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Old 08-22-2009, 06:05 PM   #51
caonacl
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The Spanish Flu Manifesto

The Flu Virus of 1918., actually it started in 1917 in many views, so I like to call it the 1917 flu.

There are 2 main theories in June 2006, to it's spread.

(A) The commonest theory in the 1990s, was that it started off in the USA, and spread via, troop movements, then spread rapidly as of World War One,
(B) it started off in the trenches of World War One, among British and German troops, then rampantly spread as of that.
(C) A recent view, tries to claim Tibet was a source, and also states flu started in China, just as apparently "ALL FLU STARTS IN CHINA", this is not true, as there were cases of flu spreading from Russia in teh late 19th Century, and were cases of flu spreading in numerous occasions from many lands. Anyhow, whatever that theory is trying to claim, the fcat is it is just a fanciful extension of the (a) theory.

I go for the second version, as I saw a documentry which wanted to believe it, and in truth they sounded very reasonable.

Some people say that world war one "probabaly" aided the spread of flu, it did not, it certainly did, just as the Mongol Horde, and wars helped spread black death, there is NO DOUBT ABOUT IT. Before the 18th Century most deaths in most major wars, of soldiers, were of disease, so in reality it is not that amazing that a war that killed over 16 million people, in war and killing, would also cause a epidemic that would kill so many millions.
The virus then to the 3 main theories, was undoubtably spread and so caused by World War One, and without it, would almost certainly never have erupted, and certainly would have been far less important.

Why it is OK to blame the 1918 flu virus on World War One, and et tu, Kaiser Wilhelm, Tsar Nicholas, and Emperor whoever his name is of 1914 Austria. And so ok to blame them for the deaths of tens of millions of humanoid life forms.

Well there is no doubt we can blame World War One on the German Kaiser, Austrian Emperor, and Tsar Nikoloi.

Lets give half the death toll, to the Kaiser, then a quarter on the Russian Emperor, and ¼ on the Austrian Emperor.

So how can I say this, you may ask, well its as the, German emperor, can be blamed for WW1, as he led the land, that can be blamed most,
Then we can blame Austria and Russia, for a quarter each,
As they were partly to blame too, Russian mobilisation saw Germany have to invade it,
And Austria's invasion of Serbia, caused WW1 to start,
So we can blame that on something like 70 million death to share,
Of which most were the 1918 flu virus,

It was called Spanish influenza,
Because it was where the flu struck at massive rates first, to some,
And to some, as it was where people noticed it in papers, first
As other lands were more interested in WW1, the Spanish called it a French disease,
But it was produced in the trenches, almost certainly,
Amid Brits troops, Germans or Americans,
I think it is OK to blame the people who started the war though for causing this events,
The weakened nature of the population,
Just as it is ok, to say Stalin caused teh deaths of Millions of Ukranians, as he caused the famine in teh 1930s by his actions, and it is ok, to blame the British royal regime of the 1840s for the Irish Famine, and so on,
A major add on to the flu, was the fact people had less food, in war & had to do more, work,
Which helped weaken people, and make them more prone to suffering,
This was especially so in the trenches where people were unnaturally close together in wet mud, and unhealthy conditions, of some misery,
At times, wounded & having to look over raining trenches,
This saw the disease almost incubated in trenches among the wounded & tired,
Where it could spread from,
Also the fact of troops movements then spread it, & times, uncontrolled, by authorities,
And the fact they were in a state of war,
Harming ordinary security measures for population & army,
And the fact that wounded people were so commoner in the 1910s, and so millions of weakened immune systems,
This also saw doctors sent to the trenches lowering medical, care at homes,
And many actually sent to fight which radically reduced medical care everywhere,
The lack of international co-operation & of civilian authority also spread it,
With states actually opposing eachother, rather than helping eachother,
So civilians authorities could not say help, health needs are vital,
No the army could say come on,
We do not want to be beaten, & enslaved, or we want to win as we are the way,
So the army, and even civilian imperial authorities from India, to Britain were contending with war matters,
Rather than a major healt crisis, which by teh time the war ended let teh war incubate and spread, horribly, worldwide,

The disease also was incubated,
& not able to be thought as people were thinking of other things,
Also it was spread by civilian populations working harder,
Working longer hours,
And women were in work more, so this was social change, & that can not have helped,
You know to push people from home to work,
I mean yes it was a good thing, that women were able to work,
But likely they now had to do things which at the time were regarded as traditional women's chores & also new employment work too,
Such as on busses, and in war factories,
With very few men at home in some cases to do their normal chores,
Making it possibly even harder,
And also more people becoming ill as of flu, & the war, so making it even harder, again, so making flu find it easier to spread,
And a weaker economy as of food sanctions, around Europe,
& blockades & of stress & strains of home life,
When sons, or husbands, are a way at war, which surely would harm the emotional resrves of many millions,
As of this it was able to spread into third world cities from Europe,
Just like plague as a strong start there,
& not fought when weak, & was created that spread world-wide,
As of imperial capitalism,
& feudal ways weakening populations, & attempts to fight it there,
You see Imperial capitalism, could spread teh disease to Third World Villages, via it's fast transports,
In normal war circumstances it would have been surely (thats strong words) unable to incubate so well in Europe
But it was caused by the war,
And the war made it worse,
Peace, saw that, in 1918,
The blockade stays, on Germany, till after Versailles,
This saw many Germans saved as of not having to fight in the Western Trenches anymore,
But of course Flu was dying out, but carrying on, as the epidemic had been started so carried on, taking time to stop,
As I said before the flu epidemic stayed killing,
While Britain protected by the Channel was not as badly hit by flu as Germany
So if you do not include flu deaths as WW1,
Deaths then you are making WW1,
Seem less bad than it would have been if there had not been a flu epidemic it caused,
The idea that the flu started in America & spread as of their troops going to the areas,
May have some truth, in giving a stronger outbreak, but even that is probably wrong,
Many say the spread of flu was aided by pig farms in the US, spreading it to humans,
And others that it spread straight from Tibet to America human to human,
And that then it went to Europe, in US ship transports, and then spread,
A disease which were kept cramped by cost effective trenches,
When you listen to some things German leaders of the monarchical system,
Said before the war,
And after it, then it is not amazing,
That they caused such a huge amounts of deaths globally,
As in the couple of decades prior, they had planned annexations, of lands from New York, to China,
And said they wanted Britain to lose India, during world war one,
And did not see the possibility of huge numbers of deaths enough to avert war,
Lets see, India, accounted for a massive amount of the flu deaths, you may say, well India was not in thwe war really,
Well I have to tell you, that that is wrong.
If you look ta the fcats it was a major part of World Wra One, in that it was the jewel in the crown of The British Empire,
And in that India, was massively entrapped, within the capitalist system, this meant that shipping lanes, and soldiers, would bring a disease to India, certainly. And once teh disease started British authorities in India, were NOT obssessed, with a disease killing millions, they were fearing Germanand their almost puppet ally Turkey's inspired attempts at revolts in Central Asia, that were aimed to cause the empire in India, to be wrecked. A
Added to this, I read, that it teh case that Indian troops involved in World War One, fighting for Britain, were regarded as teh main reason for the Flu Virus.
It is also the case for Nepal, where the flu virus spread after the return of soldiers.
So in what was a World War, (some like to claim it was just a European war, but the only continent that escaped massive change as of the war was South America, so it was a world war, when you see the small conflicts that happened in Africa, i.e Tanzania, and also the conflicts in Asia, such as Japanese takes of German lands,)
The reason why WW1, in some ways caused more death including flu than WW2,
Was the sides involved in causing WW1, Austria, Germany, & Russia,
Had more irrepressibly bad morals, put together, & larger populations,
Than all the sides in WW2 other than German puppets, and the German regime,

But anyhow back to the crisis,
Parts of Canada like some villages in Quebec were virtually wiped out by the disease,
Very strong epidemic, of very rare mortality,
Most like this are caused by the roughness of war,
It was bad in India, partly as of poverty & partly as of normal things,
Partly as of trauma to society as of trade with Europe changing, good & bad,
And also as of Indian troops going to flu ridden Europe, & doctors,
So then spreading it back,
And it then not getting much investment or care from officials,
As they were concentrating on Britain's war,
And by how neighbours like Turkey & Iran & Russia lost trade for them,
& E-Africa so spreading the disease,
Indeed there would not have been much concentration on the disease in India,
As the European elite would have concentrated on what was occurring in Europe, even papers in India,
During the worst of the epidemic would have,
& as of Europe's war making it itself a petri dish for the disease,
So able to spread far more among poverty stricken India,
Than anywhere else,
Such as poverty stricken cramped Bombay so badly affected by plague in the 1890s, a breeding ground in those days for epidemics,
And other areas hurt by famine in the prior decades, & by European colonialism,
Also it was so badly hit,
As it was closer to world trade than Africa which was less badly, affected in many areas,
Africa poorer as of Empire, yes, but India, was almost as poor,
& yes you could blame Britain for it being so poor,
But the epidemic would not have spread there,
& been so bad if not for Germany's actions,
Its like the fact the Brits left the area a cramped tinderbox, of rich Brits,
& rich Indians getting so much of the space in cities, but the Germans lit the fuse,
This poverty did not cause a flu epidemic of such veracity any other time,
Other than povicides, & famines, which were also bad,
So Germany, Russia, and Austria's monarchs, caused the war & the epidemic,
& caused it to spread to India,
A nation that was firmly in the capitalist orbit,
& used to supply things for WW1, like America,
America was more of the place to build machines for Britain,
Making a small economic boom for it,
So there is no surprise flu spread there, from troops,
But India, did too, & was a base for troops sent to Arabia, & Europe,
Also Germany built that railway to the Gulf of Mesopotamia, in 1910s,
So this was seen as a threat to some, to India,
It also said in 1914 that it would be great if WW1, lost India, for Britain,
To the puppet Sultan of Turkey,
Essentially Ottomans would be a empire of Germany, like India was for Britain, & rule for decades,
In furthant oppression,
So India, in the modern capitalist economy in this smaller world,
Was intimately poor, & intimately connected to the rich world,
So was an extra part of it, so no wonder it got flu, in it's blankets in textile mills,
And soldiers barracks,
So it spread like epidemics in the wars of many wars to neighbours,

Like in the 1650s Ireland,
Nobody who looks at the history of 1650s Ireland, would claim that the plague, that killed a tenth to a half of the people, was not spread as of the war,
This plague started off in royal held ports, then spread to areas,
Some areas hit by it, were surely never really touched that much by the war, like a village, out in a moor, surely was hit,
But nobody could deny that really the war caused by the king's request for Ireland to invade Britain, was the cause of that plague's veracity,
Or that teh typhus epidemic that killed so many Kazakhs in the 1930s was caused by Communisation,
Or that when Anne Frank died of typhys in a concentration camp, only the most evil, vicous. lier, would claim anything other than teh Holocaust was teh cause of that typhus epidemic,
I think we can agree, there is no doubt World War One caused teh flu epidemic,
And the weakness all added to it, as in India, where it got so bad world-wide that,
It then spread to India, too it could have not have as Indians are not all that different,
It is true that certain races will be marginally more susceptible to disease,
They have not encountered before,
But as in the Americas, after Columbus that is not the whole story, & other things add to that,
I mean after Columbus, reached the Americas the population, as most people know, collapsed, as of epidemics,
But there is recent evidence that shows actually a major cause was the slavery on Native Americans making them less able to sustain themselves through new diseases.

So Like poverty & war, & lack of government being able to cope, as in India,
A German nation which did harbour some policies there,
Like wanting to provoke revolt there in 1916, via Muslim action in Afghanistan,
When they wanted to use the Sultan's plea for Jihad against Britain,
& sent Turkish forces to provoke Turkish revolts in Russia, & India,
Surely as Brits knew this they would have concentrated on this, not the Indian epidemic,
Which is true as they only started concentrating in December, 1918, there,
Also 40,000 of 150,000 US doctors joined the army, Which surely aided teh spread of flu,
By having less medical care, in the US,
WW1, also provoked small revolts in Sri Lanka,
And also in Africa as of mutinies,
The 12,000 deaths in Australia, saw it caused by returning soldiers,
Firstly reaching Melbourne in January 1919,
People did not even know for a while if it was a proper flu, or something new,
So I think it is right to blame Kaiser Wilhelm, for the epidemic & deaths,
Just like some for others,
Just like Germany for Namibia's desert deaths in places their troops never entered,
Where the disease was spread by populations fleeing from them,
Meeting people no German met, & who had always lived in the desert, catching diseases, or having no resources,
If anything the amount of people who died in Russia in world war one,
Was less than could have been expected,
And for much of the rest of Europe,
& even rest of the world, like India,
Where revolts were wanted by Germany,
So it is fair to say they aimed for as many deaths,
& saw as many deaths by other means,
Just like how many genocides planned murders,
But were achieved to evil wanters welcome, by disease & the murders aimed for,
In such a global trade environment where Indian troops were involved,
This may not have been expected but it occurred,
And spread world-wide too,
To other European colonies of this basically European power's war,
A world that the Kaiser wanted to own saw the war, kill millions,
So it was a world war, as everyone says it was, & they were right it killed millions,
Of course with the flu getting so bad, it then spread world-wide,
And just like in Prussia's war in 1870,
We can blame Prussia for pox deaths in Britain in that epidemic,
And the Kaiser for British deaths in WW1,

The flu epidemic got worst in Germany, then reached India, in June 1918,
In Karachi, & ports, like Madras, then Bombay,
It was spread there as of war,
& as of reaching there, of course then spread more among India,
As I say as so many doctors were away serving Britain,
& as training fell as of that, in war, this hurt badly,
It hit the Japanese navy in May 1918,
With servicemen spreading it As I say,
I think that proves you can blame Germany for the WW1 deaths,
In bringing in so many lands to a war they invited them to,
And so causing a flu,
Intelligent forces would have feared these plagues,
Like after WW2 there was a fear of plague spreading through Europe,
After war like the Pox in 1870, & flu in 1918,
But as of UN action,
& some better condition this fear maybe by chance did not materialise,
Except small famines,
But for famines you can say land's have food & can cope with them better,
But find it harder to cope with epidemics & bacteria, a unknown quantity,
You may say that it is unfair on Russia & Austria-Hungary,
To give them a quarter each the blame for the deaths of WW1, & flu there,
I say it is OK, as the Russians knew the war would cause the great game to go crazy,
& if not they were mad,
A great game they had violently added to,
And for Austria-Hungary, they knew war would cause war with Russia, then France,
Then Britain, & probably see Ottomans involved, so they were to blame for that too,
& did know Germany had relations down there to the E,
And did know that wars could lead to diseases & epidemics,
For this I say it is OK to give it 1/4 the blame for WW1, deaths & flu deaths other than massacres,
Which go to the blame of the sides who committed them in most cases,
So they knew India, existed, & knew that their country had a boundary with the Ottomans,
Who they knew would be in their war, & the Ottomans, were only a small Gulf,
Away from India & Pakistan, a place of a empire they knew they would be at war with if they invaded India, to defend their imperial colonisation of Serbia, & kingly expansionism, And oppression of peoples who did not want to live under their empire,
So it was their fault they made the unreasonable act,
& were oppressors, of minorities, & POWs,
So can get a quarter of the blame, as they caused it & knew what would happen,
But Germany was the key instigator, & Russia equally to blame with Austria,
France, Britain & the Ottomans,
Were asked, to go to war,
Or were doing something they had promised they would do, so the Emperors cauased the influenza epidemic of 1918,
And if they had not,
They might aswell have had a population that lied on their backs, & were slaves,
The same for Italy, & America who were encouraged to go to war,
For their interests like for Italians in the Adriatic,
Or as of French hopes, & who of course as the Germans,
& other sides knew the Brits & French would want in the war to help them win a war,
Which they reasonably wanted to win, so again Italy joining was Austria's fault,
For oppressing Italy in prior Cs,
So making it more nat & wanting it's old lands,
And for creating a situation of war,
Where in such nat times, Italy would want to use that for it's benefit,
WW2 was different as Italy had nat ambitions which by the 1930s,
Were going out of date,
& were not believed by all lands so it was unreasonable that time for them to enter,
And also it was the case that the Italians, surely had a right to enter the war,
As the war could spread even greater epidemics than flu, & they helped,
Quicken the end of the war so maybe reduce the amount of Italian epidemic deaths & other,
And also Austria wanted Italy to go to war for it, & knew Italy was prepared to fight,
& if Italy did not, it could end up having a huge land to the N, threatening it's economic,
Entry to the Adriatic, & it did want to make Italy a puppet state did Germany remember,
& also most important it was the German nation's fault, for making Britain & France,
Have to fight, & of course they would then offer things in the nat interest to Italy, to join the war,
As it suited them so would suit Austria,
And it's the same for all sides who joined,
They would have been more oppressed under German domination,
And it was their fault,
For making a situation where a time of nat countries would be lured to fight wars,
Against that domination & for their own interests,
In the situation of Germany winning the war,
Italy would have seen world trade as German controlled,
And trade always accounts for over a quarter of every economy,
Via resources & trade, maybe almost all future progress,
If Germany lost & they helped this, they could gain they felt, & it would suit France,
& Britain to encourage Italy to join, so they could survive as democracies,
& major powers, so maybe its not that amazing they joined the war,

When Britain & France, would of course want them to join them,
And when the option was to not join & so be possibly dominated by Germany,
Or see the less likely prospect of a French win, where they gain nothing,
Or such, & then so,
Also the Germans, & Austrians knew Italy joining the war was possible,
As they made overtures to them joining them,
& knew they & the US were possible joiners in 1914, & did not care if they did join,
So in that case Germany knew they would join & caused them to join so was to blame,
Especially when there was an aspect for Italy,
Of fighting a power that was still oppressing Italians,
And when they had invaded lands, oppressed lands & caused the war,
Some Italians felt the annexation of Bosnia,
In 1908 was a affront & act of arrogance that deserved war,
As it now threatened Italy,
So in reality in such a nat time, Italy was lured to war, to fight it's ancient enemy,
And Austria should have known the bit would be strong especially since,
It had allied with Italy in some senses & Germany in the late 19thC, but seen this pact fail,
For the purpose of it's wars, & knew that Italy would want to join a war,
Where it's neighbours were at war to finally rid itself of a strong neighbour,
When Italy had such a tradition of the 1910s of invasions,
Well that last reason is not good enough to fight a war,
As then every land would invade every land,
But in such a situation of real conflagration of war,
Italy was lured to a war it should maybe not have fought,
And this luring by France & Britain was acceptable on their behalf as they wanted allies,
And were fighting for their freedom,
& knew that as the Ottomans had joined if they lost another ally they would lose,
And knew that otherwise Italy may align to their enemies, it did not have to fight,
It was Italy's king & such's fault,
But Italy was lured to war,
& Austria should not have been oppressing Italian minorities o had made a mistake there,
Of ignoring Italian wishes, & should have offered it small parcels of land,
As peace offerings, or not annexed Bosnia,
Or gone to war,
So there is a just made it case, for saying Italy went to war,
As Austria & Germany made it do, by having a war,
& luring it in, & being so menacing to it,
Inflation ruins Germany's state pensions, benefit's values, in that land,
The 1919 Versailles treaty, saw Brits/France/US fine Germany, & split bits off it,
They gave reparations which planned for millions to paid a year over decades,
Regarded with hate & humiliation back in Germany,
But many said well they started it, so there,
And also Austria-Hungary was split apart,
Using at times, but not always Woodrow Wilson's self determination hopes,
If we say typhus killinmg peopel in Gulags, was a crime, as I do, and I hope you, do then flu was too.
let this be a warming to all Montenegrans of why they should not support monarchy.

There is no doubt that World War One, caused the flu of 1918.
People who say otherwise, are Nazi Holocaust deniers.

Here are some more sites, there are books and articles on the subjects in many internet places, or internet book shops, bookstores, at the bottom, are lists of which were the worst regimes of the past few centuries.
http://www.lonympics.co.uk/1917flu.htm
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Old 08-22-2009, 06:12 PM   #52
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After reading the article above, I began to wonder, "Does swine flu make people go crazy?" As it turns out....it does.


Influenza Infection Causing Manic Psychosis

A patient is described who, in the course of a febrile illness during an influenza epidemic, first showed symptoms of an acute confusional state which then developed into a manic psychosis of prolonged duration. During the entire period of her psychiatric illness she had unusually high levels of Influenza A antibody titre which were at the extreme range compared to influenza patients tested at a general hospital; moreover her titres remained abnormally high for an unusual period of time as compared to other influenza patients. Because of transient clinical signs suggesting an encephalitis during the initial stages of her illness, the possibility of influenza infection causing subclinical organic brain changes which in turn became manifest in the form of a manic psychosis is discussed, and the concept of `functional' affective psychosis is challenged.

http://bjp.rcpsych.org/cgi/content/abstract/120/558/531


A Case of Influenza-Associated Encephalopathy with Psychosis.Accession number;02A0878590

Abstract;We reported a 13-years-old boy with psychosis following influenza-like symptoms. He was admitted to our hospital complaining of anxiety and irritability. Though he was suspected to have psychosis on admission, he was diagnosed to suffer from psychosis due to organic disorders, from the both findings of moderate slow basic rhythm on EEG and the regional decreased blood flows in 99mTc-ECD SPECT. His delirium was considered to be caused by influenza-associated encephalopathy on the basis of the elevated influenza-virus A anti-body titer. The children with psychosis following influenza-like symptoms should be carefully examined by the both EEG and SPECT. (author abst.)
http://sciencelinks.jp/j-east/articl...02A0878590.php



Does prenatal influenza divert susceptible females from later affective psychosis to schizophrenia?

ABSTRACT
We examined the relationship between influenza epidemics and the number of schizophrenic and affective psychotic individuals born each month between 1938 and 1965 in England and Wales. Increased death rates from influenza were followed 5 months later by a significant increase in schizophrenic births and a concurrent fall in the number of births of affective psychotic individuals. When the sexes were examined separately, both the positive effect of influenza on schizophrenic births and its negative effect on affective psychotic births were evident for females but not for males. Furthermore, during February to June in high influenza years, there was an inverse relationship between the number of female schizophrenic and affective psychotic births. The explanation for these surprising findings may be that prenatal exposure to influenza impairs the neurodevelopment of some females with a predisposition to affective psychosis, in such a way that their later illness shows schizophrenic rather than affective features.
http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/j...TRY=1&SRETRY=0
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Old 08-23-2009, 09:12 AM   #53
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RE: Post above
We all know that H1N1 was around during WWI. Well, it looks like it made a nasty resurgence during WWII. Clearly humanity went nuts during the both world wars; but, the question is whether it was war the causes nasty human virues to develop, or whether some viruses cause nasty human behavior. Likely there is some symbiotic reloationship. But, wouldn't it be something if H1N1 was responsible for most of the world's major conflicts? Could it be that all of the documented causal events are only human rationalization of irrational behavior?

Coincidentally, the world is again in flames as a new H1N1 pandemic emerges.


......Intrasubtypic Reassortment of Human H1N1 Virus (1947)
In 1947, the seasonal vaccine did not provide any protection against influenza. Jonas Salk attributed this finding to changes in the virus that had occurred since the previous year.15 Vaccine failure, combined with rapid viral dissemination and more severe disease, prompted further study of the genetic characteristics of this virus, which was dubbed "A-prime" to distinguish it from earlier serosubtypes.15,16 The virus that was responsible for the post–World War II epidemic was found to vary significantly from the 1943 influenza A (H1N1) strain, especially in the HA segment, where five antigenic sites were involved in amino acid changes.16 The HA segment of the 1947 virus, which was discovered to have emerged through intrasubtype reassortment, was more representative of later HA genotypes, whereas the neuraminidase (NA) segment was conserved, which may have prevented the development of a fully pandemic phenotype.14
Extinction of Human H1N1 Virus (1957)
Influenza A (H1N1) abruptly disappeared from humans in 1957 and was replaced by a new reassortant virus that combined genes from the H1N1 strain and an avian virus. This new influenza A (H2N2) strain contained three new segments from the avian source and maintained the other five segments from the H1N1 strain of 1918 lineage.17 After this pandemic subtype emerged, human influenza A (H1N1) was not detected again until 1977.18 Reasons for the complete disappearance of this strain in 1957 are not clear, but it is likely that high levels of existing homologous immunity, coupled with a burst of heterologous immunity from the new H2N2 strain, were sufficient to eliminate the virus.19

Conclusions The emergence of influenza A (H1N1) 91 years ago led to a disastrous global pandemic. That virus is thought to have emerged almost simultaneously from birds into humans and swine. In contrast, S-OIV probably emerged from swine into humans. Although the immediate genetic event that led to the emergence of the new pandemic threat was a reassortment between two influenza A (H1N1) swine viruses, these two viruses were actually the products of at least four independent avian-to-mammalian cross-species transmissions, with at least four previous reassortments of gene segments among avian, human, and swine-adapted viruses (Figure 2). One consequence of this intertwined history is that S-OIV shares three gene segments with current seasonal human influenza A (H1N1) virus and three segments with human seasonal influenza A (H3N2) virus. It is not known whether low levels of cross-immunity against historically remote shared epitopes might confer some clinical protection against the newly emerging virus.....

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/NEJMra0904322

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Old 08-23-2009, 03:03 PM   #54
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Are US prison riots swine flu related?

Insurance adjusters sift through what’s left of Kentucky prison after fiery riotBureau News
August 23rd, 2009


Insurance adjusters look at Ky. prison after riot
BURGIN, Ky. — Officials said Sunday that investigators and insurance adjusters have started probing what’s left of a Kentucky prison in the wake of a fiery riot that injured 16 people and forced 700 inmates to be relocated.


The damage assessment could take several days and a probe into what prompted Friday night’s melee would likely start later in the week, Kentucky Justice and Public Safety Cabinet spokeswoman Jennifer Brislin said.

“This is not a quick thing,” Brislin said. “They continue to assess the entire situation.”

Prisoners started some of the fires in trash cans, and flames eventually spread, shooting into the air during the riot. Several buildings were seriously damaged at the Northpoint Training Center, a medium-security facility about 30 miles south of Lexington.

Officers in riot gear rushed in with tear gas, and all the inmates were subdued within two hours, authorities said. They were kept in the prison yard and authorities surrounded the facility so no one could escape.
Eight inmates were taken to the hospital and eight prison workers were injured and helped at the scene. Four inmates remained hospitalized Sunday, but two were expected to be released to the Department of Corrections later in the day, Brislin said.

Brislin said investigators will interview inmates and review security videos to see what caused the riot. “They haven’t even started interviews yet,” Brislin said.

About 500 inmates remained at the prison. The others were taken to facilities across the state.

The remaining inmates at the prison were being housed in a 196-bed dorm that was not severely damaged, the prison chapel, gym and a unit of 60 single cells, said Mendalyn Cochran, a spokeswoman for Northpoint Training Center. Another 40 minimum-security inmates were being housed on the grounds outside the main fence, Cochran said.

The melee came two weeks after more than 1,000 inmates rioted at the California Institution for Men in Southern California. That prison was designed to hold about half as many inmates, although investigators say they don’t know if crowding helped spark the racially charged riot.
Northpoint opened in 1983 and has a staff of 285.

http://blog.taragana.com/n/insurance...y-riot-147616/


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Old 08-23-2009, 03:28 PM   #55
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Are US prison riots swine flu related?
Cambridge Prison Riot Sparked by Swine Flu


WBZ reports that the prison riot that left the Middlesex County Jail flooded over the weekend was caused by inmates' fears over swine flu and was not, as was originally reported, the result of wanton vandalism. The Middlesex Jail, located in Cambridge, has seen 11 inmates and 2 guards hospitalized with H1N1. The prison, which was built to hold 160 prisoners, boasts a population of 403.
http://bostonist.com/2009/07/06/camb...rked_by_sw.php


Calif. Prison Rocked by Riot Has Troubled Past
Ed Crisostomo/The Press-Enterprise, via Associated Press
Officers gathered near the California Institute for Men in Chino on Sunday, where a riot that left 250 prisoners injured broke out Saturday evening.

By SOLOMON MOORE
Published: August 10, 2009
LOS ANGELES — A California prison badly damaged over the weekend by a riot that injured 250 inmates has a record of poor maintenance, shoddy safety protocols, dangerous overcrowding and riots, three inspection reports since 2006 show.

Conditions at the prison, the California Institution for Men in Chino, exacerbated tensions among inmates, many of them in African-American and Latino prison gangs, the reports say.

Terry Thornton, a spokeswoman for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, said 16 prisoners remained hospitalized on Monday, out of 250 hurt in the weekend riot.

Ms. Thornton said the Reception Center West, site of the riot, was too badly damaged to accommodate prisoners. One dormitory was destroyed by fire, she said, and about 700 inmates will be moved to other prisons.
Ms. Thornton said investigators were still trying to determine the cause of the riot.

Lt. Mark Hargrove, a corrections officer, said Sunday that the fighting had broken down along ethnic lines, with African-Americans battling Latinos. Lieutenant Hargrove said recent efforts to desegregate the 33-prison system, along with overcrowding, could have contributed to tensions. The Chino prison held 5,877 inmates, nearly twice its capacity.

Lieutenant Hargrove also said the riot could have been related to an uprising in May that he called the worst at the Chino prison since 2006.

J. Clark Kelso, the court-appointed federal receiver in charge of overhauling prison health care in California, also cited a swine flu outbreak as a factor in tensions because quarantined prisoners were not allowed out of their cells.

The riot reflects systemic shortcomings in California’s prison system, experts said. Citing well-documented problems at Chino, a federal three-judge court recently ordered the state to come up with a plan to reduce the state’s inmate population, currently 150,000, by more than 40,000 inmates within two years.

Three inspection reports at the Chino prison — by an internal investigator, an expert witness in a federal class-action lawsuit and the state inspector general — show longstanding problems.

In 2005, an inmate stabbed a correctional officer to death. The inspector general’s review concluded that the killer had a history of mental illnesses and should have been placed in a more restricted setting. The review also found that guards lacked proper training and safety equipment.

In 2007, a prison expert inspected the Chino complex and told the three-judge court that it was “an incredibly old, poorly maintained, unsanitary facility with inadequate staffing.” The expert, Doyle Wayne Scott, a former executive director for the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, described how prisoners were often deprived of educational and counseling programs and recreation time outside their living quarters.

Double bunk beds were stacked in common areas. Inmates were secured in overflow cages in halls, Mr. Scott said.
Mr. Scott said that in the West Reception Center, 198 prisoners were monitored by only two corrections officers, and that many inmates were out of sight of guards.

“The housing unit was a serious disturbance waiting to happen,” he wrote. “If the prisoners wanted to take over the dorm, they could do so in a second and no one would know.”

Mr. Scott said of the unit, “In its current state, it is not fit for housing human beings.”
Last year, the California inspector general, David R. Shaw, highlighted inadequate correctional officer training and poor classification of inmates that allowed high-risk felons to mix with less serious offenders. Mr. Shaw described the Chino facility as being in “beyond poor condition.”

Luis Rodriguez, a writer in Los Angeles and expert on gang and prison culture who gives writing workshops at California prisons, said, “You have these guys on top of each other, and ethnic violence becomes the funnel for all their frustrations.”
Ms. Thornton said that problems persisted, but that officials continued to make improvements.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/11/us/11riot.html?em

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Old 08-23-2009, 03:56 PM   #56
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Greek authorites set fire to Athens to cover up a potential Swone Flu pandemic???

http://www.monstersandcritics.com/ne...from-swine-flu


Greece reports first death from swine flu
Health News
Aug 23, 2009, 9:04 GMT



Athens - A 23-year-old man suffering from chronic heart problems died on Sunday after contracting swine flu, Greece's first confirmed case, the Health Ministry said.

The young man, admitted to an intensive care unit at the Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center at the beginning of August, had reportedly contracted the pandemic H1N1 flu while he was hospitalised.

According to a ministry press release, the official cause of death was heart failure.

Greece is the first country which will launch a nationwide vaccination campaign of every citizen in the country against swine flu beginning in October.


In a related article:

Wildfires burn to within 12 kilometers of Athens!!

http://www.mercurynews.com/nationworld/ci_13187563

Tens of thousands flee raging wildfires in Greece
By DEMETRIS NELLAS Associated Press Writer
Posted: 08/22/2009 11:10:37 PM PDT
Updated: 08/23/2009 11:43:19 AM PDT


ATHENS, Greece—A raging wildfire raced down a mountain slope in Greece toward the town of Marathon on Sunday, nearing two ancient temples while despairing residents pleaded for firefighters and equipment that were nowhere to be seen.

Tens of thousands of residents of Athens' northern suburbs evacuated their homes, fleeing in cars or on foot. Several houses were destroyed as the fire advanced across an area more than 31 miles (50 kilometers) wide.

More than 90 wildfires have ignited since Saturday across Greece, and six major fires were burning late Sunday. The Athens fire began on Mt. Penteli, which divides Athens from the Marathon plain, and has spread down both sides of the mountain.

Driven by gale-force winds, the blaze grew fastest near Marathon, from which the modern long-distance foot race takes its name.

"If they do not come right now, the fire will be uncontrollable. Please, bring two or three fire engines at least ... for God's sake," Vassilis Tzilalis, a resident of the seaside resort of Nea Makri, near Marathon, told TV channel Mega.

One resident, Nikos Adamopoulos, said he had driven over a large part of the area and saw no firefighters.

"The Museum of Marathon is being encircled by fire and flames are closing in on (the archaeological site of) Rhamnus," he told The Associated Press. Rhamnus is home to two 2,500-year-old temples.

The mayor of Marathon said he had been "begging the government to send over planes ad helicopters" to no avail.

"There are only two fire engines here; three houses are already on fire and we are just watching helplessly," mayor Spyros Zagaris told Greek TV.

Zagaris was among several local leaders who accused the government of having no plan to fight the fire.

Finance Minister Yiannis Papathanassiou responded: "This is not the time for criticism under these tragic conditions. We are fighting a difficult fight."

Another official said emergency workers were exhausted.

"The firefighters, soldiers and volunteers fighting the fire are tired and their equipment is being used constantly and there is fatigue there too," said deputy Interior Minister Christos Markoyiannakis.

Other officials said help was on the way. Two planes were expected from France, and Cyprus was sending a helicopter, four fire engines and 60 firefighters, fire brigade spokesman Yiannis Kapakis said.

The Ministry of Defense announced that Austria will send six planes and helicopters.

Opposition politicians have been restrained in their criticism so far.

But both Communist Party leader Aleka Papariga and Giorgos Karatzaferis, head of populist right-wing Popular Orthodox Rally, said the government had learned nothing from the catastrophic fires of August 2007, when 70 people died and several villages were totally destroyed in southern Greece.

A shift in wind helped halt the flames in the town of Agios Stefanos, an Athens suburb on the opposite side of the mountain from Marathon. Most of its 10,000 inhabitants had evacuated Sunday afternoon. By nightfall, the town was empty, authorities said.

The nine helicopters and 14 planes that operated during the day, including two planes sent from Italy, dumped some 4,000 tons of water on the fire, but apparently without much success. Television showed airplanes and helicopters dropping water on a forest outside Agios Stefanos—and the fire re-igniting moments after

The fire burns in front of houses in Drafti area, about 35 kilometers (23 miles) east of Athens, Greece, early Sunday, Aug. 23, 2009. A massive wildfire tore through outlying suburbs north of Athens early Sunday, destroying homes and forcing thousands to flee in dramatic overnight evacuations, Fire Service and local officials said.

"The pine cones are like projectiles—they cover long distances, too, and spread the fire around," said Avraam Pasipoularidis, mayor of the northern suburb of Drossia. "Everything around me is burning."

Authorities evacuated two large children's hospitals, as well as campsites and homes in villages and outlying suburbs threatened by blazes that scattered ash across Athens. The flames also approached a large monastery on Mt. Penteli.

Many feared heavy afternoon traffic as Athens residents returned from their summer holidays, but people heeded calls to postpone their return to allow firefighters room to moved around.

Elsewhere in Greece, serious fires were reported on the islands of Evia and Skyros in the Aegean Sea and Zakynthos in the west. Another large fire that started Saturday in the town of Plataea, 40 miles (63 kilometers) northwest of Athens, was spreading unchecked in western Attica.



Co-incidence? I think not!
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Old 08-23-2009, 04:17 PM   #57
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AB, if you're serious, we need to have a little chat - behind locked doors 7 clear a week off your schedule while I arrange for your meds to be adjusted!
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Old 08-23-2009, 04:33 PM   #58
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AB, if you're serious, we need to have a little chat - behind locked doors 7 clear a week off your schedule while I arrange for your meds to be adjusted!
I feared as much...(see post #52), he's exhibiting flu-like symtoms
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Old 08-24-2009, 09:23 PM   #59
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Just when you think they've turned over a new tobacco leaf, Big Tobacco sets a new standard for evil.




Nicotine, Anti-inflammatory H1N1 Cure
Vagus Nerve Stimulation Blocks Cytokine Storm of Swine Flu

Nicotine stimulates the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway. At the end of this pathway are immune cells that produce anti-inflammatory cytokines that block inflammation. Thus, nicotine, although one of the most addictive chemicals, can have beneficial effects on inflammatory diseases, such as arthritis, asthma, cancer, inflammatory bowel diseases and perhaps, H1N1.

Tobacco Smoke Is Toxic but also Anti-Inflammatory
Paradoxically tobacco smoke contains hundreds of toxic and carcinogenic chemicals that produce inflammatory reactions and numerous degenerative diseases, but it also contains nicotine that is anti-inflammatory. Smokers assault their bodies, but moderate and obscure the inflammatory degeneration and disease, until they stop the nicotine exposure.

Nicotine Withdrawal Is Inflammatory
The anti-inflammatory benefits of nicotine reveal the inflammatory basis of many unexpected diseases. Nicotine withdrawal is severe, partly because it leads to rebound release of inflammatory cytokines, inflammation and inflammatory disease symptoms that include depression and obesity. Smoking cessation may contribute to more severe symptoms of H1N1 infections.

Nicotine Acts via the Vagus Nerve
Attempts to augment bypass surgery for weight reduction have encountered the anti-inflammatory benefits of stimulating the vagus nerve. Vagus nerve stimulation via an electrode attached to the left branch in the neck by a device implanted behind the clavicle, reduces inflammatory cytokine production and is an effective treatment for obesity. Other types of vagus stimulation are being tested for efficacy in treatment of numerous inflammatory diseases, including arthritis, allergy, asthma, Alzheimer’s, etc.

Nicotine Blocks Cytokine Storms
Cytokine storms are a deadly consequence of inflammation that is out of control. These exaggerated host responses are targets for bioterrorism, because it takes very little toxin or a very minimal infection to be lethal, if it produces a cytokine storm. In mice, the ricin toxin, a bioterrorism agent, induces a cytokine storm that kills by multiple organ failure. Ricin-treated mice can be protected by nicotine prior or after the cytokine storm begins.

H1N1 May Kill by Cytokine Storm Similar to Spanish Flu of 1918
The rapid high temperature produced by Mexican H1N1 suggest that some of the deaths have resulted from cytokine storms. As more information becomes available on existing cases, it will become more clear how similar the current H1N1 strain is to the virus that caused the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.

Block H1N1 Cytokine Storms with Nicotine
It may be possible to reduce lethality by blocking the cytokine storm with nicotine. There are numerous means of administering nicotine and research will need to be done to determine which if any of these approaches is effective in the treatment of severe cases of the current H1N1 flu. Smoking as a source of nicotine is probably unwise, because the other toxic components compromise the immune system and make it more vulnerable to flu infection.

Additional information on H1N1 virulence evolution in response to use of antiviral drugs and isolation is available here.
http://diseases-viruses.suite101.com...tory_h1n1_cure

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Old 08-24-2009, 09:33 PM   #60
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Unfortunately, it appears that cirgarette smoking will not cure swine flu; and quite coincidentally, like crack cocaine, makes cytokine storms even worse.


Why Cigarette Smoke Makes Flu Worse ? By: ANI
Science And Study


A new study in mice has provided an insight into why viral infections have more severe consequences in individuals exposed to cigarette smoke than in those not exposed to it.

The study, conducted by researchers at Yale School of Medicine, also identified the mechanism by which viruses and cigarette smoke interact to increase lung inflammation and damage.

Their experiments showed that the immune systems of mice exposed to cigarette smoke from as little as two cigarettes a day for two weeks overreacted when they were also exposed to a mimic of the flu virus.

The mice's immune systems cleared the virus normally but the exaggerated inflammation caused increased levels of tissue damage.

These findings may even lead to more effective drug treatments for COPD

"The anti-viral responses in the cigarette smoke exposed mice were not only not defective, but were hyperactive," said Jack A. Elias, M.D., the Waldermar Von Zedtwitz Professor of Medicine and chair of internal medicine at Yale School of Medicine.

"These findings suggest that smokers do not get in trouble because they can't clear or fight off the virus; they get in trouble because they overreact to it.

"It's like smokers are using the equivalent of a sledge hammer, rather than a fly swatter, to get rid of a fly," he added.

Elias and his colleagues also found that mice with viral infections that had been exposed to cigarette smoke had accelerated emphysema and airway scarring.

They also defined the signaling pathway that mediates this exaggerated innate immune response.

"If the exaggerated responses are verified in human studies, it will be the first explanation for why viral infections are more serious in smokers," said Elias.

"Once verified, we can find ways to prevent the destruction of lung tissue and the higher illness and death among smokers," he added.
James P. Kiley, director, Division of Lung Diseases of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, said: "These studies have identified molecular pathways that can explain how cigarette smoke exposure and viral infections interact to make breathing problems worse in diseases like COPD," said

"With further research, these findings may even lead to more effective drug treatments for COPD," he added.

The study is published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
http://living.oneindia.in/health/dis...us-280708.html

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Old 08-24-2009, 11:33 PM   #61
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Ut oh.

Contradictory stories. Conflicting hypothesis.

Don't you go getting a brain lock now! We'd have to send paramedics to a location tht we do't know..,
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Old 08-25-2009, 08:25 PM   #62
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Ut oh.

Contradictory stories. Conflicting hypothesis.

Don't you go getting a brain lock now! We'd have to send paramedics to a location tht we do't know..,
....what do you mean? It is well-grippe(d) research.

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Old 08-25-2009, 08:27 PM   #63
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A grippeing tale?

Just don't let this degenerate into a Flu For All, eh?
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Old 08-25-2009, 08:57 PM   #64
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A grippeing tale?

Just don't let this degenerate into a Flu For All, eh?

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Old 08-25-2009, 09:07 PM   #65
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US prepares for H1N1 deadly second wave!!


Get your very own swine flu bug from the CDC
Posted: Aug 25, 2009 03:02 PM MDT





Tuesday, August 25, 2009
Reported by: NBC News
If you're interested in getting a swine flu bug, go to the federal government's headquarters that monitors diseases.

A stuffed swine flu bug toy is being sold in the gift shop at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta.

It was created by GIANTmicrobes, which makes stuffed animals that look like tiny microbes and includes information about the real microbe it represents.

Although it's shaped to look like the nose of a pig, the H1N1 virus cannot be contracted by pigs.

The giant microbe can also be purchased on the company's website at www.giantmicrobes.com.

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Old 08-26-2009, 01:26 AM   #66
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Damn - they got a pretty pink one.

Mine is lime green & he lives beside my monitor. That's so I can watch him closely for any sign of mutation.

Kassy grabbed Ebola for HER avatar - I may switch to 'Floyd'.

Yes, I named my virion - ya gots problems with that???
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Old 08-26-2009, 01:52 PM   #67
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It was just the next coolest RNA virus in the shop (and damn cute too).

I just could not get over an influenza virion without spikes.
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Old 08-26-2009, 07:48 PM   #68
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Influenza 1918, A Venus Connection?

"Influenza 1918 is the story of the worst epidemic the United States has ever known. Before it was over, the flu would kill more than 600,000 Americans--more than all the combat deaths of this century combined."
"The recently released "National Standards for United States History" published by the National Center for History in the Schools does not include any mention of the 1918 flu epidemic." "For the survivors we spoke to," says producer Robert Kenner, "the memory is one of horror and fear--which may explain why many Americans were willing to let those few terrible months fade into obscurity. Schoolchildren know more about the Black Plague from centuries ago than they do about this episode in our recent history."

These last two quotes reminds one of Velikovsky's ideas on mankind's tendency to amnesia regarding really catastrophic events over which we have no control.

For later developments, see: Revisiting the 1918 flu - (PBS) and Influenza 1918 - Latest Findings - (PBS).

Readers are invited to review the following article which may have some bearing (in principle) on the 1918 influenza pandemic.

Invasion By Washing Water(1) by Donald R. Barber of the Norman Lockyer Observatory.

The article describes a peculiar sequence of air-borne/rain-water-borne yeast-like bacterial attacks on astronomical photographic plate emulsions at a British observatory from 1937 to 1961. An underlying periodicity of these events appears to have had a significant positive correlation with the occurrences of inferior conjunctions of Venus with the Sun.

In the article, Barber said: "An American suggestion that the virus responsible for endemic influenza emanated from the planet Venus, led to a fresh examination of the 1937/1948 Sidmouth data, and also to a search among the large collection of spectrograms obtained at Sidmouth prior to 1937 for earlier evidence of bacterial attack. As a result of the latter, two earlier outbreaks--one probable event in 1930, and a second well-determined occasion in 1932-- were discovered." Note: Compared to Earth, Venus, has a negligible magnetic field. That means that the Solar Wind can disturb its atmosphere directly, and can blow away fractions of it's upper atmosphere (including airborne particulate matter) in comet-like fashion. (Added 15 February 2003.)

It was found that the onsets of six confirmed Lockyer major microbial invasions occurred, on average, 55 days following strong geomagnetic storms* (time-wise) nearest to inferior conjunctions of Venus with the Sun. (The shortest interval between geomagnetic storm and outbreak was 35 days and the longest was 67 days.) Seasonal effects also appeared to play an auxiliary role also as to whether or not an invasion occurred. Invasion onsets occurred only during the months May thru July.) [Paragraph was corrected and modified on 13 May 2008.]

*Up until 13 May 2008, the author of this page had been erroneously identifying the delays (discussed above) as being between inferior conjunctions of Venus with earth and the Lockyer microbial invasions.
Barber came to the speculation that the bacteria responsible for the repeated photographic damage events were transported from the upper atmosphere of Venus by solar wind to earth's polar regions and, in Lockyer's case, from the Northern polar region to Southwestern England by northerly winds, reaching the ground in rain-water.
The Lockyer events were bacterial in nature but, getting back to the "American suggestion," it is of interest to note that in 1918 an inferior conjunction of Venus with the Sun occurred on about February 9th. The first reported case of the 1918-1919 influenza outbreak in the United States (at Camp Funston) was 30 days later.

We should be wary of implying a cause and effect relation here, but it is also of interest that the early onset of the pandemic appears to have hit in shotgun fashion across the United States. The following quote is from the poignant article, Monessen and the Spanish Influenza of 1918, by Cassandra Vivian of Pennsylvania. (Link no longer works.)

"On March 11, 1918, the first case of this flu was reported at Camp Funston, Kansas. By noon, 107 cases were reported at the same camp and two days later 522 cases were reported. This fast moving, air borne disease was in every state of the union within seven days."

In light of a recent study, (See next paragraph.) the first sentence of the preceding paragraph should perhaps be stated as, "At Camp Funston, Kansas, the first case of this flu was reported on March 11, 1918." [Added 20 Dec 2005.]

According to a recent study(2), the 1918 influenza pandemic originated in Haskell County, Kansas in January-February 1918 and was carried from there to Camp Funston by army recruits along with their family members and friends. How the new disease came to appear in Haskell County was not addressed in the study, but the the researchers stressed that no evidence was found to suggest any other point of origin. The public health issue of primary concern was that new influenza strains can "pop up" (or "drop in," from this writer's viewpoint) any where in the world. [Added 22 Nov 2005. Modified 20 Dec 2005 and moved to this location from below.]

See Steve Silverman's article Bubonic Plague - Far from the deadliest epidemic which summarizes the spatially-expansive rapid-onset of this phenomenon and more information on recent studies into the event.

If the Camp Funston locale in Kansas was the approximate geographical origin for the initial outbreak in the United States (whatever its source), it is difficult to imagine how such a rapid widespread distribution (all 48 states in seven days) could have occurred by means of prevailing winds or personnel transfers. I suggest that fast moving may not be the proper label for the event.

I may have been premature in this judgment. See the NASA links a few paragraphs below.

There are other versions of where and when the 1918-1919 flu originated. For one such report suggesting an Asian source in 1917 see: The Spanish Flu. The author of that article presents the idea that the disease was brought to the United States by servicemen returning from Europe in the fall of 1918. Actually there seems to be evidence for a global outbreak in this case. (This idea, of course, hinges on the supposition that there must have been some viral commonality among some far flung outbreaks.) The PBS Peoples and Discoveries webpage Worldwide flu pandemic strikes: 1918-1919 says that in the late spring of 1918 the Spanish wire service Agencia Fabra sent cables to Reuters headquarters describing "A strange form of disease of epidemic character in Madrid," . . ."The epidemic is of a mild nature, no deaths having been reported." (Symptoms are described.) The article goes on to mention seemingly similar outbreaks from, "Norway to India, China to Costa Rica."

In her book on the 1918 influenza(3) Gina Kolata also calls attention to the often repeated phenomenon of how epidemics can move quickly through a country, "hopscotching over some towns while felling others." (p. 63) She reports that "After an influenza pandemic of 1789, a young American doctor named Robert Johnson puzzled over how the infection could spread so far and wide, and so quickly" (p. 63) Johnson discussed the rapid outbreaks in Great Britain and on ships at sea. Kolata reports that the 1918 "flu's mortality rates peaked in Boston and Bombay in the same week. But New York, just a few hours from Boston, had its peak three weeks later" (p. 62) She reports that Johnson finally decided that "influenza must arise from some sort of changes in the atmosphere (aerobiology) but that, once it got started, it could spread from person to person."(pp. 63-64)

This NASA news item, All the World's a Stage...for Dust, published on June 26, 2001, may have a bearing on Johnson's quandry.

The rapid 1918 U.S. coverage may be explainable by dust storm delivery. See: NASA's The Pacific Dust Express. This possibility is touched on in more detail in the Global Developments: Spring-Summer 2001 section of this article.

Johnson's atmospheric change idea may have contributed to the "American suggestion" about an extraterrestrial source for influenza, to which Barber refers. (I don't have a source on this yet. Comments/inputs are welcome.)

In 1907 S. Arrhenius, Scientific American 96:196, argued for direct propagation of life between planets by microbes hurled into near-planet space by storms, then propelled by radiation pressure. (No comets or meteorites required.) See: Possibility of Arrival of Living Organisms from Space Net Advance of Physics: Annotated Bibliographies, No. 1: Panspermia Theories Section III, 1996.

In the article Influenza From Space? Sir Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe carry on a dialog with critics about comet tail delivery systems for extraterrestrial biological visitors. This would be consistent with the idea of panspermia, or life from outer space. These researchers found evidence which suggests that influenza (at least in the beginning of a given flu season) breaks out in a sporadic manner, but doesn't spread easily. This is not unlike Kolata's reported "hopscotching" effect. [Link removed to no longer existent page. 19 Jan 2007]

Though not visible to the naked eye, the planet Venus has a comet-like tail that solar system scientists have been studying for years to gain improved insights into the nature of comets. (Most of this information is in hard copy and I don't currently have any references.) In their extensive on-line reprint of an article titled The Interaction of the Solar Wind with Venus C. T. Russell and O. Vaisberg suggest that "On the whole, the solar wind interaction with Venus is more comet-like than Earth-like."

Barber reported "Following the 1937 outbreak, [at Lockyer Observatory] water samples were sent to the bacteriological department of the Seale-Hayne College, Newton Abbot, and tissue cultures were obtained. It was, however, found to be impossible to match these with any known strains of indigenous liquefying bacteria. The result was later independently confirmed by tests carried out at the Lister Institute."

Since the proximate cause of death in the 1918-1919 pandemic was usually drowning brought on by what amounted to liquified lungs {air sacs riddled with seepage sites (Kolata, p. 27)} it might be of interest to check for relations between the findings of the Seale-Hayne College and Lister Institute studies (of the Lockyer liquifying agents) to any biological thugs preserved in the pandemic autopsy tissues.

Everything discussed up to this point may be academic if Venus does not provide a suitable environment to nurture (or to allow the generation of) life forms, whether they be viral or bacterial. {Velikovsky(4) leaned toward more robust life-forms than these.}

Looking at the viral aspect of the problem, it is generally held that influenza viruses need a dry environment to stay alive until they reach their hosts. Venus's upper atmosphere has been found to be extremely dry; so that door seems to stay open. The genes in viruses are generally comprised of RNA. A theory, according to Frank Shu(5), regarding the creation of life from inanimate matter requires the "creation of small organic molecules in a reducing (non-oxidizing) atmosphere via energetic natural phenomena: lightning strokes, the penetration of ultraviolet light, etc."

Venus has the reducing atmosphere but very little Earth-like lightning has been detected to date. The Venera 11-14 and Pioneer Venus probes found very-low-frequency radio emissions (whistlers) which were thought to be associated with low altitude lightning, but a search for lighting on Venus in 1998 and 1999 using NASA's Cassini spacecraft did not detect high-frequency (static-like) radio wave evidence of lighting. On the other hand, the outer portion of Venus's atmosphere is richly bombarded with solar ultraviolet energy which can break down molecular bonds to produce the bits and pieces that form tougher molecules.. (As a side-bar, I suggest that since Venus has a very weak intrinsic magnetic field, charged particles in the solar wind and cosmic rays plowing into its upper mid latitudes atmosphere might constitute viable lightning substitutes for chemical mixing purposes.)

Shu goes on to say, ". . . experiments carried out by Cyril Ponnamperuma and Carl Sagan, shining ultraviolet light on a dilute solution of adenine, ribose, and phosphoric acid, yielded large amounts of ATP. Presumably, the same process which joins the adenine to ribose to three phosphates to give ATP could join any of the three other bases, guaine, cytosine, and uracil, to ribose and three phosphates to give GTP, CTP, and UTP." If the Venusian atmosphere is found to be deficient in any of the atomic elements required for building all amino acids for RNA then we could eliminate Venus as the ultimate source of influenza organisms. The synthesis of ATP, for example, requires Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Phosphorus. The upper atmosphere of Venus has these elements in measurable quantities. . . . In her book on the 1918 influenza(3) Gina Kolata also calls attention to the often repeated phenomenon of how epidemics can move quickly through a country, "hopscotching over some towns while felling others." (p. 63) She reports that "After an influenza pandemic of 1789, a young American doctor named Robert Johnson puzzled over how the infection could spread so far and wide, and so quickly" (p. 63) Johnson discussed the rapid outbreaks in Great Britain and on ships at sea. Kolata reports that the 1918 "flu's mortality rates peaked in Boston and Bombay in the same week. But New York, just a few hours from Boston, had its peak three weeks later" (p. 62) She reports that Johnson finally decided that "influenza must arise from some sort of changes in the atmosphere (aerobiology) but that, once it got started, it could spread from person to person."(pp. 63-64)

This NASA news item, All the World's a Stage...for Dust, published on June 26, 2001, may have a bearing on Johnson's quandry.

The rapid 1918 U.S. coverage may be explainable by dust storm delivery. See: NASA's The Pacific Dust Express. This possibility is touched on in more detail in the Global Developments: Spring-Summer 2001 section of this article.

Johnson's atmospheric change idea may have contributed to the "American suggestion" about an extraterrestrial source for influenza, to which Barber refers. (I don't have a source on this yet. Comments/inputs are welcome.)

In 1907 S. Arrhenius, Scientific American 96:196, argued for direct propagation of life between planets by microbes hurled into near-planet space by storms, then propelled by radiation pressure. (No comets or meteorites required.) See: Possibility of Arrival of Living Organisms from Space Net Advance of Physics: Annotated Bibliographies, No. 1: Panspermia Theories Section III, 1996.

In the article Influenza From Space? Sir Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe carry on a dialog with critics about comet tail delivery systems for extraterrestrial biological visitors. This would be consistent with the idea of panspermia, or life from outer space. These researchers found evidence which suggests that influenza (at least in the beginning of a given flu season) breaks out in a sporadic manner, but doesn't spread easily. This is not unlike Kolata's reported "hopscotching" effect. [Link removed to no longer existent page. 19 Jan 2007]

Though not visible to the naked eye, the planet Venus has a comet-like tail that solar system scientists have been studying for years to gain improved insights into the nature of comets. (Most of this information is in hard copy and I don't currently have any references.) In their extensive on-line reprint of an article titled The Interaction of the Solar Wind with Venus C. T. Russell and O. Vaisberg suggest that "On the whole, the solar wind interaction with Venus is more comet-like than Earth-like."

Barber reported "Following the 1937 outbreak, [at Lockyer Observatory] water samples were sent to the bacteriological department of the Seale-Hayne College, Newton Abbot, and tissue cultures were obtained. It was, however, found to be impossible to match these with any known strains of indigenous liquefying bacteria. The result was later independently confirmed by tests carried out at the Lister Institute."

Since the proximate cause of death in the 1918-1919 pandemic was usually drowning brought on by what amounted to liquified lungs {air sacs riddled with seepage sites (Kolata, p. 27)} it might be of interest to check for relations between the findings of the Seale-Hayne College and Lister Institute studies (of the Lockyer liquifying agents) to any biological thugs preserved in the pandemic autopsy tissues.

Everything discussed up to this point may be academic if Venus does not provide a suitable environment to nurture (or to allow the generation of) life forms, whether they be viral or bacterial. {Velikovsky(4) leaned toward more robust life-forms than these.}

Looking at the viral aspect of the problem, it is generally held that influenza viruses need a dry environment to stay alive until they reach their hosts. Venus's upper atmosphere has been found to be extremely dry; so that door seems to stay open. The genes in viruses are generally comprised of RNA. A theory, according to Frank Shu(5), regarding the creation of life from inanimate matter requires the "creation of small organic molecules in a reducing (non-oxidizing) atmosphere via energetic natural phenomena: lightning strokes, the penetration of ultraviolet light, etc."

Venus has the reducing atmosphere but very little Earth-like lightning has been detected to date. The Venera 11-14 and Pioneer Venus probes found very-low-frequency radio emissions (whistlers) which were thought to be associated with low altitude lightning, but a search for lighting on Venus in 1998 and 1999 using NASA's Cassini spacecraft did not detect high-frequency (static-like) radio wave evidence of lighting. On the other hand, the outer portion of Venus's atmosphere is richly bombarded with solar ultraviolet energy which can break down molecular bonds to produce the bits and pieces that form tougher molecules.. (As a side-bar, I suggest that since Venus has a very weak intrinsic magnetic field, charged particles in the solar wind and cosmic rays plowing into its upper mid latitudes atmosphere might constitute viable lightning substitutes for chemical mixing purposes.)

Shu goes on to say, ". . . experiments carried out by Cyril Ponnamperuma and Carl Sagan, shining ultraviolet light on a dilute solution of adenine, ribose, and phosphoric acid, yielded large amounts of ATP. Presumably, the same process which joins the adenine to ribose to three phosphates to give ATP could join any of the three other bases, guaine, cytosine, and uracil, to ribose and three phosphates to give GTP, CTP, and UTP." If the Venusian atmosphere is found to be deficient in any of the atomic elements required for building all amino acids for RNA then we could eliminate Venus as the ultimate source of influenza organisms. The synthesis of ATP, for example, requires Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Phosphorus. The upper atmosphere of Venus has these elements in measurable quantities. . . .

Quote:
If Florence was in the grip of an epidemic of colds, coughs and fevers, astrologers . . . declared that it was caused by the influence of an unusual conjunction of planets. This sickness . . . came gradually to be known as "influenza."

Chronicles of a Florentine Family
1200-1470.
Time, June 24, 1957, p. 80
Quote:
Of the morning star, the great star, it was said that when it first emerged and came forth, four times it vanished and disappeared quickly. And afterwards it burst forth completely, took its place in full light, became brilliant, and shone white. Like the moon's rays, so did it shine. An when it newly emerged, much fear came over them; all were frightened. Everywhere the outlets and openings [of houses] were closed up. It was said that perchance [the light] might bring a cause of sickness, something evil, when it came to emerge. But sometimes it was regarded as benevolent." (Ancient Mesoamerican recollections of Venus) Sahagun, Bernardino de., The Florentine Codex,General History of the Things of New Spain - Book 7,
Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah, 1952, p. 11.
Thanks to Stephen Young, Boston, MA.
http://www.datasync.com/~rsf1/vel/1918.htm
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Old 08-26-2009, 08:19 PM   #69
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The H1N1 Swine Flu Pandemic: Manipulating the Data to Justify a Worldwide Public Health Emergency
August 26th, 2009 6:10 AM

by Michel Chossudovsky


  • "Over the course of the next few months, with the assistance of our partners in the private and public sector and at every level of government, we will move aggressively to prepare the nation for the possibility of a more severe outbreak of the H1N1 virus. We will do all we can to plan for different scenarios. We ask the American people to become actively engaged with their own preparation and prevention. It’s a responsibility we all share." (US Government advisory, flu.gov: Vaccines, Vaccine Allocation and Vaccine Research )
A Worldwide public health emergency is unfolding on an unprecedented scale. 4.9 billion doses of H1N1 swine flu vaccine are envisaged by the World Health Organization (WHO).


A report by President Obama's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology "considers the H1N1 pandemic 'a serious health threat; to the U.S. — not as serious as the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic but worse than the swine flu outbreak of 1976.":
  • "It's not that the new H1N1 pandemic strain is more deadly than previous flu threats, but that it is likely to infect more people than usual because so few people have immunity" (Get swine flu vaccine ready: U.S. advisers
Responding to the guidelines set by the WHO, preparations for the inoculation of millions of people are ongoing, in the Americas, the European Union, in South East Asia and around the World. Priority has been given to health workers, pregnant women and children. In some countries, the H1N1 vaccination will be compulsory.

In the US, the state governments are responsible for these preparations, in coordination with federal agencies. In the State of Massachusetts, legislation has been introduced which envisages hefty fines and prison sentences for those who refuse to be vaccinated. (See VIDEO; Compulsory Vaccination in America?.
The US military is slated to assume an active role collaborate in the public health emergency

Schools and colleges across North America are preparing for mass vaccinations.

http://www.thepeoplesvoice.org/TPV3/...c-manipulating

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Old 08-26-2009, 11:35 PM   #70
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Quote:
"considers the H1N1 pandemic 'a serious health threat; to the U.S. — not as serious as the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic but worse than the swine flu outbreak of 1976.":
It doesn't take much for ANY flu outbreak to be worse than the 1976 swine flu...
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Old 08-27-2009, 07:38 PM   #71
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Remember, the Spanish flu was more lethal because it was a swine flu with some extra avian traits. Maybe we've just turned a dark corner.



UN warns over swine flu in birds
By Sudeep Chand
Science reporter, BBC News



Turkeys have caught swine flu in Chile

The discovery of swine flu in birds in Chile raises concerns about the spread of the virus, the UN warns. Last week the H1N1 virus was found in turkeys on farms in Chile. The UN now says poultry farms elsewhere in the world could also become infected.

Scientists are worried that the virus could theoretically mix with more dangerous strains. It has previously spread from humans to pigs.

However, swine flu remains no more severe than seasonal flu.

Safe to eat
Chilean authorities first reported the incident last week. Two poultry farms are affected near the seaport of Valparaiso.

Juan Lubroth, interim chief veterinary officer of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), said: "Once the sick birds have recovered, safe production and processing can continue. They do not pose a threat to the food chain."

Chilean authorities have established a temporary quarantine and have decided to allow the infected birds to recover rather than culling them.
It is thought the incident represents a "spill-over" from infected farm workers to turkeys.

Canada, Argentina and Australia have previously reported spread of the H1N1 swine flu virus from farm workers to pigs.

Dangerous strains
The emergence of a more dangerous strain of flu remains a theoretical risk. Different strains of virus can mix together in a process called genetic reassortment or recombination.
So far there have been no cases of H5N
1 bird flu in flocks in Chile.

However, Dr Lubroth said: "In Southeast Asia there is a lot of the (H5N1) virus circulating in poultry.

"The introduction of H1N1 in these populations would be of greater concern."

Colin Butter from the UK's Institute of Animal Health agrees.
"We hope it is a rare event and we must monitor closely what happens next," he told BBC News.

"However, it is not just about the H5N1 strain. Any further spread of the H1N1 virus between birds, or from birds to humans would not be good.
"It might make the virus harder to control, because it would be more likely to change."

William Karesh, vice president of the Wildlife Conservation Society, who studies the spread of animal diseases, says he is not surprised by what has happened.

"The location is surprising, but it could be that Chile has a better surveillance system.

"However, the only constant is that the situation keeps changing."

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8224923.stm
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Old 08-27-2009, 07:46 PM   #72
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The boy who cried 'pig'
By: Jordan Rice

There once was a boy who needed to fill programming gaps for his 24-hour cable news channel. The boy cried out, "There is a mad cow coming to your family's dinner table! Throw away your red meat!"

The villagers turned on his channel to hear his message. In a frenzy of panic they hurried to their refrigerators and with their 12-foot tongs, cast their meat into the darkest corners of the earth. So, tasteless tofu it was, as the nation trembled, afraid the disease would invade their homes.

But the Mad Cows never came, and the villagers (along with the U.S. beef industry) shook their fists at the boy and said, "Don't cry cow!"

Two years later, the boy once again needed to fill some airtime on his cable news station. "The bird flu is coming," the boy screamed. "Run for your lives!" With the famous phone booth scene from Alfred Hitchcock's The Birds playing in their heads, the villagers went into hiding, waiting for the End to come.

But the birds never came and the villagers shook their fists at the boy and said, "Don't cry bird!"

Four years later, the boy cried, "The swine flu is coming!" Now, dear reader, choose your own adventure!

The first option goes much like the story of the Mad Cows and the birds. The pigs never come, and the villagers shake their fists. The second option reads as follows: The villagers, already fooled twice by the boy, ignored his warnings. But this time the pigs did come, and all the villagers took the H1N1 bus to Duke Hospital.

The moral of this story: Each time the media portrays a potential health crisis as the coming of the End of Days, we take one step closer toward that end. Media hype-both of the next big plague and of the minor "hazards" that local news stations feel the need to warn us about each night ("Is your [insert common household product here] giving you cancer?!?")-desensitizes the public to health crises.

The final verdict on swine flu is not yet out. So far, the virus has spread rapidly, but it does not seem to pack more of a punch than the standard seasonal flu. However, whether swine flu turns out to be a second coming of the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic that killed over 50 million people worldwide, or another instance of the many plagues that never were, how can we expect the public to react with an appropriate level of urgency when the phrase "public health crisis" is thrown around with reckless abandon?

Washington Post blogger Doug Feaver read through online comments for an article on swine flu and then wrote that only a minority of those who posted appeared concerned with the virus. Comments that downplayed the potential severity of the current pandemic were common. For instance, one woman declared, "Y2K all over again. The press is just blowing this out of proportion."

This "too-many-false-alarms-so-now-I-don't-care" phenomenon is not unique to health scares. Last year, Few Quadrangle had a few too many fire drills, false alarms and microwave popcorn-induced alarms. The students who actually left the dorm did so with exasperation and without urgency. Others preferred to brave the screeching noise and stay in their rooms rather than indulge the fire marshal. There is no doubt that had there actually been a large fire, those students would come to regret their decision to roll their eyes at the alarm rather than leave the building. Nevertheless, their actions indicate that the alarm has lost meaning in the same way that the old adage "run for the hills, the flu is coming" now falls on deaf ears.

Just as the Few Quad fire drills made the residents of the quad less safe, the annual health scares make us in a way more susceptible to the alleged threat. Perhaps we should just all take a hot shower (with anti-bacterial soap), a deep breath (through a surgical mask) and get back to what is truly important (Michael Jackson's death ruled a homicide!?.... I mean, wars and all that stuff).

http://media.www.dukechronicle.com/m...-3758074.shtml


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Old 08-28-2009, 07:40 PM   #73
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Swine Flu Vaccines Contain LIVE H1N1 VIRUS!

Posted August 4th, 2009 by Jefferson Noworldsystem.com
August 3, 2009
It’s not a typo, the main ingredient in the GlaxoSmithKline and Novartis vaccines contain a LIVE VIRUS, an attenuated virus meaning it’s a weakened form of the swine flu virus. Attenuated vaccines can be deadly and cause virus shedding, when a person is injected with an attenuated live virus the organism moves through the human body possibly infecting the host and then exiting through the feces, mucous membranes and saliva glands of the inoculated person. This is called ‘virus shedding’ and can last for weeks. [Source]

Imagine millions of children that will be involuntarily vaccinated this coming fall that will be shedding H1N1 swine flu across the country, in the sewage drains and possibly passing through the desalination process and in our tap-water.



If half of the U.S. population will be vaccinated with this swine flu vaccine this coming fall and winter, imagine how virulently deadly this swine flu will be on an annual basis, this mandatory vaccination plan will surely cause the pandemic and not solve it.

Some readers may be thinking that I am a conspiracy nut for bringing this up, that vaccine makers couldn’t possibly be that evil. But all the reader has to do is Google “attenuated vaccines”, it means the vaccine contains a live but weakened form of a pathogenic virus. Do you really want to risk your health and inject live swine flu into your bloodstream in hopes it will immunize? Please don’t take that chance.

Both Novartis and GSK vaccines will also contain MF59, a squalene-based adjuvant that when combined with a live attenuated virus becomes many times more potent and deadly. [Source]

GlaxoSmithKline’s version of swine flu vaccine has been confirmed to contain Thimerosal, a preservative for vaccines mainly composed of highly toxic mercury. Mercury is the 2nd most toxic metal on the planet and is known to cause autism and other neural injuries in children. The vaccine also contains formaldehyde, a cancer-causing chemical most commonly used for embalming dead bodies for preservation. [Source]

This whole swine-flu scare is just one big infomercial for the influenza vaccine makers, with the help of the mediaopoly and the federal government they just might get to involuntarily vaccinate billions of Americans. Homeland Security, BATF, FBI, U.S. Marshals, U.S Military, NORTHCOM and FEMA are discussing plans to assist civilian authorities to enforce mandatory vaccinations and involuntary quarantines of large sections of the U.S. population. Vaccine Teams will be visiting private homes looking for children that haven’t been vaccinated, all of these events just might be right around the corner.

Today our efforts must be focused on educating the masses about these dangerous swine flu vaccines, we only have the entire summer to increase the volume of dissent so everyone will realize this entire swine flu pandemic is a hoax perpetuated by vaccine companies, the media and the federal government and that their solution will only increase the infection-rate of a new hybrid influenza strain.

http://www.dailypaul.com/node/102054
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Old 08-29-2009, 01:22 PM   #74
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Vaccinate BILLIONS of Americans? We don't even have ONE billion Americans, even if we take over Canada and Mexico.

If thimerosal and formaldehyde are so toxic, how does that LIVE virus survive?
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Old 08-29-2009, 02:25 PM   #75
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Oh for frig's sakes. I think by now everybody knows I'm really leery of the Canadian version of the vaccine - but this is sheer nonsense. Attenuated vaccines are given every day without massive pandemics of infectious disease.

It seems clear this version of H1N1 will dominate for at least this season. It will certainly displace the current H1N1 as that annual component in the trivalent vax. Initially not a whole lot of ANY form of flu vax will be available & versions using attenuated forms are simply PART of the vax deliveries coming in.

FluMist has successfully been given without killing droves of vulnerable seniors, immune suppressed, etc. for several years now. I fully expect any attenuated H1N1 vax to do the same thing, protect the recipient for a season without unduly risking everybody else. Anyone with a vulnerable person in the household knows not to use such formulations anyway.

It's going to take a number of years for CURRENT populations to be exposed/infected/ill from this new strain but it WILL eventually happen that way. Vax - for those who're happy to take it, will reduce the initial patient load & if that initial seaosnal load this fall looks to be awful, may prevent way more deaths than it causes. Am I saying no flu vax will harm anyone? Of course not. No vaccine is EVER 100% safe & under current knowledge & technology, won't be.

But a full blown pandemic strain that overloads our health care systems will kill not only flu patients but others who can't get beds or appropriate expert staff for other conditions.

The vax will certainly not CAUSE the pandemic or cause it to worsen. It hopefully, will slow it down from a full gallop & help us cope somewhat better.
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