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Old 06-08-2012, 01:12 AM   #1
Ross
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Default Thorium , fuel of the future .



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Old 12-01-2013, 09:20 AM   #2
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Do have a look at this youtube video by Kirk Sorrensen on thorium technology. 10 minutes but worth it.

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Old 12-01-2013, 11:25 AM   #3
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Default Thorium

Thorium was first discovered in Norway, and definitively established as a unique element in 1828 by Jons Jakob Berzelius. The element was named after Thor, the Norse god of thunder in Scandinavian mythology. Marie Curie first established thorium’s radioactivity in 1898. It was the observation of thorium in experiments that first lead to the conceptualization of the half-life disintegration of radioactive elements[i]. Thorium’s industrial history, outside of the realm of nuclear fuel, has been limited.

Thorium has a substantive history with respect to its prospective use as a nuclear fuel. The world’s interest in thorium began at the inception of the atomic energy industry. It was evident that thorium was an abundant and naturally-occurring fertile element, similar to natural uranium, which could be used to create fissile material, and hence fuel nuclear reactions. This section summarizes the experiments and practical applications that have taken place using a thorium-based nuclear fuel.

Thorium’s initial interest subsided when it was discovered that it was extremely difficult to separate U233 for use in weapons, as compared to U235 or Pu239, which are relatively easy to weaponize. The USA, who was driving the nuclear race prior to and leading into the Cold War (1946-1989), made the decision to merge their military and civil nuclear programs, with the implications that:............................................continued
http://thorium1.com/thorium101/history.html



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Old 12-01-2013, 09:39 PM   #4
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Suzie Sheehy - Thorium Fuelled Particle Accelerators


Published on Dec 18, 2012

Physicist Suzie Sheehy demonstrates how element number 90 could power the latest generation of particle accelerators and potentially provide a cheap, safe and abundant source of energy.

Last edited by neophyte; 12-01-2013 at 10:00 PM.
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Old 12-01-2013, 09:57 PM   #5
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Hans Blix talks thorium energy and nuclear non-proliferation at CERN


Published on Nov 12, 2013

The Thorium Energy Conference, ThEC13, ran from 27 to 31 October 2013 at CERN, addressing the scientific and technical advances offered by thorium -- a silvery white metal four times more abundant than uranium in the Earth's crust -- in alternative nuclear technologies for energy production and for the destruction of nuclear waste.

Conference Chair Egil Lillestol invited Swedish diplomat and politician Hans Blix to talk about "Thorium Nuclear Power and Non-Proliferation". In a career spanning more than 50 years, Blix has been head of the International Atomic Energy Agency and the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission.

Blix highlighted the advantages of thorium in terms of safety, disposal of radioactive waste, and nuclear non-proliferation. "Some people are worried about the spread of nuclear weapons through the use of nuclear techniques," he says. "With thorium you cannot get a material from which you can make bombs. It's very satisfactory from this point of view."

During the 1990s, CERN pioneered research into thorium technologies with experiments instigated by Nobel laureate Carlo Rubbia, testing the basic concepts of a thorium-fuelled reactor driven by a proton accelerator.
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Old 12-01-2013, 10:18 PM   #6
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Thorium Reactors in 5 Minutes!
Why superior and so much safer than Uranium Reactors
Kirk Sorenson

Quote:
A short video of Kirk Sorensen taking us through the benifits of Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors, a revolutionary liquid reactor that runs not on uranium, but thorium. These work and have been built before. Search for either LFTRs or Molten Salt Reactors (MSR).

FAQ
The main downsides/negatives to this technology, politics, corrosion and being scared of nuclear radiation. Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors were created 50 years ago by an American chap named Alvin Weinberg, but the American Government realised you can't weaponise the by-products and so they weren't interested.

Another point, yes it WAS corrosive, but these tests of this reactor were 50 years ago, our technology has definately improved since then so a leap to create this reactor shouldn't be too hard.

And nuclear fear is extremely common in the average person, rather irrational though it may be. More people have died from fossil fuels and even hydroelectric power than nuclear power.
I added this video for a project regarding Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors, watch and enjoy.

No, it would not collapse the economy... just like the use of uranium reactors didn't... neither did coal... This is because you wouldn't have an instant transition from coal... oil... everything else to thorium. We could not do that. Simply due to the engineering. Give it 50 years we might be using thorium instead of coal/oil (too late in terms of global warming, but thats another debate completely), but we certainly won't destroy the earths economy. Duh.

And yes he said we'd never run out. Not strictly true... bloody skeptics ... LFTRs can harness 3.5 million Kwh per Kg of thorium! 70 times greater than uranium, 10,000 greater than oil... and there is over 2.6million tonnes of it on earth... Anyone with a calculator, or a brain, will understand that is a lot of energy!!
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Old 12-01-2013, 10:37 PM   #7
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Thorium-based nuclear power
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thorium..._nuclear_power

Liquid fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LFTR

Molten salt reactor (MSR)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molten_salt_reactor
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Old 12-02-2013, 01:13 AM   #8
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Lots of Thorium coming out of South Africa soon as a Rare Earths byproduct...
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Old 12-02-2013, 03:50 AM   #9
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Brihard View Post
Lots of Thorium coming out of South Africa soon as a Rare Earths byproduct...
Must be the Chinese. I hear SA are stripping their mines for scrap metal.
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