazine rack, injuring two knuckles.

"I lost my head on Sunday afternoon when took her off sedations," Post said. "I knew she wasn't there."

Valerie, he said, "didn't know who I was. She didn't know who the baby was."

By Monday afternoon, doctors discovered her brain was bleeding again.

Post said after hearing that, he made the decision to stop radical treatment.

"They called and told me they had resuscitated her again," he said. "I told them not to do it again."

About six hours later, he got the call.

"Everyone was attached to Valerie," he said. "The nurses said the hardest person they ever had to tell was me."

The family is now making funeral arrangements, said Post.

The baby, Norah Evellyn, is doing fine, he said.

After the whole wrenching experience, Post said he needs to return to some level of normalcy.

"I am taking my ass back to work," he said


Missouri officials investigate possible swine flu death

Fourteen-year-old Asia Conley died Tuesday night at St. Louis Children's Hospital after spending days on a ventilator. Her mother, Kim Conley, said her daughter had tested positive for swine flu. She previously had a shunt installed for hydrocephalus, or excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain.

Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services spokesman Kit Wagar says the state must forward a report to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Two adults with swine flu have died this year in Missouri but there have been no confirmed swine flu deaths among youths.


10-01-2009, 04:31 PM
New complication? Swine flu affecting the brain.

Oh but Bird Flu & Ebola seem to do that too. ;)

10-01-2009, 05:13 PM
This scenario examines what would happen during a mild pandemic outbreak. The severity for this type of outbreak is based on the 1968 flu pandemic, which is considered relatively mild. The factors in the FluSurge model are set to assumptions based on the 1968 pandemic. These default settings assume an outbreak would be eight weeks in duration and 35 percent of the population would become ill. The data for the age demographics are from the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey, 2006, available at http://www.census.gov/.

The bed statistics are based on the total number of licensed 2006 hospital beds (which is available through Kaiser Family Foundation's State Health Facts, available at http://www.statehealthfacts.org/cgi-bin/healthfacts.cgi) and typical hospital bed occupancy rates.

Potential pandemic influenza cases, hospitalizations and bed capacity if 35 percent of population becomes infected with H1N1 swine flu this season.

State, Cases, Hospital Admissions, % of Bed Capacity Used at Week 5

Alabama 1,631,665 22,525 55%

Alaska 240,203 2,848 58%

Arizona 2,275,063 29,363 117%

Arkansas 999,387 13,839 50%

California 12,864,833 168,025 125%

Colorado 1,728,810 21,927 88%

Connecticut 1,225,438 17,305 148%

Delaware 305,582 4,197 203%

D.C. 207,142 2,904 47%

Florida 6,414,919 95,064 80%

Georgia 3,390,010 42,348 78%

Hawaii 450,869 6,410 143%

Idaho 533,336 6,803 66%

Illinois 4,515,547 60,934 73%

Indiana 2,231,877 30,234 57%

Iowa 1,050,894 14,951 51%

Kansas 980,747 13,331 43%

Kentucky 1,494,236 20,475 52%

Louisiana 1,543,779 20,381 48%

Maine 460,760 6,762 83%

Maryland 1,971,759 26,691 143%

Mass. 2,274,288 31,942 110%

Michigan 3,501,198 48,584 79%

Minnesota 1,827,138 24,768 68%

Mississippi 1,028,516 13,810 35%

Missouri 2,069,062 28,587 60%

Montana 338,604 4,706 48%

Nebraska 624,201 8,576 44%

Nevada 910,058 11,639 137%

N.H. 460,533 6,419 84%

New Jersey 3,038,931 42,510 101%

New Mexico 694,525 9,273 93%

New York 6,821,604 94,740 108%

N.C. 3,227,845 42,464 95%

N.D. 224,518 3,215 32%

Ohio 4,020,069 56,228 70%

Oklahoma 1,274,826 17,375 57%

Oregon 1,326,521 18,155 107%

Pennsylvania 4,356,898 63,573 77%

Rhode Island 367,776 5,358 143%

S.C. 1,567,930 20,994 93%

South Dakota 281,468 3,861 37%

Tennessee 2,175,211 29,347 61%

Texas 8,514,441 105,287 66%

Utah 957,748 10,839 83%

Vermont 217,445 3,125 108%

Virginia 2,719,181 36,530 100%

Washington 2,292,228 30,474 107%

West Virginia 635,064 9,404 48%

Wisconsin 1,969,788 27,196 75%

Wyoming 186,434 2,485 40%

Based on the CDC's FluSurge model program. Estimates rely on FluSurge 2.0 Beta Test Software, created by the CDC. More information about the model is available at http://www.cdc.gov/flu/flusurge.htm.


10-01-2009, 09:05 PM
Oh but Bird Flu & Ebola seem to do that too. ;)

:woot:Welcome to the Flubola Force!


10-03-2009, 09:35 PM
http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:b1E2xyhOfm4OtM:http://i177.photobucket.com/albums/w236/sandranmario/SYRUPCITY222.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://i177.photobucket.com/albums/w236/sandranmario/SYRUPCITY222.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.myspace.com/jayboy713281&usg=__U88JMH2PkcUp4m9YimxEBJdpnM8=&h=432&w=648&sz=138&hl=en&start=4&tbnid=b1E2xyhOfm4OtM:&tbnh=91&tbnw=137&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcity%2Bof%2Bsyrup%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D 18%26hl%3Den)

Sugary Mix Is Just What the Flu Doctor Ordered
Published: October 3, 2009

Parents usually try to steer their children away from ingredients like sugar and artificial cherry flavoring. But this fall, those pedestrian food additives might help treat some children stricken with the flu.

Pharmacists like Laura Kilcher can make their own version of liquid Tamiflu with cherry syrup and the powder from capsules.

With the liquid children’s version of the anti-influenza drug Tamiflu in short supply, pharmacists are making their own children’s version by mixing cherry syrup with the contents of the Tamiflu capsules.
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But not just any cherry syrup. The prescribing information for Tamiflu lists cherry syrup made by the Humco Holding Group — a mixture of sugar, purified water, artificial cherry flavoring and some other common ingredients — as one of the approved liquids to mix with the medicine.

Humco has been scrambling to keep up with demand.

“Our volume has exploded,” said Greg Pulido, the chief executive of Humco, based in Texarkana, Tex. “About 30 days ago we got a phone call. We got another phone call. Then we started getting calls from all over the world.”

The company typically sells about 50,000 pint-size bottles of the syrup each year. But with the spread of pandemic H1N1 influenza, also known as swine flu, Humco shipped 100,000 bottles in September alone. In October it is planning to make 400,000 bottles.

The company has had to have some ingredients shipped to its factory by air in order to meet the surge of orders, Mr. Pulido said. Last week the factory worked seven days instead of the usual four. But he said that contrary to rumors, there was no shortage of the syrup, and that he was confident there would not be.

The liquid version of Tamiflu is scarce because Roche, the manufacturer of the drug, is concentrating on making the capsules used by adults and older children, which it says is a quicker way to increase world supplies. The same production capacity needed to produce a liquid treatment for one person can be used to make capsules for more than 10 people, Roche says.

But Tamiflu’s label has instructions for pharmacists to make a liquid version themselves.

This practice, known as compounding, evokes “the origins of pharmacy,” said Leanne Trela, director of retail clinical services at Walgreens, the big pharmacy chain. But with mass-manufactured pills now the norm, she said, compounding is used mainly for special needs like adapting adult medicines for children.

A spokesman for Walgreens, Jim Cohn, said the shortages of liquid Tamiflu were sporadic and mainly in the South. The company’s pharmacists are making their own when necessary.

Besides Humco’s cherry syrup, the Tamiflu label says that Ora-Sweet SF, a sugar-free syrup, can be used. Other syrups could conceivably be used as well, but the label notes that others have not been studied.

Paddock Laboratories of Minneapolis, the manufacturer of Ora-Sweet, has also experienced a surge in demand. The company, which typically sells 50,000 bottles a year, has had orders for about 200,000 in the last two months, said Paddock’s president, Michael Graves.

But he said the company could easily meet demand by shifting production away from other products. “We can go from 50,000 bottles a year to 50,000 a week,” Mr. Graves said.

Syrups used for compounding are considered foods by the Food and Drug Administration. Approval is not needed from the agency before such products can be marketed. But certain manufacturing processes must be followed, and factories are subject to inspection.

Humco was founded as the Hutchison Medicine Company in 1872 by a man who traveled through East Texas in a covered wagon hawking homemade remedies. The company makes various liquids and creams for use in drug mixtures. It also sells the over-the-counter medicines Castiva, for arthritis pain relief, and Miranel, to treat toenail fungus.

Mr. Pulido declined to identify the company’s owners, other than himself, or to disclose its revenue. The company has about 150 employees, he said.
He said Humco had not raised the wholesale price of its cherry syrup — about $8 a bottle — because it did not want to take advantage of the shortage of Tamiflu for children. Even so, the surge in orders will certainly help the company’s bottom line.

“Humco will benefit from the spike,” he said. But, he added, “You hate to build your business around the spike.”

That might be wise, because it is unclear how long the demand will last. To alleviate the shortages, the federal government has begun shipping 300,000 treatment courses of the pediatric Tamiflu from its stockpile to state health agencies.

Cherry syrups like Humco’s could also have a potent competitor. The label for Tamiflu says that parents, if directed by a physician, can make single doses of liquid Tamiflu at home. The sweet liquid the label uses as an example for parents is chocolate syrup.


10-04-2009, 03:18 PM
North Carolina Using Force to Quarantine Flu Victims
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_Avn_Tynk97k/SfdDx1QJ0kI/AAAAAAAAA6M/QeYcetvgUko/s320/policestate.jpg (http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_Avn_Tynk97k/SfdDx1QJ0kI/AAAAAAAAA6M/QeYcetvgUko/s1600-h/policestate.jpg)

Disturbing reports have emerged that suggest North Carolina is involuntarily quarantining patients who may have the flu virus that is thought to be spreading across the U.S. and the rest of the globe.

The details appear in a report by Adam Owens of N.C. based WRAL news:
The state’s health director said Monday afternoon that there are suspected cases of swine flu in North Carolina, but declined to say how many cases or where they were located.

Dr. Jeffrey Engel said Monday evening that officials are involuntarily isolating patients who may have the virus. He declined to specifically say how many suspected cases were in the state, noting that the number is always changing, and he declined to say where they were located.

"We’re working very closely with providers, and they are investigating cases on a daily basis," Engel said.

Investigators were gathering specimens and hope to know whether the cases are "probable" some time Tuesday and will seek confirmations by Wednesday.

Despite the fact that there have been no deaths outside Mexico, and less than 100 confirmed cases worldwide, the United Nation’s WHO has raised it’s alert to level four, the highest it has ever been, just two levels below a full scale pandemic.

Around 150 deaths in Mexico have been connected to the swine flu, but only 18 cases have been definitively linked to the virus through laboratory testing.

1600 more people have complained of flu-like symptoms since the Mexican authorities publicised their concern about the virus on April 23.

However, the number of new cases reported by Mexico’s largest government hospitals has been declining for the past three days, according to government officials, from 141 on Saturday to 119 on Sunday and 110 Monday.

Flu deaths are nothing new in the United States. The CDC estimates that about 36,000 people died of flu-related causes each year, on average, during the 1990s in the U.S.

Seasonal flu kills between 250,000 and 500,000 people globally in an average year.

Experts have said that the danger of the new flu strain - which has been misnamed "swine flu", owing to the fact that it is a combination of pig, bird and human viruses - is that it is a primer for further mutations that humans may have no natural immunity to.

RALEIGH, N.C. — The state's health director said Monday afternoon that there are suspected cases of swine flu in North Carolina, but declined to say how many cases or where they were located.

Dr. Jeffrey Engel said Monday evening that officials are involuntarily isolating patients who may have the virus. He declined to specifically say how many suspected cases were in the state, noting that the number is always changing, and he declined to say where they were located.

"We're working very closely with providers, and they are investigating cases on a daily basis," Engel said. "It's a very fluid situation and there will be suspect cases. People travel all the time."

Investigators were gathering specimens and hope to know whether the cases are "probable" some time Tuesday and will seek confirmations by Wednesday.

Federal health officials have confirmed 40 cases in the United States – in New York, Ohio, Kansas, Texas and California. Of those, only one person has been hospitalized and all have recovered. That's in contrast to Mexico, where the suspected death toll was at 149, with more than 1,600 cases reported.


Better way to fight flu
Scientists have developed a pain-free injection system to immunise people against influenza. Writing in the current edition of PNAS, Emory University researcher Richard Compans and his colleagues describe how a system of microneedles, each measuring less than a tenth of the diameter of a traditional small hypodermic needle and designed just to penetrate the surface of the skin, can be used to protect mice against fatal
doses of the flu. The tiny injection needles are mounted in a line on a plastic carrier and coated with a vaccine solution containing chemically-inactivated components of flu virus.

The needles are then allowed to dry, in which form they are chemically stable, and may then be kept until needed. Vaccination is achieved by pressing the needles against the skin,which transfers the virus material from the needles. Tests on mice showed that within fourteen days the animals produced equivalent levels of antibodies to a test vaccine as animals that received traditional intramuscular flu injections. The team were also able to protect mice against a potentially fatal infection with a strain of influenza that killed unimmunised, control animals.

The system works by exploiting the relatively large number of so-called professional "antigen presenting cells" (APCs) including Langerhans and dendritic cells which are present in the skin.These take up the injected materal and encourage the immune system to mount a response. And for inoculations that require larger doses of vaccine material or antigen, which some have suggested might be required for bird flu (H5N1) vaccines, the number of needles can simply be increased to boost the dose. But the major benefit of this new system is that the vaccine material on the needles is dry, meaning that unlike many traditional vaccines it doesn't need to remain refrigerated, making it potentially very useful for use in developing countries. Also, because the system does not resemble a traditional syringe and needle, and is also painless, it should help needle-phobics to overcome their fear of injections.


10-06-2009, 07:11 PM
Swine flu mild for now, but could worsen

Tue Oct 6, 2009 4:18pm EDT

By Maggie Fox, Health and Science Editor

WASHINGTON, Oct 6 (Reuters) - The new pandemic of H1N1 swine flu is causing a strong second wave of disease in many Northern Hemisphere countries, according to the World Health Organization.

While the United States, China and Australia have begun vaccination, other countries have not and it is unlikely many people will be protected from the virus before November. Here are some possible ways the pandemic could play out:


The new H1N1 virus is a distant cousin of an H1N1 strain that has been part of the seasonal influenza mix for decades. Early surveillance suggests the new swine flu strain may supplant seasonal H1N1 and become part of the common circulating viruses. This could be good news as the seasonal H1N1 had developed resistance to the antiviral drug oseltamivir, Roche AG (ROG.VX (http://thisbluemarble.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=ROG.VX )) and Gilead Science's (GILD.O (http://thisbluemarble.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=GILD.O )) pill sold under the Tamiflu brand name. But most viruses eventually mutate and health experts would not be surprised to see swine flu acquire resistance. That is why companies are working to develop newer and better influenza drugs.

The U.N's senior technical expert on influenza, Dr. Julie Hall, said it takes two to three years for a new influenza virus to infect enough of a population to create broad immunity.


Because flu viruses mutate and recombine to form new strains, people remain vulnerable to flu all their lives. This is why the vaccine must be reformulated each year. H1N1 has been remarkably stable since it began infecting people widely in March and April this year. But experts predict once it has infected a certain proportion of the population -- no one knows exactly what proportion -- it will start to change.

Right now the H1N1 vaccine is a good match against the virus, and most adults and older children will get good protection with a single dose. If the virus "drifts," the vaccine will have to be reformulated to match, just as with the seasonal flu vaccine. The process takes about six months.

Health officials will monitor closely for this to happen. In past pandemics, notably the one in 1918 that killed between 40 million and 100 million people globally, a first wave of relatively mild influenza was followed by a second wave of severe disease months later.


It is also possible that the virus will recombine, swapping genetic material with other flu viruses, such as the seasonal H3N2 virus. A special concern is that someone could become infected with both the H1N1 virus and the H5N1 avian flu virus. They could then combine to create an especially virulent new virus "that would have very unpleasant consequences for humanity," United Nations special pandemic coordinator Dr. David Nabarro told a World Bank briefing on Sunday.

Bird flu is still circulating and has infected 442 people, killing 262 of them, since 2003, the World Health Organization says. It is difficult for people to catch bird flu but when they do it is highly deadly. If a new virus had H1N1's infectivity and H5N1's deadliness, it could be devastating.

Many companies are working on H5N1 vaccines, which could give the world a head start on a new vaccine if any eventual new mutant closely matches the strain being used to make it.


Whatever the virus does, the world lacks the capacity to vaccinate most of the population against flu. The WHO estimates worldwide production capacity for pandemic vaccines at approximately 3 billion doses a year, which would be enough to cover fewer than half the world's 6.8 billion people. The WHO is pressing rich countries to buy and donate vaccine to poorer countries.

Hall told the World Bank gathering that the first wave of the swine flu pandemic affected wealthier nations like the United States, Australia and Japan, where it is still active.

"But what we are seeing now is that the virus is beginning to penetrate into some of the poorest communities in the world," she said. There it may cause "explosive outbreaks" among young and working-age adults -- a particular problem for countries with younger populations.

Joy Phumaphi of the World Bank estimates that even a mild epidemic will reduce world gross domestic product or GDP by 0.7 percent. A more severe epidemic could reduce GDP by 3 percent, as it not only takes people out of the workforce for days or weeks, but requires them to seek expensive medical care. (Editing by Chris Wilson)


10-06-2009, 07:59 PM

10-07-2009, 01:31 PM
:woot:Welcome to the Flubola Force!



That's the coolest thing i've seen on the net in a long time... where'd you get that picture of my pet being rather intimate with Floyd?

Looks like Flubola causes some swelling in the head. Good thing we've got new super heroes for that now.

Back in the days we had WHO-man but he (or she) suffered some sort of identity crises. :beer:

10-07-2009, 04:57 PM
We believe Caonacl loves photoshop but does he also make youtubes for aiding speculation? :lol:

10-07-2009, 08:46 PM
The dark side of insanity(some pics were :censored:)

A Strengthened Virus and a Police State

September 14, 2009

(David Icke) – (Faint hearts and shrinking violets need not apply)
I have known throughout the years that I have been warning about the global fascist agenda that what we are about to see was inevitable.
It was obvious that, despite the awakening of so many in the last decade, most people would need to see, touch, smell, hear and taste the fascism before they even began to accept that it was real.

This mass-reluctance to see the signs and act upon them was always going to condemn the population to some levels of the Orwellian control-system before it is eventually dismantled. I stress that it will be dismantled, but not before it has gone a lot further yet.

The question was never whether we would avoid the police/military state. I never had any illusions about that. The question was, and is, how deeply we will allow ourselves to be controlled by this evil and that can be answered by two other questions:

When are enough people going to give their total focus to bringing it to an end and when are the gofer administrators, dark suits and uniforms going to break ranks for the sake of their own families as well as the rest of us?

Well, we’re about to find out.

The ’swine flu’ vaccine is a line in the sand that will give us a serious fix on where we are in terms of awareness and backbone. If we meekly acquiesce to this most blatant attempt to gain access en masse to our bodies then frankly we deserve what we get.

No one can say they weren’t warned, nor that they didn’t have access to information exposing what was happening. Anyone who says they didn’t know enough to say ‘no’ to the vaccine is lying to themselves, or looking the other way.

Even some elements of the mainstream media are highlighting the potential dangers despite the myopic perspective from which they view the world.

I have been making the point for years that we are at a fork in the road and we can’t sit here gazing at the map anymore, refusing to make a decision. The swine flu vaccine is that decision.

Making the choice to seek freedom and expanded awareness will have its challenges, for sure, but the consequences of choosing ignorance and acquiescence are potentially catastrophic for those who do so.

Something very big is about to go down. I can’t say exactly when, but we are talking months, not years. It has all been planned a very long time and it has been put together piece by piece while the population was watching the game, the game show or the soap, and dismissing those warning about what was to come as ‘conspiracy nuts’.

You can always see the big picture in its component parts and I have kept a close eye on a council building in the last few weeks called the Westridge Centre, just down the road from me on the Isle of Wight in England.

Builders have been working there through the summer converting the top floor with a strict deadline of July to finish the work and they were told they could not miss that deadline under any circumstances.

They became suspicious when different groups of builders were brought in to do different phases and this meant that no single group knew what they were actually building. In the final stages, the local builders were replaced by men in unmarked white vans, according to people who work in the building.

It was clear from putting the dots together that this was something to do with the ’swine flu pandemic’ that the crazies plan to engineer in the next few months.

I asked the council under the Freedom of Information Act what was going on at Westridge and what was being created there. A few days ago came the reply and it was no surprise whatsoever, just confirmation of what by now is obvious:

Dear Mr Icke

Thank you for your request for information dated 17th August 2009 which, as you are requesting information under The Freedom of Information Act, has been passed to me as the Departmental Information Guardian for the Strategic Asset Management Service.

I can confirm that the works being undertaken at the upper floor of the Westridge Centre are to enable proper utilisation of the accommodation for Council office use and as a Disaster Recovery Centre. The works have included creating better open plan accommodation, plus the installation of a lift and accessible toilets in order to comply with the Disability Discrimination Act.

What a coincidence that they should choose this time to establish a ‘Disaster Recovery Centre’ with a strict deadline for completion, but, of course, it is not a coincidence at all. A similar centre had been established in every county of the UK. Sources at the Isle of Wight’s only airport with a tarmac runway are also reporting a sudden increase in military activity going too and fro in helicopters.

This may be just a small island off the south coast of England, but its very size allows you to see things that would be lost in a major town or city. What we are experiencing here is a smaller version of what is happening covertly everywhere – Europe, America, Canada, and so on. It is the microcosm of the macrocosm.

The H1N1 virus is called ’swine flu’, but it is a laboratory-created combination of swine flu, bird flu and seasonal flu designed to justify a global programme of mass vaccinations that will inoculate a strengthened version of the virus with the intent of culling the population, short and long term.
Researchers say that the flu strain can be traced to the work of Dr Jeffrey Taubenberger and a team of geneticists and microbiologists at the US Army Institute of Pathology at Ft. Detrick, Maryland, who used supercomputers to map, or ‘reverse-engineer’, the flu strain that killed tens of millions in 1918.

It is claimed that this virus was then given to the drug giant, Novartis, in Basel, Switzerland, which was once a component part of the Nazi pharmaceutical cartel, I G Farben. It was Farben that ran the concentration camp at Auschwitz and the company was fundamental to the Nazi war machine.

If it is ’swine flu’, why are pigs not affected in any way? We were led to believe that it broke out in Mexico on a pig farm, but, apart from the idiotic Egyptian government ordering an immediate mass culling of pigs, the porkies have never got a mention since. If it is not swine flu, which it isn’t, how could it have emerged from a pig farm in Mexico?

The United Nations food agency said there was no justification for culling pigs or limiting their movements as there was no evidence the virus affected pigs or made their meat dangerous. Yes, because it is nothing to do with pigs – it has been made in a laboratory.

Oh yeah? So where are the pigs?

The UK government has estimated that some 65,000 people will die in this country from ’swine flu’ this winter. How can they make such estimation when the symptoms of ’swine flu’ have been extremely mild for most people and the numbers have been falling rapidly in the late summer despite efforts to fix the figures to present a false picture?

The number of people claimed to have been infected with ’swine flu’ has been massively inflated by false diagnosis and that is why the World Heath Organization said that it should be diagnosed by symptoms and not by testing.

As a result, we have had children dying from meningitis that was diagnosed as ’swine flu’ and others suffering from diseases like pneumonia that they were told without testing was ’swine flu’ by untrained, unqualified members of the public working at swine flu ‘call centres’ ludicrously set up by the British government. Some of those diagnosing over the phone are as young as 16.

The call centres, by the way, were being organised long before ’swine flu’ emerged in Mexico in April. Like I say, all of this has been planned way in advance.

The authorities have been telling us what is planned ever since the laboratory-created ’swine flu’ was released in Mexico. Government and medical representatives in Britain, France, the United States and elsewhere warned very early on that the H1N1 strain ‘could strengthen’ in the Autumn/Fall and that is precisely what they plan to make it do.

They want to have access to every human body on the planet to inject a range of poisons, immune-system destroyers and almost certainly nanotechnology microchips, and at the moment they are not going to achieve that.

There is far too much scepticism among the public about both the need for the H1N1 vaccine and its safety. As things stand, there is going to be an enormous number of people who refuse to be vaccinated or have their children vaccinated.

A poll of British doctors found that half of them were not going to have the vaccine and another poll suggested that 30 per cent of nurses were taking a similar stand.

This is all thanks to a gathering awakening to the reality of the world we are experiencing and the fantastic efforts of so many to spread the truth about ’swine flu’ and the vaccine on the Internet.

In short, the elite families behind the swine flu conspiracy, notably the Rothschilds and the Rockefellers, are not going to get what they want as things are at present. They know that and so the plan is to change ‘as things are’.

These deeply sick people plan to increase the strength of the ’swine flu’ virus to impose their self-fulfilling ‘prophecy’ about casualties and dramatically increase the fear that is designed to break the resistance of the population to accepting the vaccine for themselves and their families.

The World Health Organization, a Rothschild-Rockefeller creation, has insisted that the vaccine contain live ’swine flu’ virus, and it is highly likely that this will spread the disease through the very vaccinations that are supposed – supposed – to protect people from it.
This can be done by direct inoculation of the virus and through a phenomenon known as ’shedding’ when the virus passes through the vaccine recipient via faeces, urine, saliva and mucous membranes and onto other people. Oral polio vaccine was withdrawn in the US because of this very problem, but it is still used in so-called developing countries.

Live oral polio vaccination can give people polio in the form of a disease called
vaccine-associated paralytic polio, and live polio virus has been found in the faeces of babies for up to six weeks after vaccination.

Quite a thought when you consider that children are being given around 25 vaccinations and combinations by the age of two. Anyone fancy changing a nappy?

Genetic material from the measles virus has been found in urine up to two weeks after vaccination; live rubella virus has been discovered in the nose and throat for up to 28 days after the vaccine was injected and can be passed on through breast milk; vaccine-induced chickenpox has been shown to replicate in the lung and can be passed on through various means; FluMist vaccine sprayed into the nose contains live influenza viruses and it has been proved that they can be passed on by a recipient to other people.

They say that non-vaccinated children are a danger to the vaccinated, but we can see that, in fact, the opposite is the case.

Given this background, what more effective way can there be than to circulate a strengthened ’swine flu’ virus than by a mass vaccination programme? This, it is clear, is what they plan to do – plus much more besides. They have other means of circulating the virus, too.

The World Health Organization announced in July:
‘In view of the anticipated limited vaccine availability at global level and the potential need to protect against “drifted” strains of virus, it is recommended that promoting production and use of vaccines such as those that are formulated with oil-in-water adjuvants and live attenuated influenza vaccines is important.’

This statement was merely taken from a script written a long time ago and delivered on cue.
The term ‘attenuated’ means that the virus is reduced in strength, but that does not stop it infecting the vaccine recipient or being spread among the population. The ‘oil-in-water adjuvants’ are officially used to increase the effects of a vaccine by stimulating a bigger response from the immune system.

An adjuvant being used in the ’swine flu’ vaccine is called squalene and this has the potential to increase the impact of the ‘attenuated’ live ’swine flu’ virus and cause havoc in many other ways. Dr Joseph Mercola at Mercola.com explains the effect of squalene:

‘Your immune system recognizes squalene as an oil molecule native to your body. It is found throughout your nervous system and brain. In fact, you can consume squalene in olive oil and not only will your immune system recognize it, you will also reap the benefits of its antioxidant properties.

The difference between “good” and “bad” squalene is the route by which it enters your body. Injection is an abnormal route of entry which incites your immune system to attack all the squalene in your body, not just the vaccine adjuvant.

Your immune system will attempt to destroy the molecule wherever it finds it, including in places where it occurs naturally, and where it is vital to the health of your nervous system.’

Squalene in anthrax vaccine has been fundamentally connected to the ‘mysterious’ outbreak of Gulf War syndrome among Gulf War veterans after 1991. A study conducted at Tulane Medical School found that virtually every soldier with Gulf War syndrome had antibodies to squalene, showing that their immune systems had reacted to it. The troops who did not have Gulf War syndrome had no anti-bodies to squalene.

Dr Viera Scheibner, a former principle research scientist in New South Wales, Australia, spent many years investigating the destructive effects of vaccines. She said of squalene:

‘… this adjuvant [squalene] contributed to the cascade of reactions called “Gulf War syndrome,” documented in the soldiers involved in the Gulf War. The symptoms they developed included arthritis, fibromyalgia, lymphadenopathy, rashes, photosensitive rashes, malar rashes, chronic fatigue, chronic headaches, abnormal body hair loss, non-healing skin lesions, aphthous ulcers, dizziness, weakness, memory loss, seizures, mood changes, neuropsychiatric problems, anti-thyroid effects, anaemia, elevated ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate), systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), Raynaud’s phenomenon, Sjorgren’s syndrome, chronic diarrhoea, night sweats and low-grade fevers.’

The potential dangers of ’swine flu’ vaccine can be seen with the experience in the United States after the mass vaccination programme in 1976. This was ‘justified’ by the death of a single person, an Army recruit at Fort Dix in New Jersey. A panic was then generated on the basis that he had died from a swine flu strain allegedly similar to that which killed tens of millions in 1918 (another vaccine-created disaster – see item at the end of this article).

It was later established that the recruit died because ‘normal’ flu had turned to pneumonia and this was compounded by dehydration and heavy physical work. He collapsed on a morning run. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) admitted that not a single case of swine flu was confirmed.

The 1976 scare-them-shitless campaign
Mass vaccinations for ’swine flu’ followed the death of the Army recruit and led to hundreds of people developing Guillain-Barre syndrome, an autoimmune disorder affecting the nervous system that triggers paralysis in legs, upper limbs and face, and an inability to breathe. At least 25 died and, longer term, the figure would have been far higher.

The drug companies and the World Health Organization (WHO) are telling us that the ’swine flu’ vaccine is safe when it has been revealed that 600 senior neurologists in the UK were sent a confidential letter by government health officials warning of a coming increase in Guillain-Barre syndrome as a result of the ’swine flu’ vaccinations.

The letter came from the Health Protection Agency, the official body that oversees public health, and warned neurologists ‘to be alert for an increase in a brain disorder called Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS), which could be triggered by the … vaccine’. A senior neurologist quoted by the London Daily Mail said: ‘I would not have the swine flu jab because of the GBS risk’.

Great, eh? The government ‘Health Protection’ Agency tells 600 neurologists about the expected effects – but not the public.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in the United States have officially predicted 30,000 serious and potentially fatal reactions to the H1N1 vaccine while at the same time insisting that it be effective in only three out of every ten recipients. The requirement is even less for people over 65.
You might say that this was madness and it is on one level, because the people behind the global conspiracy are by any standards utterly insane. It is not bureaucratic madness, however, except in the way it plays out through the useful idiots. At its core, it is cold, calculated mass murder-type madness.

As I have been stressing for years, the same families, led by the Rothschilds and the Rockefellers, created and control the World Health Organization, the Centers for Disease Control and the Food and Drug Administration (and their equivalent around the world), and the pharmaceutical cartel, or Big Pharma. These bodies may appear to be unconnected, but they are all on the same team answering to the same masters.

Executives from drug giants Baxter International, Novartis and GlaxoSmithKline sat on the World Health Organization’s vaccine advisory board that recommended mass vaccinations in July. They all move as one unit.

Baxter International of Illinois was exposed in February for contaminating vaccine materials with live bird flu virus sent to 18 locations. The virus was supplied by the World Health Organization and was mixed with seasonal flu viruses to produce a potentially deadly combination.

This ‘mistake’ – yeah, right – was only discovered when a laboratory in the Czech Republic tested the concoction on ferrets and they all died.

Now tens of billions of public dollars, pounds and euros are being handed to sinister corporations like Baxter International and Novartis to mass vaccinate the global population. No matter what the economic situation there is never a shortage of money when the agenda is involved, be it for wars of mass slaughter or vaccination programmes of mass slaughter. Killing people is big business – ask the weapons producers.

Austrian journalist Jane Bürgermeister has filed criminal charges with the FBI against the World Health Organization, United Nations, Barack Obama, a Rockefeller, a Rothschild, and others, after she uncovered a plot to cull the population with the ’swine flu’ vaccine.

She said that bird flu and swine flu have been developed in laboratories and released on the public with the aim of mass murder through vaccination. Her filed document, Bioterrorism Evidence, correctly claims that the World Health Organization, United Nations and vaccine-makers such as Baxter International and Novartis are part of a single system under the control of a core criminal group that has ‘funded the development, manufacturing and release of artificial viruses in order to justify mass vaccinations with a bioweapon substance in order to eliminate the people of the USA, and so gain control of the assets, resources etc. of North America’.

Bürgermeister’s ‘core criminal group’ is the network of interbreeding families, like the Rothschilds and Rockefellers, known as the Illuminati. The plot she talks about is, of course, worldwide and not just in the United States.

Novartis and Baxter International applied for patents for this vaccine long before the engineered ‘outbreak’ in Mexico in April. Novartis made its provisional patent application in 2005 and it was approved in February this year. Baxter International applied for its patent in August 2008 and it came through in March, just before the virus was released in Mexico to start the whole thing rolling.

The sequence is this: patent the vaccine; release the laboratory-created ’swine flu’ virus in Mexico; use the controlled and pathetic media to cause panic in the population over ‘deadly’ swine flu; tell the World Health Organization to declare a pandemic and demand vaccination for the entire human race; spread a strengthened virus in the vaccine and through other means to cause terror and hysteria to ensure that people line up for their jab of live virus. Oh yes, and get governments to give you blanket immunity from prosecution for the effects of your vaccine.

Drug companies would not coldly set out to kill and maim vast numbers of people? What?? That’s their job. They have been doing it year after year since Big Pharma was created by John D Rockefeller, an asset of the Rothschild dynasty.
Shane Ellison was a medicinal chemist for drug companies Array BioPharma and Eli Lilly, but resigned in disgust at what he saw on the inside. He now promotes natural remedies under the title ‘The People’s Chemist’. He said in an article this week:

‘As a young chemist working in the chemistry labs of corporate America, I watched as they promoted cancer causing drugs as anti-cancer remedies (tamoxifen). I also witnessed the pharmaceutically compliant media convince the world that depression was a disease and you needed the so-called antidepressant drug Prozac™ to treat it. I began to wonder, “How gullible are the masses?” The reaction to the swine flu scare answered this.’

American researcher Patrick Jordan uncovered World Health Organization memos dating from 1972 explaining how to kill people with vaccines by undermining the immune system, injecting viruses and creating an immune response so enormous that it kills the body. This is known as the cytokine storm.

The initial spread of Aids in the United States matched the locations of vaccination trials for Hepatitis B in homosexual communities and the initial outbreak in Africa mirrored the locations of mass smallpox vaccinations ordered by the World Health Organization with vaccine reportedly supplied by Novartis.

Big Pharma and the World Health Organization are killing machines and the cemeteries of the world are full of their victims. Gullibility can indeed be lethal.

Fear and gullibility – babes-in-arms syndrome, as I call it – will ensure that enormous numbers of unquestioning dupes race to the vaccine centres in the coming weeks and months. But the world is a lot wiser to what is going on that it was five, ten or twenty years ago and there are now very large numbers of people who can see through the lies.

This is where the police state comes in and the plan is to make the vaccine compulsory. We are already moving fast in that direction and what is now emerging in American states like Massachusetts is the blueprint for everywhere.
‘Sir, we found one that’s not had the shot …’
The Massachusetts Senate has passed the flu pandemic bill S 2028 that imposes a state of fascism whenever the governor decides to do so in the wake of a flu pandemic - like, you know, the one they plan to engineer. The bill authorises the state health commissioner, law enforcement, and medical personnel to:

* Vaccinate the population
* Enter private property with no warrants
* Quarantine people against their will

* Arrest without a warrant anyone a police officer deems has violated an isolation or quarantine order
* Jail or fine at the rate of $1,000 a day anyone in such violation

Similar isolation orders are being implemented in Florida, Washington, Iowa and North Carolina. The rest will follow and the same is planned all over the world – if we stand for it.
An internal French government document has come to light detailing covert plans to vaccinate everyone in France without exception starting on September 28th and continuing until January. The document is dated August 21st and is signed by Rosaylne Batchelot-Narquin, the French Health Minister, and Brice Hortefeux, the French Minister of Interior and Overseas Territories.
It has been sent to the heads of the country’s ‘defence zones’, law enforcement and regional health authorities. Some of its main points are:
* Medical personnel, medical students and medical army personnel can be compelled to administer vaccines or face penalties
* ‘Vaccination centers’ to be established in ’secure facilities’ in every region and no medical establishments will be involved, nor any general practitioners
* Schoolchildren to be vaccinated at school by special mobile pandemic vaccination teams
* The public are not to be ‘informed’ until the end of September
Similar documents will be circulating in all 194 member states of the World Health Organization because all this is centrally coordinated.

French President Nicolas Sarkozy … Illuminati to his fingertips.
Documents and statements that have emerged over the years make it clear that the Illuminati cabal and their bloodline families want to dramatically reduce the global population to perhaps as low as 500 million – more than six billion fewer than at present.

The ‘elite’ families behind the mass ’swine flu’ vaccinations are the origin of the ‘master race’ eugenics movement with Adolf Hitler their most high-profile advocate. The Rockfeller family, who are Rothschild subordinates, financed Hitler’s ‘race purity’ expert, Ernst Rudin, at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Munich, and many other leading eugenicists.

Rudin was president of the International Federation of Eugenic Organizations and a global figure in the eugenics movement which advocated – still advocates – the removal of ‘inferior’ people through segregation, sterilisation and extermination to create a ‘better’ or ‘master’ race.

The population cullers are the driving force behind the swine flu vaccination programme. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology in the United States warned this week that swine flu was a ‘threat to our nation’, estimated that 90,000 could die, and said everyone must be vaccinated.

This Council of Advisors is chaired by John P Holdren, the director of the White House Office of Science and Technology. Holdren co-wrote a book in 1977, called Ecoscience, that details proposals to mass sterilise the population by medicating food and the water supply and to impose a regime of forced abortion, government seizure of children born out of wedlock and mandatory bodily implants designed to prevent pregnancy.

Holdren wrote the book with those infamous population-control extremists, Paul and Anne Ehrlich, and have no doubt that such sterlisation plans have long been implemented – sperm counts have dropped by a third since 1989 and by half in 50 years.

Holdren has been desperately trying to deny that he supports forced population control after the content of Ecoscience was recently exposed. This is rather difficult, however, when you have co-written a 1,000-page textbook advocating exactly that.

The plan is to introduce compulsory vaccination and they are moving there step by step with the announcement this week that it will be mandatory for all military personnel starting in October.

Public resistance to compulsory vaccination makes even more sense of the story I revealed in 2008 about how designated police officers in each county of the United Kingdom were preparing for a ‘coming war’ and mass public protests in the streets. I have no doubt that a war is on the agenda, too, at some point, but it is clear that this preparation also involves the public reaction to compulsory vaccinations. This, in turn, connects with the establishment of ‘Disaster Recovery Centres’ in each county.

One of these designated ‘prepare for war’ police officers told his friend (who contacted me) that they were preparing for the military to be on the streets with the police to deal with mass protests.

Other uniform professions, like private security guards, traffic wardens and CCTV operators, would perform the other duties of the police while they were dealing with the protests, the police officer said.

This is happening with traffic wardens, who once dealt only with parking offences, now renamed ‘civil enforcement officers’ and given powers that were exclusively those of the police. The UK government also announced a new designation called an ‘accredited person’ – private security guards, CCTV operators etc., who will be given some of the powers of police officers.

The Pentagon has recently asked Congress for clearance to post nearly 400,000 military personnel throughout the United States in the event of an ‘emergency’ and ‘major disaster’ under the control of US Northern Command, or ‘NorthCom’.
In truth, large numbers of these troops will not even be American. The military has been amassing an army of foreign troops to patrol the streets of America in the knowledge that many American soldiers will be reluctant to fire on their own people.

NorthCom is the domestic military operation created as a Problem-Reaction-Solution after 9/11 to ‘protect’ the ‘homeland’ from ‘terrorists’ (We the People). NorthCom is also responsible for ‘theatre security cooperation’ with Canada and Mexico. These people love their Orwellian language.

General Victor Renuart, the head of NorthCom, has produced plans for the miltary to work with FEMA, the Illuminati’s truly evil Federal Emergency Management Agency, in the event of a major swine flu outbreak and is awaiting approval from Bush and Obama ‘Defense’ Secretary, Robert Gates. It will, of course, be granted.

Renuart gave public testimony in March, a month before the ’swine flu’ outbreak in Mexico, that NorthCom had prepared for a flu outbreak originating in Mexico. He said NorthCom was focused on ‘developing and improving procedures to respond to potentially catastrophic events such as pandemic influenza outbreak …’ Was he a prophet? No, he knew what was coming.

I can’t say when all this will kick-off in earnest, but you can see the pieces being rapidly moved into place hour by hour. The vaccinations will be underway in weeks and everything will follow from that as the months unfold.

We need to be strong and we need to be unified. What does someone’s religion, colour, income bracket or sexuality matter when you are faced with this satanic agenda? This is not about killing and maiming white people, black people, Muslims, Hindus or Jews. It is an attack on the health and freedoms of all of us, so we must meet that threat as One.
We need to come together in mutual support with unbreakable determination and a backbone that will not wilt.

No matter what the intimidation we must refuse the vaccination for ourselves and our families and make it as difficult as possible for the authorities to impose their will. If people react with violent protest, they will be handing all the aces to the police state. It is not a violent response that we need, but a calm and peaceful mass campaign of non-cooperation.
A system run by a few cannot function if the masses will not cooperate with it.

Calmness is essential or we stop thinking straight and never was there a more important time to think straight than in the months and years ahead before this control system is dismantled.
Hey, and you in the middle and lower ranks of administration in governments and their agencies; you in uniform, be it the military, police, whatever … What the hell are you doing? You have children and grandchildren, too. What the hell are you doing?

Wake up, grow up, get informed and start to break ranks before you enforce a prison-state on your own families.
This is no time for faint hearts … we came to sort out this fascist nonsense and the time will come when we will. Let us meet that challenge – look it in the eye – instead of running for cover.
One line sums it up …
Come on, let’s go.
By David Icke

10-07-2009, 11:02 PM
Sudan has had cases of H5N1 and H1N1...could these be the 1st cases of Flubola!

Mysterious disease kills 20 SPLA soldiers
Thursday 8 October 2009 03:30. Printer-Friendly version Comments...
October 7, 2009 (KHARTOUM) — Some 23 people among them 20 soldiers of southern Sudan army died of a unexplained disease suspected to be Ebola, said the Sudan people Liberation Army (SPLA).

SPLA soldiers smoke cigarettes in a military barrack in Nabanga, near the Sudan-Congo border, Western Equatoria, April 12, 2008. (Reuters) SPLA soldiers smoke cigarettes in a military barrack in Nabanga, near the Sudan-Congo border, Western Equatoria, April 12, 2008. (Reuters) Kuol Diem Kuol, SPLA spokesman said doctors suspect it to Ebola but they wait for the confirmation form medical laboratories where blood samples had been sent for testing.

Speaking to Reuters he admitted they do not know the exact number of the affected population.

The Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever. There are four recognized species within the ebolavirus genus, which in turn have number specific strains. The Zaire virus is the type species, which is also the first discovered and the most lethal.

Sudan Ebola virus is the second species of Ebola that emerged simultaneous with the Zaire virus. It was believed to have originated amongst cotton factory workers in Nzara, Sudan, with the first case reported as a worker exposed to a potential natural reservoir.

Scientists tested all animals and insects in response to this; however, none tested positive for the virus. The carrier is still unknown.

The most recent outbreak occurred in May 2004. 20 confirmed cases were reported in Yambio County, Sudan, with five deaths resulting. The average fatality rates for were 54% in 1976, 68% in 1979, and 53% in 2000 and 2001.

Kuol said the mysterious disease was very widespread in the Western Bahr al-Ghazal state.

10-08-2009, 03:32 AM
Japanese suit that fights flu

A Japanese company, Haruyama Trading Co., has developed a suit that it claims protects the wearer from the deadly H1N1 strain of influenza.

By Julian Ryall in Tokyo
Published: 2:26PM BST 06 Oct 2009

http://i.telegraph.co.uk/telegraph/multimedia/archive/01496/suit_1496431f.jpg The anti-flu suit which is on sale in Japan Photo: HANDOUT

The company has produced 50,000 of the suits and will start selling them on Thursday, according to a company spokesman.

The suit is coated with the chemical titanium dioxide, which reacts to light to break down and kill the virus when it comes into contact with it, according to Junko Hirohata. The chemical is a common ingredient in toothpaste and cosmetics.

The suit - which is indistinguishable from any other worn by Japan's legion of "salarymen" - comes in four colours and styles, which are medium grey, charcoal, navy and a grey pinstripe. It will go on sale for about £365.

The company said it spent a year developing the suit, which retains its properties even after being washed numerous times.

Japan has been gripped by swine flu fear since the global outbreak began a year ago, with the World Health Organisation confirming more than 340,000 cases worldwide and around 4,100 deaths.

A seven-year-old boy became the latest victim in Japan on Sept 22, the youngest and 18th fatality from the disease here.

In the same week, medical institutions across the country reported treating 23,275 cases of influenza, the majority with the new H1N1 strain. Most of the new cases were reported in urban areas, where population density increases the risk of transmission.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/howaboutthat/6265599/Japanese-suit-that-fights-flu.html (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/howaboutthat/6265599/Japanese-suit-that-fights-flu.html)

10-08-2009, 03:35 AM
2009 Swine Flu outbreak (http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/05/2009_swine_flu_outbreak.html)

In late April, an outbreak of a new strain of H1N1 Influenza, commonly called "swine flu", was detected in Mexico City. The initial spread of the virus appeared to be rapid - that, coupled with several deaths of young, otherwise healthy flu victims raised global awareness and initial alarm. As of today, Mexico has confirmed over 800 infections and 42 deaths resulting from H1N1 - 22 countries worldwide now have reported 1,516 cases of influenza A (H1N1). Recent reports have been more restrained, however, with no apparent evience of a pandemic, milder-than-expected flu symptoms, and a rate of infection only slightly higher than a normal seasonal flu. Collected here are photographs of people in Mexico and around the world dealing with H1N1 or or preparing for possible encounters. (36 photos total (http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/05/2009_swine_flu_outbreak.html))


10-08-2009, 10:11 AM
http://ts1.mm.bing.net/images/thumbnail.aspx?q=1137136179356&id=71b0684d434fafbe741df7c6b5e4c16c&url=http%3a%2f%2fwww.monotremes.com%2fmonotremes%2 fDesign%2fsuckerpunch.gif

A right pig’s ear

Phil Whitaker (http://www.newstatesman.com/print/200910080020#)

Published 08 October 2009
The government panicked over the threat of swine flu – and got its response completely wrong

Brace yourself - swine flu is on the rise again. The second wave coincides with mounting disquiet among doctors about the way we as a nation are responding to the disease. A recent survey by Pulse, a leading GP periodical, found that 61 per cent of family doctors believe the government should review its policy of blanket provision of Tamiflu to all suspected sufferers. It also reported a growing number of cases that have resulted in death or serious harm after conditions such as meningitis have been misdiagnosed as flu, and wrongly treated.

Swine flu has wrong-footed everyone. For many years it was assumed that when the next pandemic arrived, it would create havoc: thousands would die in Britain alone; the exponential demand for services would be mirrored by the decreasing number of healthy doctors able to deliver them; societies would crumble. This projection was based in part on the 1918 global flu pandemic - which caused an estimated 50 to 100 million deaths - coupled with the high fatality rate among the few hundred cases of "bird flu" (H5N1) over the past few years.

In the UK, huge quantities of antiviral drugs were stockpiled, plans for establishing a national pandemic flu phone line were laid, and organisations both public and private were exhorted to draft detailed contingency plans for when the carnage began. Both chambers loaded, the shotgun was trained on the far horizon, the collective eye of the viral surveillance world squinting down the barrel, seeking out the first sign of an emergent threat.

Along came swine flu (H1N1). To be clear: people have died - 82 in the UK and an estimated 4,041 worldwide, at the time of writing. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), roughly 60 per cent of the severe or fatal cases have occurred in recognised risk groups, such as people with grave underlying health problems; the remaining 40 per cent have affected fit children and adults. Each death is tragic, but the mortality figures are tiny, viewed against the millions of mild cases globally.

Writing in the British Medical Journal in September, Peter Doshi, a doctoral student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, proposed a framework to differentiate between disease patterns. Type 1 infections are widespread and severe - exactly the kind towards which the current pandemic flu plans are geared. But swine flu sits in Doshi's type 3 - widespread but usually mild. These different beasts present different challenges, but because pandemic planning failed to anticipate anything other than a type 1 scenario, swine flu has triggered a completely inappropriate response.
Marginal effects

Central to doctors' unease is the National Pandemic Flu Service (NPFS). Telephone-based and web-based assessments of symptoms are made using a computer algorithm. If the computer says "swine flu", patients are given antiviral medication, usually Tamiflu. The problems are twofold.

First, data from the Health Protection Agency, which conducts confirmatory laboratory tests on a sample of cases, shows that less than 10 per cent of NPFS diagnoses are correct. The other 90 per cent of supposed swine flu sufferers have other illnesses whose symptoms happen to overlap. (Doctors fare only slightly better, diagnosing at best a quarter of cases accurately.) Second, the drugs being doled out are by and large worse than useless, even in the correctly diagnosed cases. Tamiflu makes only a marginal difference to the course of uncomplicated flu and causes side effects in up to 40 per cent of people who take it. On the whole, these are just bothersome - vomiting is the most frequent - but serious, even fatally adverse reactions do occasionally occur.

In late August, WHO advised that antivirals were not necessary for fit patients suffering from uncomplicated swine flu. The Department of Health defends its continued policy of Tamiflu-for-all on "safety first" grounds. Its concern is those exceptional cases of severe disease in fit individuals, where Tamiflu might (no one knows for sure) make a difference if started early. However, the logic - that it is better to treat everyone than risk missing those who might have benefited - belongs to a strategy for dealing with a Doshi type 1 pandemic, where the chance of severe disease is high. For swine flu, damage from indiscriminate use of antivirals outweighs the supposed benefits of catching atypical cases early.

The real challenge of a Doshi type 3 pandemic is identifying the small minority who actually and urgently require help. These could be those rare individuals with severe flu, or they might be patients in the early stages of another serious disease such as meningitis. Doctors are good at doing this (though far from infallible) and many GPs believe that only medically qualified staff should be undertaking flu assessments, but this is not achievable, given our capacity for mass hysteria. During the first wave of swine flu - before the NPFS was launched - the NHS front line was overwhelmed by waves of worried callers in flu hot spots. One of the main reasons for setting up the NPFS was to prevent a meltdown in services, but it should now change its focus from diagnosing swine flu (at which it is hopeless) to identifying patients in trouble.

The trickiest problem is when patients who initially feel mildly unwell star

10-08-2009, 09:16 PM

Swine Flu Put Many Hospitalized Patients In ICU
Kids, Teens Accounted For Nearly Half Of Hospitalized Cases
UPDATED: 6:50 pm EDT October 8, 2009

One quarter of Americans sick enough to be hospitalized with swine flu last spring wound up needing intensive care and 7 percent of them died, the first such study of the early months of the global epidemic suggests.

That's a little higher than with ordinary seasonal flu, several experts said.
What is striking and unusual is that children and teens accounted for nearly half of the hospitalized cases, including many who were previously healthy. The study did not give a breakdown of deaths by age.

"Contrary to the perception among many people that this influenza, novel H1N1, is mild, these data vividly demonstrate that influenza can make you very, very ill," said Dr. William Schaffner, a Vanderbilt University flu expert and spokesman for the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

"Clearly, the best way to protect yourself and your family is to get vaccine as soon as it becomes available," said Schaffner, who had no role in the study but has consulted for swine flu vaccine makers.

The study was done by researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, working with hospitals and state and local health departments. Results were published online Thursday by the New England Journal of Medicine.

A second study released by the journal revealed that swine flu had a profound effect on intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand from June through August -- winter months and the normal flu season in the Southern Hemisphere.

"They had a 15-fold increase in ICU care. That's a 1,500 percent increase," said Michael Osterholm, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota. "We're still heading into our flu season. Will we see this same big increase in cases over the next several months or will we have a peak in cases in October or November?"

In the U.S. study, researchers led by the CDC's Dr. Seema Jain identified 272 patients hospitalized for at least a day from April through mid-June, when the novel virus caused its first wave of cases. That's about one-fourth of the total hospitalizations for swine flu reported during that time, but researchers only studied lab-confirmed cases and patients who agreed to be part of the study.

Three-fourths of these patients had other health problems, such as diabetes -- typical of seasonal flu, too. However, only 5 percent were 65 and older; ordinary seasonal flu usually hits hardest in the elderly.

Seven percent were pregnant, even though pregnant women make up only 1 percent of the general population. Among hospitalized patients whose weight was known, 26 percent were very obese, confirming a risk factor suggested by other information from the outbreak.

Symptoms were different -- 39 percent had diarrhea or vomiting versus only 5 percent with regular flu. About 40 percent had pneumonia. Seven percent died, and all had been put on breathing machines.

About three-fourths of hospitalized patients were given Tamiflu or other antiviral medicines, although most did not get these within the two days of first symptoms, as doctors recommend. Survival appeared to be better among those who got treatment quickly.

"The use of antivirals is critical," Jain said. "Start them, start them early. The patients who are hospitalized should get them quickly."

Other experts caution against making too much of specific numbers from these early results.

"We don't know how good these numbers are. They've done a good job; it's the best that we've got," Osterholm said. "But there are deaths out there that are not being recognized as influenza -- only an autopsy would pick them up. And there are likely hospitalizations for flu that were missed as flu."

The Southern Hemisphere study involved 722 patients with confirmed cases of swine flu who were treated in intensive care units. More than 14 percent, or one in seven, died. That study also found a disproportionately large number of cases in pregnant women and the very obese.

10-08-2009, 09:24 PM

Evidencing Anglo-American H1N1 "PanGenocide"
Thursday, 08 October 2009 11:12 Added by PT Editor Sameh A. Habeeb .:osama:

US, October 8, 2009 (Pal Telegraph) - Al azeera has broadcast a stunning interview with a respected Jewish doctor, Leonard G. Horowitz, to help explain the suspicious emergence of H1N1 and risky vaccinations that more than half of people polled worldwide are rejecting for fear of harmful side effects the doctor calls "pangenocide." Dr. Horowitz indicts leading media moguls with conflicting interests in the drug industry, charges vaccine makers and famous investors with genocide, and urges nations to suspend vaccination programs until an independent Court can examine evidence he and investigative journalist Sherri Kane has amassed potentially saving hundreds of millions of lives.

Host Ahmed Mansour, of "Bela Hodood," interviewed Dr. Horowitz during the satellite broadcast on Wednesday, Oct 7, 2009, from 7:05-55 pm (GMT). The show typically features famous personalities including presidents and prime ministers, and reaches an audience of 70 million viewers. The mostly Muslim audience learned of Dr. Horowitz unsettling findings that condemns vaccinations as being "genocidal weapons of mass intoxication, pharmaceutical addiction, and population reduction."

Dr. Horowitz is a Harvard-trained medical investigator and best selling American author credited by leaders of every religion for his research and humanitarian efforts to wake people up the little known dangers of vaccinations. The controversial expert persuasively exposes the conflicting interests of drug makers, media moguls, politicians, and Anglo-American health officials that have been touting H1N1 vaccines that he argues undermines public health, safety, and common sense. He charges British and American officials with gross criminal negligence for downplaying risks, censoring science, evading natural preventatives, and suppressing readily available cures.

No stranger to controversy, Al Jazeera, the only independent news network in the Middle East, gained worldwide attention following the September 11, 2001 attacks, when it was the only channel to cover the war on Afghanistan live, broadcasting video statements by Osama bin Laden and other al-Qaeda leaders.

In recent weeks, network producers learned about the Dr. Horowitz's work from reporter Tawfiq Sahli with the BBC who interviewed the doctor in June about his book, Emerging Viruses: AIDS & Ebola--Nature, Accident or Intentional? President Barack Obama's estranged minister, Reverend Jeremiah Wright, cited Dr. Horowitz and this text to support his claim that AIDS was 'invented' by the Anglo-American elite to sicken and enslave minority people and lesson their numbers.

Rev. Wright recalled the infamous Tuskegee experiment conducted by the US Public Health Service under the watch of CDC Director, David Sencer, who also directed the 1976 Swine Flu vaccination campaign that caused tens-of-thousands of deaths. Dr. Horowitz's mother, a holocaust survivor, was among this vaccine's victims of Guillain-Barre syndrome. As AIDS emerged at that time, Sencer was sent to New York City to defend the Rockefeller family's blood banking interests preventing the American Red Cross's blood supply from being tested for HIV. This resulted in the massive international spread of AIDS.

Dr. Horowitz's most recent research reveals the world's most powerful biotechnology trust is operating within the "Partnership for New York City" (PFNYC). He calls this a "white collar crime ring" because it features media moguls with conflicting drug interests implicated in this "false flag" H1N1 pandemic. They operate openly, but beyond consumer protective scrutiny. Their propaganda is controlled by David Rockefeller's wealthiest partners including Co-Chairman Rupert Murdoch; Merck & Company Director of Reuter's News Service, Thomas Glocer; and Mortimer Zuckerman, the editor-in-chief of U.S.News & World Report, who financed organizations promoting Lyme disease vaccines suspended after causing nearly 700,000 people to get sick with Lyme-like symptoms.

As the 2009 H1N1 swine flu was emerging in Mexico, Glocer's Merck & Co., the largest vaccine maker in the world, signed a deal with Australian drug maker CSL Ltd to market its seasonal flu vaccine Afluria in the United States following a frightening Reuter's report that the deadliest H5N1 avian flu strain was threatening. Meanwhile, Rupert Murdoch's mother, Elisabeth, and daughter-in-law, Sarah, direct the Australian facilities wherein CSL's new H1N1 flu vaccines are being tested on pregnant women, babies, and children. The studies are "highly specious" according to Dr. Horowitz who considers their design "outrageously negligent."
The Rockefellers' influence over American medicine, public health, the cancer industry, World Health Organization, United Nations, and international disease tracking system is acknowledged worldwide by medical historians. Presently, Jay Rockefeller leads the US Senate in reforming the American healthcare system.

PFNYC Co-Chairman Lloyd C. Blankfein, chief executive officer of The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., financier of Disney, the Weinstein Company (formerly Miramax), and ABC, joins Safeway supermarkets' Steven Burd, advancing "Obamacare" reforms on behalf of the "drug cartel." Burd founded the Coalition to Advance Healthcare Reform (CAHR) in the US. Burd and Blankfein are the two highest paid CEOs in America, and both are high profile members of the most powerful Business Council in the world. The BusinessCouncil.org directed America's transition out of the Great Depression advising Congress to advance the Security and Exchange Act, the Banking Act, and the Social Security Act of 1935.

Recently, members of the "9/11 truth" movement questioned Jay Rockefeller regarding his family's powerful influence over the eugenics movement in the early 1900s, forerunning to the modern genetics industry and experiments addressing racial predispositions for cancers and more. Eugenics advanced as "racial hygiene" under the Third Reich, that according to historians was chiefly financed and administered through Bayer AG company president Hermann Schmitz. Schmitz formed a secret partnership with John D. Rockefeller, Jr. on behalf of the Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company.

"I'm actually doing the work that is supposed to be done by the Anti-Defamation League (ADL)," Dr. Horowitz says.

The ADL was founded to stop the defamation of the Jewish people and to secure justice and fair treatment to all." The ADL's motto is, "It should never happen again." They fight anti-Semitism and all forms of bigotry, defend democratic ideals and protect civil rights for all.

"So let's see what the ADL will do with a gang of mostly 'not so nice' Jewish guys linked to those who sponsored the holocaust of WWII and today's vaccination genocide," says Dr. Horowitz.

The BIG million dollar question here for Dr. Horowitz, and many others, is will these particular organizations defend the right to exercise religious freedom from intoxicating inoculations that New York State, in partnership with PFNYC, is advancing in violation of compelling science, common sense, the Bill of Rights, and the First and Fifth Amendments to the US Constitution.

Dr. Horowitz has been honored as a "World Leading Intellectual" by the World Organization for Natural Medicine, and knighted by the Sovereign Orthodox Order of Knights Hospitaller of St. John of Jerusalem for his humanitarian contributions to consumer protection and vaccination risk awareness. He has written extensively on matters affecting health care and religiosity. His controversial personal philosophies are published online in essays at HealthyWorldSolutions.com.



10-09-2009, 11:12 AM
October 8, 2009

With flu anxiety, it seems a lot like 1918 again
By Frank Lee
[email protected]

A mysterious illness. School closings. Quarantines of the sick. Fear in the headlines. And death.
Sound familiar?
It should.

History often repeats itself — a fact that public health officials dealing with the novel H1N1 influenza virus are afraid of: a repeat of the 1918 Spanish flu epidemic that, according to some reports, killed as many people worldwide as World War I but in less than a tenth of the time.
Estimates put the death toll resulting from the Spanish flu at about 50 million worldwide.

The Spanish flu claimed the lives of many Central Minnesotans, including 72 people from the area in a 10-day period — “mostly young men and women in the prime of life,” according to a Nov. 1, 1918, article in the St. Cloud Daily Times.

Health officials are looking to history for clues as to how to go forward; the state announced on Oct. 1 that it will receive its first supply of the H1N1 vaccine, to be given first to health care and emergency medical workers who are at risk to be exposed to the virus.

Spanish flu
“Spanish influenza increases ... wearing of gauze masks by patients and nurses advocated by doctors” declared the headline of an Oct. 16, 1918, article in the St. Cloud Daily Times. The story reported schools, theaters and churches in Little Falls were being closed for weeks due to the flu.
“I think people were really worried about the deadliness of it,” said John Decker, assistant director of archives at Stearns History Museum in St. Cloud.

The Spanish flu began in the spring of 1918 during World War I. It was reported first in Spain and 8 million Spaniards died from it, according to some accounts. And like the first case of swine flu in Minnesota in Cold Spring in May, the first wave of the Spanish flu was also mild.

“This all started, of course, from the soldiers, literally when they came home — the ones that did survive — (came) over from Europe, and that’s how it spread in the U.S.,” Decker said of the Spanish flu.

A search of records of those buried at Calvary Cemetery on Cooper Avenue South in St. Cloud turned up 98 deaths in 1917, compared with 191 deaths in 1918 at the St. Cloud cemetery.

“Years ago, (cemeteries) did keep track of — they wrote in a book — what people died from. A lot of them said pneumonia or influenza, but nothing will say it on the markers,” said Sharon Eich, office manager for Assumption-Calvary Cemetery.

The State Board of Health of Minnesota in 1918 had instructed local undertakers that “funerals of all who die from Spanish influenza or pneumonia following influenza must be strictly private. This order applies to the bodies of returned soldiers as well as those who die in civil life.”
“I don’t think there was any vaccine for it at the time, so what happened was that it had to play itself out,” Decker said. “I think people of today are more aware of handshaking, coughing and touching stuff.”

Taking control
St. Cloud Mayor Daniel Freeman issued a proclamation in 1918 that “all theaters, dance halls or other places of public amusement shall be closed forthwith, and until further notice” and “all saloons and pool halls shall be closed from and after six o’clock p.m. each day until further notice.”

“Around here, it really affected the more vigorous people; children and young adults died from this, and it looked like the older people had some type of immunity to it because a lot of them survived,” Decker said.

“Conditions became so grave in St. Cloud during the last few days that quick action was deemed necessary by the Board of Health,” according to an Oct. 18, 1918, article in the St. Cloud Daily Times — not unlike Gov. Tim Pawlenty’s visit to Cold Spring on April 30 of this year.

“What they didn’t have in 1918 that we potentially will have as a tool in our tool kit is a vaccine — something in our favor that they didn’t have back then,” said Renee Frauendienst, public health division director for Stearns County Human Services.

Decker’s grandmother lived on a farm south of Cold Spring and told him about the 1918 Spanish flu that claimed the lives of Hubert Thelen, 28, and his 23-year-old wife, Elizabeth, who died days later. They left behind two children, a 2-year-old girl and a 4-month-old boy.

“At the time of Mr. Thelen’s death, his wife’s condition was such that she could not be told of her husband’s (death) and she passed away not knowing that her husband had proceeded her to the Great Beyond,” according to an account in the Melrose Beacon dated Dec. 26, 1918.

“One brother and one sister have died of the prevailing disease and Mrs. Thelen is the third of the Laubach family to die within the past three months,” according to the story.

Decker believes lessons were learned from the 1918 influenza epidemic: the importance of quickly identifying a disease that has the potential of spreading fast, and the value of learning how it works.

“My grandmother was probably — at the time — closing in on her late 20s, so she was sweating it because people around her were dying in her age group, and she had one child already at that time, so she was kind of worried,” he said.

His grandmother lived to be 94.

History lesson
A U.S. representative from Illinois introduced a resolution in the House in the early 1900s that would have suspended for 90 days a provision of the Prohibition enforcement act allowing only a pint of liquor every 10 days for the sick, because he claimed whiskey was a flu remedy.

“People were at church, and they went to school, so it wasn’t just like people were just living at home and sitting on their farms,” said Decker, a Cold Spring native now in his 50s.

The St. Cloud Daily Times story that ran on Nov. 1, 1918, about the 72 young adults who died locally in quick succession stated “these cases were all listed as pneumonia contracted during the patients’ recovery from influenza.”

The 1918 story went on to say that physicians were telling people that anyone with the least sign of the epidemic should “go to bed and stay there until told to leave the house by physicians.”

Today, the Spanish influenza epidemic of 1918 is a reference point because it was “one of our worst-case scenarios,” Frauendienst said.

“When we initially saw the first cases of Spanish influenza on the East and West coasts, it took less than six weeks to go across the nation,” Frauendienst said.

“As we look back and saw how quickly that spread across the nation, there were certainly concerns on our part as to — in a time frame now where you can travel across the world in less than a day — how quickly this H1N1 flu virus could spread.”


10-09-2009, 05:57 PM
Sudan has had cases of H5N1 and H1N1...could these be the 1st cases of Flubola!

Mysterious disease kills 20 SPLA soldiers
Thursday 8 October 2009 03:30. Printer-Friendly version Comments...
October 7, 2009 (KHARTOUM) — Some 23 people among them 20 soldiers of southern Sudan army died of a unexplained disease suspected to be Ebola, said the Sudan people Liberation Army (SPLA).

SPLA soldiers smoke cigarettes in a military barrack in Nabanga, near the Sudan-Congo border, Western Equatoria, April 12, 2008. (Reuters) SPLA soldiers smoke cigarettes in a military barrack in Nabanga, near the Sudan-Congo border, Western Equatoria, April 12, 2008. (Reuters) Kuol Diem Kuol, SPLA spokesman said doctors suspect it to Ebola but they wait for the confirmation form medical laboratories where blood samples had been sent for testing.

Speaking to Reuters he admitted they do not know the exact number of the affected population.

The Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever. There are four recognized species within the ebolavirus genus, which in turn have number specific strains. The Zaire virus is the type species, which is also the first discovered and the most lethal.

Sudan Ebola virus is the second species of Ebola that emerged simultaneous with the Zaire virus. It was believed to have originated amongst cotton factory workers in Nzara, Sudan, with the first case reported as a worker exposed to a potential natural reservoir.

Scientists tested all animals and insects in response to this; however, none tested positive for the virus. The carrier is still unknown.

The most recent outbreak occurred in May 2004. 20 confirmed cases were reported in Yambio County, Sudan, with five deaths resulting. The average fatality rates for were 54% in 1976, 68% in 1979, and 53% in 2000 and 2001.

Kuol said the mysterious disease was very widespread in the Western Bahr al-Ghazal state.

Scientists to Investigate Reports of Ebola Outbreak in South Sudan By Alisha Ryu
09 October 2009

http://www.voanews.com/english/images/sudan_western_bahr_al_ghaza_210.jpgThe government of South Sudan and international scientists say they are trying to reach a remote village in the under-developed Western Bahr al-Ghazal region to investigate reports of a possible Ebola outbreak. There are reports at least four people have died and several others are showing symptoms of some type of viral hemmorhagic fever.

According to the World Health Organization's Global Alert and Response Department in Geneva, the department began receiving reports of an outbreak of viral hemmorhagic fever in South Sudan late last month.

At the time, the State Ministry of Health said that six soldiers of the Sudan People's Liberation Army stationed around the village of Kitkit in Western Bahr al-Ghazal region were found bleeding from the nose and vomiting blood. Villagers said four other people had died from the mysterious illness.

On Wednesday, a spokesman for the Sudan People's Liberation Army told Reuters news agency that at least 20 soldiers and three of their wives in Bahr al-Ghazal had died of a disease suspected to be Ebola. The spokesman said he feared that a large number of the population may also be infected.

Global Alert and Response Department's leading Ebola scientist, Dr. Pierre Formenty, tells VOA that even though the symptoms may appear to be that of Ebola, scientists will not be able to determine which hemmorhagic virus is causing the disease until they can investigate suspected cases in Kitkit.

Dr. Formenty says there are several types of viruses that cause similar symptoms - high fever and bleeding from openings in the body. Some viruses cause relatively mild illnesses, while others such as Ebola and Marburg, often kill their host.

"From the information we have, and we really have limited information, we cannot rule out a long list of possible diseases," said Dr. formenty. "We really need to investigate in Kitkit. But the problem we have at this moment is that there has been a lot of rain in this area. The roads are very, very bad. And we need a helicopter to reach Kitkit and investigate all these rumors."

The last Ebola outbreak in southern Sudan occurred in 2004. The disease, one of the most feared in the world, killed seven people and infected 17 others before it was contained more than a month later.

The first Ebola outbreak occurred in 1976 in Zaire, now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Ebola is transmitted by direct contact with the blood, secretions, organs, or bodily fluids of infected people. The Zaire strain of Ebola is the most lethal with mortality rates of 90 percent or more. The Sudan strain of the Ebola virus causes death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases.

Meanwhile, U.N. agencies and Sudan's Unity government in Khartoum are expected to begin vaccinating 8.5 million children against polio later this month. 40 cases of the debilitating disease were reported this year in South Sudan, triggering concerns that the virus could spread into neighboring countries.

Sudan was polio free until 2004, when an outbreak in the north spread worldwide. It was brought under control two years later, but not before it caused 1,200 new cases.


Auburn Boy
10-09-2009, 11:58 PM
For crying out loud. Why do you bother???????

10-10-2009, 12:17 AM
For crying out loud. Why do you bother???????
see link below :rolleyes:
Brain Is a Co-Conspirator in a Vicious Stress Loop (http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/18/science/18angier.html?_r=1&th&emc=th)


10-10-2009, 12:21 AM
It's Ebola - next...

10-10-2009, 10:22 PM
October 10, 2009

Nashville Zoo animals weather flu season, too
By Jennifer Brooks
The only thing worse than catching the flu is catching the flu with a nose the size of a giant anteater's.

The anteater barn at the http://www.nashvillezoo.org/">Nashville (http://www.nashvillezoo.org/%22%3ENashville) Zoo was a picture of misery. The great hairy creatures, with their garden-hose heads and their chimney-brush tails, slumped lethargically in their beds, ignoring their keepers' efforts to tempt them with treats of yogurt, avocado and hard-boiled eggs. The anteaters were achy and feverish, and their noses were running like you wouldn't believe.

Mystified, the zoo sent nasal swab samples off to the veterinary clinic at the University of Tennessee.

"We're talking about taking a nasal swab from an anteater. That's a really bodacious swab," said Melissa Kennedy, the UT clinical virologist who made the astonishing discovery that what ailed the anteaters in the winter of 2007 was the same thing that was ailing their human caretakers — the seasonal flu.

Animals get the flu, too. Dogs, cats, horses, birds, pigs, apes, raccoons, ferrets and even whales have all been diagnosed with some strain of influenza. And now, to the astonishment of veterinary researchers, anteaters have joined the list.

For the most part, animals are more at risk of catching the flu from another animal — or a passing human — than humans are to catch the flu from their dog or an anteater at the zoo. But with swine flu dominating the news, Tennessee pet owners, farmers and zookeepers are taking extra precautions this flu season.

Because no one wants to see another anteater with a runny nose.
"It was very scary. It seemed like every day another one of them would get sick," said Dawn Rouse, head anteater keeper at the Nashville Zoo, recalling the mysterious illness that swept the anteater barn in February 2007. Eventually every adult anteater, 11 in all, was sniffling and miserable. "I would just sit there and hold whatever was that animal's favorite (treat) and hope they'd eat it."

Because anteaters are solitary creatures that live in separate enclosures in the barn, Kennedy concluded that the animals caught the flu from their keepers. Her findings, published by the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases earlier this year, diagnosed the anteater strain as a seasonal flu, not the same strain as this year's swine flu outbreak.

Pet owners inquire
Veterinarians are reporting increased demand for canine flu shots this year. Dogs that catch the canine influenza rarely get seriously ill, and the disease has never been known to spread from a dog to a human. Vets do advise a shot for dogs that will be in higher-risk settings like boarding kennels.

The state of Tennessee has issued new guidelines for public livestock exhibits. Visitors to county fairs this year might have noticed public hand-washing stations and barricades preventing visitors from getting too close to the swine, horses and other animals.

Wash your hands
"There's an increased vigilance when it comes to animals and influenza," said state veterinarian Charles Hatcher. "In general, people just need to take ordinary precautions. Wash your hands after contact with an animal. Watch for any animals with flulike symptoms … fever, nasal discharge, coughing or sneezing, sore muscles."

Agribusiness has been vigilant to prevent influenza outbreaks for years, because a single sick animal can mean exterminating or immunizing thousands of other animals kept with it. There have been two outbreaks of low-pathogenic avian influenza in Tennessee this year, Hatcher said. In both cases, farms in Giles and Lincoln counties were forced to "de-populate" themselves of tens of thousands of chickens that had been exposed to the virus.

No swine in Tennessee, or anywhere else in the country, have been diagnosed with a case of the H1N1 swine flu that is making the rounds in the human population right now.

In most cases, an animal is more at risk of catching the flu from a person than vice versa. For an animal like a pig — or an anteater — the main risk is that a human is going to sneeze on them and infect them.

To prevent that, the Nashville Zoo has taken a page from agribusiness. Visitors to the anteater barn are greeted by a warning sign and a box of surgical masks. Anyone with flu symptoms is asked to don a mask — or preferably stay away until they feel better. Your first step inside the anteater barn lands you in a shallow tray of disinfecting liquid to wash off any contaminants on your shoes.

"The public isn't in danger. If anything, it's the other way around," said Sally Nofs, veterinary services director at Nashville Zoo.

The zoo takes similar precautions around its primates — which are prone to most of the diseases a person could catch — and the kitchens that prepare meals for every animal in the zoo.

Still, finding out anteaters can catch the flu has been "interesting and unusual," said Nofs, who now has to debate whether the anteaters should get annual flu shots. So far, she's holding off. There has not been another diagnosed case of flu at the zoo since '07, Nofs said. At least, not among the animal population.

At the zoo this week, Priam, the only anteater on public display, ambled around her enclosure, slurping up bits of avocado before charmed onlookers.
"Do they get flu shots?" wondered Sarah Blair, amazed by news of zoo flu. "I hope they'll be OK. We're all here sneezing on them."

Her daughter Faith, 6, who wants to be a veterinarian when she grows up, isn't worried about anteater flu.

"I don't care if they have the flu," she said.
"I just want to take care of them."

http://cmsimg.tennessean.com/apps/pbcsi.dll/bilde?Site=DN&Date=20091010&Category=NEWS07&ArtNo=910100334&Ref=AR&MaxW=180&Border=0 (http://thisbluemarble.com/apps/pbcs.dll/section?template=zoom&Site=DN&Date=20091010&Category=NEWS07&ArtNo=910100334&Ref=AR)
Zoo trains Anteater to use sleeve

10-11-2009, 05:36 AM
Influenza Virus A (H1N1) in Giant Anteaters (Myrmecophaga tridactyla)

A colony of 11 adult anteaters (7 males, 4 females) and 1 neonate was housed at the Nashville Zoo at Grassmere, Nashville, Tennessee, USA. The colony experienced an outbreak of respiratory disease beginning in February 2007. The anteaters were housed separately in stalls in the same building with shared ventilation, with the exception of the nursing neonate who was housed with his dam. There was no contact with animals outside the colony. The primary caretaker of the colony had no contact with other animals housed at the zoo. No other species experienced respiratory disease at the zoo during the outbreak. Only the primary caretaker had sustained direct contact with any members of the colony.


10-11-2009, 01:03 PM


10-12-2009, 07:26 PM
HK develops plan to isolate H5N1 infections, from seasonal flu. Are they admitting H5N1 is still active in HK?

Pig flu mutation checks should be allowed to fly
Mary Ann Benitez
Tuesday, October 13, 2009
Hong Kong's pig population should be monitored for human swine flu (H1N1), experts say, as the virus could possibly mutate again into a deadlier pandemic strain.

Hong Kong University chair professor of microbiology Malik Peiris broached the idea of pig surveillance because the animal is a natural mixing vessel for influenza viruses.

If the flu strain goes back to pigs and mixes with human or bird flu viruses, it could reassort to become more severe, he said.

The World Health Organization said the H1N1 virus is a reassorted mix of swine influenza A viruses from North American and Eurasian lineages (H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2).

The virus has gene segments originating from swine, human and avian influenza A viruses.

David Hui Sui-cheong, a specialist in respiratory medicine at Chinese University, agreed that monitoring the pig population for the novel H1N1 virus "will be a good surveillance measure."

He said: "If you transfer the infection back to the pig, it is a very efficient vehicle to produce a new virus."

Frederick Leung Chi-ching, of Hong Kong University's school of biological sciences, and his team said the predecessor of this year's pandemic "might have sporadically transmitted from swine to humans between 1999 and 2006."

He said it is possible the new flu was undetected because symptoms were "virtually indistinguishable with that of seasonal flu infections."

"The initial patients of H1N1 had no recent exposure to swine and the current surveillance data does not support the circulation of human H1N1 in North American pigs," he said.

He said it is possible the new strain had been transmitted to North America through "a human carrier" from Asia.

He said Asia and certain parts of the world could be "a missing link" in the evolution of the pandemic.

But Takeshi Kasai, the WHO regional adviser for communicable diseases surveillance and response for the Western Pacific, said the organization is aware of these reports but "there is so far no evidence showing that the virus" came from Asia.

Meanwhile, Centre for Health Protection controller Thomas Tsang Ho-fai said that pig workers, unlike poultry workers, will not be vaccinated against seasonal flu.

For pandemic H1N1 the predominant mode of transmission is human to human, Tsang said. "You have a much ... higher chance of getting swine flu from a person near you than from a pig," he said.

Tsang said poultry workers are being vaccinated for seasonal flu "to prevent co- infection with H5N1 by virtue of their profession."

He added: " Although we are not facing an H5 pandemic, it is important to continue with [vaccination] because every year, especially every winter, we do have isolated cases of H5N1 in birds and persons and so on."


10-12-2009, 07:35 PM
Brits develop suit-case sized pandemic flu delivery system

Teacup pigs: Will this little piggy go to market in the U.S.?

By Joan Lowell Smith (http://connect.nj.com/user/njojsmith/index.html)

October 07, 2009, 4:55PM

Teacup pigs make better pets than bigger pigs.

Look out! Here come the teacup piglets (http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/33205603/ns/today-today_pets_and_animals/)! You can bet the latest craze in the UK for pet piglets will catch on here in an American minute.

It's no joke that pigs are very smart and clean, despite their reputation for wading gleefully in mud. My first husband was raised on a farm and had a pet peg that was intelligent and friendly. (Unfortunately, said husband had neither of those attributes).

Some contend pigs are smarter than dogs and they don't bark. They just oink politely. About 14 inches and 65 pounds at full growth, the pink-nosed cuties sell for about $1,100, the price of a prize spaniel and roughly the same size.

Following her appearance on the "Today" show (http://today.msnbc.msn.com/) this morning, UK piglet breeder Jane Croft, had already received 500 emails within hours. So why not line up to have your own teacup piglet?

This is no pet to buy on a whim. A lot of homework is required first. Bringing Miss Piggy home could be hazardous to her health if your Labrador smacks his lips thinking she'd be tastier than plain old Purina.

It also concerns me that people will buy piggies instead of adopting perfectly nice dogs or cats sitting in shelters. After seeing the adorable creatures on TV, I'm never going to eat another pork chop.

http://www.nj.com/homegarden/homestories/index.ssf/2009/10/teacup_pigs.html (http://www.nj.com/homegarden/homestories/index.ssf/2009/10/teacup_pigs.html)

...it's a matter of taste!

10-13-2009, 02:40 PM
HK develops plan to isolate H5N1 infections, from seasonal flu. Are they admitting H5N1 is still active in HK?

It pops up from time to time. Your paraphrase is rather crude. They vaccinate poultry workers against seasonal flu as a standard measure because they have a lot of contact with poultry (it's not always complicated). That's old hat.

It prevents co-infection with H5N1 and H1N1 or H3N2 and thus reduces the chance of a reassortant and it helps with detection. Sort of.

10-13-2009, 02:48 PM
But the pigs are too cute.

I'm imagining them together with some of my rabbits... it would've been messy. ;)

10-13-2009, 09:46 PM
But the pigs are too cute.

I'm imagining them together with some of my rabbits... it would've been messy. ;)
I fear swine flu is about to cross another species barrier.

10-14-2009, 08:00 PM

Woman Claims Flu Shot Gave Her Neurological Disorder
Wednesday, October 14, 2009

Print ShareThisA 25-year-old woman is suffering from a neurological movement disorder, which she says is the result of a bad reaction to a flu shot, MyFoxDC reported.

Desiree Jennings developed severe side effects from the flu shot she received seven weeks ago, according to the Loudon Times-Mirror.
Before she received the shot, Jennings said she was very healthy and training for a half-marathon. Jennings also was an ambassador for the Washington Redskins, a training program to become a cheerleader.
But 10 days after receiving the flu shot, Jennings said she started experiencing flu-like symptoms.

Jennings’ physical therapist, who works at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Maryland, said the woman has dystonia, a disorder where muscle contractions cause involuntary body jerks and repetitive movements.
"You realize your life is never going to come back the way it was," Jennings told the Times-Mirror. "My goal in life was to one day be a CEO. Now, I don’t know if I can ever return back to work."


10-14-2009, 08:04 PM
It's Ebola - next...

This sounds prety hemorrhagic to me......

Swine Flu Kills as Lungs Fail
H1N1 | Discovery News Video Oct. 13, 2009 -- Lung inflammation and respiratory failure are largely responsible for the fatal cases of H1N1 (swine) flu seen so far, three new studies show. The findings also confirm observations that the influenza hits young adults the hardest but can be fought off in many cases with the use of antiviral flu drugs and a mechanical ventilator to aid breathing.

The new studies offer the first large-scale analyses of how the H1N1 flu causes life-threatening illness. All three reports find a consistent pattern of oxygen deprivation in the blood of critically ill patients, a dangerous condition that in the worst-case scenario leads to shock, organ failure and death, the researchers report online October 12 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The studies were conducted between early March and late August in Canada, Mexico and Australia and New Zealand.
"The data suggests it starts as a diffuse viral pneumonia," says physician Anand Kumar of the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, who co-authored the Canadian study. By the time a person becomes critically ill, he says, it's no longer clear whether it's still pneumonia or has developed into a more severe respiratory distress syndrome.

In such severely ill patients, H1N1 causes massive inflammation in the lungs, which leads to fluid build-up in airways and lung tissues and even bleeding in lung tissues, says physician and epidemiologist Robert Fowler of the University of Toronto, who co-authored the studies in Canada and Mexico. These changes hamper the transfer of oxygen from inhaled air to the blood stream.
"Most patients are still able to take breaths, but these breaths are ineffective," he says. Blood pressure can crash, disrupting circulation. While oxygen deprivation can cause widespread damage, "the lungs are the organs most visibly affected," Fowler says.

In the largest of the three studies, Fowler and a team of scientists in Canada monitored the course of 168 patients deemed critically ill with H1N1 flu. Although the patients averaged only 32 years of age and received intensive-care-unit treatment, 17 percent died.

Doctors in the study conducted in Australia and New Zealand identified 68 patients critically ill with flu symptoms, most of whom were eventually confirmed to have H1N1. Despite having a median age of 34 years, their fatality rate was 21 percent. Six of the survivors were still in intensive care units when the data were reported.

In the study done in Mexico, scientists examined the records of 58 critically ill H1N1 patients who had a median age of 44 years, finding a fatality rate of 41 percent.

The vast majority of patients in the studies in Canada and Mexico received mechanical ventilation, which typically lasted 10 to 12 days. But the respiratory crash occurred too rapidly in some patients for ventilation to help. In Mexico, for example, four patients died before healthcare workers could get them into an intensive care unit. In Australia and New Zealand, doctors used a treatment called extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, in which blood is extracted from each patient and passed through a machine that adds oxygen. The blood is then returned to the patient.

Many patients in all three regions were also given the flu medication oseltamivir phosphate (Tamiflu), with apparent benefit. In the Mexican analysis, critically ill patients who survived were seven times more likely to have received the drug than those who died.

All three groups of critically ill patients included very few people over the age of 60 and few young children. The numbers support a widespread hypothesis that older people carry some residual immunity against H1N1 flu, Fowler says. The new data don't explain why very young children were underrepresented in these critically ill groups.

On the other hand, the data fail to explain why people in the prime of life would be most susceptible to the lethal effects of H1N1, a trend eerily reminiscent of the 1918 flu pandemic, which was also caused by an H1N1 strain.

But the studies do provide much-needed empirical knowledge about the H1N1 flu, physicians Douglas White and Derek Angus of the University of Pittsburgh note in an editorial also released by JAMA. "It is remarkable to have any data so early in the course of the influenza pandemic, let alone the systematically collected data present in these reports," they observe. "These studies provide important signals about what clinicians and hospitals may confront in the coming months."

Fowler adds: "These papers teach us that in the subset of patients with critical illness due to H1N1, the patients can deteriorate very quickly," he says. "But with early recognition of the disease, prompt treatment and capacity for aggressive life-support and rescue therapies for oxygenation failure, mortality can be limited."
http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2009/10/13/swine-flu-virus.html (http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2009/10/13/swine-flu-virus.html)

10-15-2009, 08:36 PM
Note the symptoms (other than the bleeding), are very Flu-like.

Patient tests negative for Congo fever
* 65-year-old patient was brought to PIMS bleeding from nose, eyes and other parts of body
* NIH declares he is not a patient of Congo fever
By Mahtab Bashir
ISLAMABAD: A suspected Congo fever patient was admitted to Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) on Saturday but after laboratory test it was confirmed that he had not contracted the virus, Dr Waseem Khawaja, the hospital’s spokesman, told Daily Times.

Dr Khawaja said Ghulam Hussain, 65, a resident of Haripur, was brought to hospital on Saturday with suspected symptoms of Congo fever.

“Hussain was brought here bleeding from his eyes, nose and other parts of body. Immediately, he was shifted to an isolation ward and samples of his blood dispatched to National Institute of Health (NIH). After laboratory test, the NIH confirmed that Hussain was not a patient of Congo virus,” Dr Khawaja said.

He said PIMS administration had already placed the hospital under emergency and established an isolation ward for treatment of swine flu and Congo virus patients.

He said Congo virus or viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) refer to a group of illnesses that were caused by several distinct families of viruses. “In general, the term ‘viral hemorrhagic fever’ is used to describe a severe multi-system syndrome. Characteristically, overall vascular system is damaged, and the body’s ability to regulate itself is impaired in this disease,” he said.

He said its symptoms often included marked fever, fatigue, dizziness, muscle aches, loss of strength, and exhaustion.

“Patients with severe cases of VHF often show signs of bleeding under the skin, in internal organs, or from body orifices like the mouth, eyes, or ears. They may bleed from many sites around the body but these patients rarely die because of blood loss,” Dr Khawaja said.

He said the patients received supportive therapy and there was no other treatment or established cure for VHF. “Ribavirin, an anti-viral drug, has been effective in treating some individuals with Lassa fever or HFRS, but it is very expensive and not everyone in Pakistan can afford it,” he said.

Earlier on Friday, Fazal Dad, 58, a resident of Abottabad, was admitted to PIMS bleeding from his nose, eyes, and other parts of body. After laboratory test, he was confirmed a patient of Congo fever.


10-16-2009, 06:55 PM
Another suspicious coincidence.

After swine flu, dengue on rise in Capital
Satyarth Prakash Nayak / CNN-IBN
Published on Fri, Oct 16, 2009 at 16:15 in Health section

New Delhi: A growing concern for the Capital after swine flu is now the dengue fever. There have been two deaths and 80 cases of dengue reported in the past two weeks.

Doctors are worried because cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever, marked by excessive bleeding, and dengue shock syndrome - in which patients report low blood pressure and high pulse rate -- are on the rise.

"In dengue fever conditions are also compromised, your LFT and KFT are affected, its hemorrhagic dengue which can be fatal," said Dr Mukesh Mehra.

Dengue is caused by the aedes aegypti mosquito and has spread so far mainly in North and Central Delhi. Municipal Corporation of Delhi health officials say that they are seeing cases of all four types of dengue.

The best precautionary measures one can take involve curbing mosquito breeding. Also, Make sure one has no standing water in and around your house, if water logging is unavoidable then you may need to have kerosene, diesel or black oil sprayed in it. The aedes mosquito usually attacks during the day, so wear full sleeves clothes, apply mosquito repellent cream on all exposed areas and use mosquito repellents.

Dengue is a potentially fatal disease, so do watch out for these symptoms.

"High temperature that starts abruptly along with severe headache, pain behind the eyes is a very peculiar symptom," said professor at AIIMS, Dr Bir Singh.

If any of these symptoms show up, go see your doctor for treatment immediately.


10-16-2009, 07:04 PM

Should you go to the ER with swine flu symptoms?
06:21 PM EDT on Friday, October 16, 2009
By MARIA KOTULA / NewsChannel 36

CHARLOTTE, N.C.-- Here's a question that's popping up this flu season-- should swine flu sufferers head to the emergency room? The answer is not a clear cut "yes" or "no".

We took our mobile newsroom to the emergency room at Piedmont Medical Center to get more information. "Flu season happens every year," says Dr. Stacey Gouzenne.

But this year, swine flu has many on edge and wondering should you go the ER if you have symptoms? Dr. Gouzenne says it depends. "I have a muscle ache and I don't feel good, I have a runny nose, a little fever, you don't need to come to the hospital for that," says Gouzenne. She adds, "You don't need a piece of paper that says you have H1N1."

But there are two exceptions-- folks that should head to the ER with even slight symptoms. Dr. Gouzenne explains, "Pregnant women seem to be at very high risk with this virus". And she also points out, "kids under the age of two, boy it's hitting them hard."

With an ER that's packed daily, Piedmont Medical Center is trying out a new program called "Right Care-Right Place".

They will send patients who should not be in the ER to urgent care or to their doctors.

"We see 5000 patients or better a month, 165-185 patients roughly a day," explains Gouzenne.

Three main health problems to assess before coming to the emergency room are bleeding, breathing and pain. "Short of breath, problems breathing," warrants a trip to the ER says Dr. Gouzenne.

She adds to the list saying, "chest pain, a heart attack."

Dr. Gouzenne clarifies saying, "pain in my leg after I've played football, it's gone on for 6 months, it's probably something you should see your family doctor about."

"Simple cuts that look like they may just need a butterfly bandage or just want someone to look at, that's something maybe urgent care or your family doctor can have a look at. Cuts that are bleeding despite that you've held pressure for 20 minutes, cuts over digits, fingers where it looks like you might have some ligamentous injuries, than we worry about those," she says. Dr. Gouzenne sums up by saying, "the emergency room is where we take care of life threatening, immediate life threats."


10-16-2009, 07:41 PM
Could EEE (an equine disease humans can catch), been a factor during the Spanish flu pandemic? also see:


Did a Virus in Horse Manure Launch the 1918 Influenza Epidemic?

by Fran Jurga | 13 Ocotber 2009 | The Jurga Report at Equisearch.com

http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/images/B00528_H1N1_flu_blue_med.jpg (http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/images/B00528_H1N1_flu_blue_med.jpg)H1N1 virus actually contains a cluster of genetic fragments from both European and Asian pigs, as well as from humans. (CDC photo)

Everyone's talking about the flu. H1N1 is in the news and today I even saw a public health poster warning about it plastered inside the train where I was riding. Is it my imagination or am I washing my hands more regularly?

Every once in a while you hear someone quote some scary statistics about the Great Influenza of 1918, when 600,000 Americans died from the flu, and one in every four people was taken ill. Most of the nation's medical power was busy with the US troops in France fighting World War I, and the science of public health had barely been born.

Where did that disease outbreak begin? There are many theories, but this one is the most often told, though never proven.

Fort Riley, Kansas was the epicenter of the US Cavalry and contained a unit called Camp Funston. Thousands of horses and more than 50,000 soldiers at a time were both sent there to prepare for war. It was a universe dedicated to conducting war on horseback, and teaching the skills of horsemanship, from veterinary science to farriery to harness-making and saddlery. Polo was played with a vengeance. You would have found the future General George Patton there playing polo and showjumping on the weekends.

On March 9, 1918 a huge dust storm rolled across the plains toward Fort Riley. The regular daily manure burning operation was going on when it hit; Fort Riley's horses produced hundreds of tons of manure a week and the Army's way of disposing of it was incineration.

According to a historical account from the PBS American Experience documentary Influenza 1918, "The dust, combining with the ash of burning manure, kicked up a stinging, stinking yellow haze. The sun was said to have gone dead black in Kansas that day." Trains had to halt on the tracks.

Fort Riley was covered in soot and ash. Men were assigned to clean up the mess, but they did not know to wear masks.

On the morning of March 11, cook Albert Gitchell reported to the infirmary. By that afternoon, more than 100 others had joined him. The flu ripped through the camp. Of course, soldiers and horses were shipping out for other camps all over the USA and on to ships that would take them to fight in France.

Many soldiers died of the flu on crowded troop ships headed to Europe. By April--just three weeks after the camp cook became ill at Fort Riley--the flu started to hit soldiers fighting in France.

For military security reasons, the epidemic in Europe was not publicized.

What was in the manure that was burning? We'll never know. It is possible that the horses had some type of virus or that a mutation of a virus occurred. Medical historians believe that the manure might have contained orthomyxovirus. Since many of the recruits were from cities, they did not have natural immunities to horse ailments. Much, much later, a definitive link was made to isolated amino acids in the virus genes, and they showed a common link to horses, according to most sources, although some are dubious that Fort Riley was the lone source of the virus.

A mutation is exactly what people are afraid of for H1N1.

"The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization are constantly monitoring the virus as it spreads," says John Tudor, Ph.D., a microbiologist at Saint Joseph's University in Philadelphia, in a news release, "but there is no way to predict where, when or if mutation will occur."

Scientists do know how the virus can mutate. "The mutation, or antigenic shift, would occur in a cell when it is infected with two different strains of the H1N1 virus," says Tudor. "When this happens, a re-assortment of genetic information may end up in a single virus particle, making a new strain, which may be more or less virulent than the original."

Though known as "swine" flu, Tudor notes this may be a misnomer. "Analysis of the genome indicates it contains genetic fragments from Asian and European pigs as well as birds and humans of unknown source. Since the origin of the genetic elements came from four sources, it's called a quadruple re-assortment virus."

I don't suppose that makes anyone feel any better. Just remember those three little words we all like to hear at times like this: "Get well soon!"


10-16-2009, 07:48 PM
Could EEE (an equine disease humans can catch), been a factor during the Spanish flu pandemic? also see:


Did a Virus in Horse Manure Launch the 1918 Influenza Epidemic?

Everyone's talking about the flu. H1N1 is in the news and today I even saw a public health poster warning about it plastered inside the train where I was riding. Is it my imagination or am I washing my hands more regularly?....What was in the manure that was burning? We'll never know. It is possible that the horses had some type of virus or that a mutation of a virus occurred. Medical historians believe that the manure might have contained orthomyxovirus. Since many of the recruits were from cities, they did not have natural immunities to horse ailments. Much, much later, a definitive link was made to isolated amino acids in the virus genes, and they showed a common link to horses, according to most sources, although some are dubious that Fort Riley was the lone source of the virus.....

Wednesday, September 23, 2009

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) (http://coastalnaturopathichealth.blogspot.com/2009/09/eastern-equine-encephalitis-eee.html)

Hype prevents rational thinking about health.

I have heard people “afraid of going to the fairs” this year since reading the Sunday paper this week. “You know there are all those animals at the Common Ground Fair” said one patient today. So many headlines this year…seasonal flu -H1N1 flu – now, Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE).

How do we bring rational clinical healthcare and prevention to people who are reminded to anticipate the threat around the corner? Let’s try to address EEE to start, through better understanding of risks and the disease itself.

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) is designated “very rare” by the CDC with about 200 cases in about 40 years. For perspective, in the same 40 years, the National Weather Service reported 13,000 deaths or injuries from lightening strikes. Humans do NOT get EEE from horses and vice versa, they are a “dead-end” vector. The presence of horses or any livestock does not increase the unlikely risk of a human contracting EEE. So in short, going to a fair does not raise the risk of contracting EEE especially a place such as the MOFGA (Common Ground) fairgrounds which are located on a hilltop that suffers more from dryness than wetness.

Where do you contract EEE? The mosquitoes contract it through birds, and it is present in all states east of the Mississippi. Most of the cases are in states with large areas of freshwater marsh, such as Florida. Most species of mosquitoes travel much less than a mile from their wet breeding ground. To contract the illness, a human would presumably require multiple bites from an area where there are infected mosquitoes. Thus, taking precautions to reduce mosquito bites is wise, wear a long sleeve shirt, use repellent if in a highly infested area and time of day. A farm with many pockets of water in lowlands is at higher risk because of the sheer quantity of mosquitoes present. A farmer with EEE infected horses needs to evaluate the location of the horses in relation to wetlands and bogs harboring large numbers of mosquitoes. And obviously birds or livestock with positive EEE should raise our emphasis at preventing mosquito bites.

10-17-2009, 11:41 AM
The downside of a low carbon footprint

New-flu patients in Japan double to 640,000
Sat, Oct 17, 2009
The Yomiuri Shimbun/Asia News Network

The number of influenza patients nationwide has surged in the past week to about 640,000, compared to about 330,000 patients recorded the previous week, the National Institute of Infectious Diseases said Friday.

NIID officials believe almost all of these people are suffering from the new strain of influenza.

The number of flu patients reported by about 5,000 designated medical institutions across the country from Oct. 5 to Sunday was 12.92 per facility--double the 6.4 patients recorded during the Sept. 28 to Oct. 4 period, NIID officials said.

This is the first time since the new-flu epidemic started that the number of patients per facility has exceeded the national warning level of 10 patients per facility.

By prefecture, Hokkaido had the highest ratio, at 38.96 patients per facility--easily exceeding the prefectural alarm level of 30--followed by Aichi Prefecture with 23.52, Fukuoka Prefecture with 23.48, Kanagawa Prefecture with 21.63, Okinawa Prefecture with 19.48, Tokyo with 18.98 and Osaka Prefecture with 16.96.

At a press conference Friday, Shinya Adachi, parliamentary secretary for health, labor and welfare, said, "Emergency units for outpatients are overcrowded due to a sudden surge in the number of [new-flu] patients."

In addition, people are streaming into medical facilities seeking examinations to verify potential cases of new flu, motivated by such circumstances as family members displaying symptoms of the new flu.

http://health.asiaone.com/Health/News/Story/A1Story20091017-174195.html (http://health.asiaone.com/Health/News/Story/A1Story20091017-174195.html)

10-17-2009, 12:00 PM
Florida Gators mixing vessels for deadly swine flu!

Exotic and Emerging Avian Viral Diseases Research Unit
Title: Do crocodilians get the flu?: Looking for influenza A in captive crocodilians
Spackman, Erica
Publication Date: May 16, 2008
Citation: Davis, L.M., Spackman, E. 2008. Do crocodilians get the flu? Looking for influenza A in captive crocodilians. Journal of Experimental Zoology. 309A:1-10.

Interpretive Summary: Since crocodiles eat and share habitats with wild waterfowl and shore birds there is a possibility that they are exposed to the low pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (LPAIV) sometimes carried by these species. In this study blood, serum, and cloacal swab samples were collected from 37 captive crocodiles representing 14 species from two locations in Florida. The specimens were tested for avian influenza virus genetic material and live virus with standard methods and the serum was tested for antibodies to the virus with a standard antibody test. Although no live virus was recovered and antibodies to avian influenza virus could not be detected, four specimens from four species of crocodile tested positive for avian influenza virus genetic material.

Technical Abstract: It is well established that several wild aquatic bird species serve as reservoirs for the influenza A virus. It has also been shown that the influenza A virus can be transmitted to mammalian species such as tigers and domestic cats and dogs through ingestion of infected birds. Another group of animals that should also be considered as potential hosts for the influenza A virus is the crocodilians. Many crocodilian species share aquatic environments with wild birds that are known to harbor influenza viruses. Also, many large crocodilians utilize birds as a significant food source. Given these factors in addition to the close taxonomic proximity of Aves to the crocodilians, it is feasible to ask whether crocodilian species may also harbor the influenza A virus. Here we analyzed 37 captive crocodilians from two locations in Florida (plus 5 wild bird fecal samples from their habitat) to detect the presence of influenza A virus. Several sample types were examined. Real-time RT-PCR tests targeting the influenza A matrix gene were positive for 4 individual crocodilians ¿ Alligator sinensis, Paleosuchus trigonatus, Crocodylus latirostris and Crocodylus niloticus. Of seven serum samples tested with the avian influenza virus agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) assay, three showed a non-specific reaction to the avian influenza virus antigen¿ Alligator sinensis, Paleosuchus trigonatus and Crocodylus niloticus (Crocodylus latirostris was not tested). Viable virus could not be recovered from RT-PCR positive samples, although this is consistent with previous attempts at viral isolation in embryonated chicken eggs with crocodilian viruses.


10-17-2009, 05:22 PM
Victoria's Swine Flu Warning!

http://ts2.mm.bing.net/images/thumbnail.aspx?q=1332450828213&id=f3d35bf5981aea7c2daad2e31c2b3d8a&url=http%3a%2f%2fprofilestyling.com%2fpics%2fangel 015.gif


10-17-2009, 07:19 PM

October 17, 2009
H1N1's Links to Pneumonia Appear Clearer
As Flu's Characteristics Become More Evident, Virus Seen to Pose Greater Threat to Young, Otherwise Vibrant People

As swine flu continues to spread around the globe, a clearer and in some ways more unnerving picture of the most serious cases has started to emerge, indicating that the virus could pose a greater threat to some young, otherwise vibrant people.

The virus can cause life-threatening viral pneumonia much more commonly than the typical flu, prompting the World Health Organization on Friday to warn hospitals to prepare for a possible wave of very sick patients and to urge doctors to treat suspected cases quickly with antiviral drugs.

Experts stress that most people who get the H1N1 virus either never get sick or recover easily. But some young adults, possibly especially women, are falling seriously ill at an unexpectedly rapid pace and are showing up in intensive care units and dying in unusually high numbers, they say.

Although why a minority of patients become so sick remains a mystery, new research indicates that H1N1 is different from typical seasonal flu viruses in crucial ways -- most notably in its ability to penetrate deep into the lungs and cause viral pneumonia.

"It's not like seasonal influenza," Nikki Shindo of the World Health Organization said at the conclusion of a three-day meeting of more than 100 experts the WHO convened in Washington to review swine flu. "It can cause very severe disease in previously healthy young adults."

Meanwhile, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Friday that vaccine production was proceeding more slowly than hoped. Officials had predicted that about 40 million doses would be available by the end of October, but that projection will probably fall short by about 10 million to 12 million doses, said Anne Schuchat, director of the CDC's National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases.

"Eventually, anyone who wants to be vaccinated will be able to be, but the next couple of weeks will continue to be a slow start," she said. So far, 11.4 million doses have become available and states have ordered about 8 million doses, but the vaccine will not become available in large amounts until November, she said.

The WHO's warning came as U.S. health officials reported that the number of states reporting widespread flu activity was up to 41, including Maryland and Virginia, and that the death toll among children had climbed to 86. Maryland has reported 10 deaths and Virginia health officials say eight people, including one child, have died. There have been no reports of deaths among District residents.

So far, the virus does not seem to sicken or kill people more often than the typical flu. But the pattern of people getting seriously ill is far different than in typical flu seasons. The elderly, who are usually most vulnerable, are generally spared; children, teenagers, pregnant women and young adults are the most common victims.

Officials have been closely monitoring the virus for signs it has mutated into a more dangerous form, and they have also been testing animals for the virus because of fears that infected livestock could cause more-lethal mutations.

Federal agriculture officials said Friday that pigs from the Minnesota State Fair had tested positive for H1N1, which would make them the first documented pig infections in the United States, if follow-up tests confirm the results. But there are no signs that the pigs were sick or that the animals had infected any humans. Children staying near the fair had gotten the virus, but there was no sign they were infected by the pigs.

Seasonal flu viruses tend to infect primarily the upper respiratory system. But recent animal studies and autopsies on about 100 swine flu victims show that H1N1 infects both the upper respiratory tract, which makes it relatively easy to transmit, and also the lungs, which is more similar to the avian flu virus that has been circulating in Asia.

"It's like the avian flu on steroids," said Sherif Zaki, chief of Infectious Disease Pathology at the CDC. He noted that unusually large concentrations of the swine flu virus have been found in the lungs of victims: "It really is a new beast, so to speak."

About a third of patients who required intensive care had bacterial pneumonia, but H1N1's proclivity to infect lung cells makes it more likely than seasonal flu to cause viral pneumonia, which can lead to life-threatening lung damage.

"Remarkably different is this small subset of patients that presents very severe viral pneumonia," Shindo said.

One of those patients was Karen Ann Hays of Sacramento, Calif., an otherwise healthy nurse whose hobby was tackling grueling triathlons. Despite desperate measures to keep her alive, Hays, 51, died in July within days of coming down with swine flu.

"I have seen more cases like this in the last three months than I have in the last 30 years," said Peter Murphy, director of intensive care at the Mercy San Juan Medical Center in Carmichael, Calif., who tried to save Hays.

Although it remains unclear how frequently the virus makes people seriously ill, recent reports from Mexico, Canada, the United States, Australia and New Zealand indicate that perhaps 1 percent of patients who get infected require hospitalization. Between 12 to 30 percent of those hospitalized need intensive care, and 15 to 40 percent of those in intensive care die.

While about two-thirds of U.S. patients who were hospitalized in the spring had other medical conditions, the CDC reported this week that an analysis of more than 1,400 hospitalized victims found perhaps half had no serious health problems.

About one-third of those around the world who have died or became seriously ill from swine flu appear to have been vulnerable because they had heart or lung disease, chronic kidney problems, or other ailments that usually put people at risk. But others had conditions that many may not immediately associate with frailness, such as mild asthma, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and obesity.

"Many of these people look just like you or me," said Anand Kumar, an associate professor of critical care and infectious disease at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada, which was hit hard by the pandemic's first wave last spring.

There appears to be no way to predict with certainty who may suffer serious, life-threatening complications, since some victims have had no other health problems.

For instance, Stacey Hernandez Speegle, 30, of Madison, Calif., who died in July, "was in great shape. She was on the softball team. She had two young children. She was renovating her house," said her mother, Tamara Brooks. "It's just so hard to believe."

Although it has been well publicized that pregnant women appear to be at increased risk, some evidence has started to suggest that being female may itself be a risk factor, for reasons that remain unclear.

"There's no question that women, and particularly young women, are getting hit disproportionately," said Kumar. He noted that women tend to have more fat tissue, which can help stimulate a dangerous inflammatory response to infections.

And some of those who develop serious illness deteriorate soon after starting to feel ill. They require oxygen masks, ventilator machines to pump oxygen into their lungs to keep them alive, and drastic, often rarely used measures to try to save them within days of the first fever, ache or cough.

"The rapidity of it is striking," said Andrew R. Davies, deputy director of intensive care at Alfred Hospital in Melbourne, Australia.

Some of the cases in Australia and New Zealand were so severe that doctors resorted to a much more aggressive, less commonly used treatment known as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). It involves siphoning patients' blood into a machine to remove carbon dioxide and then infuse it with oxygen before returning it to their bodies.

"It's quite an extreme form of treatment," said Steve Webb, a clinical associate professor at the Royal Perth Hospital in Australia.

Other doctors have tried administering nitric oxide and putting patients in a bed that turns them upside down to help their lungs work better. "Our back was against the wall," Murphy said, adding that after the deaths of patients such as Hays his hospital is working to make ECMO available.

"It's very difficult to get this double-barreled message out that: 'Yes, most cases are mild, but in a small percentage of cases these cases are disastrous,'" Vanderbilt University's William Schaffner said. "But the message is: Don't underestimate H1N1."

Of the at least 86 Americans younger than 18 who have died from H1N1, 11 deaths were reported in the past week. About half of the deaths in the past month were among teenagers, Schuchat said. Since Aug. 30, 43 pediatric deaths have been reported, including three in those younger than age 2, five among those ages 2 to 4, 16 in those ages 5 to 11, and 19 among those ages 12 to 17, she said.

"These are very sobering statistics," Schuchat said, noting that only about 40 or 50 children usually die during an entire flu season.

Virginia Health Commissioner Karen Remley said Friday that although the majority of H1N1 cases in the state are "mild and moderate," significant numbers have become seriously ill.

In Maryland, at least 257 people have been hospitalized with confirmed cases of H1N1 since June, health officials said.

At least 2,914 Americans have died from flu-related illnesses since the H1N1 began, the CDC said.

Australian Medical Association Urges Fast Tracking Of Expanded Itern Training Places
Article Date: 02 Oct 2009 - 12:00 PDT
AMA President, Dr Andrew Pesce, said that the AMA is encouraged by comments from Health Minister, Nicola Roxon, that the Government is keen to expand intern training places, including in general practice.....

10-17-2009, 11:09 PM
The downside of a low carbon footprint

New-flu patients in Japan double to 640,000
Sat, Oct 17, 2009
The Yomiuri Shimbun/Asia News Network

The number of influenza patients nationwide has surged in the past week to about 640,000, compared to about 330,000 patients recorded the previous week, the National Institute of Infectious Diseases said Friday.

NIID officials believe almost all of these people are suffering from the new strain of influenza.....

Something strange is going on in Japan. I thought ducks were immune to Bird Flu. Could this be some kind of altered bird flu?
http://ts3.mm.bing.net/images/thumbnail.aspx?q=1232106631626&id=8e49a2b3575e48bab1f787484f3cacff&url=http%3a%2f%2fwww.japaneseanimeuk.com%2fMonster Rancher%2fInformation%2fCharacters%2fBioPics%2fMoc chi2.jpg

Sunday, Oct. 18, 2009

Emperor's ducks sick with bird flu
Kyodo News
The farm ministry said Friday that ducks at the Imperial Household Agency's duck farm in Koshigaya, Saitama Prefecture, have become infected with an attenuated avian influenza virus.

The Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ministry said the birds do not have to be culled and asked the agency to monitor them. All birds on the farm would have been culled if they had been infected with a highly pathogenic version of bird flu.

The farm is used by the Emperor to entertain guests from Japan and abroad.

10-18-2009, 12:28 PM
Japanese fear Tamifu will result in H1N1 contaminated toilets!

Posted: Sunday, 18 October 2009 8:56AM
Study Shows Tamiflu Could Have Negative Impact on H1N1

by KYW’s medical editor Dr. Brian McDonough
One of the major weapons used to fight H1N1 could possibly cause further problems down the road according to one study.

You've probably heard of Tamiflu, that’s the medication being used when H1N1 cases need to be treated. Well the active ingredient in Tamiflu is an ingredient called oseltamivir carboxylate, or OC.

OC has been able to be measured in increased concentrations in streams in Japan. Why is that important? The researchers were able to look at the streams and concentrations of OC and found that when H1N1 levels were at their highest, and people in Japan were taking the greatest amount of Tamiflu, they were actually excreting it in their urine, it was getting through the sewage system and into streams because it's not locked at the sewage filtration system.

Why is this a problem? Because birds can drink from these streams and birds carry some of the same flu viruses. There is a fear that there could be resistant strains of flu that develop as a result of taking the anti-viral medication to protect us.


10-20-2009, 07:21 PM
http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:GTKR7jkx11dnuM:http://www.pxleyes.com/images/contests/natures%2520cotton/fullsize/natures%2520cotton_4a2fd7b61922d.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.pxleyes.com/images/contests/natures%2520cotton/fullsize/natures%2520cotton_4a2fd7b61922d.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.pxleyes.com/photoshop-picture/4a2fd7b61922d/Now-THAT-S-an-Ferret.html&usg=__lA4XnSjocpT63aQBO2SnaLSDHyo=&h=840&w=600&sz=75&hl=en&start=64&tbnid=GTKR7jkx11dnuM:&tbnh=145&tbnw=104&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dangry%2Bferret%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D18% 26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26start%3D54)

Is Your Ferret Sneezing? Pet Catches H1N1 Flu
October 20, 2009 05:21 PM ET | Nancy Shute
Kids aren’t the only critters getting sick with swine flu; a ferret has come down with it, too. The pet's owners took their ferret to a vet in Portland, Ore., on October 5, and the ferret’s nose mucus tested positive for genetic markers for H1N1 flu. Scientists have known for a long time that ferrets can get human flu; in fact, they use ferrets in the laboratory to test flu treatments. But ferrets are also popular pets. In this case, first reported in the Oregonian, it sounds like the ferret got the flu from its owner. And it appears to be the first reported case of H1N1 flu traveling from people to animals.

That’s not all the animal flu news today. A pig at the Minnesota State Fair also tested positive for H1N1. Human and pig influenza viruses are very similar and can infect both species, but there’s no indication that the state-fair pig has infected any humans. (Here’s the federal Department of Agriculture's press release on the swine with swine flu.)

The sick pig and ferret remind us that flu isn't just a human disease. Birds get it, too, and the avian flu that’s been causing deaths in Asia has been spread by migratory birds, domestic ducks, and chickens, though there have been no infections of birds with either H1N1 or avian flu in the United States. The nation’s hog farmers are understandably worried that people will stop eating pork if H1N1 is infecting pigs. But the Department of Agriculture says humans cannot contract H1N1 from eating pork. The infection of one show hog in St. Paul doesn’t pose much of a threat to anyone, except perhaps its handlers. (Full disclosure: Long ago my grandfather was a hog judge at the Minnesota State Fair, and I’m very fond of swine, so my heart goes out to that sick piggy.)

But enough of sick pigs; this blog’s about kids, and kid health. Many parents are nervous about giving their children the H1N1 vaccine. I went ahead and got my child vaccinated for H1N1 last week. So far, she’s had no side effects or other problems. But I understand parents’ fears of a new vaccine and the hope that there might be other alternatives out there to protect your children. If you’re looking for flu-fighting alternatives online, though, be skeptical. Many of them are scams. The Food and Drug Administration’s searchable list of fraudulent H1N1 flu cures includes bogus vaccines, body washes, and hand sanitizers. And the Federal Trade Commission, in a letter to the popular natural-products website drweil.com, said the site had better quit saying that its Immune Support Formula, which is listed as containing the astragalus plant and polypore mushrooms, including reishi, “can help ward off colds and flu.” (The Dr. Weil website has taken down the pages referring to Immune Support Formula.) Astragalus has been used in Chinese medicine for centuries, but there’s no evidence it works as a flu cure. Reishi has long been used as a tonic in Asia and has gotten a lot of attention from cancer patients and researchers in the United States. Studies have found that reishi has enough of an immune-modulating effect that it shouldn’t be used by patients taking immune-suppressing drugs. But again, there's no evidence that it will help ward off flu.

So, there’s no all-natural silver bullet for preventing the flu. Hand-washing helps, as does avoiding people who are sick. Not touching your face helps, since that transfers germs to the mouth and nose, but try telling that to a kid! Then there is the H1N1 flu vaccine. The vaccine sparked a strong immune response in children ages 10 to 17 when tested this summer, so children who get immunized once should be armed to fight off the virus. (The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases H1N1 website has lots of information on H1N1 flu vaccine trials, including new trials for people with asthma.) Children under age 10 responded less strongly to the vaccine in clinical trials, which is why two doses of vaccine a month apart are recommended for them. Supply has been slow getting into the pipeline, but almost 6 million H1N1 vaccines doses had been shipped as of last week. You know where I stand on this one: When it comes to protecting my child from a potentially fatal new flu, I’m going with the vaccine.

10-20-2009, 07:28 PM
The TSA must have a thing for our orifices

How to Avoid Catching the Flu Amongst All Those People on the Plane
By Bryan Jefferson
As you run down the tarmac, you realize you only have a few seconds until your plane is pulling away from the gate. There's the last call to board, and you lumber down to the breezeway. You made it! But as you walk down the row of congested people, you start to wonder if any one of them has the flu, and what you can do, last minute, to help prevent from getting the flu yourself. Here are some tips that you may start wanting to use to lower the possibility of getting it from anyone else.

The smartest possible action you can take is to wash your hands every couple of hours and then sanitize them with hand sanitizer. By far, the most common way to transmit the flu, or any virus for that matter, is through contact with your hands. Unfortunately, most of us put our hands near our mouth, most of the time unknowingly, and then they have the flu. By making sure your hands are always clean, not only are you protecting yourself, but you're protecting others from whatever germs you may be carrying.

Secondly, be sure to wear surgical masks, when appropriate. These masks stop the large particles from entering in through your orifices. The flu virus is a very large and slow virus, so if you feel like they are not accomplishing anything, just know that the virus is more than likely being stopped.

Finally, move your seat to an area with less people, if at all possible. The flu virus cannot survive in this own outside of a host, but it can survive in shot bursts. That is just one more reason why you should try isolating yourself as much as you can, particularly in situations like those on the plane.

10-21-2009, 10:47 PM
Sure is a lot required to use a drug that has not been proven to diminish the impact of a Pandemic. Is there even such a thing as a tamiflu blanket anymore?
Tamiflu Swan Song?: Building Resistance to Top Avian Flu Drug
Cynthia Washam

As the WHO has begun warning of the potential for an avian flu pandemic, governments worldwide have been stockpiling Tamiflu (oseltamivir phosphate). Tamiflu minimizes flu symptoms and duration by preventing the virus from escaping the cells it infects. It also reduces the likelihood of spreading the virus. Now British researchers are predicting that heavy use of Tamiflu, as during a pandemic, will expose wild waterfowl to enough of the antiviral agent to foster a resistant strain [EHP 115:102–106; Singer et al.].

The risk that Tamiflu will promote a resistant virus comes from the drug’s excreted metabolite, oseltamivir carboxylate (OC), which is in fact the active antiviral. Up to 80% of ingested Tamiflu is excreted as OC in urine and feces. OC withstands degradation through sewage treatment and for several weeks afterward. Birds drinking water from catchments contaminated with OC would ingest the antiviral, which would inhibit nonresistant viruses in the birds’ digestive systems while enabling resistant viruses to proliferate. Birds excreting the resistant virus would spread the strain among other waterfowl at the same body of water.

To estimate birds’ exposure to OC, Singer and his colleagues examined data on OC’s biodegradability along with measurements of wastewater discharges into 16 major catchment areas in the United States and the United Kingdom. They estimated the number of flu cases in an outbreak within each catchment. Among other suppositions, the researchers assumed that all cases were treated with a standard five-day regimen of Tamiflu.

The team calculated that the most vulnerable catchment in the United States is the Lower Colorado, where they predicted OC concentrations high enough to promote Tamiflu resistance in the virus for up to eight weeks. The most vulnerable British catchment would be the Lee catchment in northeast London. Resistant strains could proliferate within a week after pandemic starts in a region, assuming all patients start taking Tamiflu as soon as they develop symptoms. The authors also note that the range of predicted concentrations could have yet-uncharacterized ecotoxicologic effects.

Singer and colleagues call for more detailed modeling of OC water contamination, particularly in Asia, where the virus is most prevalent and human-to-wildfowl contact is more common. They also recommend studies of ways to minimize the release of OC into waterways, which could include biological and chemical pretreatment in the toilet bowl.


10-22-2009, 07:25 PM
Sudan has had cases of H5N1 and H1N1...could these be the 1st cases of Flubola!

Mysterious disease kills 20 SPLA soldiers
Thursday 8 October 2009 03:30. Printer-Friendly version Comments...
October 7, 2009 (KHARTOUM) — Some 23 people among them 20 soldiers of southern Sudan army died of a unexplained disease suspected to be Ebola, said the Sudan people Liberation Army (SPLA).

SPLA soldiers smoke cigarettes in a military barrack in Nabanga, near the Sudan-Congo border, Western Equatoria, April 12, 2008. (Reuters) SPLA soldiers smoke cigarettes in a military barrack in Nabanga, near the Sudan-Congo border, Western Equatoria, April 12, 2008. (Reuters) Kuol Diem Kuol, SPLA spokesman said doctors suspect it to Ebola but they wait for the confirmation form medical laboratories where blood samples had been sent for testing.

Speaking to Reuters he admitted they do not know the exact number of the affected population....

A rumor?! Nobody saw dead bodies?! Are are they saying that the deaths were caused by something else?
Also, would soldiers be so likely to play a prank on their Dictator?

South Sudan mysterious disease was a rumor - officials
Thursday 22 October 2009 03:00. Printer-Friendly version Comments...
October 21, 2009 (JUBA) – Southern Sudan health ministry said there are no evidence to support reports about Ebola outbreak in the semi autonomous region. The officials said the mysterious disease was just a rumor.

GOSS ministry of health sent a medical team to the remote village of Kitkit in western Bahr el Ghazal State where reportedly 23 people were died from a mysterious illness suspected to be Ebola.

"Our team went there and they did not find any cases ... They did not find any deaths as was reported ... They concluded there was no Ebola," said Atem Nathan the ministry official charged with investigating the outbreak.

The Southern Sudanese official told Reuters that the mission found no sign for the disease. He further said the report, which is now turned to rumor, was a cry to draw the attention of the concerned authorities on the need for medical care there.

"It is the lack of services that turns into these rumors," he said, adding that during the Sudan’s long north-south civil war, communities sometimes made up outbreaks to attract humanitarian assistance to their areas.

South Sudan’s army spokesperson said they reached the same conclusion, after investigating the case there.

"It seems that the report by both the local county administration and the SPLA command about the deaths of the 23 soldiers was something to draw attention ... to the acute lack of medicine in Raja County," said SPLA spokesman Kuol Diem Kuol.

"They have succeeded. Now medicines are being taken there." He further said.

10-23-2009, 04:12 PM
Interesting tactic...

10-23-2009, 09:51 PM
Interesting tactic...
Very interesting considering the WHO confirmed the possibility of an outbreak 2 days earlier, and also apparantly took samples of "something" to be tested. If there were no deaths ( as implied in the article on 10/22/09), then where did the samples come from? Sounds like a cover-up to me.

Global Pandemics Ebola: Outbreak Fears in Sudan, Vaccine Trials in Uganda October 20, 2009 Onome Akpogheneta
Zaire Ebola virus, Murphy, 1976

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has confirmed a possible Ebola outbreak in Kitkit village and Timsah village of Raja county, Western Bahr El Ghazal, in southern Sudan. ‘6 suspected cases… including 4 deaths’ have been reported; prior to death symptoms included nasal bleeding and blood vomiting. There is no ongoing haemorrhagic disease outbreak in this area, but samples are being tested to assess whether Ebola virus was the cause of death in the identified cases. The Ministry of Health of the Government of southern Sudan is expected to announce their findings in the coming days......


10-24-2009, 02:36 AM
Could this be a reaction to the new swine flu vaccine, or simply the aftermath of treatment under her government funded health plan?!

What happened to Kathleen Sebelius's eye?


Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius appeared before a Senate panel Wednesday with a bandage on her forehead and a puffy eye. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

Considering the name of this blog, we took great concern with the left Eye of Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius (http://projects.washingtonpost.com/2009/federal-appointments/person/kathleen-sebelius/), which appeared puffy on Wednesday while she testified to a Senate committee.

Sebelius had a basal cell carcinoma removed from her forehead on Tuesday during a successful standard outpatient procedure, according to HHS spokeswoman Jenny Backus.

"She is back fighting to get everyone the same good health care she has," Backus said in an e-mail.

Nothing is wrong with her eye and it only appears puffy because of the effects of the procedure to remove the skin cells from her forehead.

Basal cell carcinoma is a slow-growing form of skin cancer that can appear as a bump or growth. It can be removed through a simple outpatient procedure or more serious surgery, depending on its severity (https://www.google.com/health/ref/Basal+cell+carcinoma). As you can see in the image above, the outpatient procedure made Sebelius' left Eye appear puffy.


By Megan Johnson (http://www.usnews.com/Topics/tag/Author/j/johnson_megan/index.html)
Posted October 7, 2009
Sebelius Backs Safety of Vaccine for Swine Flu

The vaccine to protect against the H1N1 flu virus is definitely safe, says U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius. Sebelius has been appearing on morning news spots lately to encourage people to get vaccinated, the Associated Press reports (http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5g0RhT9WFN0lJEpbW2hqJlc2MClawD9B67SC80). "This H1N1 vaccine is being made exactly the way seasonal flu (http://health.usnews.com/articles/health/infectious-diseases/2009/10/07/health-buzz-sebelius-says-h1n1-flu-vaccine-is-safe-and-other-health-news.html#) vaccine has been made year in and year out," Sebelius said on NBC's Today Show. "The adverse effects are minimal compared to what can happen when you get the flu," she said.

10-24-2009, 01:12 PM
Moved from "Obama declares swine flu emergency".
Swine Flu Seizures (http://thisbluemarble.com/index.php/usnews/health-care/2081-swine-flu-seizures) Written by Alex Newman Thursday, 15 October 2009 00:00 Concern over the H1N1 swine flu has inundated the airwaves and the newspapers since active swine flu was first identified in Mexico in April. And though the panic has waned slightly in recent weeks because this variant of the flu is not living down to its deadly predictions (in fact, it’s not even as deadly as the seasonal flu), for many people, if not most people, perception trumps facts and statistics, and so there have been mass mobilizations to combat the contagion.

The campaign has included classes to convince people to avoid unnecessary contact with others; a huge expenditure to develop and produce enough vaccines to give one to every man, woman, and child in the country; radio, TV, and newspaper pieces cajoling Americans to get vaccinated; and, of course, the introduction of new legislation whereby government functionaries can compel the obedience of Americans if they determine it is necessary to act to prevent the spread of the disease. It’s this government focus on compelling the populace that is causing anxiety across the country. And there is just cause for concern.

Local, state, and federal officials are claiming the need for all sorts of powers that in the past would have been unthinkable and would have resulted in accusations of attempts to create a police state. The specter of forced vaccinations and quarantines to supposedly fight the virus is looming large.

State Actions
At the state level, one of the more draconian pieces of legislation highlighted by critics is a bill that would allow warrantless arrests and quarantines. The “pandemic and disaster” preparation statute (S. 2028), passed unanimously by the Massachusetts Senate last April, contains a number of controversial, alarming, and blatantly unconstitutional provisions. Under the statute, if an emergency would be declared by the Governor, local authorities, including the health commissioner, local health authorities, law enforcement, and medical personnel, would be granted broad powers to mobilize forces, vaccinate the population, enter private property with no warrants, and even quarantine people against their will. Some analysts have said it authorizes martial law.

The legislation provides severe penalties — $1,000 fine per day and possible jail time — for not complying with state orders, while also claiming to shield everyone involved with enforcing the law from liability. It purports to give local health authorities the power “to restrict or prohibit assemblages of persons” and gives government agents the authority to “arrest without a warrant any person whom the officer has probable cause to believe has violated an order,” while using “reasonable diligence to enforce such order.” Also, law-enforcement personnel “shall assist” medical workers in the “involuntary transportation” of people to “treatment centers.”

The provision on vaccines does give citizens the authority to refuse, but people who do refuse can be “isolated or quarantined.” This is the case despite the fact that the only person who would suffer from a decision not to get a vaccine is the one who did the refusing — if, of course, it is true that everyone who gets the vaccine will be disease-free and does not have to fear being infected, which is the logic behind getting a vaccine in the first place.

The same fate awaits those who are “unable or unwilling to submit to decontamination or procedures necessary for diagnosis.” One part of the legislation requires that owners or occupiers of a property “permit entry into and investigation of the premises,” while another section creates price controls.

Though the bill breezed through the Senate with a 36 to 0 vote, angry constituents forced the state House of Representatives to adopt a watered-down version that must now be reconciled with the original bill.

“Under this bill, Massachusetts becomes a medical police state. There is no debating it,” wrote Natural News editor Michael Adams in an August 30 article entitled “Wake Up, America: Forced vaccinations, quarantine camps, health care interrogations and mandatory ‘decontaminations,’” where he suggested America was delving into medical fascism. “The citizens of Massachusetts will have no rights, period. The Constitution is ancient history. You are now the property of the State.”

Another strong critic of the Massachusetts legislation, judicial analyst and former federal judge Andrew Napolitano, not only fiercely attacked the constitutionality of the bill on Fox News but also issued a stark warning about how the public would react if the bill were to become law.

“Look, this is the reason why we have federal judges,” said Napolitano regarding the constitutional issue. “Because federal judges in Massachusetts will have to take this statute and compare it to the Constitution. And the Constitution says the police can’t break into your home, and the police can’t take your children away, and parents decide what medication the children get, not the government.” He also warned that people would resist if the state tried to implement the statute, while the Fox News host on air with him said, “It’s going to hit the fan.”

Also in Massachusetts, local governments are setting up other related systems that have never even been contemplated before. The Boston Globe reported that the City of Boston is delving into a “novel experiment” to create a registry of everyone who has received the flu vaccine. Each person will be given a bracelet with a unique identifier to make tracking easier. Officials downplayed fears about “Big Brother,” but the potential of such a system has been called “frightening” by critics.

Massachusetts is far from alone in its push to enact statutes to empower itself. One state-level statute called the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act, which was developed by the CDC in collaboration with partners like the World Health Organization (WHO), has been implemented to varying degrees in over 40 states and purports to give public health officials the authority to mandate vaccines and enforce involuntary quarantines in the event of an emergency declaration.

The CDC’s website posts some documents related to the new state laws. The Iowa Department of Public Health instituted a “Facility Quarantine Order.” It’s clear what the order is intended to be used for. In the opening paragraph, it says: “The Department has determined that it is necessary to quarantine your movement to a specific facility.” The order is issued pursuant to Iowa code, and if somebody fails to comply, he or she will be detained in a more “restrictive facility,” the order explains.

Alabama, to pick a state at random, has one part of the state’s code that declares: “All cities and towns of this state shall have the power to adopt all necessary ordinances and enforce the same to prevent the introduction or spread of contagious, infectious or pestilential diseases in such cities or towns and, to that end, may provide for a system of compulsory vaccination and enforcement of the same.” Most other states have similar provisions.

In Florida, a lawsuit has been filed by Carmen Reynolds, a retired Air Force Lieutenant Colonel, seeking an injunction against the forced vaccination provisions in that state. “If we are not sovereign over our own bodies, by what authority does the state claim ownership?” she wondered. “By what authority does the state have the right to injure and possibly kill by forced medication and physically force a sovereign Floridian?” The statute in question says: “If there is no practical method to quarantine the individual, the State Health Officer may use any means necessary to vaccinate or treat the individual.” The orders are immediately enforceable by a law-enforcement officer.

Grass-roots organizations are also blasting legal legitimacy of the various laws throughout the states. Laura Jackson, the president of the Liberty Preservation Association of Massachusetts, which is leading the charge to defeat the Massachusetts bill, said, “This bill contains language that provides for, among other things, warrantless searches and that language is unacceptable.” The group is urging state legislators to reconsider and warning them that the powers the legislation purports to provide the government are unconstitutional.

But are the critics correct? Are the powers unconstitutional? The most frequently cited justification for all of these seemingly unconstitutional statutes and regulations relating to forced vaccinations is the century-old U.S. Supreme Court case of Jacobson v. the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. While other Supreme Court cases have held that one of the most fundamental rights of individuals is control over their own bodies (think Roe v. Wade), this decision was different. The Court upheld a compulsory vaccination law in Massachusetts after a man refused to be vaccinated. He argued that such a program was not in accordance with the Constitution; however, the High Court disagreed, claiming that the state has a compelling interest in ensuring public safety.

But what does the Constitution say about imposing mandatory vaccinations or quarantines on the citizenry via state or federal laws? It does not say anything, which by itself means that there are no such federal powers, since as the Tenth Amendment states: “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” Moreover, the Fourth Amendment states: “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” And the Fifth Amendment states: “Nor [shall any person] be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.”

Of course, the concept of never being deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law — with all that entails — has a cherished and long legal tradition that predates the Constitution and stretches back to the Magna Carta of 1215. That tradition was (and is) certainly reflected in state constitutions (including the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts) that defined the powers of state governments, and protected the people of the states from abuses by the state governments, even before what is now called the federal government was created. Put simply, the legitimacy of state government actions now being contemplated regarding the swine flu would likely violate states’ constitutions.

Yet, the people hoping that the judicial branch will step forward and protect basic rights may be left wanting. “Judges will not stand in the way of emergency actions taken to protect the public from a clear and present danger, and if they do, the state appeals court will overturn their rulings in a matter of hours,” explained a piece written by the Louisiana State University director of the program in law, science, and public health, Edward Richards, and Dr. Katherine Rathbun. “The history of judicial restraint on emergency powers is one of blind obedience to civil and military authority.”

Federal and 
Military Actions
The federal government isn’t on the people’s side either, so no help can be expected from that sector. The Obama administration has recently resurrected the heavily criticized Bush-era proposal to “update” quarantine regulations. In 2005, George W. Bush used an executive order to add flu that has the “potential” to create a pandemic to a list of quarantinable diseases. The Bush administration wanted to give federal officials the power to mandate a provisional quarantine of up to six days for individuals suspected of harboring diseases that were listed in the executive order. The proposal also mentioned quarantining “a large group of persons,” while the U.S. Army advertises jobs for “internment/resettlement specialists” on its website. The federal government’s health authorities operate quarantine centers from Anchorage to Miami.

To make the plan implementable, it would force travel companies like cruise lines and airlines to retain more information about Americans. That data would then be subject to review by government officials during a government-defined health emergency. Other portions of the Bush-era proposal that came under fire include a provision that critics say would have forced anyone who was exposed to certain illnesses to obtain a permit from the director of the CDC before traveling across state lines.

Critics notwithstanding, the Obama administration is going ahead with the Bush-era plans. “It’s important to public health to move forward with the regulations,” said a spokesperson for the Obama administration’s CDC, which estimated the cost of keeping track of travel-industry data on its passengers at between $118 million and $425 million. “We need to update our quarantine regulations, and this final rule is an important step.” Federal officials were hoping to have the new regulations in place by sometime in September, marking the first major changes in quarantine policy in about 30 years.

Like the state plans, the federal quarantine plans were blasted by civil-liberties groups and other opponents. “The proposals to limit liberty represent a dangerous precedent to constitutional theory, particularly when there is almost no evidence it will matter,” said Boston University professor of law and public health Wendy Mariner in a report about the proposed regulations at Politico.com.

Another critic quoted in the Politico article, Christopher Calabrese of the American Civil Liberties Union, said: “The enemy here isn’t the American people or sick people. It’s an illness.... Police officers with guns cannot make people obey a quarantine.” (According to the CDC’s website, the Public Health Service Act of 1944 “clearly established the federal government’s quarantine authority for the first time.” The Public Health Service Act contains eerie provisions, purporting to allow the federal government to “apprehend” and “detain” individuals believed to be “infected” for “such time and in such manner as may be reasonably necessary.”)

Adding to the pile of paperwork set to limit people’s freedoms that’s been stacking up, there is also a wide range of executive orders, published in the Federal Register, that claim to grant the President extraordinary authority in the event of an emergency, including mobilizing civilian work brigades, indefinite detainment of individuals, and confiscation of property. But as constitutional attorney Larry Becraft explains about presidential decrees, “Just because some matter may be addressed in some fearful Executive Order, do not assume that there is statutory authority for the President to so act.” Under the Constitution, all legislative powers are delegated to Congress, executive orders notwithstanding.

Militarizing Swine Flu Preparations
Though the government’s increasingly militarized and draconian preparations are strictly unconstitutional, it doesn’t expect to be told “no” if it tries to lockdown Americans.

In the “Department of Defense Implementation Plan for Pandemic Influenza,” the Assistant Secretary of Defense notes: “When directed by the President, DoD [the Department of Defense] will provide support to civil authorities in the event of a civil disturbance. DoD will augment civilian law enforcement efforts to restore and maintain order.”

In July, CNN and Fox News reported online that the U.S. military was drawing up plans to help the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) deal with a spread of the swine flu.

“The Pentagon is preparing to make troops available if necessary to help the Federal Emergency Management Agency tackle a potential outbreak of the H1N1 virus,” according to a July 29 Fox News article entitled “Military Poised to Help FEMA Battle Swine Flu Outbreak.” A memo about the swine flu recently circulated by the DHS said: “The Department of Justice has established legal federal authorities pertaining to the implementation of a quarantine and enforcement. Under approval from HHS, the Surgeon General has the authority to issue quarantines.” U.S. Representative Ron Paul, also a medical doctor, has called the DHS involvement and the preparations “totally out of control.”

And as early as last year, reports also began to surface that federal troops were preparing for “homeland defense” missions and would be operating on American soil — in what would appear to be a violation of the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits the use of military forces in domestic law enforcement. “They may be called upon to help with civil unrest and crowd control,” noted the Army Times in a 2008 article entitled “Brigade homeland tours start Oct. 1.” The soldiers will also be responsible for things like knowing how to set up road blocks and the use of “nonlethal” weapons normally reserved for war-zones to subdue Americans.

In another recent alarming militarization development at the state level, National Guard troops were involved in a drill to take over a high school in Maine to deal with potential riots and panic over distribution of treatment for the H1N1 virus, the Maine Sun Journal reported. “The National Guardsmen will take on the roles of panicked citizens and military police and practice what they would do, such as using tear gas, in the case of a riot,” said the article, entitled “National Guard Drill at High School to Prepare for Possible H1N1 Riot.” The story also noted that local law enforcement would be involved.

The director of Oxford County’s emergency management agency, Scott Parker, downplayed the significance of the exercise, saying that it was merely about distributing medical supplies in an orderly fashion: “This is just a component of moving the stuff from point A to B,” he assured the populace. He told the Sun Journal that the plan would only be put in place “if needed.” Apparently concerns about panic and disorder were raised during a conference in April, so the Governor and the Adjutant General of the Maine National Guard decided to formulate a plan to bring in military police.

Ironically, the states are fighting federal plans to use National Guard troops for federal duties because the states don’t want to lose their freedoms and ability to act in their best interests. The National Governors Association wrote a strongly worded letter to the Department of Defense criticizing the proposals to take control of their units for domestic disasters. “Strong potential exists for confusion in mission execution and the dilution of governors’ control over situations with which they are more familiar and better capable of handling than a federal military commander,” the letter stated.

There has been a great deal of resistance worldwide to government programs relating to swine flu so far. And this push-back is likely to intensify in the event of forced vaccinations and quarantines. In America, distrust of the governments’ campaigns also continues to grow.

Whether or not the swine flu outbreak spreads in the coming months, and whether or not it becomes severe, people should all have the basic fundamental right to refuse the inoculation and decide what medical decisions are right for them. People can educate themselves about the risks of the vaccine and the risks of the virus and make decisions taking these factors into account. Health freedom is as important as freedom of speech or the right to bear arms, so government must allow individuals and families to make informed decisions with their healthcare providers.


10-24-2009, 02:07 PM

Do NOT Let Your Child Get Flu Vaccine -- 9 Reasons Why
This year it is more important that you protect your children and loved ones from the flu vaccines than influenza itself. This article on Lew Rockwell discusses how:

1.The swine flu is simply another flu. It is not unusually deadly.

2.This is the first time both seasonal and pandemic flu vaccines will be administered. Both seasonal flu and swine flu vaccines will require two inoculations. This is because single inoculations have failed to produce sufficient antibodies. This is an admission that prior flu vaccines were virtually useless. Can you trust them this time?

3.Adjuvants are added to vaccines to boost production of antibodies but may trigger autoimmune reactions. Some adjuvants are mercury (thimerosal), aluminum and squalene. Why would you sign a consent form for your children to be injected with mercury, which is even more brain-toxic than lead?

4.This is the first year mock vaccines have been used to gain FDA approval. The vaccines that have been tested are not the same vaccines your children will be given.

5.Over-vaccination is a common practice now in America. American children are subjected to 29 vaccines by the age of two. Meanwhile, veterinarians have backed off of repeat vaccination in dogs because of observed side effects.

6.Modern medicine has no explanation for autism, despite its continued rise in prevalence. Yet autism is not reported among Amish children who go unvaccinated.

7.Researchers are warning that over-use of the flu vaccine and anti-flu drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza can apply genetic pressure on flu viruses and then they are more likely to mutate into a more deadly strain.

8.Most seasonal influenza A (H1N1) virus strains tested from the United States and other countries are now resistant to Tamiflu (oseltamivir). Tamiflu has become a nearly worthless drug against seasonal flu.

9.Public health officials are irresponsible in their omission of any ways to strengthen immunity against the flu. No options outside of problematic vaccines and anti-flu drugs are offered, despite the fact there is strong evidence that vitamins C and D activate the immune system and the trace mineral selenium prevents the worst form of the disease

10-24-2009, 02:26 PM
Very interesting considering the WHO confirmed the possibility of an outbreak 2 days earlier, and also apparantly took samples of "something" to be tested. If there were no deaths ( as implied in the article on 10/22/09), then where did the samples come from? Sounds like a cover-up to me.

Global Pandemics Ebola: Outbreak Fears in Sudan, Vaccine Trials in Uganda October 20, 2009 Onome Akpogheneta
Zaire Ebola virus, Murphy, 1976

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has confirmed a possible Ebola outbreak in Kitkit village and Timsah village of Raja county, Western Bahr El Ghazal, in southern Sudan. ‘6 suspected cases… including 4 deaths’ have been reported; prior to death symptoms included nasal bleeding and blood vomiting. There is no ongoing haemorrhagic disease outbreak in this area, but samples are being tested to assess whether Ebola virus was the cause of death in the identified cases. The Ministry of Health of the Government of southern Sudan is expected to announce their findings in the coming days......


Considering the other two stories: first the 20 suspected ebola deaths, followed by only an ebola rumor (prank), even though lab samples were caught and analyzed; today's report of Sudan's first confirmed H1N1 death leads on to wonder where the tests sample came from.

Saturday, 24 October 2009

....WHO said Sudan, Trinidad and Tobago along with Iceland had their first swine flu death this week....


10-24-2009, 03:13 PM
....cause people can't be trusted to do the right thing


Modified corn to carry swine flu vaccine?

Humans, hogs may eat their way to flu resistance
(http://MEATPOULTRY.com (http://meatpoultry.com/), May 05, 2009)
by Bryan Salvage
AMES, IOWA -- Iowa State University researchers are putting flu vaccines into the genetic makeup of corn, which may someday allow pigs and humans to get a flu vaccination simply by eating corn or corn products.
"We're trying to figure out which genes from the swine influenza virus to incorporate into corn so those genes, when expressed, would produce protein," said Hank Harris, professor in animal science and one of the researchers on the project. "When the pig consumes that corn, it would serve as a vaccine."

This collaborative effort project involves Mr. Harris and Brad Bosworth, an affiliate associate professor of animal science working with pigs, and Kan Wang, a professor in agronomy, who is developing the vaccine traits in the corn.

According to the researchers, the corn vaccine would also work in humans when they eat corn or even corn flakes, corn chips, tortillas or anything that contains corn, Mr. Harris said. The research is funded by a grant from Iowa State University's Plant Sciences Institute, and is their Biopharmaceuticals and Bioindustrials Research Initiative.

If the research goes well, the corn vaccine may be possible in five to seven years. In the meantime, the team is trying to expedite the process. "While we're waiting for Wang to produce the corn, we are starting initial experiments in mice to show that the vaccine might induce an immune response," Mr. Bosworth said.

10-25-2009, 12:11 PM

Grounding Flights Won't Stop Flu
By Jason Socrates Bardi, Inside Science News Service

Andrew Davidhazy/RITWASHINGTON — Attempting to ground planes during pandemics may not be worth the trouble, a panel of experts from the government, academia and the airlines industry heard at a recent meeting in Washington.

One of the major conclusions from the two-day meeting was that restricting air travel during a pandemic, such as the current swine flu strain of influenza that is circulating globally, is not likely to have much of an effect.

This falls in line with recommendations that the World Health Organization made earlier this year when it declared the new swine flu strain of influenza — H1N1– to be a bona fide pandemic. The WHO advised in June that it was safe to travel — including on airplanes.

This advice followed weeks of diminished travel to and from Mexico, where the new strain of H1N1 first emerged. During April, some 2,000 flights a day to Mexico were cancelled — partly because certain countries restricted travel and partly because so many people cancelled their travel plans.

Despite the lower-than-normal travel, pandemic influenza continued to spread around the world, and that is not surprising to scientists like Ben Cooper of the Health Protection Agency in the U.K, one of several panelists at the Washington meeting who said travel restrictions are not likely to work.

Even a little bit of air travel goes a long way in spreading diseases like influenza, Cooper said, so any achievable reductions in flying are not likely to make much of a difference.

At the symposium, organized by the National Research Council’s Transportation Research Board, Cooper showed data that modeled the effect of travel restrictions on the spread of a pandemic. Even in the best-case scenario, in which major cities managed to reduce air travel by 99.9 percent after the very first case emerged, Cooper’s models showed that a pandemic would merely be postponed by several weeks — arriving later to those cities but establishing outbreaks eventually.

“It delays things a bit, but even such an extreme intervention is not effective,” Cooper said.

In reality, there would likely be thousands of cases before any stringent travel restrictions could be put in place, and under a more realistic scenario, restricting travel makes very little difference at all.

Part of the problem is that when people are sick, they fly anyway, despite a consensus among the experts on the panel that people with suspected cases of influenza should not fly. When they do, they risk exposing other passengers — especially those people sitting immediately next to them.
As an example of this, panel member Itmar Grotto, the director of public health services for the Israeli Ministry of Health, described a case that occurred in May, shortly after swine flu first emerged.

A 22-year-old woman returning from a trip to Mexico flew to Israel through Madrid, Spain. She was sick on the flight and later diagnosed with H1N1. Two days after landing, another woman, who had been sitting directly in front of her on the plane from Madrid, fell ill with the same virus.

According to Grotto, even though health officials in Israel could not rule out the possibility that the second passenger was infected elsewhere, she probably caught the flu from the first passenger.

The danger of contracting an infection after sitting next to someone who is sick is not absolute. It depends on how sick that person is, how healthy the other passengers are, and many other factors. In fact, the 22-year-old woman’s boyfriend, who sat next to her on the Madrid flight and on the longer flight from Mexico, never contracted her virus. Nor did anyone else on the flight, as far as the Israeli authorities are aware.

Perhaps one of things that helps contain infections on airplanes is the design of air circulation systems on the aircraft. Commercial airlines pack a lot of people into highly confined spaces, often for hours at a time, but have ventilation systems that keep the air relatively fresh. The air is constantly filtering to remove germs and other dangerous particles and mixed with germ-free air from the outside.

“In reality,” said Jeanne Yu, director of Environmental Performance for Boeing Commercial Airlines, “you are continually changing the air in the airplane.” Overall, the air in a cabin is exchanged 10-15 times per hour, she said, and studies have shown that overall contaminant levels are relatively low on planes.

Contaminated air is not the only issue, however. Viruses like influenza can survive for hours on surfaces, and one of the easiest ways that someone can catch the flu is to touch a contaminated surface and then touch their eyes, nose, or mouth.

Contaminated surfaces, said University of Arizona in Tucson professor Charles Gerba, “are more important in the spread of a disease than a sneeze.” And people today, he added, share more common surfaces with other people than at any time in history.

The bottom line, the panel concluded, is to do those things that have proven to work: wash hands; avoid touching eyes; get vaccinated against the flu, and don’t fly if you’re sick.


10-25-2009, 12:47 PM
Japanese swine flu breakthru....Robots!


Creepy Japanese Robot Simulates Swine Flu
by Amar Toor (RSS feed) — Oct 24th 2009 at 3:45PM

Most people do anything they can to prevent viruses from infecting their high-tech toys. One group of Japanese scientists, though, have created a robot that actually embraces an especially virulent (and topical) strain: Swine Flu.

The robot , unveiled at the recent Security and Safety Trade Expo (RISCON) in Tokyo as part of a series of flu-prevention devices, is designed to exhibit symptoms of sweating, moaning, and convulsing that are typical of patients infected with the H1N1 virus. If not properly treated, the symptoms deteriorate, and, dramatically, the cyborg stops breathing. The humanoid, according to scientists, aims to assist doctors and medical professionals in their treatment of and education about a virus that, as of October 11, had already led to 4,735 deaths worldwide, as well as around 400,000 confirmed cases, according to the World Health Organization.


10-26-2009, 10:03 PM
Considering the other two stories: first the 20 suspected ebola deaths, followed by only an ebola rumor (prank), even though lab samples were caught and analyzed; today's report of Sudan's first confirmed H1N1 death leads on to wonder where the tests sample came from.

Looks like the ebola rumors in Sudan might just turn out to be bird flu

Bird flu back in Africa

The killer virus has been reported in Sudan and fears are that it could easily spread to southern Africa via Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) which share borders with that country.

Migratory birds could easily reach the region through the Great Rift Valley which stretches from East to Southern Africa.

Ugandan authorities have since asked officials in districts bordering Sudan to be on alert following confirmed cases of avian flu in the southern Sudanese capital of Juba.

"We have sent out a warning to all districts especially those bordering Sudan and the national task force on bird flu is meeting every week to assess the situation," Paul Kaggwa, the spokesman for the Ministry of Health, said.

Uganda, Kagwa added, had also embarked on training medical personnel to handle the situation if the disease, which was confirmed in local chickens earlier last month, appeared across the border in Uganda.

"Juba, being a two-hour drive from the Ugandan border, makes it possible for the deadly virus to easily spread across into Uganda," he said last Friday.

A communication strategy has been developed in local languages to raise public awareness about the disease. The Uganda Wildlife Authority was also monitoring the movement of birds from the north. "We have set up eight special sites to pick samples," said Patrick Atimnedi, spokesman for the authority.

According to wildlife officials, six species of migratory birds have been cited at Queen Elizabeth National Park, in the west of the country. Uganda lies on major migratory routes of birds moving to southern Africa from Europe and West Africa. There was cause to worry thanks to increased business traffic between Uganda and the southern Sudan town, the officials said.

Although the H5N1 virus has not been known to spread from human-to-human, people coming into contact with infected birds could easily contract the disease. Cases of avian influenza have been reported in several countries in Africa, including Djibouti and Nigeria.

An article in Nature warns that the health and economic consequences of the flu could be even worse than for South East Asia. ' IRIN/own staff.

10-28-2009, 08:33 PM

Consent for flu vaccine but not abortion?
Published: October 27th, 2009 07:59 PM
Oh the irony.

Due to an Alaska Supreme Court decision written by then-Chief Justice Dana Fabe in 2007, children as young as 13 years old can walk into an abortion clinic and have their pre-born children exterminated without the consent or even knowledge of their parents.

The type of abortion most often used on these young girls is known as suction and curettage. Prior to this surgical procedure, a dilator is placed in the cervix to slowly enlarge it. To prevent infection, she will be given antibiotics and possibly misoprostol, a medication to induce labor.
The rest of the procedure involves pain medication, injections of anesthesia, and a medication to "slow the uterine bleeding and prevent blood loss."

Finally, "once the cervix is dilated, the doctor will then pass a thin, hollow tube called a cannula into the cervical canal. A gentle vacuum is attached to the cannula and is used to draw the pregnancy tissue out of the uterus." In the end, "the tissue removed from the uterus will then be examined to make sure all pregnancy tissue has been removed and that the abortion is complete."

Did I mention that parental consent is required for a nasal puff? It is also required for minors to get a tattoo, an ear pierced and join a sports team. But not for an invasive surgical procedure known as suction and curettage.

To address this inconsistent and unintelligible ruling, a group of concerned citizens has created the Alaskans for Parental Rights campaign. Our purpose is to gather roughly 45,000 signatures in order to bring this issue before the voters next year. To date, thanks to the phenomenal and tireless efforts of almost 500 volunteer circulators from Ketchikan to Unalaska to Nome and everywhere in between, we're halfway there. We have until the end of the year to reach our goal.

Predictably, Planned Parenthood and the ACLU, along with recently retired Alaska Supreme Court Justice Alex Bryner -- one of the judges who voted with Justice Fabe -- are taking us to court. The lawsuit claims the summary language approved by former Lt. Gov. Parnell's office is too confusing. Other parts of the lawsuit are procedural in nature and have nothing to do with the substantive issue of parental rights.

The primary argument the other side has is that we shouldn't require young girls to inform their parents about an abortion because of the risk of potentially abusive homes. Kids could get hurt. This line of reasoning defines a straw argument. To begin with, although they unfortunately exist, there are statistically very few teenagers who face serious threats from parents if they tell them they are pregnant. For those who do face such dire straights, a parental notification law is just what these kids need.

Opponents of a parental notification law offer no real solution for such scenarios. Let the minor get the abortion without anyone involved except the doctor. How does that help a teenager struggling under oppressive and possibly explosive parents?

Our law provides multiple opportunities to protect children from violent homes and brings others into the scene who might actually assist the potentially endangered youth. For minors who are able to make their case before a judge, by phone if necessary, they can have the notification requirement waived. By getting an affidavit signed by an older sibling, neighbor, social worker or other responsible adult willing to verify that the home is not safe, again, the notification requirement is voided. In either case, other conscientious people are becoming engaged in that youth's world.

In the end, those seeking to silence and stop this effort are facing an uphill battle. If getting an aspirin requires parental consent, the majority of Alaskans are smart enough to realize that getting an abortion should as well.

10-28-2009, 08:38 PM
Could we see more Swine flu abortions?
Beyond DC

Swine Flu and the Abortion Debate (http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/blogs/sexist/2009/10/20/swine-flu-and-the-abortion-debate/)

Posted by Amanda Hess (http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/blogs/sexist/author/ahess/) on Oct. 20, 2009, at 9:22 am
The danger of swine flu in pregnant women has received a great deal of press attention (http://news.google.com/news?q=swine+flu+pregnant+women&oe=utf-8&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hl=en&ei=zLTdSqLbGs6Y8AaBhrRr&sa=X&oi=news_group&ct=title&resnum=1&ved=0CBYQsQQwAA) recently. As concerns over the health of pregnant women rise, the abortion debate has slyly emerged as a a central influence in the dialogue.

Yesterday, the New York Times told the story (http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/20/health/20pregnant.html) of Aubrey Opdyke, a 27-year-old woman who was pregnant when she contracted swine flu last June. What began as mild symptoms of aches and fatigue turned into a harrowing four month ordeal. Writes reporter John McNeil:
In the four months she was hospitalized, she spent five weeks in a coma, suffered six collapsed lungs and a near-fatal seizure. High-pressure ventilation blew her up like a molten balloon until “she looked like she weighed 400 pounds,” her husband, Bryan, said, and she has stretch marks from her neck to her ankles. Her muscles and lungs are still so weak that she uses a walker.While hospitalized, she missed seeing her 4-year-old daughter, Hope, learn to swim and start pre-school.
And, most important, she lost her baby. Parker Christine Opdyke, almost 27 weeks in the womb, was delivered by emergency Caesarean section on July 18, when her fetal heart rate plummeted during Ms. Opdyke’s third lung collapse. Her airways were too blocked to let a breathing tube in, possibly a side effect of the drugs saving her mother. She lived seven minutes.
In McNeil’s profile of Opdyke, losing the baby was “most important”—more traumatic than even falling into the coma, suffering a seizure, temporarily losing the ability to walk, talk, and see her family, and facing death. The trauma of losing a child in the womb is clearly central to Opdyke’s experience. But it is still Opdyke’s experience—the ordeal is hers, not her baby’s. Compare that treatment to a previous profile (http://www.tcpalm.com/news/2009/aug/08/south-fork-graduate-one-time-jupiter-farms-swine/) of Opdyke, which ran in the Scripps Treasure Coast Newspapers. It’s worth it to examine the entire lede:
The baby was beautiful, with tufts of long eyelashes—just like her mother.
But she didn’t cry.
Her heart stopped minutes after doctors delivered her from the belly of Aubrey Opdyke, who had swine flu and lay in a medically induced coma.
Aubrey never had the chance to see her.
So the baby’s grandmother, Joanne Felker of Stuart, readied tiny Parker Christine for photographs and a video.
She bathed her and held her.
“She looks like she’s just peaceful,” Felker said of the images, shot by the volunteer group Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep.
One of these days, the family will show the images to Aubrey.
They’ll fill in the blanks about the time she has spent in a coma at Wellington Regional Medical Center, battling a case of H1N1 influenza that took Parker’s life on July 18 — more than two months before she was supposed to be born.
This is a story about a fetus. Opdyke, who endured months of comas, collapsed lungs, and seizure in a fight to stay alive, is introduced in a prepositional phrase: “from the belly of.” Joanne Felker is not Opdyke’s mother; she is “the baby’s grandmother.” The loss of Parker Christine is mourned at length, but the fact that Opdyke herself was on the verge of death is never mentioned in the story. Tellingly, Opdyke was not even able to speak at the time this profile was written about her. Given her condition, it’s doubtful she had a hand in authorizing the story at all:
Now that doctors have eased her off coma-inducing medication, Aubrey can blink in response to visitors.
She indicated that she recognized her husband, Bryan Opdyke, and can wiggle her toes.
The sources in the story are Opdyke’s mother, her former co-workers, and her former Girl Scout troop leader. Opdyke’s husband is not quoted in the story. That’s too bad, because he provided an extremely interesting insight to the New York Times:
Mr. Opdyke was warned he might have to choose—her life or that of the baby, who was just at the border of survivability outside the womb.
“I said, ‘Save Aubrey,’ ” he said of the woman he married last year. “I can make another baby, but I can’t replace her.”
Her third lung collapse forced the issue. Parker had to be delivered, but she did not survive.
The Times addresses the issue head-on: Losing Parker was a tragedy for the Opdykes, but it may very well have saved a woman’s life. Andrea Opdyke wasn’t given many choices throughout her horrific ideal. At least, in the New York Times, she’s afforded a voice in her own story.


10-29-2009, 05:59 AM
http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ZPtgSsmpuV91RM:http://www.nerfbat.com/images/portal.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.nerfbat.com/images/portal.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.sodahead.com/other/if-i-was-to-look-under-your-bed-who-or-what-would-i-find/question-250511/&usg=__qDBOikUph4k0-hHikURsTXPAvtg=&h=615&w=677&sz=47&hl=en&start=1&tbnid=ZPtgSsmpuV91RM:&tbnh=126&tbnw=139&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dtime%2Bportal%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D18%2 6hl%3Den%26sa%3DN)

Timeline: The secret history of swine flu

18:00 28 October 2009 by Debora MacKenzie (http://thisbluemarble.com/search?rbauthors=Debora+MacKenzie) and Michael Marshall (http://thisbluemarble.com/search?rbauthors=Michael+Marshall)
Six months ago, swine flu (http://www.newscientist.com/special/swine-flu) emerged as a massive threat to global health. It seemed to come out of nowhere, but our timeline explains how the origins of the H1N1 pandemic go back more than a century

Prior to 1889, the main flu virus circulating in humans has been from the H1 family. But this year, a new strain of H2 flu emerges in Russia and spreads around the world, killing about 1 million people. Afterwards, H2 replaces H1 in humans. Such replacements seem to be a regular feature of flu pandemics.

People born before 1889, who have been exposed to H1 flu, have some immunity to it. This affords them some protection in the deadly H1N1 epidemic of 1918. Those born after 1889 do not have any immunity to H1.

The "Spanish flu" epidemic of 1918 kills at least 50 million people worldwide. It is caused by an H1N1 virus which evolves directly from a bird flu into a human flu (http://thisbluemarble.com/article/mg18825204.000-reconstruction-of-1918-flu-virus-prompts-warnings.html).

After a mild wave of infections (http://thisbluemarble.com/article/mg19726404.900-1918-flu-pandemic-had-a-trial-run.html) in the summer, the epidemic goes global: one-third of the population eventually get sick. Although most cases are mild, many sufferers develop a rapidly fatal infection deep in their lungs. People born before 1889 are less susceptible, thanks to their previous exposure to H1N1.

Most deaths are caused by bacterial lung infections (http://thisbluemarble.com/article/dn14458-bacteria-were-the-real-killers-in-1918-flu-pandemic.html) that move in after the virus. Modern antibiotics might mean that a re-run of the 1918 pandemic would be less dangerous.

After 1919, the descendants of the H1N1 virus continue to circulate and cause seasonal flu outbreaks in humans – and pigs.

Swine flu is first isolated (http://jem.rupress.org/cgi/content/abstract/54/3/349) from a pig in Iowa.

The first human flu virus is isolated at Mill Hill in London. When given to ferrets, it produces a disease whose symptoms are all but identical to the Iowan pig virus. But ferrets that have had the human virus are not fully immune to the pig virus, showing that the two viruses have already started to evolve apart (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(00)78541-2).

An H2N2 virus causes the "Asian" flu pandemic (http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/viro.1993.1319), completely displacing the H1N1 viruses that have been circulating in humans since 1918. The pandemic is fairly mild, killing 1 to 1.5 million people worldwide.

The virus is produced by a reassortment, in which human-adapted H1N1 swaps genes with an H2N2 bird flu. The new H and N surface proteins mean most people do not have antibodies to the virus, allowing it to go pandemic. However, its human-adapted genes mean it is not as lethal to humans as the 1918 virus, which came, with few changes, from birds.

People tend to mount the best immune response to the first kind of flu virus they experience. Because of this, people born before 1957, whose first experience of flu would have been the H1N1 viruses then in circulation, have some immunity to the 2009 H1N1 strain causing the current pandemic. People born after the 1957 pandemic do not have this immunity.

An H3N2 virus causes the "Hong Kong" flu pandemic, which is even milder than the Asian flu, killing an estimated 0.75 million to 1 million people worldwide.

The virus only differs from H2N2 in one of its surface proteins, the H; since many people still have antibodies to the unchanged N2 protein, its effects are less severe. But because H3N2 completely replaces H2N2 in people, no one born since 1968 has any immunity to H2.

Researchers Graham Laver and Robert Webster discover that waterfowl are the natural hosts of influenza viruses (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2480857/). The birds harbour strains unknown in humans that could reassort with human strains and give rise to new human pandemics.

An H1N1 virus jumps from pigs to humans and kills a US army recruit (http://www.newscientistjobs.com/). However the virus does not spread (http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol12no01/05-0965.htm) beyond the army base and fizzles out without triggering a pandemic.

Nevertheless, fears of a replay of the 1918 pandemic lead to 48 million people being hastily vaccinated against the swine flu virus. The vaccine is associated with an unusual number of cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome (http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00002018-200932040-00005): 532 people get it, and 25 die.

An H1N1 virus appears in north-east China and starts circulating in humans. It causes seasonal flu in every subsequent year. No one knows where it came from, though it looks like an H1N1 that circulated in the Soviet Union in 1950 and some suspect it escaped in a laboratory accident (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/274309b0).

The virus causes a mild flu pandemic (http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol12no01/05-1254.htm), which mainly affects people born after H1N1 flu disappeared in 1957. However, the real surprise is that it does not displace the previous, and more virulent, seasonal flu, H3N2. Instead, it continues circulating alongside it.

The antibodies people produce after being infected by this new seasonal H1N1 do not protect against 2009 H1N1. However, infections also trigger another reaction called cell-mediated immunity, in which certain white blood cells target and destroy infected cells. Tests of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic vaccine show that, unlike antibodies, cell-mediated immunity to seasonal H1N1 may help protect against the pandemic virus. This does not prevent disease altogether, but can reduce its severity

The predecessor of the 2009 H1N1 swine flu virus emerges in the US (http://thisbluemarble.com/article/mg20227063.800-swine-flu-the-predictable-pandemic.html). It is a hybrid of human, bird and swine flu viruses (http://thisbluemarble.com/article/dn17077-flu-outbreak-the-pig-connection.html), and by 1999 it is the dominant flu strain in US pigs.

US pig farms try to control it with vaccines, but these attempts are largely ineffective because the virus evolves too rapidly, changing the surface proteins targeted by the vaccine while keeping its internal genes unchanged. The 2009 pandemic virus is a variant on this 1998 flu, and behaves the same way.

H5N1 flu, first identified as a threat to humans in Hong Kong in 1997, spreads from Asia (http://thisbluemarble.com/article/dn4614-bird-flu-outbreak-started-a-year-ago.html) around the world, apparently carried by wild birds. While this "bird flu" proves deadly to humans, killing more than half of its victims, it is kept in check by its inability to spread readily from human to human. H5N1 is also found in pigs in Indonesia (http://thisbluemarble.com/article/dn7268-bird-flu-identified-in-indonesian-pigs.html), raising fears that it might reassort with other human flu viruses that pigs can harbour.

The threat posed by bird flu leads to the first real efforts to be made at pandemic planning (http://thisbluemarble.com/article/mg18825253.500-we-have-a-bird-flu-plan-but-will-it-work.html): governments start to stockpile antiviral drugs (http://thisbluemarble.com/article/mg18825224.100-race-is-on-to-make-bird-flu-drugs.html), and the world's drug companies start doing serious research on pandemic vaccines (http://thisbluemarble.com/article/dn10009-chinese-bird-flu-vaccine-shows-best-results-yet.html). These plans are made with the highly lethal H5N1 in mind, meaning that they are not always appropriate for the 2009 pandemic.


10-29-2009, 08:15 PM
Now how do they know this?:confused1:

Pandemic flu may protect against bird flu
//29 Oct 2009
Those affected by the 2009 pandemic may harbour some immunity to bird flu, say scientists. The claims follow research published in Vaccine, which shows that pigs infected with a flu virus closely related to the pandemic H1N1 strain developed immunity to bird flu.

“We would expect to see the same results in humans,” Kristien Van Reeth, lead author of the study, tells Emerging Health Threats Forum News.
The researchers infected 25 pigs with the H5N1 avian influenza virus in the lab, 12 of which had been infected with a swine H1N1 virus four weeks earlier. They found that H1N1 gave the pigs immunity to bird flu, as none showed symptoms of the infection. All the animals infected only with H5N1 showed symptoms of avian influenza (http://www.vetsweb.com/diseases/avian-influenza-d79.html).

“There was also a very strong protection against the replication of the virus in the respiratory tract,” says Van Reeth. The virus was isolated from respiratory tract tissue in three of the 10 animals tested that were infected with both viruses. By comparison, H5N1 was isolated from all of the other pigs tested. These immune responses could last up to 2 years in the pigs, she adds.

Immune protection in humans
Andrew Pekosz, from the John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Maryland, believes there is a “good possibility” that something similar would be seen in humans. “Data from this paper suggest that you will have some immunity to H5N1 after exposure to H1N1.”

The exact level of protection against bird flu is not known, explains Pekosz. But the parts of the immune system thought to be involved in the response documented by the authors are clearly associated with controlling infection and warding off severe disease. This could mean that people who have caught pandemic swine flu would still fall ill if they ever catch bird flu, but their immune system could prevent their illness from turning serious, he speculates.


10-29-2009, 11:46 PM
Stop Swine Flu With Synthetic Snot (VIDEO) (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/10/02/stop-swine-flu-with-synth_n_307946.html)

Read more at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/10/02/stop-swine-flu-with-synth_n_307946.html (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/10/02/stop-swine-flu-with-synth_n_307946.html)


10-30-2009, 06:36 PM
Now how do they know this?:confused1:

Pandemic flu may protect against bird flu
//29 Oct 2009
Those affected by the 2009 pandemic may harbour some immunity to bird flu, say scientists. The claims follow research published in Vaccine, which shows that pigs infected with a flu virus closely related to the pandemic H1N1 strain developed immunity to bird flu.

“We would expect to see the same results in humans,” Kristien Van Reeth, lead author of the study, tells Emerging Health Threats Forum News.
The researchers infected 25 pigs with the H5N1 avian influenza virus in the lab, 12 of which had been infected with a swine H1N1 virus four weeks earlier. They found that H1N1 gave the pigs immunity to bird flu, as none showed symptoms of the infection. All the animals infected only with H5N1 showed symptoms of avian influenza (http://www.vetsweb.com/diseases/avian-influenza-d79.html).

“There was also a very strong protection against the replication of the virus in the respiratory tract,” says Van Reeth. The virus was isolated from respiratory tract tissue in three of the 10 animals tested that were infected with both viruses. By comparison, H5N1 was isolated from all of the other pigs tested. These immune responses could last up to 2 years in the pigs, she adds.

Immune protection in humans
Andrew Pekosz, from the John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Maryland, believes there is a “good possibility” that something similar would be seen in humans. “Data from this paper suggest that you will have some immunity to H5N1 after exposure to H1N1.”

The exact level of protection against bird flu is not known, explains Pekosz. But the parts of the immune system thought to be involved in the response documented by the authors are clearly associated with controlling infection and warding off severe disease. This could mean that people who have caught pandemic swine flu would still fall ill if they ever catch bird flu, but their immune system could prevent their illness from turning serious, he speculates.



Why the Threat of Bird Flu Hasn't Flown Away
Ryan Goldberg (http://www.minyanville.com/gazette/bios.htm?bio=140) Oct 30, 2009 2:10 pm

Avian influenza (H5N1), sometimes known as bird flu, is a highly contagious animal disease caused by viruses that infect birds and, less commonly, pigs. On rare occasions it has crossed over to humans. There have been 442 human cases and 262 deaths since 1997 in 15 countries (although dozens more have had exclusively poultry outbreaks), according to the WHO; most came into direct contact with infected poultry. As with swine flu, which didn't come from eating pigs, none of the cases of Avian flu resulted from eating poultry.

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In humans, in those rare cases where the virus passed over, the symptoms are those of severe respiratory disease. Initial symptoms include a high fever and influenza-like symptoms. Almost all patients get pneumonia. Clinical deterioration is rapid.

The World Health Organization pinpoints a farmed goose in Guangdong Province, China, in 1996, as the first H5N1 case. The following year the first outbreak arrived in a Hong Kong live poultry market. Outbreaks have been relatively confined to Southeast Asia, and Vietnam has been the hardest hit: Between December 2003 and August 2005, Vietnam had 45 million birds culled, leading to a 0.5% reduction in GDP in 2004, according to the World Bank. In 2005, however, infected poultry started to be detected in parts of Europe and the Middle East, and the following year H5N1 cut a wider path through Europe, Asia, and Africa. The virus shows no signs of disappearing: The most recent outbreak was in Egypt in July.

Since 1997, hundreds of millions of birds have died as a result of H5N1 or been culled in the effort to contain or eliminate it. As a result, H5N1 has already cost tens of billions of dollars in lost production, control, and surveillance measures in Southeast Asia. Projections of the impact of an H5N1 outbreak in the US range between $71.3 and $166.5 billion dollars due to lost production, control, and surveillance of poultry, according to Wildlife Trust, a New York conservancy organization.

Still, the United States has so far avoided avian flu. This was not expected: In 2006, as the virus spread through Europe, people feared it would arrive here. A spokesman for Chick-fil-A, the restaurant chain, then told the New York Times (http://www.nytimes.com/2006/03/21/business/21poultry.html?_r=1&scp=2&sq=can%E2%80%99t%20put%20big%20nets%20in%20the%20s ky&st=cse), “The question is not if, but when. You can’t put big nets in the sky to prevent birds from flying here.”

American companies were cautious -- justifiably concerned that people would eat less chicken simply out of fear -- and they prepared responses for an outcome that didn't arrive, at least then. For instance, Yum Brands (YUM (http://finance.minyanville.com/minyanville?Page=QUOTE&Ticker=YUM)), which owns KFC, told investors in October 2006 that based on its experiences with avian flu in China, chicken sales would drop 10% to 20% here. At the time, poultry consumption declined 70% in Italy, 30% in France, and 40% in India following outbreaks, the Times reported.

Preaching caution can still pay a large price. That same year, Tyson Foods (TSN (http://finance.minyanville.com/minyanville?Page=QUOTE&Ticker=TSN)), the world’s biggest meat processor, reported a loss of $196 million -- its first yearly loss since 1994 -- because of gluts in both chicken and beef. Avian flu concerns and mad-cow bans hurt their exports of both.

And, last year, Tyson shares dropped nearly 10% in one day after the company said it would destroy about 15,000 chickens exposed to a mild strain of bird flu. Though it was not even H5N1 but a different strain -- basically a nonevent for the company -- Tyson and its competitors all watched their shares decline initially.

Fear, itself, is a powerful contagion. Thus, American poultry companies have kept their response plans in case avian flu does ultimately arrive.

“Companies need to be prepared on day one for potential outbreaks,” says Peter Daszak. “They need a public image plan ready if they are affected by this outbreak. It’s a PR war.”


10-31-2009, 07:32 AM
Zombie FLu

Swine Flu Hysteria Reaches New Low: Relatives Too Scared to Attend An H1N1 Funeral (http://gawker.com/5391353/swine-flu-hysteria-reaches-new-low-relatives-too-scared-to-attend-an-h1n1-funeral)

The CDC's complex swine flu education efforts (http://www.newsweek.com/id/219830)have been so consumed with twittering (http://twitter.com/CDCFLU) away vaccine fears that it forgot to inform a few Michiganders of the very basic fact that you can't catch H1N1 from a dead body.

Grand Rapids resident Cynthia Luke, 51, was the first person to die of H1N1 in Kent County, Michigan (http://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2009/10/kent_countys_first_h1n1_flu_vi.html) last week. After her family released her cause of death to the media, a shit storm blew in on a cold front of fear so powerful that it quickly wiped out any illusions of dispelling our swine flu ignorance in 140 characters or less.
Luke's family says they have barely been allowed to mourn because of all the controversy and rumors surrounding her death.

Friends of the family have been calling, sending their regrets for fear attending [Luke's funeral] would be "dangerous."
The family spent the weekend talking to the media, trying to convince friends and relatives that it was safe to pay their respects at Luke's funeral, which was yesterday. The local news report even sought out a forensic pathologist to tell everyone in an appropriately science-y way that "I can't imagine a scenario where you would be able to contract the H1N1 virus from a body in a funeral setting." After which he must have sat staring blankly at his forensic pathology degree in the semi-dark as he felt a shade drop around all of his previous accomplishments.

As for family's own outreach efforts: "It didn't do much good," Luke's brother, Frank Balsitis, said when reached by phone today. Around 65 people showed up to the funeral, he said. (A church employee said "about 100," but she was probably trying to be nice?). Balsitis said they were expecting as many as 400 close friends and relatives.

"I had only four people from my whole dad's side of the family," he said. Everyone else was "afraid of the unknown," and steered clear because of rumors that the hospital had been so concerned about Luke's case that they kept a log of everyone who visited her.

This whole episode is a bit too similar to something you might read in an account of burial during a medieval plague. Which, conveniently, I have one right here (http://books.google.com/books?id=UmXsP_6UEYAC&pg=PA94&lpg=PA94&dq=funerals+plague&source=bl&ots=0YeQ9iGpul&sig=OD9DsEALxGoE6tVDiQCAdhRDlEU&hl=en&ei=bIvnStTJIYOXlAfxo7iHCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CA4Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=&f=false):
"It was often the mother who shrouded her son and placed him in the coffin... for everybody else refused to touch the dead body. No prayer, trumpet or bell summoned friends and neighbors to the funeral, nor was Mass performed."
Which would probably not be terrifying—just an interesting the-more-things-change-the-more-they-stay-the-same-type-observation—except for the fact that those people didn't have science or reason or really any way to deal with the world except being afraid all the time and starting holy wars in the Middle East. The more things change!


10-31-2009, 07:34 AM
Encephalitis kills more than 30 children in Gaya

2009-10-28 14:50:00

Acute encephalitis that results in inflammation of the brain is on the rise in Bihar's Gaya district.

This deadly fever that causes acute and chronic changes in the brain tissue has killed more than 30 children in Gaya.

According to doctors, brain fever is a condition when a part of the brain becomes inflamed with symptoms of normal fever, which in turn tend to misguide the parents.

Scores of children have been admitted to city's A N Magadh Medical College.

Majority of children getting treated here are from marginalised sections whose habitation is close to animals such as pigs.

Relatives were not aware about brain fever that causes mental, emotional, and motor difficulties and deterioration in the patient.

"My child was suffering from high temperature. His hand and legs were shivering severely," said Sharada, a relation of a patient.

This disease is almost endemic to the region and immediate measures are required to restrain the spread of the infection any further.

Meanwhile, doctors at the A N Magadh Medical College said that they were trying everything to prevent the outbreak of this deadly fever.

"This is a brain-fever prone area. The fever is caused by viral infection. We are trying to control it. The government is also providing vaccine to prevent it," said Dr. Shiv Kumari, Principal, A N Magadh Medical College.

It may be noted that this deadly fever claimed 40 children last year. However, the disease took a heavier toll in 2007. (ANI)


10-31-2009, 12:07 PM

H1N1 Vaccine Dangers: Fact Or Fiction? (VIDEO)
Updated: 10-29-09 05:34 PM

There's been plenty of speculation about whether or not the H1N1 vaccine could pose health threats or other side effects.

Rumors have been rampant in the United States and elsewhere that it is a dangerous vaccine, spurring debate on whether or not to get it. Some even say it is part of a larger conspiracy theory.

In the Middle East, "a wave of panic" spread quickly in recent weeks after the rumor that "H1N1 vaccines destroy the immune system and reduce fertility rates by 80 percent."

Another prominent rumor is that the swine flu vaccine could even lead to death, partly inspired by one such claim in August.

CBS News decided to address the hot topic directly through an investigation on the dangers of the H1N1 vaccine.

Read more at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/10/29/h1n1-vaccine-dangers-fact_n_338735.html

WATCH THE VIDEO: (http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=5237185n&releaseURL=http://cnettv.cnet.com/av/video/cbsnews/atlantis2/player-dest.swf&videoId=50075579&partner=news&vert=News&si=254&autoPlayVid=false)

Unplugged: H1N1 Vaccine Dangers August 12, 2009 11:00 AM
Sharyl Attkisson, CBS News Medical Correspondent Dr. Jennifer Ashton and NVIC's Barbara Loe Fisher discuss the possible dangers with the H1N1 vaccine.

10-31-2009, 12:43 PM
I think I got the flu Dude :rolleyes:


Phytocannabinoid scientists unveils lozenge to treat H1N1 swine flu and H5N1 bird flu
June 11, 9:56 PMPittsburgh History ExaminerDev MeyersPrevious

Dr. Robert J. Melamede, Director and Chief Science Officer for Cannibis Science Inc. reports, "Research into use of whole cannabis extracts and multi-cannabinoid compounds has provided the scientific rationale for medical marijuana’s efficacy in treating some of the most troubling diseases mankind now faces, including infectious diseases such as the flu and HIV, autoimmune diseases such as ALS (Lou Gehrig’s Disease), multiple sclerosis, arthritis, and diabetes, neurological conditions such as Alzheimer's, stroke and brain injury, as well as numerous forms of cancer."

Dr. Melamede went on to say, "The high lethality of some strains of flu can be attributed to the excessive inflammatory response driven by Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF). Endocannabinoids are nature’s way of controlling TNF activity. Phytocannabinoids can mimic the natural endocannabinoids to prevent excessive inflammatory immune responses."

Cannabis Science Inc., President & CEO, Steven W. Kubby sent a letter to Homeland Security Administration Secretary Janet Napolitano. "We have the science and preliminary anecdotal results confirming the anti-inflammatory properties of our new lozenges and indicating they may present an effective and non-toxic treatment for minimizing the symptoms and harm from influenza infections. Our lozenges appear to down-regulate the body's excessive inflammatory response to the influenza virus, which could reduce the deadly consequences of an infection into something that is more like a common cold. Because of my cancer and diminished auto-immune functions, even common influenza is a deadly threat, and I've had incredible symptomatic relief with the lozenge."

Chief Science Officer for CSI Dr. Melamede believes the potential for cannabinoids that naturally prevent excessive inflammatory immune responses is enormous. He stated, "Based upon recent discoveries regarding the role that endocannabinoid system plays in maintaining human health, we may have a unique solution to the looming threat posed by deadly influenza strains that we believe, if implemented, could save millions of lives."

Dr. Robert J. Melamede, Director and Chief Science Officer, stated, "The influenza virus has a unique genetic make up that, in combination with its replicative machinery, has an extraordinary capacity to mutate. As a result, the high lethality of some strains can be attributed to the resulting adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). ARDS is caused by an excessive immune inflammatory response driven by Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) that leads to the death of respiratory epithelial cells and resulting organ failure. Endocannabinoids are nature's way of controlling TNF activity. Existing peer reviewed publications have shown that phytocannabinoids can prevent this cell death by mimicking the endocannabinoids that nature has selected to prevent excessive inflammatory immune responses."


10-31-2009, 12:51 PM
http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:r-bHCA7UuzLcCM:http://dirtywhiteblog.files.wordpress.com/2009/01/pot-brownie-by-google.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://dirtywhiteblog.files.wordpress.com/2009/01/pot-brownie-by-google.jpg&imgrefurl=http://dirtywhiteblog.wordpress.com/2009/01/31/special-brownies-are-dirty-but-effective/&usg=__4qWC9hm4JDbdEnDCQb-QnFYDJGs=&h=310&w=413&sz=37&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=r-bHCA7UuzLcCM:&tbnh=94&tbnw=125&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dpot%2Bbrownies%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26u m%3D1)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Reports Asthma As Most Common Underlying Condition In Severe Cases of H1N1 Swine Flu...

Thu Oct 15, 2009 1:17pm EDT
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.--(Business Wire)--Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Reports Asthma As Most CommonUnderlying Condition In Severe Cases of H1N1 Swine Flu; Cannabis Science ReportsThat Cannabis Has Been Long Used To Treat Asthma And Cannabis May Also HelpReduce Deaths From Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome From Swine And Avian FluCannabis Science Inc. (NASD OTCBB: CBIS) an emerging pharmaceutical cannabiscompany, notes a report by epidemiologists at the Centers for Disease Controland Prevention (CDC) saying that, among people hospitalized with severe cases ofthe pandemic strain of H1N1 Swine Flu, asthma is by far the most commonunderlying condition associated with he disease.

In fact, among the hospitalizedadults, 26 percent had asthma. Cannabis Science, Inc. President & CEO Dr. Robert Melamede stated, "There is along history of cannabis being used in the treatment of asthma, and that is anarea where we are currently working on product development. Obviously, it fitswell with our development of phytocannabinoid pharmaceutical products to helpreduce ARDS-associated deaths from both the H1N5 Avian and H1N1 Swine Influenzainfections.

As a reminder, we urged all cannabis consumers in the past that ifyou come down with the flu, cease smoking and switch to edibles. We believe thatsmoking marijuana when a person has influenza will lead to some unnecessarydeaths, whereas eating it can prevent unnecessary deaths."

Previously, Cannabis Science has emphasized the importance of addressing thethreat presented by Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). ARDS is causedby an excess immune-generated inflammatory response that leads to apoptosis(cell death) and subsequently to organ failure. The Company's approach willmimic how the human body uses endocannabinoids (cannabinoids that occurnaturally in the body) to regulate immune activity and cell survival, byregulating inflammatory biochemistry.

Excessive inflammatory responses areassociated with numerous disease states including autoimmune diseases,neurological imbalances, and cardiovascular disease. Asthma is also anautoimmune disease. Phytocannabinoids provide a natural means to supplementillness-specific endocannabinoid deficiencies. Dr. Melamede concluded by saying, "We think that it is our duty to continue toemphasize that cannabis can play a very important role in treating respiratorydiseases such as multiple influenza strains and asthma. There is anever-increasing demand for our cannabis-based drugs, and this demand is growingexponentially throughout the United States and the rest of the world because itworks.

Modern science supports the public demand for cannabis-based FDA approveddrug products that reduce the impact of critical life altering illnesses. Thepublic need for our products drives our efforts to rapidly move our drugsthrough all available regulatory channels. We believe this enormous publicdemand on a global scale is a major key to our success and we are very excitedto be positioned to provide solutions." About Cannabis Science, Inc. Cannabis Science, Inc. is at the forefront of medical marijuana research anddevelopment.

The Company works with world authorities on phytocannabinoidscience targeting critical illnesses, and adheres to scientific methodologies todevelop, produce, and commercialize phytocannabinoid-based pharmaceuticalproducts. In sum, we are dedicated to the creation of cannabis-based medicines,both with and without psychoactive properties, to treat disease and the symptomsof disease, as well as for general health maintenance. This Press Release includes forward-looking statements within the meaning ofSection 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Actof 1934.

A statement containing works such as "anticipate," "seek," intend,""believe," "plan," "estimate," "expect," "project," "plan," or similar phrasesmay be deemed "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the PrivateSecurities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Some or all of the events or resultsanticipated by these forward-looking statements may not occur. Factors thatcould cause or contribute to such differences include the future U.S. and globaleconomies, the impact of competition, and the Company's reliance on existingregulations regarding the use and development of cannabis-based drugs. CannabisScience, Inc. does not undertake any duty nor does it intend to update theresults of these forward-looking statements.


11-01-2009, 12:04 AM
http://www.thelibertyvoice.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/quarantine-scaled1-300x204.jpg (http://www.thelibertyvoice.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/quarantine-scaled1.jpg)

Swine Flu May Choke Civil Rights, Profs Say
Posted on October 28, 2009

WASHINGTON (Oct. 28, 2009) -- Quarantine, forced vaccination, and martial law are just a few of the options available to Gov. Martin O'Malley should the H1N1 virus spread uncontrollably, according to professors who talked Wednesday about the civil rights problems an outbreak could create.

Michael Greenberger and Dr. Marita Mike from the University of Maryland Center for Health and Homeland Security and Wendy Mariner from Boston University's School of Public Health discussed the legal and constitutional implications of the government's response to a potential H1N1 pandemic at the National Press Club.

"The Maryland governor has the power to compel people to take medical measures; he could compel medical vaccinations; he can quarantine; he can isolate; he can seize medications...he can condemn or reorient how hospitals give treatment; he can shelter people in place; he can move them out of the city," Greenberger said. "He has the power to overturn any law that interferes with his ability to respond to the catastrophe."

Disease prevention laws in many states shifted from public health to national security and emergency preparedness after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. In Maryland, the statute was passed almost overnight, according to Greenberger.

Epidemics are similar to terrorist attacks in that they have the potential to strike at any time, so laws that dictate government responses to these emergencies should be scrutinized, said Mariner.

"It is especially important to look at what laws bar so we don't undermine fundamental human rights," Mariner said. "Laws that suspend civil rights during epidemics become laws that suspend constitutional rights in our daily lives, perhaps indefinitely."

So far, no public health emergency law has been challenged in Maryland court because no governor has had to use one.

"When you look at the statute books state to state, while they aren't well defined, the power they give to governors and local executives are truly extraordinary," Greenberger said. "The issues I've outlined are the issues lawyers and those that care about the application of law in this area will have to be thinking about very carefully."

According to the panel, H1N1's impact would have to get worse before any governor would think about drastic measures, but such a scenario could be imagined.

"This thing attacks the lungs," Greenberger said. "Ventilators cost $35,000; we have a very limited supply of ventilators. You can just imagine having someone you care about and knowing that if they can get on a ventilator, they'll live."

Lack of ventilators, vaccine or anti-virals in any state could force governors or other executives to turn to these laws.

In New York, the state health commissioner recently ordered all state health care workers to get the H1N1 vaccine. Last week, after facing a lawsuit, the state suspended the mandatory requirement saying limited supplies should be used for those most at risk for serious illness.

"Nurses who were perfectly willing to get vaccines voluntarily, got their backs up and began to resist when they were told it was necessary," Mariner said about the New York situation. "The danger can be illustrated by the old axiom, if the only tool you have is a hammer, then every problem looks like a nail. If the only tools you have are quarantine and isolation then what happens when you need more vaccine? You can't force people to get a vaccine you don't have."


11-01-2009, 10:07 AM

Billy Corgan Will Have None of Your H1N1 Brain Control Juice


Blogger Billy Corgan has taken to his website to give you his opinion on the swine flu vaccine. Summary: He doesn't like it. Not only is Corgan skeptical of the origins of the flu, which he thinks was cooked up in a lab, but he questions President Obama's motivation for declaring it a national emergency.
"Our American President Obama has declared a national emergency about this virus, which he in his own words said was, at this point, a preventative measure. So, why declare an emergency if there isn’t one? ... I am more focused on the vibration that has us all so fearful: both for how the fear affects our thinking, and how, in our fear, we attract the worst, and, in conjunction with that, how those fears are used by others without integrity to try to create a power against Us to promote discomfort and dis-ease."
Does Corgan think the vaccination is some kind of brain control serum that will be used by Obama for evil? Sounds like it. But it's not like this would be his most outlandish conspiracy theory. The man blamed Eddie Vedder for the collapse of the Cubs (http://nymag.com/daily/entertainment/2008/11/billy_corgan_eddie_vedder_excl.html) after all! This rat could use some time out of the cage.


11-01-2009, 12:21 PM
Billy Corgan, what a jokester :laugh: Either he was sucking on that pipe or did away with one too many of those brownies.

Thanks for the laughs, btw.

11-02-2009, 09:22 PM
There has been an ongoing ASF outbreak that the authorities assured us had nothing to do with the Swine Flu. see: http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601100&sid=aMqN7vJs9_oI

Now the people are falling ill in waves.

Ukraine Mystery Outbreak Sparks WHO Concern as Disease Spreads
Kateryna Choursina and Halia Pavliva
Nov. 2 (Bloomberg) -- The World Health Organization sent a team of experts to Ukraine today to investigate an outbreak of respiratory disease that’s sickened a quarter of a million people and left pharmacies without masks or flu remedies.

A group of epidemiologists, physicians, laboratory technicians and communications advisers is scheduled to arrive tonight in Kiev, Gregory Hartl, a WHO spokesman in Geneva, said in a telephone interview today.
Ukraine faces an outbreak of flu-like illness that’s killed at least 67 people and infected 255,000, according to the country’s first deputy health minister Vasyl Lazoryshynets. About 22 patients tested positive for swine flu, Lazoryshynets said. It’s “difficult to tell” whether the pandemic H1N1 virus is responsible for all the cases, according to Hartl.

“There are a lot of unknowns,” he said. The crew of experts will collect samples from patients and send them to the WHO’s influenza collaborating center in London for diagnosis. The WHO may have more information on Nov. 4, Hartl said.

Ukraine’s government has closed schools and banned public events. In four of Kiev’s 10 districts, a majority of drugstores posted handwritten signs in their windows that read “no masks.” A central information line for the city’s drugstores said yesterday most stores had run out of protective masks or flu and cold remedies such as paracetamol, called acetaminophen in the U.S., and new supplies were expected later in the week.
Onions, Garlic and Lemons

The streets of Lviv, the city near the Polish border that’s reported the most cases, were empty yesterday, with museums, restaurants and stores closed, said Halyna Shymanska, a 47-year- old doctor. Shymanska, who runs a private ultrasound diagnostics office in nearby Truskavets, said pharmacies have run out of masks as well as antivirals and basic flu medicines.

“People are relying on folk remedies like onion and garlic,” she said in a telephone interview.

Garlic and lemons, also used as a flu remedy, are now scarce in the town of Cherasky, in central Ukraine. The price of a kilogram (2.2 pounds) of lemons there has quadrupled to 50 hryvnia ($6.10) in the past week.
About 15,000 people are being treated at hospitals across Ukraine, Lazoryshynets said at a press conference in Kiev today.

Ukraine has asked the U.S., the European Union, NATO and neighbors for anti-flu drugs. Poland and Slovakia sent protective masks and Roche Holding AG’s drug Tamiflu to Ukraine after President Viktor Yushchenko said the country couldn’t fight an outbreak of pandemic influenza alone, according to a statement from the government.
‘A Bit of a Flap’

H1N1, a new flu strain that’s evolved in pigs, humans and birds, has sickened at least 440,000 people and killed over 5,700 since it was discovered in Mexico and the U.S. in April, the World Health Organization said last week. The WHO estimates seasonal flu causes up to 500,000 deaths a year.

“It’s a bit like Mexico in the beginning,” said John Oxford, professor of virology at Queen Mary’s School of Medicine and Dentistry in London, adding that Ukrainian authorities may not have the scientific resources they need to observe the outbreak closely. “One’s first reaction is that not due to any fault of their own, they’re getting into a bit of a flap.”
It’s unlikely that the virus has mutated and become more deadly, according to Oxford. “It doesn’t fit with the experience of other countries at the moment, so why should the Ukraine be different,” he said.

An analysis of early data on the outbreak suggests severe cases and deaths in Ukraine occurred among adults aged between the ages of 20 and 50, according to the Geneva-based WHO.

The U.K. Health Protection Agency estimated on Oct. 29 that about 521,000 of the country’s 61 million residents have gotten the virus since the pandemic began, and 137 of them have died. That’s a death rate of 0.03 percent, similar to the one Ukraine’s numbers indicate.

Across the Black Sea, Bulgaria also said it was hit by a flu epidemic, closed schools and banned gatherings, the Sofia News Agency reported, citing Angel Kunchev, head of the health ministry’s department of control of communicable diseases.

11-03-2009, 06:27 AM
What are the symptoms in pigs and birds?

Encephalitis kills 35 in India
Published: Nov. 2, 2009 at 10:11 AM

PATNA, India, Nov. 2 (UPI) -- A form of encephalitis transmitted by domestic pigs and wild birds has killed at least 35 people in Bihar, India, authorities said.

Another 145 residents of Bihar were being treated for Japanese encephalitis and 16 people remained hospitalized, Press Trust of India reported Monday.

The outbreak has been so severe the government plans to launch a vaccination drive in the Gaya, Aurangabad and Munger districts of Bihar, authorities told Press Trust.

Special medical teams have been sent to the region to assess the outbreak of the disease, which is transmitted to domestic pigs and wild birds by mosquitoes. The disease is most prevalent in Asia and the Far East.

11-03-2009, 05:17 PM
That's JE or Japanese Encephalitis. It's also around in UP and some other states.

11-03-2009, 08:51 PM
E-Cigarettes...when you think your smoker's cough just might be swine flu.

E Cigarettes May Be More Effective Than Swine Flu Vaccine
Tue Nov 3, 2009 6:01am EST

"Sprayed its air first with propylene glycol, then with influenza virus. All the mice lived. Then he sprayed the chamber with virus alone. All the mice died."

COLLEYVILLE, Texas, Nov. 3 /PRNewswire/ -- According to the Centers for
Disease Control, during 2000-2004, "An estimated 443,000 persons in the United States died prematurely each year from smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke. During 2001-2004, the average annual smoking-attributable health-care expenditures nationwide were approximately $96 billion. When combined with productivity losses of $97 billion, the total economic burden of smoking is approximately $193 billion per year."

Comparing the health risks of tobacco smoking to the Swine Flu brings out some interesting and thought provoking statistics. According to President Obama's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology on H1N1, "A plausible scenario is that the epidemic could cause between 30,000 and 90,000 deaths in the United States." That puts the comparison of real deaths of 443,000 smokers to a "war games guess" of 30,000 to 90,000 for the H1N1 influenza for which the government recently declared a Health Emergency. That declaration and the shortage of the H1N1 vaccine has caused a panic in the U.S.

No study or statistic has been offered that points to the Swine Flu as being more deadly than tobacco cigarettes in causing death, yet a disproportional effort in preventative measures are currently being channeled to defend against a lower risk health issue. Toxic tobacco smoke contains many additional chemicals, including carbon monoxide and tar which is a sticky substance that accumulates in the lungs, causing lung cancer and respiratory distress. Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable death in the world and is responsible for more than 5 million deaths each year.

What the flu vaccine is to H1N1 as a preventative, the electronic cigarette may be for the tobacco smoker. An electronic cigarette is a futuristic advancement in science that makes it look, feel, and taste like a tobacco cigarette, as the user duplicates the mechanical motions.

It expels an almost odorless water vapor that looks like smoke, but isn't. The e cigarettes are battery-powered with a cartridge that typically contains nicotine in various levels (or none), propylene glycol and tobacco flavoring. In their October briefing, Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) in the United Kingdom released a favorable position on electronic cigarettes.

Propylene glycol, the primary ingredient in the electronic cigarette cartridge, may be a powerful deterrent against pneumonia, influenza, and other respiratory diseases when vaporized and inhaled according to a study by Dr. Oswald Hope Robertson.

Decades before the e cigarette was invented, a study was conducted by Dr. Robertson of the University of Chicago's Billings Hospital in 1942 on inhalation of vaporized propylene glycol in laboratory mice. A more in-depth article was printed in the 1942 issue of TIME Magazine for November 16th. "Dr. Robertson placed groups of mice in a chamber and sprayed its air
first with propylene glycol, then with influenza virus. All the mice lived.

Then he sprayed the chamber with virus alone. All the mice died." The researchers also found that "the propylene glycol itself was a potent germicide. One part of glycol in 2,000,000 parts of air would--within a few seconds--kill concentrations of air-suspended pneumococci, streptococci and other bacteria numbering millions to the cubic foot."

Clinical trials on electronic cigarettes containing propylene glycol werecarried out in New Zealand by Dr. Murray Laugeson of Health New Zealand and can be found on the website of SS Choice LLC at http://www.eCigarettesChoice.com under the tab "Media Coverage." Far from posing a threat to our health, the propylene glycol in e cigarettes might just keep us healthy. Further studies should be done on the effects of propylene glycol to determine if it can be used successfully as a virus prevention tool.

Wouldn't it be wonderful if the best flu preventative was right under our noses all this time?

11-03-2009, 09:25 PM
Swine Flu Obama's secret plan to close Guantanamo?

UPDATE 1-No H1N1 vaccine for Guantanamo, White House says
Tue Nov 3, 2009 5:36pm EST
By Patricia Zengerle

WASHINGTON, Nov 3 (Reuters) - The White House denied on Tuesday that any H1N1 flu vaccine is now going to terrorism suspects held at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba, heading off controversy over swine flu prevention priorities.

"There is no vaccine in Guantanamo and there's no vaccine on the way to Guantanamo," White House spokesman Robert Gibbs said at his daily briefing, although a Pentagon spokesman said detainees at the base could receive it late this month.

After Gibbs' comment, Pentagon spokesman Bryan Whitman said detainees at Guantanamo would receive the vaccine only after active duty troops, deployed U.S. contractors and civilians and civilians working for the Department of Defense.

Americans have been lining up for the vaccine to protect against the H1N1 swine flu virus, which has killed at least 1,000 Americans and infected an estimated 5 million.

Given a shortage of the vaccine, clinics have restricted its distribution to those in high-risk groups, but even many of those have been unable to receive it.

A Department of Defense spokesman had said the vaccine would be offered to about 200 Guantanamo detainees, prompting criticism from some conservative politicians and commentators.

"Gitmo doesn't have any vaccine and is not expected to receive any vaccine for some time, probably late November at the earliest," Whitman said.

"Because there are limitations on supplies of H1N1 vaccine, we've established priorities... But we do have an obligation to provide appropriate medical care to everyone in our custody."


11-04-2009, 09:07 PM
Save money, die better @ Walmart

Walmart's "Lady de Guadelupe" (aka Spanish Flu-Box)
casket: $999 (Walmart.com)

Wal-Mart's stingy sick-leave policy may contribute to swine flu's spread

Wal-Mart's policy of punishing workers for taking sick leave risks spreading swine flu.

So concludes a new report from the National Labor Committee that finds that employees of the Arkansas-based retail giant -- even its food handlers -- feel they have no choice but to work when they're sick. That's because the company gives workers demerits and deducts pay for staying home when they're sick or caring for sick children.

Said a worker at one Wal-Mart supercenter:
Plenty of girls are coughing their brains out. But they cannot go home because of points. Everyone comes in sick. You can't stay home and God forbid if you leave early.

The report found that the only time the company is removing sick workers from the food section is when they are coughing too loudly or violently -- and then the person is merely transferred to another department rather than being sent home.

Wal-Mart's sick-leave policy conflicts with recommendations for the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which calls on employers to advise workers to be alert for symptoms of flu-like illness and to stay home if they are ill. The CDC also asks employers to allow workers to stay home to care for sick family members.

According to the NLC report, a senior vice president for Wal-Mart sent out a memo nationwide to all employees on preparing for the flu season. It told employees to "cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze," "wash your hands regularly" and "avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth":

Not a single word was said about the critical CDC recommendation that workers with "any signs of fever and other signs of influenza-like illness...stay home if they are ill."

The memo goes on to tell employees to familiarize themselves with the company's sick leave policy. But as the NLC notes, that policy is the problem.

Wal-Mart has a demerit system that punishes workers who cannot come to work due to illness. Employees who miss a day due to sickness receive a one-point demerit and lose eight hours of wages.

Employees with more than three absences a six-month period face discipline, and a fifth absence -- even for a sick day -- will result in what the company calls "active coaching" by management.

A sixth absence leads to what Wal-Mart calls "Decision Day," when a worker can be either terminated or put on a year-long trial period during which time he or she can be fired for any infraction and cannot be promoted.

The situation is particularly difficult for Wal-Mart workers who are single parents. The NLC reports on an instance in which an employee got a call from her four-year-old's preschool telling her to pick up the child, who had a fever of 103 degrees F. Despite the fact that the employee had already worked for four hours that day, she got a demerit point for leaving and lost her wages for the rest of the day. The report says:

Save money, die better: Walmart now selling discount coffins, urns online

Bruce Watson
Nov 1st 2009 at 1:00PM

http://www.blogcdn.com/www.dailyfinance.com/media/2009/10/rsz_family-at-funeral-ms2q-456tp082908.jpgEarlier this week, Walmart (WMT (http://finance.aol.com/quotes/wal-mart-stores-inc/wmt/nys)) took its first steps into the funeral business. On its website, the retailer now offers 15 caskets and over 130 urns and cremains containers. (http://www.walmart.com/search/search-ng.do?ref=&ic=48_96&search_constraint=4044&search_sort=4&tab_value=147_All&search_query=funeral) Priced between $895 and $2,899, the caskets are distributed through the Star Legacy Funeral Network, can be delivered within 48 hours, and are designed to appeal to a wide variety of tastes. For example, the pinstriped "Executive Privilege" model is perfect for buttoned-down businessmen, while the metallic lavender "Lovely in All Ways" vessel offers a more feminine style.

For the traditional funeral industry, this could be a devastating development. Although they have long been the main retailers of burial vessels, funeral homes are legally required to accept caskets from third parties. With Walmart selling caskets and urns at bargain prices, bereaved families may be tempted to trim funeral costs by ordering from the retailer.
Although Walmart is in a class by itself, it isn't the first discount retailer to try its hand at selling caskets. Costco (http://www.michaelhanscom.com/eclecticism/2004/08/16/costco-caskets/) entered the market in 2004 and currently offers seven caskets and several urns on its website. Meanwhile, numerous lesser-known retailers sell burial vessels on the internet.

Some funeral professionals have questioned the move. Dick Coffin (http://www.aheadofyourtime.net/about.php), co-author of Ahead of Your Time: A Complete Guide to End-of-Life Planning, pointed out that funerals are highly personal. "You don't do that with Walmart," he said. "People aren't going to get the personalization that they get with a funeral home director."

Walmart's decision to carry funeral vessels also doesn't account for the fact that few people plan ahead for their funerals. Coffin also questions whether the retailer will make a profit with its new line. "The percentage of people who prepare for death is tiny," he said. "If it's one-third of 1 percent, I'd be surprised." This lack of preparation means that the target market for Walmart's caskets would largely consist of bereaved survivors, who may be too upset to bargain shop.

Another issue lies in the composition of Walmart's burial vessels: While some of their urns are made of organic materials, their caskets are all made of either 18-gauge steel or bronze. While sturdy and impressive, metal burial vessels tend to be much more expensive than wooden ones. Also, they don't easily decompose, which means that they are unacceptable for Jewish families or other people who want more natural options. Said Cynthia Beal, founder of the Natural Burial Company: (http://www.naturalburialcompany.com/) "Just like organic produce, natural burial isn't a specialty industry. Walmart is missing the boat. Adding steel coffins when they are going down in popularity shows that some marketers didn't do their homework."

These critiques aside, it seems like Walmart's strategy is bearing fruit, at least in the short term. Of the company's fifteen casket models, all but four are currently sold out online. While some of this is likely due to the fact that Halloween was this weekend, it is also possible that the easy availability of lower-priced caskets is inspiring some families to save a little money on their final goodbyes. After the buzz dies down, however, it will be interesting to see if Walmart's bold new strategy is a feather in its cap ... or a nail in its coffin.

11-05-2009, 06:24 AM
Flubola in Ukraine!

Alarm: Reported H1N1 Cases in Ukraine Double in Two Days [/URL] (http://macedoniaonline.eu/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=8901) Wednesday, 04 November 2009 478,456 Influenza/ARI cases

24,003 Hospitalized

60 Ventilators

81 Deaths

The above numbers are from the latest update from Ukraine. The number of infected patients has almost doubled to just under ˝ million, compared to the report two days ago (see map). Hospitalized patients also have spiked higher, to 24K from 15K. ICU cases are not listed, but 60 on ventilators are. However, most (37) of those on ventilators are Chernivisti Oblast, but Lviv, which has the most fatalities and cases, has none, suggesting the data is incomplete or there are significant shortages of ventilators.

The number of dead has risen to 81, but media reports describe additional fatalities, include those in the Kiev Oblast.

The explosion of cases again raises concerns that the number of fatalities is significantly higher than the 81 listed. Media reports have described an equal number of pneumonia fatalities which were not considered flu related. The basis of these exclusions remains unclear. Similarly, anecdotal reports suggest the number of fatalities is markedly higher than the 81 in the table.

The rapid rise in reported infections, hospitalizations, and deaths in the past few days raise concerns that the virus is transmitting very efficiently. Spikes in cases have been reported throughout the northern hemisphere, but the spike in fatalities and the frequency in hemorrhagic cases in Ukraine have raised concerns.

Earlier media reports suggest that an update by WHO might be issued today and include preliminary analysis of samples sent to Mill Hill in London.

[URL]http://macedoniaonline.eu/content/view/8901/54/ (http://macedoniaonline.eu/index2.php?option=com_content&task=emailform&id=8901&itemid=54)

11-05-2009, 06:38 AM
Flubola in Ukraine!

Alarm: Reported H1N1 Cases in Ukraine Double in Two Days Wednesday, 04 November 2009 478,456 Influenza/ARI cases....

The rapid rise in reported infections, hospitalizations, and deaths in the past few days raise concerns that the virus is transmitting very efficiently. Spikes in cases have been reported throughout the northern hemisphere, but the spike in fatalities and the frequency in hemorrhagic cases in Ukraine have raised concerns.


One has to wonder how many times they screwed up the ASF test. 3 weeks ago, flu was still being downplayed, while ASF was predicted to spread all the way into China.

Russia's top veterinary inspector warns of swine fever spread
MOSCOW, October 16 (RIA Novosti) - Swine fever, which has hit Russia's southern Rostov Region and the Republic of Kalmykia, could spread to three neighboring regions if no measures are taken, Russia's top veterinary inspector said on Friday.

African swine fever hit the Rostov Region in late September, and then spread to the neighboring Republic of Kalmykia.

Nikolai Vlasov told journalists "no effective administrative measures" have been taken in the region to stop the spread of the disease, adding the entire one-million pig population in the region could die as the result of local authorities' negligence.

"The virus will probably spread to the Belgorod Region, the Penza Region and the Republic of Mordovia," Vlasov said, adding if the spread of the disease is not stopped in these regions, swine fever could also affect the Tambov Region.

Besides the Rostov Region and the Republic of Kalmykia, African swine fever has been registered in five other regions in Russia's south, including North Ossetia, the republics of Chechnya and Ingushetia, and the Stavropol and Krasnodar territories.

Earlier in the day, Ukraine tightened border controls with Russia in order to prevent spreading of swine fever to its territory.

African swine fever, or Montgomery's disease, was first reported in Africa in 1903. Both domestic and wild animals can become infected when they come into contact with sick animals. The virus does not affect humans.


11-05-2009, 10:19 AM
Any numbers anywhere on cases with hemorrhagic manifestations?

11-05-2009, 08:55 PM
Any numbers anywhere on cases with hemorrhagic manifestations?
I can't find any specific numbers but I do see reports of clusterS of hermorrhagic cases . How many cases in a cluster?

ps: I think a media blackout is underway.

11-05-2009, 09:26 PM
Here's an idea, h1n1 has mutated as a result of exposure to radioactive contamination left over from Ukraine's Chernobyl disaster.

40,000 contract serious virus in Ukraine, kills 30
By Andrew Moran.

As the world enters the H1N1 season, another possible virus emerges as 30 people in the Eastern European country of Ukraine have died from this latest flu.

Each country is dealing with their own cases of the H1N1 swine flu and many have even taken the vaccination but is H1N1 the only flu out there? A viral infection in Ukraine has taken the lives of 30 people and at first it seemed like an ordinary flu but after a week the symptoms worsened.
Radio Netherlands Worldwide reports 40,000 Ukrainians have contracted the disease and at least 100 are in the hospital. Tests are currently being conducted and all is known is that it is not the H1N1 Swine Flu.

A large number of schools and childcare facilities are being shut down, especially in the city of Lvov. Also, government agencies are handing out surgical masks and gloves to people in the western part of Ukraine.

However, Russia Today is reporting that it is A/H1N1 or Californian Flu and the total number of deaths is closer to 40.

Prime Minister Timoshenko stated, “Express-tests cannot provide a hundred percent verification of the virus, they give only 50% accuracy. That’s why blood probes of those who died were sent to special laboratories for further testing. And only this morning it was confirmed that at least 11 deaths were caused by the A/H1N1 virus.”

The Ukrainian government is calling for international aid to help fight their epidemic and President Yushchenko believes the country needs more than $6 million to battle the epidemic(s).

Wolne Media have also reported that the symptoms have been diagnosed as pneumonia. Furthermore, four patients in the hospital in Lviv Oblast have been confirmed to have “very severe pneumonia” after contracting the influenza.


......it's Biblical:undertable:

11-05-2009, 10:08 PM
http://ts4.mm.bing.net/images/thumbnail.aspx?q=1350191094647&id=b07f6f7e949c3f57c06d35782ea6983e&url=http%3a%2f%2fn2.nabble.com%2ffile%2fn3732180%2 fth_DaffyDuck.gif
Looks like H1N1 couldn't help getting Ducky in Ukraine.

Complete structure of A/duck/Ukraine/63 influenza hemagglutinin gene: Animal virus as progenitor of human H3 Hong Kong 1968 influenza hemagglutinin
Rongxiang Fang∗, Willy Min Jou, Danny Huylebroeck, René Devos and Walter Fiers
Laboratory of Molecular Biology State University of Ghent Ledeganckstraat, 35 B-9000 Ghent, Belgium

We have explored the possibility that an animal viral reservoir contained a direct ancestor gene for the H3 hemagglutinin type present in influenza A viruses in humans since 1968.

For this purpose, the duck/Ukraine/1/63 hemagglutinin gene was cloned and sequenced. From the comparison of its complete primary structure with that of several human H3 hemagglutinins as well as those of an H2 and an H7 hemagglutinin, we conclude that the duck/Ukraine/63 hemagglutinin sequence fully corroborates its previous identification by immunological and other methods as belonging to the H3 subtype.

Moreover, the duck/Ukraine/63 amino acid sequence is more closely related structurally and presumably antigenically to the human Aichi/68 hemagglutinin, which formed the beginning of the H3N2 pandemic in humans, than to that of Victoria/75, which has undergone an additional 7 year drift period in humans.

This observation could best be explained by a common ancestor hemagglutinin gene for duck/Ukraine/63 and human Aichi/68.

On the basis of silent, accumulated base changes, we estimate that the strain carrying this postulated common progenitor hemagglutinin gene was circulating in the period 1949–1953 in the animal reservoir.

This relatively recent divergence, as well as the closer kinship between the duck/Ukraine/63 and the human Aichi/68 hemagglutinin, as compared with the later Victoria/75, strongly suggests that the influenza A virus of the H3N2 subtype circulating in the human population since 1968 has derived its hemagglutinin gene from a strain in the animal reservoir.

Undoubtedly, this occurred by reassortment between previously present human H2N2 virus and this animal strain. These results provide support at the molecular level for the general idea that the wide variety of influenza viruses known to be present in animals can serve as a gene reservoir for human influenza A viruses.


11-05-2009, 10:27 PM
http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:F-_O1HfBG9e0LM:http://d.yimg.com/bg/p/091013/afp/iphoto_1255458441096-1-0jpg.jpg (http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://d.yimg.com/bg/p/091013/afp/iphoto_1255458441096-1-0jpg.jpg&imgrefurl=http://ca.news.yahoo.com/s/afp/091013/canada/oly2010_can_health_flu_1&usg=__MxnjnugBshvrH0sPXIf4dmZwBM0=&h=365&w=306&sz=16&hl=en&start=74&tbnid=F-_O1HfBG9e0LM:&tbnh=121&tbnw=101&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcanada%2Bflu%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D18%26 hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26start%3D72)
One Flu over the Cuckoo's Nest
Published Thursday November 5th, 2009
How the flu has made the whole country stupid.
John Mazerolle

Never has a pandemic swept through Canada with such ferocity, leaving people from all walks of life affected regardless of age, gender, or creed. Of course, I am referring to the stupidity epidemic.

A couple wearing masks kisses at the Historic Center in Mexico City on April 25, 2009. An outbreak of deadly swine flu in Mexico and the United States has raised the specter of a new virus against which much of humanity would have little or no immunity. The outbreak of the new multi-strain swine flu virus transmitted from human to human that has killed up to 60 people in Mexico is a "serious situation" with a "pandemic potential", the head of the World Health Organization stated.

You thought I was referring to swine flu, didn't you? I am, sort of. Swine flu is even worse than first imagined: Because it causes all kinds of nasty things in the people who catch it, yes, but also because it causes heavy irrationalism and idiocy in people who just hear about it. Now that's a powerful virus.

Seldom have so many been so stupid (maybe at a Nickelback concert, but that's it.) Here are seven deadly stupidities that give me a temperature.

7) We're all going to die! For the first time ever, part of the blame for a problem must fall with the journalists. When swine flu first hit the scene, news outlets made it sound like it was so contagious and deadly it would be like that episode of the Simpsons where Homer sneezes and kills all the dinosaurs. It wasn't until a month or so later, when they said, "Oh by the way. Pandemic is a geographic term and has nothing to do with severity of illness. Also, sharks hardly ever attack anybody, even during Shark Week."

6) When pigs attack! When the virus first started making the news, there was a lot of fear surrounding eating pork because the flu had come from pigs and Porky slobbers a lot when he talks (Daffy caused similar fears during the avian flu). How a dead animal would keep flu inside it after months of packing and processing is something I don't need to think about. The bigger question for me was: Wait, NOW people are concerned about the health of pork products?

5) Oy vey! The cherry on that sundae was when an Israeli minister said the name 'swine flu' was insulting to Orthodox Jews and Muslims and to be more culturally sensitive it should be renamed - I'm not making this up - Mexican flu. And we wonder why the Middle East cannot find peace.

4) Let's have a party! Some parents reportedly got the bright idea of considering swine flu parties for their children, since the disease seemed milder than they had feared and some people used to have chicken pox parties. It's the same thing, right? Sure. To be clear though, Health Canada only recommends this approach if you hate your children. In that case, similar treatments are in order for fevers, Ebola, and broken legs.

3) The vaccine will kill you! Perhaps because the severity of swine flu was overstated in the first place, there are way too many people who go all Dr. Strangelove because the government is offering a vaccine. Most of these people would eat a Happy Meal with no complaint except maybe that McDonald's should refill the fries too, not just the pop. Here's a tip: the government might not like you, but it likes you healthy, so it can manipulate you and tax you and whatnot. Spending money on your Medicare is just about the worst secret plan ever, if that's what's going on.

2) Guilaumme-Barre the door! Yes, yes, we've all seen the video of the poor girl who can only walk backwards because of a flu shot. But there are no videos of the thousands of Canadians who die every year from the flu; that particular health dilemma is so common that it's not worth mentioning, unlike the backwards disease, which you can set to mash-ups or write song parodies about. By the way, why the hell are you getting your health advice from YouTube?

1) Everyone come get the vaccine! Wait! Not everyone! So Canada jumped up and down about some of the same complaints I raised above and said: "Ignore the hype! Get your flu shot!" and when people ignored the hype and came to get their flu shot Health Canada stood there, gobsmacked, thinking, "Hey, they actually listened to us. How about that?"

It was like they made their pitch to the hot girl at the gym and when she actually said yes Health Canada thought, "Wow, wish I had a car."

So, in short, get your flu shot, but don't panic about it, and remember the government is not out to get you. They just do it by accident sometimes.

http://herenb.canadaeast.com/opinion/article/847050 (http://herenb.canadaeast.com/opinion/article/847050)

11-06-2009, 02:05 AM
Here's an idea, h1n1 has mutated as a result of exposure to radioactive contamination left over from Ukraine's Chernobyl disaster.

Part 1: Life returns to an eerie Chernobyl

In the radioactive realm at ground zero of history's worst nuclear disaster, nature reclaims its territory. And a few defiant old folks are calling it home again

Published On Sat Oct 17 2009

http://media.thestar.topscms.com/images/0b/82/6b141533405fa9ca14b2eb000857.jpeg Valentina Kovtunko shows the flowers in her cottage garden in a ghost village called Opachichi. (October 16, 2009)
CHERNOBYL, Ukraine–The three babushkas clink shot glasses and toss back overproof vodka.

They are 75, 80 and 81 years old, a trio of cackling crones who assure me – rheumy eyes crinkling with amusement – that vodka is the best antidote for radiation sickness.

They ought to know: Survivors of the worst nuclear accident in history – 400 times more radioactive fallout than the atomic bombing of Hiroshima – and living all these years since in the shadow of the sinister Chernobyl reactors, illegals in their own condemned homes.

The resettlers, they're called, reverse migrants who defied the state to take up residence again in the crumbling cottages of "black villages" located within the 30-km exclusion zone around Chernobyl, ground zero.

On their own, without a guest to impress, the ladies would be drinking samogon, a belly-burning moonshine made from fermented sugar, yeast and potatoes. But for company, they break out the good stuff, served with platters of cheese, cold cuts and dark brown bread.

The meat is from slaughtered pigs that snuffle in earth still so infused with toxins that nothing grown in this soil is permitted to be sold outside the exclusion zone, even 23 years after an accident that remains the single Level 7 incident on the International Nuclear Event Scale.

Yet the cottage gardens are lush with fruits and vegetables and flowers ablaze with colour, almost monstrous in size and vividness. For the locals, only mushrooms are considered too poisonous to be edible. Well, maybe one or two in the soup pot is okay.

"In Ukraine, it is customary to have at least three glasses of vodka," explains Valentina Kovtunko, setting her crutch aside to top everybody up for another round.

Olga Zahovna, who is stone-deaf, gasps when the visitor takes a stool at the corner of the kitchen table. "No, no, single girls are not allowed to sit in the corner chair. That means you will never marry."

Perish the thought.

Maria Shovkuta takes the guest's face in her clawlike hands and mumbles: "You remind me of someone, from long ago."

They have little beyond their memories and yet they endure, surrounded by framed photographs of children and grandchildren on the wall – relatives who are allowed to visit only one day a year because of the continuing radioactivity – their connection to the outside world a bulky radio-phone provided by the state, a bus that comes once a week for shopping trips to the bazaar in the closest "clean" town, and, jarringly in this rustic home, the flat-screen TV purchased by Kovtunko's daughter. The ladies sit around it on most evenings to watch their favourite shows while they knit.
"My children lived in Pripyat but of course they left and didn't come back," says Kovtunko, referring to the model town that the Soviets built to house workers at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, now an eerie modern-day Pompeii overrun with foliage, a tangle of trees and underbrush choking the concrete and brick, as nature reclaims its territory.

"I'm not lonely," insists Kovtunko, a former Chernobyl cleaning lady who was born nearby and moved into this house upon marriage. "I have my friends and my garden. There's so much work to do. I don't have time to get bored."

She looks fondly at her friends. "We were young together."
They are all widows. Kovtunko's husband actually died before the nuclear accident and she was loathe to leave his grave untended, just one more reason for returning; that, and her discomfort with the three-room high-rise flat outside Kyiv where authorities had placed her afterwards, a space shared with other evacuees. "Oh, the noise! I couldn't sleep. And we didn't even have a proper stove to cook on."

Upwards of 400,000 Ukrainians from around Chernobyl were evacuated and relocated in the year after the accident.

Better to come back here, Kovtunko decided, after a year living away, reunited with about 80 other elderly citizens who likewise returned to this village, Opachichi, authorities relenting because the optics of forcibly removing stubborn old folks was even worse.

"I believe that it's clean here," continues Kovtunko. "I don't think we should have ever been made to leave. Look at me – I've never been sick a day."

Officially, these villagers don't even exist. And only 14 of them are left – 13 women and one man – in Opachichi. Another nearby black village has one sole occupant, a cranky sort who achieved fame when he met with Ukraine's President Viktor Yushchenko and elicited a promise that he'd never be harassed by officials again.

What none of the Opachichi residents own is a dosimeter, the hand-held ticking Geiger counters that measure radioactivity.

"Bah, who needs it?" scoffs Kovtunko. "I'm an old lady. The radiation hasn't killed me yet. And when I die, that won't be the reason."

Her fear, an illogical paranoia, is that authorities are eyeing the region with the idea of establishing a hunting and fishing preserve, since the ecology of this contaminated environment has sprung back of its own accord, a weird post-apocalyptic biosphere rife with undisturbed wildlife: boar and lynx, the white-tailed eagle (a total newcomer), Przewalski horses, an estimated 300 wolves, birds and voles, mutantly large catfish in the Pripyat River. Some of these species had not been seen for decades.

(The only "mutants" identified in Chernobyl lands have been barn swallows with partly albino faces instead of the species' typical red chins.)

While hunting and fishing are forbidden, poachers are known to bag game and sell it to restaurants in Minsk and Kyiv.

The Ukrainian government designated the exclusion zone a wildlife sanctuary in 2000, despite radiation levels up to 100 times higher than acceptable "background levels" in some hot spot locations, not all of them marked by diamond-shaped warning signs that loom like scarecrows.

A lethal exposure of radiation ranges from 300 to 500 roentgens an hour and levels around the exclusion zone vary from 15 to several hundred microroentgens. (A microroentgen is one-millionth of a roentgen.)
The risk is in long-term exposure, which is why those who continue to work at Chernobyl – including the maintenance crew at the reactor plant, officially shut down in 2000 due to international pressure – are on two-week shifts, after which they must stay outside the zone for the following two weeks. Most plant personnel live in Slavutych, built after the disaster some 50 kilometres away, arriving on a train that weaves back and forth across the Ukrainian/Belarusian border.

This district is alive with cesium, strontium, plutonium, ruthenium, hundreds of different isotopes no larger than a microdot, spewed into the atmosphere on April 26, 1986, the eruption of Reactor No. 4 caused by poor design combined with errors made by control room personnel during a testing procedure. Further explosions sent a plume of highly radioactive fallout drifting over an extensive geographical area, 130,000 square kilometres contaminated to some extent. The 12 square kilometres of evergreen woodlands that stood directly in the path of the deadliest debris immediately turned red and died. That's the "Red Forest," of which only a small portion remains, the rest buried.

Two people were killed in the initial steam explosion. According to a 2005 report by the Chernobyl Forum, 56 deaths were directly attributable to the event (47 accident workers and nine children with thyroid cancer). The World Health Organization estimates some 4,000 subsequent deaths have occurred or will arise from it, from among 600,000 people most highly exposed to the radiation. Greenpeace predicts an eventual death total of 93,000.

Cancer rates around Chernobyl are unusually high, 65 times normal according to some reports. Upwards of 4,400 Ukrainian children and adolescents have already undergone operations for thyroid cancer, the most common consequence of radiation. In neighbouring Belarus, health officials say 20 per cent of the country's 10 million people are suffering from radiation-linked ailments.

Nearly a quarter century later in this poisoned realm, the microscopic particles still adhere underfoot, which is why visitors are directed to avoid stepping on mossy patches of ground or brushing up against branches. Because dust explodes with every step, Ukraine doesn't allow any plowing or building in the zone either. No burials have been permitted in the zone since the accident and the cemeteries that were already there are sinking into wildness – sad remnants of a lost civilization. A heart-wrenching sight is a child's grave decorated with Dinky cars, now overrun with weeds.
Before they knew what they were actually doing – the wrongness of it – officials ordered much of the zone plowed under, including entire villages within the 10 kilometre radius. Equipment used in the massive cleanup operation was also interred – but not deeply – because it was too radioactive dirty to be brought out, though scavengers chopped up helicopters, trucks and construction vehicles for parts that were sold as far away as Moscow.

Decontamination, rain and the passage of time have washed off much of the radioactive grime that coated Chernobyl, though plutonium has a half-life of 25,000 years. What didn't blow away has sunk into the soil, been absorbed by plants, in turn eaten by animals, and moved on up the food chain to be part of the biological continuum.

Yet this most blighted part of the planet is so very far from a dead zone these days. With humans withdrawing, animals roam at will and the plant life is more dramatic, even if some trees have sprung strangely. As one researcher put it: "Those trees have a terrible time knowing which way is up."

Few predicted this kind of resurgence in so short a span of time. It's all still contaminated but it's abundant in the absence of human habitation, reinforcing the belief that the greatest threat to nature is man. Left to its own devices, nature finds a way to survive and thrive.

The debate about Chernobyl as Paradise Rediscovered is raging on the pages of scientific journals because the experts can't agree on what's happening and why.

Biologist Robert Baker, of Texas Tech University, was among the first to report that Chernobyl had become a wildlife haven. He has taken research teams to the region more than 30 times since the early 1990s.

"It's a fascinating and gorgeous place," Baker says in an interview. "I refer to it as a kind of aquarium for animals and plant life.

"We're of the opinion that there are, within both the 10-km and 30-km zones, more rats and mice and pigs and moose and horses and endangered species than there are outside of the zone. It's evident that human behaviour is more dangerous for that environment than radiation."

An acute radiation dose, obviously, is lethal; it kills off mammals with red blood cells. "But a chronic low dose doesn't have the same effect," Baker notes, basing his view largely on mice and rodents that, he says, have shown a remarkable tolerance for elevated radiation levels.

This not only contradicts scientists, but is heresy to the wider constituency of doomsayers who oppose nuclear energy on the grounds it is a profound safety risk and intrinsically unsound ecologically.

Baker thinks organisms can cope with the destructive effects of radiation, at least to a point, after which the damage becomes irreparable and the species might die out, with domino impacts.

A strong argument was also made for nature in balance with radiation by journalist Mary Mycio in her authoritative book, Wormwood Forest: A Natural History of Chernobyl. During her research, she made a complete U-turn on both the value of nuclear power and the assessment of Chernobyl.

"Contrary to the myths and imagery, Chernobyl's lands had become a unique, new ecosystem," she wrote. "Defying the gloomiest predictions, it had come back to life as Europe's largest nature sanctuary, teeming with wildlife. Like the forests, fields and swamps of their unexpectedly inviting habitat, the animals are all radioactive. To the astonishment of just about everyone, they are also thriving."

A starkly different view is put forth by the likes of Timothy Mousseau, a Canadian-trained biologist at the University of South Carolina. He has called Chernobyl a "sink," where animals migrate because there are so few humans around but then struggle to build new populations, rapidly dying off.

A high proportion of the birds he and his colleagues examined suffer from radiation-induced sickness and genetic damage. Mousseau's study, published in March, said populations of bumblebees, butterflies, spiders, grasshoppers and other invertebrates were low in the most contaminated areas and barn swallows – only a third of which are reproducing – have a high rate of genetic abnormalities. Scientists worry mutated birds will pass on their abnormal genes to the global population.

Mousseau has now started work on a long-term study of humans who live in the area, a study involving more than 11,000 adults and 2,000 children.
Back at Chernobyl, Reactor No. 4 is now buttressed and entombed in 10 storeys of lead-and-steel shielding, known as the sarcophagus, soon to be replaced with an even sturdier protective shell. From the Bridge of Death – its clear sightlines drew residents to watch the fireworks the night of the accident, exposing them to an uninterrupted stream of radiation – plant workers now toss bread crumbs to giant catfish in the Pripyat River.

Near to the quartet of reactors is a spent fuel processing plant built by a French company and never used because control rods from the Chernobyl reactors don't fit into the machinery. Spent fuel is hot and there's no safe way to get rid of it.

Close by, but a world away from all the controversy and conflicting research, the women of Opachichi get on with their small, tranquil lives, a very particular species that's also dying off.

But then Kovtunko tells the story of Maria, the only child born in Chernobyl since the disaster, her parents the youngest of the returnees.

When the couple later divorced, Maria and her mother stayed put. Now 12 years old, Maria lives at a boarding school outside Kyiv but comes back on weekends, happily visiting with elders, bringing a child's laughter to these eerily quiet villages.


11-06-2009, 09:26 PM
Fallout, Swine Flu, And A Pandemic Of Awareness
By Andrew Kishner
11 May, 2009

If you haven't thought of the possibility that epidemic influenzas such as 'swine flu,' or 'H1N1 virus,' may come about as a result of low-level radiation in the form of fallout that covers the Earth, neither did I. That was until last week when someone proposed the idea to me.

It all sounds like something out of a science fiction novel: 'a catastrophic nuclear war in 2030 covers the Earth with toxic radioactive fallout that gives rise to mutant viruses which infect and destroy surviving clusters of humans...' But, back in the 1950s, the so-called ‘father of the [Soviet] hydrogen bomb’ predicted that the radioactive fallout from the ‘Cold War’ could accelerate the rise of mutant pathogens, including influenzas.

Andrei Sakharov, the atomic scientist-turned-critic, wrote in his book 'Memoirs' (published last decade) that in the late 1950s he suggested 'that a global increase in mutations of bacteria and viruses...might have been an important factor in the spread of such diseases as diphtheria in the nineteenth century, or the influenza epidemic, and that low-level radiation might further increase the rate of mutations.’

Sakharov's 1950’s prediction may have come true according to a rare grouping of scientists who have connected the rise of certain diseases and disorders with the peaking of radioactive emissions from nuclear power plants on regional scales or nuclear testing on a global scale. Sara Shannon, author of 'Technology's Curse: Diet for the Atomic Age,' wrote in the late 1990s that new ailments such as Reyes Syndrome, Legionnaire's Disease, and Lyme Disease (and possibly AIDS) may be related to the deadly combination of immune systems weakened and virus mutations worsened by the presence of man-made radiation. Shannon notes that Lyme Disease appeared in about the same year that a huge radiation release from one of two Connecticut nuclear power plants occurred.

She speculated that the radioactive fallout in southeastern Connecticut may have mutated the spirochete in tick-borne Lyme Disease, which has now spread to Canada and numerous U.S. states. If you consider that nuclear testing fallout spread to nearly every square mile of the Earth, still hasn’t fully decayed and is detectable in nearly every country's food chains, including livestock, then you get a better idea of the possibility that all viruses or bacteria everywhere have an increased chance of mutating into something worse.

Think of our unfortunate porcine friend, ‘Pig Zero,’ the ‘swine flu’ virus breeder who resides (crammed into a tiny gestation crate) at a factory farm in North America. It’s bad enough that this poor flu-stricken pig’s cellular tissue and organs contain particles of fallout-originated Plutonium-239 or Cesium-137 that daily irradiate surrounding tissue (and fellow pigs with strong gamma rays). Then comes along a few particles of the flu’s virus (that’s keeping ‘Pig Zero’ feeling down), and, eureka! Can you say mutation?

No one knows with any certainty how many fatalities - some estimate in the many millions of persons - will be attributed in the long run to our past and current atomic mistakes. As details continually emerge surrounding the secret nuclear activities during the Cold War, estimates keep on growing: a Japanese physicist last month estimated that 190,000 persons may have died from the legacy of Chinese atomic testing. The question is Will Cold War-bred ‘Andromeda Strains,’ radiation-influenced new influenzas and diseases, wreak even more harm on humans and the animal kingdom? I am reminded by one of the most powerful quotes on the topic by Albert Schweitzer: ‘That radioactive elements created by us are found in nature is an astounding event in the history of the earth and of the human race. To fail to consider its importance and its consequences would be a folly for which humanity would have to pay a terrible price.’

Let us hope that we do not pay a terrible price with a swine flu pandemic, but we must also open our minds to the possibility that the disastrous effects of widespread radioactive fallout may reach farther than the doorsteps of A-bomb survivors, downwinders and atomic workers. The hand of fallout may extend into the arena of common diseases that annually kill hundreds of thousands of people or uncommon influenzas that can wipe out millions. Perhaps Albert Schweitzer is right, and we don’t yet know the full extent of the consequences of fallout. If so, then only a 'pandemic of awareness' of the dangers of radiation in our living environments will be the greatest defense against the worst ills of humanity that we have yet to face.



Piglet with monkey face
David Pescovitz (http://dynamic.boingboing.net/cgi-bin/mt/mt-cp.cgi?__mode=view&amp;blog_id=1&amp;id=3), July 21, 2009

http://www.boingboing.net/images/monkeypigggg.jpg The bizarre animal also has rear legs which are much longer than its forelegs, causing it to jump like a kangaroo instead of walk.

At the time, locals flocked to the home of Feng Changlin when news of the piglet spread in Fengzhang village.

"It's hideous. No one will be willing to buy it, and it scares the family to even look at it!" Feng said.